(In-Package :ol-user) (define-ontology test-Cyc-Upper-Level (frame-ontology) "

Upper Cyc/HPKB IKB Ontology with links to SENSUS

Version 1.1, 3 November 1997

This ontology was converted from the Cyc (r) upper level ontology distributed to participants of the High Performance Knowledge Base (HPKB) program of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Information System Office (DARPA). It contains about 3000 concepts, english definitions, and a few basic relationships between them. The full Cyc knowledge contains more complete definitions for many of these concepts, as well as many others. Cycorp has offered this upper level ontology to a broader community in part to enable a greater degree of interoperation among knowledge based systems that share a common ontology.

Copyright Cycorp 1997. All rights reserved.

Related Resources

The ANSI X3T2 Committee on Information Interchange has established an ad hoc Committe on Ontology Standards, which is actively working on adopting a Reference Ontology for information interchange. This merged upper ontology also represents the current draft of the X3T2 committee. Please communicate with the committee via email at onto-std@ksl.stanford.edu.

The mailing list ontology@cs.umbc.edu provides a forum for discussing ontology related issues. People interested in participating should send a message to ontology-request@majordomo.cs.umbc.edu with an empty subject line and a single line in the body of the form: subscribe ontology email, where email is the appropriate email address for mail to be delivered to.

Conversion notes:

Conversion by:

Adam Farquhar, Vilhelm Heiberg " :Io-Package "ONTOLINGUA-USER" :Shadow (Map)) (In-Ontology 'test-Cyc-Upper-Level) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME CYC-COMPOUND-TERM :INSTANCE-OF (class) :SUBCLASS-OF (thing)) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GASEOUS-FN WATER)| :SUBCLASS-OF (gaseous-tangible-thing water) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GOVERNMENT-FN COUNTRY)| :INSTANCE-OF (regional-government |(GROUP-FN INTELLIGENT-AGENT)| cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GOVERNMENT-FN INDONESIA-THE-NATION)| :INSTANCE-OF (regional-government cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "GOVERNMENT OF INDONESIA")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GROUP-FN CURRENCY)| :SUBCLASS-OF (group spatial-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GROUP-FN EVENT)| :SUBCLASS-OF (group event) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GROUP-FN INTELLIGENT-AGENT)| :SUBCLASS-OF (spatial-thing group) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(GROUP-FN SPATIAL-THING)| :SUBCLASS-OF (group spatial-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval compressibility cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Can be compressed almost any amount")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN CORROSION-RESISTANCE)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval corrosion-resistance cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval elasticity cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "completely re-expands almost instantly after compression")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval flammability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval malleability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN POROSITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval porosity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN RAININESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval raininess cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((genl-attributes rainy)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN RIGIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval rigidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN SHEAR-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval shear-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN TENSILE-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval tensile-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN VISIBILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval visibility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(JUVENILE-FN PERSON)| :SUBCLASS-OF (juvenile-animal person) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LIQUID-FN WATER)| :SUBCLASS-OF (liquid-tangible-thing water) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LIQUID-FN WATER-SALINE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (liquid-tangible-thing water-saline) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval compressibility cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "can be compressed somewhat")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN DUCTILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval ductility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval elasticity cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "re-expands somewhat after compression, but not all the way back")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval fragility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval hardness cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval malleability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN POROSITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval porosity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN RAININESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval raininess cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((genl-attributes rainy)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN RELATIVE-HUMIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval relative-humidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN RIGIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval rigidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN SHEAR-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval shear-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN TENSILE-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval tensile-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN VISIBILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval visibility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MAKING-FN VISUAL-IMAGE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (making-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ABSTRACT-OBJECT")| :SUBCLASS-OF (individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ADDRESSEE-ORIENTED-VERBAL-PROCESS")| :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing temporal-stuff-type script-type collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "AMBIENT-PROCESS")| :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "AREA")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CARDINALITY")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CAUSAL-RELATION")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CAUSE-EFFECT")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CONTAINED")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "DECOMPOSABLE-OBJECT")| :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "DIRECTED-ACTION")| :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "DISTANCE")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ELEMENT")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ELEMENT-OF")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "GAS-MATERIAL")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "GENERALIZED-POSSESSION")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "INTENSIVE")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "INTERPERSONAL-THING")| :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LANGUAGE")| :SUBCLASS-OF (communication-convention) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LANGUAGE-RELATED-OBJECT")| :SUBCLASS-OF (communication-convention) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LESS-THAN-COMPARISON")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LINEAR-SIZE")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing physical-amount-slot cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((arg2-isa distance)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LIQUID-MATERIAL")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LOCATING")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "MISC-STUFF")| :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "NAMED-OBJECT")| :SUBCLASS-OF (something-existing) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "NON-ADDRESSEE-ORIENTED-VERBAL-PROCESS")| :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing temporal-stuff-type script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "NON-CONSCIOUS-BEING")| :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing existing-object-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "NON-DIRECTED-ACTION")| :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "NONDECOMPOSABLE-OBJECT")| :SUBCLASS-OF (individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "NOTCONTAINED")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ONE-OR-TWO-D-LOCATION")| :SUBCLASS-OF (geometric-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing shape-type collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ORDERED-SET")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "ORDERING-RELATION")| :SUBCLASS-OF (binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "OWNED-BY")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "PHYSICAL-MATERIAL")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "REPRESENTATIONAL-OBJECT")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SENSE-AND-MEASURE-QUALITY")| :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing attribute-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SEPARABLE-ENTITY")| :SUBCLASS-OF (something-existing) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SET")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SIZE")| :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing measurable-attribute-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SIZE-PROPERTY-ASCRIPTION")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing physical-amount-slot cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SOLID-MATERIAL")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SOURCE-DESTINATION")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SPATIAL-LOCATING")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "STRIVING")| :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SUBJECT-MATTER")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "TEMPORAL-NONINCLUSIVE")| :INSTANCE-OF (thing binary-predicate cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "TIME-INTERVAL")| :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class thing collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN BIO-DETERIORATION-RESISTANCE)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval bio-deterioration-resistance cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval compressibility cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Can be compressed to less than half its volume")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN CORROSION-RESISTANCE)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval corrosion-resistance cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval elasticity cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "will eventually re-expand after compression")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval flammability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval fragility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval hardness cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN POROSITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval porosity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN RAININESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval raininess cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((genl-attributes rainy)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN RIGIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (rigidity scalar-interval cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN SHEAR-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval shear-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN TENSILE-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval tensile-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MOB-FN MOUNTAIN)| :SUBCLASS-OF (mob) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MOB-FN PARTICLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (mob) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(MOB-FN PRECIPITATION-PARTICLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (mob) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval compressibility cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "essentially cannot be compressed")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN DUCTILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval ductility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval elasticity cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "does not re-expand at all after compression")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval flammability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval malleability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN POROSITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval porosity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN RIGIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval rigidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(NO-AMOUNT-FN VOLATILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval volatility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(SOLID-FN CONCRETE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing concrete) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(SOLID-FN EARTH-STUFF)| :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing earth-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(SOLID-FN GLASS)| :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing glass) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(SOLID-FN METAL)| :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing metal) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(SOLID-FN PLASTIC)| :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing plastic) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(SOLID-FN WATER)| :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing water) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(STIB (YEAR-FN -902))| :INSTANCE-OF (time-interval cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-COVERING CREATION-EVENT DESTRUCTION-EVENT)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-COVERING GAINING-USER-RIGHTS LOSING-USER-RIGHTS)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-COVERING MOVEMENT-TRANSLATION-EVENT MOVEMENT-ROTATION)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-COVERING ORGANIZATIONAL-TRANSFER-IN ORGANIZATIONAL-TRANSFER-OUT)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-COVERING TRANSFER-IN TRANSFER-OUT)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION ADULT-ANIMAL JUVENILE-ANIMAL)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION ARTIFACT INANIMATE-THING-NATURAL)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION CORNER-2D CORNER-3D)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION DUSK DAWN)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION FEMALE-PERSON MALE-PERSON)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION INTANGIBLE PARTIALLY-TANGIBLE)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION INVERTEBRATE VERTEBRATE)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION NON-LEAP-YEAR LEAP-YEAR)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION NON-PERSON-ANIMAL PERSON)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION NON-POWERED-DEVICE POWERED-DEVICE)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION SET-MATHEMATICAL COLLECTION)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION SET-OR-COLLECTION INDIVIDUAL)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(THE-PARTITION TRANSLATION-FLOW TRANSLATION-COMPLETE)| :INSTANCE-OF (set-mathematical disjoint-set-or-collection cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-FN GASEOUS-TANGIBLE-THING)| :SUBCLASS-OF (transporting-goods) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-FN LIQUID-TANGIBLE-THING)| :SUBCLASS-OF (transporting-goods) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-FN PERSON)| :SUBCLASS-OF (transporting-goods) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-FN SEMI-SOLID-TANGIBLE-THING)| :SUBCLASS-OF (transporting-goods) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-FN SOLID-TANGIBLE-THING)| :SUBCLASS-OF (transporting-goods) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AIR-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An instance of (Transport-Via-Fn Air-Transportation-Device) is a transportation event in which a Vehicle designed to travel through the atmosphere or outer space is used. Examples include instances of the would-be collections hang gliding, airplane tranportation, flying the space shuttle, hot air ballon transport. Note: This collection does not include Flying-Flapping-Wings, which is what birds do.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AIRPLANE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AIR-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type default-disjoint-script-type script-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Transportation in an Airplane. This includes not only flying (moving through the air, with the plane supoorted by the air), but also such events as taxiing, takeoff and landing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AMBULANCE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (service-event |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AMBULANCE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ROAD-VEHICLE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ANIMAL)| :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Transportation in which an animal provides the force for movement. Includes horses and other animals carrying people and objects, people carrying objects and other people, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AUTOMOBILE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ROAD-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AUTOMOBILE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN BICYCLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (exercising locomotion-process |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type default-disjoint-script-type script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN BUS-ROAD-VEHICLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ROAD-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN BUS-ROAD-VEHICLE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN DEVICE-USER-POWERED)| :SUBCLASS-OF (exercising transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (transportation-event |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)|) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An instance of (Transport-Via-Fn Land-Transportation-Device) is a transportation event in which a Vehicle designed to travel over land is used. Examples include instances of the collections (Transport-Via-Fn Road-Vehicle), Skate-Boarding, and Snow-Skiing. Note: This collection does not include instances of Animal-Walking-Process, which is a Locomotion-Process (q.v.), not a form of transportation as defined in Cyc. A marginal example of this would be a (fictional) event in which someone burrowed through the earth in a Jules-Vernesque real-time tunnel-digging machine.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN MOTORCYCLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ROAD-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN MOTORCYCLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ROAD-VEHICLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type default-disjoint-script-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of transportion events in which a (more or less conventional) road vehicle (see Road-Vehicle) is the transportation device (see Transporter and Vehicle).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN SPACECRAFT)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN SPACECRAFT)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type default-disjoint-script-type script-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all events in which vehicles, manned or unmanned, leave the atmosphere of earth to orbit around it or travel to other regions of the universe.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRAIN-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRAIN-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| translation-single-path human-activity transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An instance of (Transport-Via-Fn Transportation-Device) is a Transportation-Event in which the Transporter is a TransportationDevice@cyc; e.g., driving a car, riding a train, sending scientific instruments to Mars on an unmanned space probe.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRUCK)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ROAD-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE-VEHICLE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRUCK)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN WATER-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| :SUBCLASS-OF (|(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN WATER-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)| transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type script-type temporal-stuff-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An instance of (Transport-Via-Fn Water-Transportation-Device) is a transportation event in which a Vehicle designed to float on or travel through water is used. Examples include instances of Sailing in boats, Water-Skiing, and Windsurfing. Note: This collection does not include swimming, which is a Locomotion-Process (q.v.), not a form of transportation as defined (intended and axiomatized) in Cyc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN BIO-DETERIORATION-RESISTANCE)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval bio-deterioration-resistance cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN CORROSION-RESISTANCE)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval corrosion-resistance cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval flammability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval fragility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval hardness cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN POROSITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval porosity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN RELATIVE-HUMIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval relative-humidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN RIGIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval rigidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN SHEAR-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval shear-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN TENSILE-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval tensile-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN DUCTILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval ductility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval flammability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval fragility cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval hardness cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval malleability cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN POROSITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval porosity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN RELATIVE-HUMIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval relative-humidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN RIGIDITY)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval rigidity cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN SHEAR-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval shear-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN TENSILE-STRENGTH)| :INSTANCE-OF (scalar-interval tensile-strength cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(WAVE-EMISSION-FN AUDIBLE-SOUND)| :SUBCLASS-OF (emitting-a-wave) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type cyc-compound-term) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(WAVE-EMISSION-FN VISIBLE-LIGHT)| :SUBCLASS-OF (emitting-a-wave) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Emitting-A-Wave. Each element of (Wave-Emission-Fn Visible-Light) is an event in which an instance of Visible-Light is emitted from some Wave-Source. Examples: the burning of a candle; the shining of a light bulb; a firefly's glowing. Almost every instance of (Wave-Emission-Fn Visible-Light) will also emit instances of other types of Electromagnetic-Radiation other than Visible-Light.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME |(YEAR-FN -902)| :INSTANCE-OF (cyc-compound-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((stib |(STIB (YEAR-FN -902))|)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-days-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 10 days")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-decades-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 10 decades")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-hours-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 10 hours")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-minutes-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 10 minutes")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-months-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A few months 2-10")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-seconds-duration :INSTANCE-OF (order-of-magnitude-interval time-quantity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 30 seconds")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-weeks-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 10 weeks")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME a-few-years-duration :INSTANCE-OF (time-quantity order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Duration of 2 to 10 years")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abandoning-something :SUBCLASS-OF (losing-user-rights purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which some Agent deliberately gives up possession of something, without giving it to another.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ablation :SUBCLASS-OF (separation-complete intrinsic-state-change-event removing-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an Ablation, a (usually relatively thin) layer of material is removed from the surface of an object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abnormal :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate default-monotonic-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range assertion) (domain cyc-system-list) (documentation "Every default rule in our system P(x1,...,xn) => Q(x1,...,xn) is implicitly treated as (not(abnormal(x1,...,xn)) and P(x1,...,xn) => Q(x1,...,xn) This allows rules without exceptions to never have to incur the overhead of default reasoning. Exceptions to rules are written like so: (Except-When R(x1,...,xn) Rule001) and get canonicalized into rules concluding abnormal like so: R(x1,...,xn) => (Abnormal(x1,....,xn) Rule001) Since a different 'abnormality' predicte is needed for every default rule in the system, we instead handle this uniqueness requirement by having a single Abnormal predicate which takes the rule in question as an argument. Also, the variables over which abnormality is computed is given as a single list. This allows Abnormal to be binary rather than arbitrary arity. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME above-directly :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate physical-feature-describing-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of above-generally) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Above-Directly ABOVE BELOW) means either (1) the volumetric center of ABOVE is directly above some point of BELOW, if ABOVE is smaller than BELOW; or (2) otherwise, it means that some point of ABOVE is directly above the volumetric center of BELOW.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of above-directly transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME above-generally :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate physical-feature-describing-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of above-higher) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Above-Higher OBJ1 OBJ2) means that OBJ1 is more or less above OBJ2. To be more precise: if OBJ1 would be within a cone-shaped set of vectors within about 45 degrees of Up-Directly pointing up from OBJ2 (see Up-Generally), then (Above-Higher OBJ1 OBJ2). This is a wider predicate than Above-Directly, but narrower than Above-Higher. It probably most closely conforms to the English word 'above.'")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept above-generally sensus-information1997 "ABOVE") (kif:not (instance-of above-generally transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME above-ground-level-in-a-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (container-product level-of-a-construction) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This refers to first floor and up. We created this to make the distinction between basements and non-basements. We'd like to be able to talk about, count, etc. the levels above ground.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME above-higher :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Above-Higher ?OBJ-A ?OBJ-B) means that ?OBJ-A is ``higher up'' than ?OBJ-B. Since most contexts are terrestrial (see Terrestrial-Frame-Of-Reference-Mt) ``higher up'' typically means that the Altitude-Above-Ground of ?OBJ-A is greater than that of ?OBJ-B.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME above-overhead :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of above-directly above-generally) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Above-Overhead ABOVE BELOW) means that ABOVE is directly above BELOW, all points of ABOVE are higher than all points of BELOW, and they do NOT touch. Examples: a bomb falling directly above a bunker; a street lamp shining directly above a person standing below.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of above-overhead transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME above-touching :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate spatial-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches above-generally above-directly) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Above-Touching ABOVE BELOW) means that ABOVE is located over BELOW and they are touching. More precisely, it implies both (Above-Directly ABOVE BELOW) and that ABOVE Touches BELOW. Examples: a person sitting on a chair; coffee in a cup; a boat on water; a hat on a head. (Note that not every point of ABOVE must be higher than every point of BELOW.)")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of above-touching transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abrading-something :SUBCLASS-OF (voluntary-body-movement physical-contact-situation ablation) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an Abrading-Something event, the surface of some object is gradually worn away by scraping or similar physical contact involving friction. Devices used in elements of Abrading-Something include files and sand paper; elements of Abrading-Something would include the event in which Howard Hughes sanded down the Spruce Goose for the last time, the event in which Lucy Ricardo filed her fingernails just before her singing debut at Rickie's club, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME absolute-value-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot function-from-quantities-to-quantities) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "Absolute-Value-Fn is the unary mathematical function that returns the absolute value of its argument; e.g., (Absolute-Value-Fn -2) returns 2, and (Absolute-Value-Fn 2) returns 2.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abstract-information :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all instances of abstract information stored or transmitted in some manner, and representing (to someone potentially at least) something. Abstract information need not have any propositional content (see Propositional-Information-Thing); a score for music, or a bit-map, are examples. Note that Abstract-Information is the abstract, intangible information, not any particular physical embodiment. The same abstract information is often stored in many different physical Information-Bearing-Objects. Abstract-Information may or may not be digital; it need not be representable in a particular number of bits. Abstract-Information does not include every abstract Intangible or 'Platonic' concept, only that information that represents something and is (at least potentially) stored or transmitted for that purpose; thus, the ideal regular icosahedron is not in itself an instance of Abstract-Information. Note also that although most instances of Abstract-Information are Intangible-Individuals, some are Set-Or-Collections such as Biological-Taxons and other Conventional-Classification-Types.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abstract-programming-language :SUBCLASS-OF (mathematical-or-computational-thing language) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of languages invented for use by computers. This includes both command languages and others which one doesn't really `program' in.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abstract-shape :SUBCLASS-OF (geometric-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Geometric-Thing. Abstract-Shape is the collection of all abstract physical shapes. Each element of Abstract-Shape is an abstract region of physical space, having two or more dimensions. This includes all circles, spheres, triangles, wedges, spirals, cylinders, toruses, etc.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept abstract-shape sensus-information1997 "SHAPE-QUALITY") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME abstract-shape-type :SUBCLASS-OF (shape-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Abstract-Shape-Type is a collection of things which are subsets of Abstract-Shape. The elements of Abstract-Shape-Type comprise the basic physical shapes. Examples include: Cylinder-Shape, Pyramid-Shape, Cone-Shape, Tube-Shape, Rectangular3D-Shape, Polygon, Spiral, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME academic-professional :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Academic-Professional is a person whose job is to educate and/or to perform research as an affiliate of an academic institution. This includes members of the teaching and/or research staff of schools, colleges, universities, and research institutes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME academic-quarter :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of this collection is a Time-Interval defined by some educational institution: one quarter of their Academic-Year. Since the start dates, end dates, and duration may all vary depending on the institution, the year, etc., instances of this collection must unfortunately be time intervals like StanfordSpringQuarter1991.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME academic-semester :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of this collection is a Time-Interval defined by some educational institution: one half of their Academic-Year. Since the start dates, end dates and duration may vary depending on the institution and year, instances will be time intervals such as ``StanfordSpringSemester1990-91''.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME academic-trimester :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of this collection is a Time-Interval defined by some educational institution: one third of their Academic-Year. Since the start dates, end dates, and duration may all vary depending on the institution and year, instances of this collection must unfortunately be time intervals like UCLASpringTrimester1990-91.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME academic-year :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of this collection is an annually recurring Time-Interval defined by an educational institution. Since the start dates, end dates, and duration may all vary depending on the institution, the year, etc., instances of this collection must unfortunately be time intervals like Stanford1989-90AcademicYear.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acceleration :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Acceleration is the change in speed of an object per unit time. It is a measurable physical quantity, measured in units such as MilesPerHourPerSecond.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME accessing-anibt :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-activity purposeful-action transfer-in information-transfer-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information transfer events. Each element of Accessing-AnIBT is an action by which an agent accesses the content of some IBT (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Thing). Examples include (getting information from) reading a newspaper, watching a film, listening to a musical performance, decoding an encrypted message, seeing a traffic police officer wave you on, or hearing your roommate ask you to take out the trash. Of course, communication conventions play a role here. In the Naive-Information-Mt, Cyc simply assumes that an agent who accesses an IBT understands its content afterwards. In the InformationG-Mt, Cyc makes the more complicated inference that an agent who accesses an IBT understands its content afterwards only if the agent is able to get the encoded information using a convention familiar to that agent. See also Communication-Convention, Has-Comm-Convention, Uses-Comm-Convention-For-Info.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account :SUBCLASS-OF (legal-agreement authorized-agreement) :INSTANCE-OF (class account-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Legal-Agreement. Each element of Account is a recorded obligation (of some particular type) between specified parties, consisting of `funds' which typically can be added to and drawn upon. Examples include the instances of Retirement-Account, Travel-Expense-Account, and of the many types of Financial-Account. Note that the contents of an account need not be monetary; for example, the contents may be amounts of time, as in the subsets Vacation-Account or a Sick-Leave-Account. Account does NOT include debt obligations of fixed face value that cannot be increased or reduced (such as a bond).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account-administrator :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain account) (documentation "The predicate Account-Administrator identifies the agent who administers a particular account. (Account-Administrator ACCT AGENT) means that the Account ACCT is administered by the individual or organization AGENT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account-balance :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range money) (domain financial-account) (documentation "The predicate Account-Balance is used to indicate the balance of a particular account. (Account-Balance ACCT BAL) means that the Financial-Account ACCT has the balance BAL; BAL is the amount of Money either owed by, or available to, the Account-Holder (depending upon the type of account).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account-holder :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain account) (documentation "The predicate Account-Holder identifies the holder of a particular account. (Account-Holder ACCT AGENT) means that the Account ACCT is held by the individual or organization AGENT; thus, money (or some other valuable) is owed to or from AGENT, in the amount shown in the account (see Account-Balance).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account-status :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range account-status-attribute) (domain account) (documentation "The predicate Account-Status indicates whether a particular account is paid up, overdue, delinquent, etc. (Account-Status ACCT STATUS) means that the Account ACCT has the attribute STATUS (see also Account-Status-Attribute).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account-status-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Account-Status-Attribute is an attribute that describes the obligational status of an Account@cyc; e.g.,Paid-In-Full, In-Compliance-With-Payment-Schedule, Payment-Overdue, Account-Inactive.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME account-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Account-Type is a collection of financial accounts of some type. Examples: Savings-Account, Credit-Card-Account, Retirement-Account, Social-Security-Account, Travel-Expense-Account. Typically, accounts are denominated in units of Money.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acknowledged-act :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of starts-after-ending-of) (range communication-act-single) (domain acknowledging-communication-act) (documentation "(Acknowledged-Act ?ACKACT ?COMACT) means that the Communication-Act-Single ?COMACT is acknowledged and replied-to by the responsive Acknowledging-Communication-Act ?ACKACT. Particular acceptances or rejections of a particular project proposal would involve examples of this predicate, as would a person responding to a wedding invitation, or a court responding to a motion. See also Response-To which refers to the abstarct content of the communication.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acknowledging-communication-act :SUBCLASS-OF (communication-act-single) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions which are Performed-By one Agent to convey information about the receipt of a prior Communication-Act-Single which was Performed-By another Agent. An example: Judy saying `No' in response to Jane's prior act of saying `Will you clean the toaster.'")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acquaintance-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class social-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of attributes that specify ways in which (and/or degrees to which) one person is acquainted with another E.g., some instances of this collection are: Famous-Person-Acquaintance, True-Fan-Acquaintance, Intimate-Acquaintance, Frequent-Contact-Acquaintance, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acquaintances :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Acquaintances X Y HOW) means that X is acquainted with Y, at least in the way (and/or to the degree) specified by HOW. Note that Y must be an Agent, so this is not the predicate to use to express the fact that Fred `is acquainted with' drag racing. Note that, depending on the value for HOW, there may or may not be some way in which Y is acquainted with X. E.g., (Acquaintances Lenat Madonna True-Fan-Acquaintance) but there is no Z such that (Acquaintances Madonna Lenat Z). Note that X and Y should rarely be instances of Entity. In fact, Doug has only been acqainted with Madonna since 1983, so we should write (Holds-In (Time-Interval-From-Fn (Year-Fn 1983) Now) (Acquaintances Lenat Madonna True-Fan-Acquaintance)).")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain acquaintances 3 acquaintance-attribute) (nth-domain acquaintances 2 agent)(nth-domain acquaintances 1 person) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acquainted-with :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range individual-agent) (domain individual-agent) (documentation "(Acquainted-With AGENT1 AGENT2) means the Individual-Agent AGENT1 is acquainted with the Individual-Agent AGENT2 (in the minimal sense that AGENT1 has come into physical or conversational contact with AGENT2, or that they have somehow knowingly communicated with each other). This typically means that each Individual-Agent is aware of some facts about the other. In cases where one of the Individual-Agents is sentient, this typically includes the ability of this agent to recognize the other by appearance, voice, scent, or some other physical attribute.") (genl-inverse acquainted-with)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of acquainted-with asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of acquainted-with anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of acquainted-with transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME action :SUBCLASS-OF (event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each instance of Action is an event in which something is done by some agent. (See Done-By.) Actions may include any event in which one or more actor(s) effect some change(s) in the tangible or intangible state of the world, typically by some expenditure of effort or energy. But note that it is not required that any tangible object be moved, changed, produced, or destroyed for an action to occur; the effects of actions may be intangible (such as the change in a bank balance, or the intimidation of a subordinate). Depending upon the context, actors may be animate or inanimate, conscious or nonconscious. For actions that are intentional, see also Purposeful-Action, Performed-By.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME action-expresses-feeling :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range feeling-attribute-type) (domain action) (documentation "(Action-Expresses-Feeling ACT EMOTYPE) means that the particular action ACT expresses the doer's feeling of EMOTYPE. Note: additional complications arise in using this in inference, as people can `fake' actions such as laughing, crying, etc., to mislead other people.") (arg2-genl feeling-attribute)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME action-on-object :SUBCLASS-OF (action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which some doer acts on an object. Each element of Action-On-Object is an action in which both the roles of Done-By and Object-Acted-On (qq.v.) are filled. Positive examples: someone typing on a keyboard; a tornado destroying a building. Negative examples: a person dancing; wind blowing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME actor-capacity :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Actor-Capacity is used to indicate the capacity in which some entity participates in a particular event or situation. (Actor-Capacity ENTITY SIT CAP) means that ENTITY has an (unspecified) role in SIT with the Capacity-Attribute CAP. An important use of Actor-Capacity is with the capacity attributes Main-Function or Intended-Function to state that a device is serving its Primary-Function or intended function (i.e., Intended-Behavior-Capable) in a certain situation.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain actor-capacity 3 capacity-attribute) (nth-domain actor-capacity 2 situation)(nth-domain actor-capacity 1 something-existing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME actor-parts-affected :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-acted-on non-deliberate-actors) (range animal-body-part organism-part) (domain event) (documentation "(Actor-Parts-Affected ACT PART) means that PART is an Object-Acted-On in ACT, and it is one of the Anatomical-Parts of the organism which is Bodily-Acted-On in ACT. For example, during a man's morning shave, his Beard is an Actor-Parts-Affected, but the hand with which he shaves is not, because his beard is changed, but his hand is not changed (`acted on') in any significant way.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME actor-parts-involved :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors non-deliberate-actors) (range organism-part) (domain event) (documentation "(Actor-Parts-Involved ACT PART) means that PART is one of the Anatomical-Parts of an organism who has an active role in the event ACT, and, moreover, that PART is somehow involved in the action. Note that the organism to which PART belongs either performs or does ACT; it is not merely an Object-Acted-On. Some examples of Actor-Parts-Involved include: the eyes of someone who is sneezing (or crying); the left foot of someone playing in a football game; the right hand of someone who is shaking hands; the claws of a cat who is scratching someone. As a negative example, consider your hair while you are getting a haircut. It is not an Actor-Parts-Involved, because you are passive in that event; it is, though, an Actor-Parts-Affected in that event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME actor-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (role binary-predicate extensional-representation-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of binary predicates. Each element of Actor-Slot relates some instance of Event to a thing involved in that event (here called a `participant'). The first argument of every Actor-Slot is an instance of Event, and the second argument is an instance of Something-Existing, denoting a participant in that event. Each specialized actor slot indicates HOW its participant participates in the event, i.e., in what role (e.g., Inputs, Outputs, Done-By). `Participant' does NOT include the time of the event's occurrence, external representations of the event, and other more remotely related things that are not directly or indirectly `involved' in the occurrence of the event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME actors :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of temporally-intersects) (range something-existing) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Actors is the most general instance of Actor-Slot. All other actor slots are specializations of this predicate. Thus, Actors is a broad concept which includes any entity which is involved in an action. (Actors EVENT ACTOR) means that ACTOR is somehow meaningfully (directly or indirectly) involved in EVENT during EVENT. Mere cotemporality of objects (somewhere in the universe) with a particular event is not enough `involvement' to make those objects Actors of that event. Nor is a representation of an event among the Actors of that event, unless the representation affects the event.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept actors sensus-information1997 "PARTICIPANT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME acts-in-capacity :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Acts-In-Capacity indicates the capacity in which an agent participates in certain kinds of actions. (Acts-In-Capacity AGENT ROLE SCRIPT-TYPE CAP) means that the agent AGENT plays the role ROLE in instances of SCRIPT-TYPE, and s/he does that role in the capacity CAP. CAP is a Capacity-Attribute (q.v.) which describes the AGENT's mode of participation--e.g., as a job, hobby, main function, support function, etc. Contrast three cases of acts of Greeting-Someone, when Performed-By: (1) instances of Receptionist, in their Job-Capacity and as their MainFunction@cyc; (2) instances of Flight-Attendant, in their Job-Capacity but as a SupportFunction@cyc; and (3) instances of Train-Engineer, in a Hobby-Capacity (though they do it while working, it's not part of their job).") (arg4-isa capacity-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain acts-in-capacity 4 capacity-attribute) (nth-domain acts-in-capacity 3 script-type)(nth-domain acts-in-capacity 2 actor-slot) (nth-domain acts-in-capacity 1 agent)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME address-location-designator :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value character-string) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of strings. Each element of Address-Location-Designator is a string that denotes an address. Each string indicates one entire address. For example: `President Bill Clinton, White House,, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME address-text :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range address-location-designator) (domain contact-location) (documentation "The predicate Address-Text maps a particular element of Contact-Location to its Address-Location-Designator, ADDRESS. (Address-Text LOC ADDRESS) means that the Contact-Location LOC has the address ADDRESS. For example, the Address-Text of the Cycorp Mailing-Location is `Cycorp, 3721 Executive Center Dr., Ste. 100, Austin, TX 78731-1615.' See also Contact-Location.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME adjacent-paths-at-junction :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate connection-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of connected-to physical-decompositions cotemporal on-path-generic) (range path-generic) (domain junction-of-paths) (documentation "(adjacentPathsAtJunction JUNCT PATH) means that the Junction-Of-Paths JUNCT has PATH as one of the paths joining it. A junction may connect many paths (it must connect more than one), and a path may pass through many junctions, and may end at a junction. Examples: all the streets meeting at a certain intersection, or the particular trachea and both primary bronchi meeting at the Tracheobronchial-Junction between a certain person's lungs. Within a specified Path-System, a node is the end of all the links to that node; this is established with Link-Between-In-System or Path-Between-In-System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME adjacent-to :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot symmetric-binary-predicate physical-feature-describing-predicate spatial-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches) (range spatial-thing) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "arg1 and arg2 are touching such that their region of contact is a line (i.e. not a point). Also arg1 is neither above nor below arg2.") (genl-inverse adjacent-to)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of adjacent-to transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME adjective :SUBCLASS-OF (speech-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collecton of all adjectives. Adjectives are words which can modify nouns. Many adjectives have comparative and superlative forms. Example: `red'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME administrator :SUBCLASS-OF (desk-worker) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Administrator is an employee of an organization who is responsible for managing its organizational affairs. Elements of Administrator may or may not also be required to manage people. If so, then they are also Managers (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME admiration :SUBCLASS-OF (respect) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of strong approval. An intense positive attitude towards another person(s) or group. May be accompanied by emulation. Admiration is different than Respect (qv). This is a collection --- see Happiness for an explanation. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Admiration are Wonder-Admiration, Adulation, Awe, etc. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME adult-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal biological-stage-of-development) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all adult animals (including adult people), meaning all elements of Animal that are mature enough to bear offspring, or older.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition adult-animal juvenile-animal |(THE-PARTITION ADULT-ANIMAL JUVENILE-ANIMAL)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME adult-female-person :SUBCLASS-OF (human-adult female-person) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all women; i.e., Persons who are adult and female")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME adverb :SUBCLASS-OF (speech-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all adverbs. Adverbs are words which can modify adverbs, verbs, or adjectives. Many adverbs are morphologically derived from adjectives. Example: `slowly'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME advertising :SUBCLASS-OF (communication-act-single) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Communication-Act-Singles. In an Advertising event, someone is communicating, to potential customers of an Agent, the desire of that agent to do business with those customers (either to `do business' in general or to sell them something specific.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME affection :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of fondness for someone or something. Sympathy, liking, warmth, tenderness. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Affection are Love, Passion, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME affiliated-with :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "(Affiliated-With AGENT1 AGENT2) means Agents AGENT1 and AGENT2 are somehow affiliated. This is a broad relation, but it involves at least the voluntary entry into an understood relationship, with rights and obligations, by at least one of the affiliated Agents@cyc; i.e., they may be business partners, kin, employer/employee, one (say a person) may be a member of the other (say an organization), parent-company/subsidiary, etc.") (genl-inverse affiliated-with)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of affiliated-with transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME after :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate primitive-temporal-relation irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-point) (domain time-point) (documentation "(After ?X ?Y) means Time-Point ?X is after (occurs later in time than) Time-Point ?Y. Note: Individual Time-Points are seldom mentioned in axioms; rather, the axiom is likely to use some Complex-Temporal-Relation, such as Starts-After-Ending-Of, which holds between two Temporal-Thing. These Complex-Temporal-Relations are themselves usually defined in terms of Primitive-Temporal-Relations, such as After and Simultaneous-With, which relate one Time-Point to another.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept after sensus-information1997 "AFTER") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME after-adding :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate inference-related-bookkeeping-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-symbol) (domain predicate) (documentation "Whenever a source is added to a gaf use of a predicate, each of that predicate's After-Adding functions is called on that source.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME after-removing :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate inference-related-bookkeeping-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-symbol) (domain predicate) (documentation "Whenever a source is removed from a gaf use of a predicate, each of that predicate's After-Removing functions is called on that source.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME afternoon :SUBCLASS-OF (qualitative-time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An Afternoon is the daily Event where the Sun moves from its `highest' position in the daily cycle and `sets', i.e from noon till Sunset. A Midday overlaps the start of an Afternoon, and an Evening is Contiguous-After an Afternoon. Each Afternoon is Temporally-Finished-By a Sunset.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME age :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity) (domain something-existing) (documentation "(age THING TIME) means that the thing THING has the age TIME, where thing can be a person, a galaxy, or anything else with temporal extent, e.g., (age MaryShepherd (YearsDuration 40)). The previous assertion is not quite right, however: notice that one can talk about the Birth-Date of a person quite safely, but whenever one makes a statement about the AGE of a person that statement will only be true `for a while' -- i.e., in some temporal context. Therefore it would be a mistake to simply assert to Cyc that (Age Lenat (Years-Duration 45)), because that would be true in some contexts and false in others. So what one does is to assert an expression of the form (Holds-In ?X (Age ?Y ?Z)) to indicate that during time interval ?X, the thing ?Y has age ?Z. For example, (Holds-In (Quarter-Fn 2 (Year-Fn 1996)) (Age Lenat (Years-Duration 45)), which means that Doug is a 45-year-old during the entire second quarter of 1996. It is seldom correct to use Age outside of some temporal qualification.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept age sensus-information1997 "AGE-PROPERTY-ASCRIPTION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agent :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-tangible-and-intangible-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An agent is something which can show independent action, whether conscious or not. Agent represents the collection of all agents. Most animals are considered agents, in most contexts; so are most organizations. Most plants are not agents, in most contexts. Inanimate devices are sometimes considered agents, in certain contexts. This is one of those concepts which is important yet very hard to define precisely. Here is some elaboration, to help convey the intended meaning of the basic criterion for agenthood: It must seem that a kind of decision-making is going on, even if it's down at the `mindless' level of the reflex reaction of a spider leg to heat, or the reflex reaction of a Human Resources Department rejecting an applicant with no formal degree. It generally `sounds right' or `feels natural' to assign causality to agents, rather than some larger or smaller entity. E.g., it is more natural to say `Fred wrote an essay' than to say `Fred's left hand wrote an essay' or, at the other extreme, to say `The Solar System wrote an essay'. Similarly, we might very well talk about `Microsoft' buying IBM, but it would be unnatural and even incorrect to talk about a much larger entity (`corporate America') or smaller entity (`the Microsoft lawyers') as the performer of that buying action.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agentive-noun :SUBCLASS-OF (speech-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all nouns in the agentive form. Agentive nouns usually denote the `doer' or `performer' of some action, and often end in `-er' or `-or'. Example: `runner'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agility :SUBCLASS-OF (script-performance-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-performance-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Agility is the Script-Performance-Attribute-Type for describing actions in which the performer's whole body moves precisely and in a well-coordinated fashion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agreeing-agents :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain agreement) (documentation "The predicate Agreeing-Agents relates a particular agreement to the agents who are making the agreement. (Agreeing-Agents AGR PARTY) means that the Agreement AGR has the Agent PARTY among its agreeing parties. Agreeing-Agents may have specialized roles, such as Agreeing-Buyer or Agreeing-Seller, Insuring-Agent or Policy-Holder, Employed-Agent or Employing-Agent. The Agreeing-Agents will be mentioned in their agreement.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agreement :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible-existing-thing supposed-to-be-microtheory) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of `objects' with temporal extent. Each element of Agreement involves two or more parties, who agree that certain propositions should be true. Making the propositions true may require some action or commitment of wealth on the part of one or more of the Agreeing-Agents. Thus, elements of Agreement will usually involve some instances of Obligation. Note: Elements of Agreement and Obligation differ, however, in that an Obligated-Agent is responsible for the truth of all of the propositions in an obligation. In an agreement, some agents may not be responsible for all of the propositions in the agreement being true. For example, in a loan agreement, the borrower agrees to give the lender back the money, but the borrower is the only Obligated-Agent for the repayment. Note that Obligated-Agents need not be among the Agreeing-Agents in the agreement that involves or generates the obligation. For example, the Board of Directors of XYZCorporation may agree that some non-director will assume the post and duties of President of XYZCorporation. Moreover, Agreeing-Agents aren't always obligatedAgents; e.g., Wanda and Paul may agree that Paul alone is obligated to do some task. Examples include instances of Peace-Accord, Legal-Agreement, Informal-Agreement, Business-Partnership-Agreement, Work-Agreement, Sales-Agreement, Maintenance-Agreement, Reservation, Appointment, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agreement-forbids :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Agreement-Forbids is used to indicate types of actions that a particular agent is forbidden from performing under the terms of a particular agreement. (Agreement-Forbids AGR AGENT ACT-TYPE) means that the Agreement AGR forbids the Agent AGENT from ACT-TYPE activities. For example, an instance of Peace-Accord Agreement-Forbids the governments who signed it from Waging-War against one another; or, a business contract may forbid one agent from competing with another after s/he sells rights to a product, design, or practice to the second agent.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain agreement-forbids 3 script-type) (nth-domain agreement-forbids 2 agent)(nth-domain agreement-forbids 1 agreement) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agreement-note :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Elements of Agreement (and of its subsets) are Microtheory instances containing propositions representing what some number of parties have agreed upon. An Agreement may contain a set of Obligations on the part of one or more of the parties. An Agreement may also be just a set of beliefs that the parties have decided to share. To indicate which propositions are true in an Agreement, regardless of whether they are true in reality, use Ist-Agreement. (Ist-Agreement AGREEMENT PROP) means that PROP is a Cyc-Formula expressing something that was agreed upon in AGREEMENT. Other relevant vocabulary: (Agreeing-Agents AGREEMENT AGENT) means that AGENT is one of the parties agreeing to AGREEMENT. (Sub-Agreements AGREEMENT1 AGREEMENT2) means that AGREEMENT2 is a part of (is included in) AGREEMENT1. (Governed-By-Agreement ACTION AGREEMENT) means that ACTION is governed by the terms of AGREEMENT. (Agreement-Forbids AGREEMENT AGENT ACTION-TYPE) means that AGREEMENT forbids AGENT from performing elements of ACTION-TYPE. (Agreement-Period AGREEMENT TIME) means that AGREEMENT is considered to be true during the time period TIME.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME agreement-period :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-interval) (domain agreement) (documentation "The predicate Agreement-Period is used to indicate the period of time during which a particular agreement is in force. (Agreement-Period AGR TIME) means that the Agreement AGR holds during the Time-Interval TIME; i.e., TIME is the period during which the assertions made in AGR are supposed to be true. TIME may or may not begin at the moment that AGR is created; e.g., I may sign an employment contract on the very day I begin working or several weeks before, to begin on a specified future date. Or an Agreement-Period could begin before the agreement was made, e.g., when an agent agreed to pay disputed royalties retroactively.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ailment-condition :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The most general collection of ailment events; a subset of Physiological-Condition, and a subset of Event. An instance of Ailment-Condition is a dynamic state of sickness, injury, or physiological impairment. Having an ailment is an event: it has temporal aspects, it progresses dynamically, etc., it is not just `being in some static state of un-wellness.' Some subsets of Ailment-Condition are: Respiratory-Ailment, Heart-Condition, Cancer, Motion-Sickness, Poisoning, Infection, Injury-Condition. If a particular person suffers from asthma, that is an element of Ailment-Condition. Each Ailment-Condition is a state of actual, developed sickness or impairment, rather than the event of getting sick or becoming impaired. Also note that each type of ailment, such as Asthma, is the set of all `cases' or `instances' of individuals suffering from that condition.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME air :SUBCLASS-OF (gaseous-tangible-thing mixture) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangibles; a subset of Gaseous-Tangible-Thing. Each element of Air is one `piece' among all the portions of the atmosphere of the Earth, considered as a substance present in various places, in various quantities, under various pressures, etc. Examples: the AirInAustin@cyc; the stuffy air in my office; the thin air atop Annapurna. See also The-Atmosphere-Qua-Single-Piece-Of-Stuff, which is all ambient Air on the planet taken as a single object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME air-force :SUBCLASS-OF (military-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of military organizations. An element of Air-Force is a military organization, modern or historical, composed mainly of airborne forces: bombers, fighters, torpedo planes, parachute troops, surveillance aircraft, etc., and having the function of defending or attacking air space, ships, or ground targets.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME air-force-personnel :SUBCLASS-OF (military-person) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people, a subset of Military-Person. Each element of this collection is somebody who works for an Air-Force.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME air-respiration :SUBCLASS-OF (respiration) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of activities constituting a natural PhysiologicalFunction@cyc; Air-Respiration is the collection of all Respiration events in which an organism trades some of the carbon dioxide in its tissues for oxygen from the atmosphere.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME air-transportation-device :SUBCLASS-OF (transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AIR-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)|) (documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Air-Transportation-Device is a device used for transportation through the air. For example, the Goodyear Blimp, Air Force One, and the Space-Shuttle-Atlantis. Subsets of Air-Transportation-Device include the collections Airplane, Helicopter, Hot-Air-Balloon, Ground-To-Orbit-Vehicle (such as Atlas rockets or the Space Shuttles), and so on.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME airline-company :SUBCLASS-OF (transportation-company business) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all air transportation companies. An element of Airline-Company is a Transportation-Company that operates airplanes to transport goods or people in exchange for money.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME airplane :SUBCLASS-OF (air-transportation-device container-product transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AIRPLANE)|) (documentation "The colection of all fixed-wing (except Warplanes), heavier-than-air, self-powered flying machines (excluding cruise missiles).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME airplane-runway :SUBCLASS-OF (path-for-wheeled-vehicles) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An airstrip, at an airport, on an aircraft carrier, or in some field, upon which airplanes taxi, take off, and land.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME airport-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Airport-Organization is an organization that manages and controls particular airports and their appurtenant facilities; e.g., La-Guardia-Airport.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME airport-physical :SUBCLASS-OF (construction-artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all airfields, where airplanes take off and land. An Airport-Physical definitely has a runway, may or may not have any other buildings. If it's the grounds of an Airport-Organization, some of those other features will be present.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME alertness :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-physiological-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Alertness is an Animal-Physiological-Attribute which specifies how sleepy or alert an animal is. Levels of Alertness include Asleep, Sleepy, and Awake.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME alertness-level :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range alertness) (domain individual-agent) (documentation "Predicate (Alertness-Level SENTIENT_BEING LEVEL) indicates how alert SENTIENT_BEING is in the period in which the predicate holds. The major levels are Unconscious and Awake, but more specific attributes such as Asleep and Very-Alert exist as well.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME allergic-reaction :SUBCLASS-OF (ailment-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of dynamic, physiological states. An instance of Allergic-Reaction is an event in which an organism which is exposed to a particular substance (e.g., pollen, mold) develops some abnormality or impairment of its physiological condition as a result of interacting with the substance. Allergic reactions to some types of substances occur widely in members of a species; e.g., Poison-Ivy-Poisoning in humans. But other allergic reactions affect only a small proportion of a species, such as human allergies to penicillin. This concept is the set of events in which allergic reactions are `taking place', not abstract unrealized potential situations such as `John is allergic to milk.' I.e., if John were allergic to milk, and he drank some, and then proceeded to have a whopping bad allergic reaction, that latter event would be an element of Allergic-Reaction.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME always-time-interval :INSTANCE-OF (time-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The interval of time which encompasses all time. In more general MTs we remain agnostic as to whether this time interval has either a beginning or an end, but if it does, Always-Time-Interval begins when time itself begins and ends only when time ends completely. Every other instance of Time-Interval is a Time-Slices of Always-Time-Interval. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ambient-relative-humidity :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-attributes) (range relative-humidity) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Ambient-Relative-Humidity LOC DEGREE) indicates the DEGREE to which the water vapor content of the air at LOC approaches the total possible saturation (at that temperature).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ambient-temperature :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temperature) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The predicate Ambient-Temperature is used to indicate the average temperature in the free space around a particular object. (Ambient-Temperature OBJ TEMP) means that the space around the tangible object OBJ is at the Temperature TEMP. Used with Holds-In (q.v.), Ambient-Temperature expresses the surrounding temperature for a given object at some point in time. For the temperature of the object itself, use Temperature-Of-Object (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ambient-visibility :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-attributes) (range visibility) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Ambient-Visibility LOC DEGREE) indicates how clear the ambient fluid is at the location LOC. Higher values of DEGREE mean one can see farther (than one could have at lower values).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ambulance :SUBCLASS-OF (road-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AMBULANCE)|) (documentation "The collection of all RoadVehicles that are equipped primarily for transporting wounded, injured or sick persons.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME amount-of-sales-by-to-during :INSTANCE-OF (relation quintary-predicate functional-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Amount-Of-Sales-By-To-During is used to indicate how much of a certain product was sold by a particular seller to a particular buyer. (Amount-Of-Sales-By-To-During SELLER BUYER TIMEPD PRODTYPE REVENUE) means that, during the Time-Interval TIMEPD, SELLER (an Agent) sold to BUYER (another Agent) some amount of the Product-Type PRODTYPE, worth the total amount of Money REVENUE. For example, to say that a restaurant, Threadgills, sold $3000 worth of their pumpkin pies to a local grocery store in November, we would say: (Amount-Of-Sales-By-To-During Threadgills HEBAt2222 (Month-Fn November (Year-Fn 1996)) Pumpkin-Pie (Dollar-United-States 3000)).") (arg5-isa money) (arg4-genl product) (arg4-isa product-type)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain amount-of-sales-by-to-during 5 money) (nth-domain amount-of-sales-by-to-during 4 product-type)(nth-domain amount-of-sales-by-to-during 3 time-interval) (nth-domain amount-of-sales-by-to-during 2 agent)(nth-domain amount-of-sales-by-to-during 1 agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ampere :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-current mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval physical-attribute) (documentation "The standard unit of measure of electrical current, equivalent to a 1-Coulomb flow of current, or 1 Volt across a resistance of 1 Ohm.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME amphibian :SUBCLASS-OF (non-person-animal vertebrate) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-class) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Organism-Wholes which are members of the Biological-Class Amphibia, being a specialization of Vertebrate. Members of this class are smooth skinned Vertebrates which hatch from eggs to form aquatic larvae [see Larva@cyc]. These larvae metamorphose into an air-breathing adult [see AirBreathingVertebrate] (normally) having Lungs. Subsets of this collection include Frogs and Salamanders.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME amplitude-of-signal :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range distance) (domain wave-propagation) (documentation "(Amplitude-Of-Signal ?WAVE ?AMP) means the distance from the average to the extremes of the signal ?WAVE is ?AMP.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME analogous-feelings :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate intensional-representation-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range feeling-attribute-type) (domain feeling-attribute-type) (documentation "(Analogous-Feelings EMOTYPE1 EMOTYPE2) means that a feeling of the type EMOTYPE1 is analogous to a feeling of the type EMOTYPE2. In part, this means that there is a high probability that an agent having an emotion of one type is also feeling an emotion of the other type. Often the two feelings differ only in degree, context, etc. E.g., (Analogous-Feelings Irritation Anger) and (Analogous-Feelings Irritation Impatience).") (arg2-genl feeling-attribute) (arg1-genl feeling-attribute) (genl-inverse analogous-feelings)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of analogous-feelings transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anatomical-part-type-affected :INSTANCE-OF (slot type-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (domain animal-activity) (documentation "(Anatomical-Part-Type-Affected ACT BODYPARTTYPE) means that body parts of the Animal-Body-Part-Type BODYPARTTYPE are affected by the action ACT. For example, if BRUSHING is a Teeth-Cleaning event, then (Anatomical-Part-Type-Affected BRUSHING Set-Of-Teeth).") (arg2-genl animal-body-part)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anatomical-parts :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal physical-parts) (range organism-part) (domain organism-whole) (documentation "(Anatomical-Parts ORGM PART) means that PART is an anatomical part of the (whole) organism ORGM. Note that to represent the decomposition of parts of subparts --- for example, to say that a finger is part of a hand --- one should use the predicate Physical-Parts (qv), not Anatomical-Parts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anatomical-resource-required :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Anatomical-Resource-Required ACT BODYPARTTYPE NUM) means that the successful doer of ACT must have this many (NUM) of the Animal-Body-Part-Type BODYPARTTYPE. For example, if VOLANT is an element of Flying-Flapping-Wings, then (Anatomical-Resource-Required VOLANT Wing-Animal-Body-Part 2).") (arg2-genl animal-body-part)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain anatomical-resource-required 3 non-negative-integer) (nth-domain anatomical-resource-required 2 existing-object-type)(nth-domain anatomical-resource-required 1 animal-activity) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anatomically-capable-of :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Anatomically-Capable-Of indicates that an agent is anatomically able to take a certain role in a certain type of situation or event. (Anatomically-Capable-Of AGENT SIT-TYPE ROLE) means that an individual Animal AGENT has the anatomical prerequisites (natural or prosthetic) to act in this ROLE in normal instances of SIT-TYPE. For example, to express that Karen is capable of walking, Cyc would say (Anatomically-Capable-Of Karen Biped-Walking Performed-By). AGENT may or may not have the skills (or other prerequisites) for actually doing a SIT-TYPE. Anatomically-Capable-Of entails that AGENT satisfies the relevant Anatomical-Resource-Required constraint--e.g., for Karen's Biped-Walking, that she has two legs (natural or prosthetic). As a default, Cyc concludes that animals who have the Anatomical-Parts needed for a certain kind of activity are Anatomically-Capable-Of that activity--for example, that people who have arms and legs are Anatomically-Capable-Of swimming; those conclusions would be overridden by the additional information that a person was paralyzed.") (arg2-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain anatomically-capable-of 3 role) (nth-domain anatomically-capable-of 2 collection)(nth-domain anatomically-capable-of 1 animal) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ancestors :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of biological-relatives) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Ancestors YOUNGER OLDER) means OLDER is one of the biological ancestors of YOUNGER. OLDER could be one of YOUNGER's biological parents, biological grandparents, biological great-grandparents, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anesthesia :SUBCLASS-OF (drug-therapy) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Drug-Therapy (q.v.). In an instance of Anesthesia, a Biological-Living-Object undergoes the effect of some instance of Anesthetic, the effect of which is to eliminate the perception of pain. Anesthesia events occur in connection with other medical care events, so that a patient will not feel the pain or discomfort that would otherwise be associated with those medical procedures. Anesthetics are of various chemical kinds, work in various ways, and can be administered in various ways. They may topically numb an area, they may poison the central nervous system to the point where the animal loses consciousness, etc. The resulting anesthetic therapies thus may differ, according to the type of anesthetic used; for example, the patient may or may not be conscious during an instance of Anesthesia. See also Administering-A-Drug.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anger :SUBCLASS-OF (frustration) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Intense feeling of displeasure and usually of antagonism. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Anger include Belligerence, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME angle :SUBCLASS-OF (geometric-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Geometric-Things. Each element of Angle is a pair of line segments, planes (or, more generally, n-dimensional hyperplanes) that share an endpoint, edge (or, more generally, an [n-1]-dimensional hyperedge).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME angstrom :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-with-prefix mks-unit-of-measure unit-of-distance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval distance) (documentation "Extremely small unit of length, used especially for measuring the wavelength of light, derived by dividing a meter by 10,000,000,000. Abbreviation: A (with a little circle on the top of the `A'). 1 A = 1/10,000,000,000 (i.e., 10^-10) meter.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME angular-acceleration :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-attribute-description-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range angular-acceleration-rate) (domain physical-event) (documentation "The rate at which the angle to an object is accelerating")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME angular-acceleration-rate :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class measurable-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Angular-Acceleration-Rate is the rate at which the Rate-Of-Rotation of an object changes.It is a measurable physical quantity, measured in units such as radians per second per second.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal :SUBCLASS-OF (organism-whole solid-tangible-thing animalblo perceptual-agent) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-kingdom) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN ANIMAL)|) (documentation "The collection of all animals; this large class of organisms is one instance of Biological-Kingdom. Animals are typically motile, living, whole organisms; they are elements of Heterotroph, incapable of performing instances of Photosynthesis. Animal cells contain cholesterol and lack cell walls made of cellulose. Person is a subset of Animal@cyc; see also Non-Person-Animal.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept animal sensus-information1997 "ANIMAL") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-physical-and-mental-event action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Animal-Activity is an action whose performer(s) (see Done-By) belong to the collection Animal.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-body-part :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-region) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the anatomical parts and physical regions of all living animals; a subset of Organism-Part. Each element of Animal-Body-Part is a piece of some live animal and thus is itself an instance of Biological-Living-Object. Animal-Body-Part includes both highly localized organs (e.g., hearts) and physical systems composed of parts distributed throughout an animal's body (such as its circulatory system and nervous system). Note: Severed limbs and other parts of dead animals are NOT included in this collection; see Dead-Fn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-body-part-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the types of Animal-Body-Parts. An Animal-Body-Part-Type is a characterization of body parts by structure and/or function. Some elements of this collection include Spinal-Column, Eyelash, Nervous-System, Urethra, Wing-Animal-Body-Part, Heel-Of-Palm, etc. As can be seen from those examples, Animal-Body-Part-Type is not organized along species/order/class/phylum/... taxonomic lines.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-body-region :SUBCLASS-OF (animalblo organism-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The set of parts of an animal's body that one might point to, operate on, photograph, transplant, etc. So this is a collection of (conceptual) spatial subdivisions of the bodies of Animals, generally contiguous and having some more or less clear boundary. Some elements of this collections are Einstein's head, Santas-Beard, and Babe Ruth's right arm. Other elements of this set are what might be considered unhealthy body regions, such as a blister, a puncture wound, a bruise, etc. -- but those are still clearly a part of an animal's body, can be pointed to, photographed, bandaged up, etc. Note that this concept is quite different from an animal body `system' (such as the lymph system, the nervous system, etc.) which comprises a small portion of an animal's total mass but is distributed throughout the animal's body -- see Animal-Body-Part. (At the naive, commonsense level of physiology, and for almost all purposes, it is perfectly acceptable to conceptualize Santa's beard as one Animal-Body-Region, and the same for Farrah Fawcett's hair, etc. A borderline case of this is: Cher's fingernails. In some contexts, one would treat those as an Animal-Body-Region, and in other contexts one would treat them as ten separate Animal-Body-Regions.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-migration :SUBCLASS-OF (translation-round-trip locomotion-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of regular, species-linked movements of an animal or group of animals from one place to another, usually with a return to the starting point after a certain period of time. In some species, the migration cycle occurs once in a lifetime, while others migrate annually on a seasonal basis. Migration is typically linked with an animal's reproductive cycle (as in salmon), but may also involve seasonal relocation to a more hospitable climate and/or more plentiful food supply. For example, many birds exhibit seasonal migration; e.g., native Northeastern U.S. birds that spend their winters in the Southern U.S.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-physiological-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-attribute attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The broadest collection of attributes of Animals that describe the physiological aspects of an animal, including its physiological (1) capacities, (2) conditions, and (3) states. Examples include: (1) Capacities: Fertile, Hearing-Impaired, Paraplegic@cyc; (2) Conditions: Anemic, AthleticPhysicalBuild@cyc; (3) States: Intoxicated, Injured, Inflamed. Plant-Physiological-Attributes, such as In-Bloom, are excluded.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-sound :SUBCLASS-OF (information-bearing-wave-propagation audible-sound) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs); a subset of Information-Bearing-Wave-Propagation. Each element of Animal-Sound is a sound of a type which originally was, and typically is, made by an animal using just its body parts (though such a sound may subsequently have been reproduced by imitation or recording). For example, instances of Birdsong, Neighing-Sound, Purring-Sound, Barking-Sound, Braying-Sound. Note that the restriction to sounds produced by body parts alone excludes noises produced by moving external objects; i.e., Animal-Sound does NOT include rustling the leaves underfoot, splashing water, or playing a musical instrument.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animal-walking-process :SUBCLASS-OF (simple-whole-body-movement locomotion-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of individual Locomotion-Process es in which an Animal agent travels on foot using voluntary movements of its legs.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME animalblo :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subset of Biological-Living-Object which includes all the elements of Animal and of Animal-Body-Part and Animal-Body-Region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME annual-climate-cycle :SUBCLASS-OF (weather-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Annual-Climate-Cycle is an extended event, one year in length, which encompasses Sub-Events describing the changing of the seasons. Subsets include Temperate-Climate-Cycle, Humid-Subtropical-Climate-Cycle, etc. See also the comments on Climate-Cycle-Type, Has-Climate-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME annual-event-type :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. The instances of an element of Annual-Event-Type are synchronized with the calendar. If ?X is an Annual-Event-Type, then one occurs each year. For example, Christmas-Holiday is an Annual-Event-Type, because one occurs each year, synchronized with the calendar.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anterior-region-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain animal-body-region) (range animal-body-region) (documentation "The function (AnteriorRegionFn REGOROBJ), applied to a region or object REGOROBJ, means the region consisting of the front half or section, or the anterior main portion, of REGOROBJ. It applies only when REGOROBJ itself has an intrinsic front/back orientation, or is a (non-backward-facing) part of a larger region or object that has a front/back orientation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anti-symmetric-binary-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates; the subset of Binary-Predicate whose elements represent antisymmetric relations. A predicate F is an element of Anti-Symmetric-Binary-Predicate if and only if F is a binary predicate and, if both (F X Y) and (F Y X) hold, then X=Y, for every X,Y within the domain and range of F. For example, Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To, Compatible-Blood-Types. Note this additional restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be an element of Anti-Symmetric-Binary-Predicate only if the type (i.e., arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first argument is not disjoint with the type constraint applicable to F's second argument. See also Note-On-Argument-Typing-And-Properties-Of-Relations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anti-transitive-binary-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (irreflexive-binary-predicate binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates; the subset of Binary-Predicate whose elements represent anti-transitive relations. A predicate F is an element of Anti-Transitive-Binary-Predicate if and only if F is a binary predicate and, for every X,Y,Z in the domain of F, (:not (:and (F X Y)(F Y Z)(F X Z))). Note this additional restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be an element of Anti-Transitive-Binary-Predicate only if the type (i.e., arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first argument is not disjoint with the type constraint applicable to F's second argument. See also Note-On-Argument-Typing-And-Properties-Of-Relations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME anticipation-feeling :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Emotion accompanying an expectation of something pleasant in the foreseeable future. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME apathy :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A lack of interest or concern. If someone is feeling some measure of Apathy, then they typically will have little or no response to things normally expected to excite emotion or interest. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. A related Feeling-Attribute-Type is Boredom.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME appendage-animal-body-part :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all appendages of Animals. An appendage is an Animal-Body-Part that is connected to, and extends from, the animal's Torso (or else from another of its appendages, such as a hand extending from an arm). Each appendage is used by the Animal for one or more functions; altogether, appendages serve a wide variety of functions such as locomotion, manipulation, sensing, fighting, scratching, heat dissipation, balance, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME appropriate-emotion :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Appropriate-Emotion SIT ROLE EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that in the Situation SIT, an intelligent agent filling the Role ROLE would be expected to feel an emotion of Feeling-Attribute-Type EMOTYPE with the intensity DEGREE. If such an agent did not feel that emotion, s/he would generally be considered rude or strange. E.g., a High degree of Grief is an Appropriate-Emotion for someone in the audience at a funeral (but not for the workers, the deceased, etc.)") (arg4-isa generic-attribute) (arg3-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain appropriate-emotion 4 generic-attribute) (nth-domain appropriate-emotion 3 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain appropriate-emotion 2 role) (nth-domain appropriate-emotion 1 situation)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME appropriating-something :SUBCLASS-OF (taking-something gaining-user-rights) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Taking-Something and of Gaining-User-Rights. In an instance of Appropriating-Something, an Agent takes something that no one else has user rights over, such as air for breathing, or some object which at that time belongs to no one (e.g.,a dime lying in the street). Note: The English verb `appropriate' can also mean to take something away from someone else, against their will and wrongfully, but that is not what is meant here. For that, see Stealing-Generic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME approval :SUBCLASS-OF (satisfaction) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The emotion of viewing positively a state of affairs or other agent's actions. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME approximate-pay :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range monetary-flow-rate) (domain occupation-type) (documentation "The predicate Approximate-Pay is used to estimate a typical amount of pay offered to workers in a specific occupation. (Approximate-Pay JOBTYPE RATE) means that a person working in the Occupation-Type JOBTYPE makes approximately the Monetary-Flow-Rate RATE, as earned income. RATE might be expressed in, e.g., Dollars-Per-Hour, pounds-per-week, or yen-per-year. RATE refers to average pay for the occupation JOBTYPE, excluding any unearned pay (such as matching 401K contributions) and the value of other employee benefits.") (arg1-genl professional)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME april :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME aquatic-organism :SUBCLASS-OF (organism-whole) :INSTANCE-OF (class organism-type-by-habitat) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of organisms adapted to life underwater, which spend all or most of their time immersed in water. This includes the elements of Fish, also many instances of Mollusk, Sea-Mammal, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME area :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical attributes. Each element of Area is an amount of two-dimensional space, i.e., a surface. Elements of Area may be either a fixed interval, such as the area of a rectangle 5 cm x 10 cm, or a range, such as the area of a city lot. See Unit-Of-Area for the units used by Cyc to measure areas.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME area-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-amount-slot physical-attribute-description-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "AREA")|) (range area) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "A general slot to denote the area of some object. This could be the area of a Geographical-Region, a desk top, or a cross-section of wire.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME area-of-region :INSTANCE-OF (slot tangible-object-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of area-of-object |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "AREA")|) (range area) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "The predicate Area-Of-Region is used to indicate the physical area of a particular region. (Area-Of-Region REGION AREA) means that the physical size of the Geographical-Region REGION is the Area AREA. Examples: (Area-Of-Region Lake-Erie (Square-Mile 9940)), (Area-Of-Region Elba-Island-Italy (Square-Mile 86)), (Area-Of-Region Vatican-City (Square-Mile 0.17)), (Area-Of-Region China-Peoples-Republic (Square-Mile 3705390)). See Area for ways of representing areas.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME areas-of-origin :INSTANCE-OF (slot intensional-representation-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range geographical-region) (domain ethnic-group-type) (documentation "The predicate Areas-Of-Origin relates an ethnic group to a particular region in which its members originated. (Areas-Of-Origin GROUP REGION) means that the Ethnic-Group-Type GROUP originated in the Geographical-Region REGION. For example, to indicate that Circassians originated in Asia, we would say (Areas-Of-Origin Ethnic-Group-Of-Circassians Continent-Of-Asia). Ethnic groups may have originated in several different areas; e.g., the Ethnic-Group-Of-Hutu is native to Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, and Uganda.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg1-format :INSTANCE-OF (slot meta-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range format) (domain predicate) (documentation "(Arg1-Format PRED FORMAT) means that FORMAT tells how many different first arguments there can be to PRED, given some fixed set of other arguments. See Format for a description of the possible values for FORMAT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg1-genl :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg1-Genl REL COL) means that the predicate or function, REL, accepts only first arguments that have the Collection COL among their :subclass-of.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg1-isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate default-monotonic-predicate functional-slot intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg1-Isa REL COL) means that anything given as the first argument to the Relationship REL must be an element of the Collection COL. Examples: (Arg1-Isa Forms-Border-Between Spatial-Thing), (Arg1-Isa Series-Ordered-By Series), (Arg1-Isa Unique-Part-Types Existing-Object-Type).") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg2-format :INSTANCE-OF (slot meta-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range format) (domain predicate) (documentation "(Arg2-Format PRED FORMAT) means that FORMAT tells how many different second arguments there can be to PRED, given some fixed set of other arguments. See Format for a description of the possible values for FORMAT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg2-genl :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg2-Genl REL COL) means that the predicate or function, REL, accepts only second arguments that have the Collection COL among their :subclass-of.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg2-isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate default-monotonic-predicate functional-slot intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg2-Isa REL COL) means that anything given as the second argument to the Relationship REL must be an element of the Collection COL. Examples: (Arg2-Isa Sheet-Surface-Connected Partially-Tangible), (Arg2-Isa Salutation Courtesy-Title), (Arg2-Isa Mother Female-Animal).") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg3-format :INSTANCE-OF (slot meta-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range format) (domain predicate) (documentation "(Arg3-Format PRED FORMAT) means that FORMAT tells how many different third arguments there can be to PRED, given some fixed set of other arguments. See Format for a description of the possible values for FORMAT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg3-genl :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg3-Genl REL COL) means that the predicate or function, REL, accepts only third arguments that have the Collection COL among their :subclass-of.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg3-isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot default-monotonic-predicate binary-predicate functional-slot intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg3-Isa REL COL) means that anything given as the third argument to the Relationship REL must be an element of the Collection COL.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg4-format :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range format) (domain predicate) (documentation "(Arg4-Format PRED FORMAT) means that FORMAT tells how many different fourth arguments there can be to PRED, given some fixed set of other arguments. See Format for a description of the possible values for FORMAT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg4-genl :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg4-Genl REL COL) means that the fourth argument to the Relationship (i.e., predicate or function) REL must be a subset of the Collection COL.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg4-isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot default-monotonic-predicate binary-predicate functional-slot intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg4-Isa REL COL) means that anything given as the fourth argument to the Relationship REL must be an element of the Collection COL.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg5-format :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range format) (domain predicate) (documentation "(Arg5-Format PRED FORMAT) means that FORMAT tells how many different fifth arguments there can be to PRED, given some fixed set of other arguments. See Format for a description of the possible values for FORMAT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg5-genl :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg5-Genl REL COL) means that the fifth argument to the Relationship (predicate or function) REL must be a subset of the Collection COL.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arg5-isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate default-monotonic-predicate functional-slot intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arg5-Isa REL COL) means that anything given as the fifth argument to the Relationship REL must be an element of the Collection COL.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME args-genl :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "When a relation REL is an element of Variable-Arity-Relation, i.e., it takes a variable number of arguments, then (Args-Genl REL COL) means that all of those arguments must be subsets of COL.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME args-isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate meta-relation relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain relationship) (documentation "The predicate Args-Isa is used with elements of Relationship that take an indefinite number of arguments, in order to specify that the values of all the arguments used with that relation must be of a certain type. E.g., to specify that all the arguments to Cyc's addition function, Plus-Fn, must be measurable quantities (i.e., elements of Scalar-Interval), we assert: (Args-Isa Plus-Fn Scalar-Interval). Additional examples: `paths branch only into other paths', i.e., (Args-Isa Branches-Into Path-Generic); `dinars are measured only in numbers', i.e., (Args-Isa Dinar-Jordan Cyc-System-Real-Number).") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arity :INSTANCE-OF (slot default-monotonic-predicate binary-predicate functional-slot relationship-predicate meta-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range integer) (domain relationship) (documentation "(Arity REL NUMBER) means that the Relationship REL takes the number of arguments given by NUMBER. For example, the Arity of all instances of Binary-Predicate is 2. In particular, (Arity Arity 2) since Arity takes 2 arguments.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arm :SUBCLASS-OF (appendage-animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animal arms. An Arm of an animal is one of its Animal-Body-Parts, more particularly one of its appendages, a limb which it uses for manipulation moreso than for locomotion. A Hand is considered part of an Arm.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arm-movement :SUBCLASS-OF (body-movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of any movements of an arm that are generated by the Animal whose arm it is, through nerve impulses to the arm. Physically, an Arm-Movement involves movement of the upper arm or elbow in relation to the body to which it is attached.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME army :SUBCLASS-OF (military-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of military organizations. An element of Army is a military organization, modern or historical, composed mainly of ground forces, which may include infantry, cavalry, artillery, tank and miscellaneous mechanized units, and special forces. Its personnel may also include support workers such as engineers and medical staff.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME army-personnel :SUBCLASS-OF (military-person soldier) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people, a subset of Military-Person. Each element of this collection is somebody who works for an Army.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arresting-someone :SUBCLASS-OF (taking-custody-of-animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Arresting-Someone, a law enforcement officer arrests another person, who is thereupon taken into custody (In-Custody).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME art-object :SUBCLASS-OF (information-bearing-object composite-tangible-and-intangible-object artifact product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs). Each element of Art-Object is a tangible object that is a work, or a reproduction of a work, in one of the representational or plastic arts, such as a painting, sculpture, ceramic piece, quilt, stained glass composition, etc. Art-Object does NOT include plays, movies, music, performance art, or other activities. Art-Object is a subset of Information-Bearing-Object, but its elements need not have propositional content, although they may. Examples of Art-Object: the Statue-Of-Liberty, the Mona Lisa, a poster reproduction of Van Gogh's `Starry Night', Rodin's `Burghers of Calais', a piece of Ju ware from the Sung Dynasty, the windows of Chartres Cathedral, a series of prints by Picasso.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME arthropod :SUBCLASS-OF (invertebrate) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-phylum) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An instance of Biological-Phylum whose Taxon-Members include (mostly) the numerous collections of chitin-armored invertebrates that have jointed bodies and limbs, e.g., insects, spiders, crustaceans, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME artifact :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible something-existing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. An instance of Artifact is a tangible which was more or less intentionally created by an Agent (or a group of Agents working together) to serve some purpose or perform some function. By `created', we don't require that the matter itself be created, it is often just the result of some sort of assemblage or modification process, such as a wooden flute that's been whittled from a tree branch, a sawhorse that's been put together out of boards and nails, a coin that's been minted by embossing or by melting liquid silver into a mold, etc. Let's consider some positive and negative examples. In addition to the obvious human artifacts (buildings, tools, textiles, power lines), this collection includes certain sorts of things made by Animals, such as bird nests, termite mounds, and beaver dams. Something which just barely squeaks through the intended meaning of this concept is Yale-University. In addition to the abstract legal entity, it consists of a set of physical buildings, furnishings, etc. By contrast, an organization that had no headquarters building, equipment, tangible property, etc. would not be an artifact. Similarly, a fictional character such as Tom Sawyer is not an artifact (in the context of the story, Tom is not an artifact because he is a real boy; in the context of the real world, Tom is not an artifact because he has no tangible component whatsoever.) While some artifacts may be alive, or contain living subparts, we do not intend this collection to encompass all organisms which resulted from normal biological reproductive processes. Your child is not an artifact. If you do an oil painting of a house that is an artifact, but much more borderline is what you get if you take a rock and just paint it a solid color, say white. In general that won't be an artifact unless it serves some purpose, such as marking the shoulder of a roadway, but more questionable cases are if the purpose of the white rock is just `to be sold as art' or `to look pretty.' The white rock might thus be an artifact in certain contexts, but not in others. Not every instance of Path-Generic (q.v.) is necessarily an instance of Artifact. For example, some channels used for navigation may not be artifacts, because even though they are marked with human artifacts (i.e., channel markers) as locations where ships may safely travel, the channel itself may have been a naturally occurring pre-existing thing -- e.g., the English-Channel. If a Channel-Wide-Strait were produced or maintained only by constant dredging, it might count as an artifact. By contrast, each Canal, such as Suez-Canal, is almost certain to be an Artifact.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition artifact inanimate-thing-natural |(THE-PARTITION ARTIFACT INANIMATE-THING-NATURAL)|) (synonymous-external-concept artifact sensus-information1997 "ARTIFACT")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME artificial-material :SUBCLASS-OF (artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of substances; a subset of Artifact. An instance of Artificial-Material is a portion of artificial stuff that was intentionally made by some agent(s), such as Plastic or SweetN-Low. Since Artificial-Materials are intentionally produced, this class does not normally include materials which are merely By-Products or Waste-Products of an intentional process. However, what is a byproduct at one time or in one context may be a useful material that would count as an instance of Artificial-Material in another.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME asleep :INSTANCE-OF (alertness) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Asleep is the Alertness attribute of being asleep. Asleep is a specialization of Unconscious. (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1776) (Alertness-Level RipVanWinkle Asleep)).") (genl-attributes unconscious)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME assertion :SUBCLASS-OF (abstract-information computational-object cyc-indexed-term individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of computational objects. Each instance of Assertion is either (1) an assertion reified in the Cyc Knowledge Base (i.e., a formula and its associated datastructure, actually in the Cyc KB), or (2) an Epistemological Level Cyc-Formula that can be canonicalized and reified as one or more KB assertions. Assertion is used as an argument type for meta-predicates such as Overrides.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME assisting-agent :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of deliberate-actors) (range agent) (domain event) (documentation "(Assisting-Agent ACT AGENT) means that AGENT is one of the agents assisting in the performance of ACT; AGENT itself may or may not also be performing ACT. AGENT is doing some tasks related to ACT but which are not directly Sub-Events of performing the main or focus action. Thus, `assisting' here means doing such supporting activities as fetching supplies or tools needed in ACT; helping to manipulate objects involved in ACT; gathering an audience, or booking the performer, if ACT is a public performance, and so forth.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME astronomical-object :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing inanimate-object-natural) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of Astronomical-Object is an object of interest to astronomers, which includes the Earth along with other objects in outer space. Some, but not all, elements of Astronomical-Object belong to Celestial-Object, the collection of heavenly bodies visible from earth. Examples: Polaris-The-Star, the Sun, Planet-Saturn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME asymmetric-binary-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (anti-symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates; the subset of Anti-Symmetric-Binary-Predicate whose elements represent asymmetric relations. A predicate F is an element of Asymmetric-Binary-Predicate if and only if F is a binary predicate and (F X Y) implies (:not (F Y X)). For example, North-Of, Children, Greater-Than, Overrides. Note this additional restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be an element of Asymmetric-Binary-Predicate only if the type (i.e., arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first argument is not disjoint with the type constraint applicable to F's second argument. See also Note-On-Argument-Typing-And-Properties-Of-Relations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME athlete :SUBCLASS-OF (person professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons. Each element of Athlete is a person who trains to compete in contests involving physical agility, stamina, or strength. In the Job-Mt, Athlete is a subset of Professional (q.v.), and hence in that microtheory represents the collection of professional athletes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME athletic-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (exercising) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Any athletic activity, not just sports events. E.g., spelunking, or going for a jog, or shooting a few hoops.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME atlantic-ocean :INSTANCE-OF (ocean entity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The main body of salt water in the Western-Hemisphere-Region, bordering on five continents (Western coasts of Europe and Africa, Antarctica, Eastern coasts of North and South Americas).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME atom :SUBCLASS-OF (chemical-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microscopic-scale objects. Each instance of Atom has one atomic nucleus and some number of electrons. As a default, we assume that an instance of Atom has no net charge, i.e., that it has as many instances of Electrons as it does of Protons in its AtomicNucleus@cyc; but note there are exceptions, e.g., in the subset Ion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME atom-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain element-stuff-type-by-number-of-protons) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Atom-Fn is a Cyc function, specifically a Collection-Denoting-Function. It may be used to denote any subset of Atom which contains all the atoms of a particular element type. Atom-Fn takes an instance of Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons as its single argument and returns the collection of all atoms of that element. Thus, for any E which is an Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons, (Atom-Fn E) returns the subset of Atom which contains all the atoms of element type E. Each atom in the collection (Atom-Fn E) has N protons in its atomic nucleus, where N is the Atomic-Number of the element type E. For example, (Atom-Fn Carbon) is the collection of carbon atoms, each of which has 6 protons in its nucleus.") (arg1-genl element-stuff) (result-genl atom)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME atomic-nucleus :SUBCLASS-OF (chemical-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Chemical-Object. Each instance of Atomic-Nucleus is an object composed of some definite number of instances of Proton and some definite number of instances of Neutron. Instances of the collection Atom are each composed of one member of Atomic-Nucleus and some number of electrons.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME atomic-number :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range positive-integer) (domain element-stuff-type-by-number-of-protons) (documentation "The predicate Atomic-Number indicates the atomic number of a type of element. (Atomic-Number E N) means that E, a collection belonging to Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons, has the positive integer N for its atomic number. This means that any instance of (Atom-Fn E) must have N Protons in its Atomic-Nucleus. For example, (Atomic-Number Carbon 6), and every instance of (Atom-Fn Carbon) has six protons in its nucleus.") (arg1-genl element-stuff)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME attempting-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain temporal-object-type script-type) (range script-type) (documentation "(Attempting-Fn ACTION-TYPE) maps from the collection ACTION-TYPE (a subset of Action) to a collection of attempts to perform ACTION-TYPE. Thus the result of (Attempting-Fn Speaking) would be the collection of attempts at speaking, both those attempts which are successes (thus resulting in actual Speakings), and those which are failures. Attempting-Fn operates on the Collection level, and is used to talk about kinds of attempts that can occur. To talk about the specific attempt that brought about an event which actually occurred, use Successful-Attempt-Fn.") (arg1-genl action) (result-genl purposeful-action)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME attitude-towards-event :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Attitude-Towards-Event(AGT EVT EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that the Sentient-Animal AGT has the attitude EMOTYPE (see Feeling-Attribute-Type) about the Event EVT with DEGREE of intensity. By `attitude' we mean a feeling which may be latent and/or long-lasting. To refer to feelings that AGT experiences immediately and consciously towards EVT, use Feels-Towards-Event.") (arg4-isa generic-attribute) (arg3-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain attitude-towards-event 4 generic-attribute) (nth-domain attitude-towards-event 3 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain attitude-towards-event 2 event) (nth-domain attitude-towards-event 1 animal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME attitude-towards-object :INSTANCE-OF (relation functional-predicate quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Attitude-Towards-Object(AGT OBJ EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that the Sentient-Animal AGT has the attitude EMOTYPE (see Feeling-Attribute-Type) about the Individual OBJ with DEGREE of intensity. By `attitude' we mean a possibly latent and/or long-lasting feeling. To refer to feelings that AGT experiences immediately and consciously towards OBJ, use Feels-Towards-Object.") (arg4-isa generic-attribute) (arg3-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain attitude-towards-object 4 generic-attribute) (nth-domain attitude-towards-object 3 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain attitude-towards-object 2 individual) (nth-domain attitude-towards-object 1 animal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME attribute-type :SUBCLASS-OF (object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Attribute-Type is a collection of attributes. Each element of Attribute-Type is a subset of Attribute-Value (q.v.). Examples include Sensory-Attribute, Body-Part-Position, Orientation-Attribute, Security-Clearance-Level, Computer-Video-Resolution, Torque-Vector, and many more.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME attribute-value :SUBCLASS-OF (individual intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The set of all attributes represented in Cyc. Attribute-Value includes quantities, such as 5 inches (i.e., (Inch 5)) or 1000 dollars per year (i.e., (Dollars-Per-Year 1000)), as well as qualities like Hilly, Rough, Device-On, etc., which can be used to make assertions about the state of some tangible object.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept attribute-value sensus-information1997 "QUALITY") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME audible-sound :SUBCLASS-OF (sound) :INSTANCE-OF (class wave-propagation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((wave-emission-fn |(WAVE-EMISSION-FN AUDIBLE-SOUND)|) (documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Sound. Each element of Audible-Sound is a sound within the Frequency range of human hearing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME audio-communicating :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information transfer events; a subset of Communicating. Each element of Audio-Communicating is a transmission of sound-borne information between two (or more) agents; e.g., talking, clapping, or performing music.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME august :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME authorized-agreement :SUBCLASS-OF (agreement) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of generic agreements that are authorized by one of the agreeing parties (typically by the issuer of the document embodying the agreement). Authorized-Agreements are generic in the sense that their authorizing agents are party to many similar agreements; for that reason, an Authorized-Agreement is typically given a unique identification number. Examples: bank accounts, driver's licenses, stock certificates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME auto-dealership :SUBCLASS-OF (business local-customer-contact-point retail-store) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance is an establishment (an organization located at one site) that sells automobiles and other types of road vehicles to consumers.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME automobile :SUBCLASS-OF (contact-location road-vehicle humanly-occupied-spatial-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN AUTOMOBILE)|) (documentation "A collection of transportation devices -- those commonly known as `passenger cars.' An instance of Automobile is an element of Road-Vehicle which was designed for carrying about 4 passengers (give or take a factor of 2). In addition to midsize cars, Automobile includes elements belonging to the subsets Sports-Car and Van. This collection does NOT include motorcycles, pickups, buses, tractors, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME awake :INSTANCE-OF (alertness) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Awake is the Alertness attribute of being awake.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME axis-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range intrinsic-axis-of-object) (documentation "(Axis-Fn OBJ REGIONTYP REGIONTYP) is a function that, applied to an individual object OBJ and two types of region of such an object, returns the axis through the object, determined by running the axis through the individual regions (of those types) of the object. Thus Axis-Fn is an Individual-Denoting-Function that returns a particular axis of an individual object. (Axis-Fn OBJ FROM-SIDE TO-SIDE) denotes a directional axis, pointing from FROM-SIDE to TO-SIDE of OBJ and extending through it. For example, (Axis-Fn `Chair37' Back-Side Front-Side) would denote the back-to-front axis of Chair37. See also Intrinsic-Axis-Of-Object.") (arg3-genl side) (arg2-genl side)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain axis-fn 3 region-type) (nth-domain axis-fn 2 region-type)(nth-domain axis-fn 1 partially-tangible) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME back-side :SUBCLASS-OF (side) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the entire back sides (as conventionally understood) of all objects that have distinct Sides, one of which faces in the backwards direction.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME baked :INSTANCE-OF (preparation-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute Baked is a specialized form of Cooked. Food that is Baked has been prepared in an event of Baking-Food, using a Regular-Oven.") (genl-attributes cooked)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME baking-food :SUBCLASS-OF (cooking-food) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events in which food is baked in a Regular-Oven. After an event of Baking-Food, the food involved has been Baked.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME balcony-level-in-a-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (level-of-a-construction container-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This refers to those overhanging levels or balconies found in some churches, theatres, etc. They ARE NOT the kind of balcony that protrude from a window or from an already existing level. These levels are often a third the size of the floor or level below them, and therefore can be called legitimate levels themselves. They usually contain a mob of seats.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bangladesh :INSTANCE-OF (entity independent-country) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bank-debit-card :SUBCLASS-OF (official-document id-document tender-object card) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of official `documents'. Each element of Bank-Debit-Card is a plastic card that enables the holder to access the account with which the card is associated; typically used to withdraw funds from the account. Cf. Credit-Card.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME barometric-pressure :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-substance-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range pressure) (domain gaseous-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Barometric-Pressure GAS PRESS) means that the instance of Gaseous-Tangible-Thing GAS has the Pressure PRESS. Typically, GAS is a piece of atmosphere; Barometric-Pressure indicates the atmospheric pressure in and around that `object'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bartering :SUBCLASS-OF (transaction exchange-of-user-rights) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of transactions between two Agents in which one Agent gives items or services to another Agent, and the other Agent gives items or services in return, and neither of the items or services is money, credit, or payment of money.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME basekb :INSTANCE-OF (broad-microtheory) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "BaseKB is the most general Microtheory currently in use. Assertions in this context are `accessible' from any other Microtheory via the Genl-Mt relation. In the partial order of microtheories, all microtheories have access to BaseKB. An assertion which is true here will by default be true in every context. The `content' of BaseKB consists of very general assertions which are expected to be usable in most or all applications of Cyc, as well as Cyc's most fundamental assertions that it uses in inference, and all completely universal, timeless truths.") (genl-mt basekb)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME basement-level-in-a-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (level-of-a-construction) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Any level of a building which is underground.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME basic-price :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range money) (domain individual) (documentation "The predicate Basic-Price indicates the price of a particular item. (Basic-Price THING MONEY) means that the object or service, THING, has the basic price MONEY. (MONEY can be an interval representing a range of prices.) Note that Basic-Price refers to the `ticket price' of an item when it is actually bought or offered for sale; Basic-Price does NOT refer to appraised value (where that differs from an actual selling price). Since prices are time-sensitive, assertions about Basic-Price should be suitably qualified. For example, the price of a fast-food Hamburger-Sandwich in 1996 is a magnitude greater than what it was in 1965. For the total charge for purchase of an object, including tax, shipping, handling, etc., use Total-Charge (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME battle :SUBCLASS-OF (hostile-social-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which two or more large groups of Persons meet and fight one another, each group seeking to vanquish (some of) the others. Battles are often conducted by Military-Organizations, and they may influence the outcomes of Waging-War. A Battle will have as Sub-Events at least two Physically-Attacking-An-Agent events, in which one of the fighting groups attacks the other.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME behavior-capable :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Behavior-Capable is used to describe a type of situation (and the role) in which an object can participate due to its intrinsic properties. (Behavior-Capable OBJ SIT-TYPE ROLE) means that the individual, OBJ, is able to act as a ROLE in a situation of type SIT-TYPE. OBJ may or may not have been designed to function in that way (cf. Primary-Function, Intended-Behavior-Capable). Also, Behavior-Capable does not imply that OBJ can unquestionably act in that way in every such situation, since extrinsic factors may prevent it; e.g., the object may be in the wrong location, operated by a person lacking the proper skills, certain legal preconditions may not be satisfied, etc. Examples: (intended capability) a hammer is Behavior-Capable of being the Device-Used in instances of HammeringANail@cyc; (unintended capability) an inner tube is capable of being the Device-Used in instances of people Floating-In-Liquid.") (arg2-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain behavior-capable 3 role) (nth-domain behavior-capable 2 collection)(nth-domain behavior-capable 1 something-existing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME behind-directly :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Behind-Directly AFT FORE) means that AFT is directly behind FORE. More precisely, it implies both (Behind-Generally AFT FORE) and that there is at least one line parallel to the backward pointing axis of FORE that intersects both AFT and FORE. Note that FORE must have a back face.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of behind-directly transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of behind-directly symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of behind-directly anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of behind-directly asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME behind-generally :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of near) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Behind-Generally AFT FORE) means that AFT is behind FORE. More precisely, a line originating at the center of FORE projecting away from the front side of FORE and parallel to the intrinsic front-to-back axis of FORE forms an angle of less than 45 degrees with a line intersecting both AFT and FORE.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept behind-generally sensus-information1997 "BEHIND") (kif:not (instance-of behind-generally transitive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of behind-generally symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of behind-generally anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of behind-generally asymmetric-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME belief-statements :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain belief-system) (documentation "(Belief-Statements BSYS PROP) indicates that a belief of the belief system BSYS is stated in the proposition PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula). In other words, each Belief-Systems comprises a set of tenets, statements linked to it via this predicate. Note: This is NOT the predicate that ties a particular Agent to his/her/its beliefs; for that, see Beliefs and Has-Belief-Systems.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME belief-system :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class belief-system-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of ideologies (systems of belief) in terms of which an agent characterizes (i.e., makes sense of) their world. Elements of this set include: Vegetarian-Beliefs, German-Nazi-Ideology, Republican-Ideology, Communist-Ideology, Pacifist-Ideology, Atheism, etc. See also Conventional-Classification-System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME belief-system-type :SUBCLASS-OF (stuff-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the kinds of Belief-Systems: religious, philosophical, political, ethical, cultural, and scientific. Some elements of this collection include Religion, Philosophy-Beliefs, etc. The most general member of this set is Belief-Systems (qv).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME beliefs :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain agent) (documentation "(Beliefs AGT PROP) means that the Agent AGT subscribes to the truth of the proposition PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula). PROP states something that AGT believes to be true, but of course PROP may or may not actually be true. Another way to think of this is that PROP is true in the context whose epistemological status is `what AGT believes'. Naturally, PROP may itself be a proposition about beliefs; one would use nested Beliefs in this fashion to express a rule such as `most Canadians believe that most Americans believe Canada is a US State.'")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept beliefs sensus-information1997 "BELIEVE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bendable :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Bendable is the Physical-Structural-Attribute of an object that tends to stay in the contorted shape when contorted. Note: for something to be bendable, it must be Flexible.") (genl-attributes flexible)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME beneficiary :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain event) (documentation "(Beneficiary ACT AGT) means that the Agent AGT benefits from the performance of the action ACT. Some desire or interest of AGT is served, enabled, helped, or satisfied by the performance of ACT.") (genl-inverse positive-vested-interest)) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept beneficiary sensus-information1997 "CLIENT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bengali-language :INSTANCE-OF (living-language) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Language spoken in the Indic area.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME between :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Between THIS THAT MID-OBJ) means that MID-OBJ is spatially directly between THIS and THAT. Depending on the context, MID-OBJ may lie on a great circle between THIS and THAT, or on a true Euclidian straight line between them. Note that Between applies only to physical location. To describe a relationship involving numbers or Scalar-Intervals, use Greater-Than or Following-Value. To describe a 'between' relationship along some particular physical path (like: Austin is between Dallas and San Antonio on Highway I-35), or on some trajectory, see Between-On-Path.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain between 3 partially-tangible) (nth-domain between 2 partially-tangible)(nth-domain between 1 partially-tangible) (overlapping-external-concept between sensus-information1997 "BETWEEN")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME between-on-path :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Between-On-Path X Y Z PATH) means that X, Y and Z are points on the path PATH and X is between Y and Z. Note that this gives no ordering of Y and Z; it just claims that X is between them. Note: Given a Path-Customary PATH and points or places on PATH, Between-On-Path does not in general determine a linear order (Totally-Ordered-Set) on the set of all points on PATH when PATH is not part of a specified Path-System. However, in a Path-System SYS, Between-On-Path does determine a linear order on the set of all points on PATH in SYS.") (arg4-isa path-simple)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain between-on-path 4 path-simple) (nth-domain between-on-path 3 thing)(nth-domain between-on-path 2 thing) (nth-domain between-on-path 1 thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biases :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of beliefs) (range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Biases AGT PROP) means that the Agent AGT has the unsubstantiated belief PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula). Biases generally are so deeply rooted in the agent that the agent may not be consciously aware that PROP is rationally undersupported, and it may be concomittantly harder to change their mind about PROP. Note: PROP might or might not turn out to be true (in various contexts); often, PROP is some overgeneralization which is sometimes true but often false, or which once was true but now is usually false, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bicycle :SUBCLASS-OF (device-user-powered land-transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN BICYCLE)|) (documentation "The collection of all bicycles, personal wheeled transport devices powered by human peddling. Most Bicycles have two main wheels arranged in-line, but some tandem bicycles have more than two wheels.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bilaterally-symmetric-object :SUBCLASS-OF (spatial-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of objects which are symmetric on both sides of a bisecting axis, as are most vertebrates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bill-payment-request :SUBCLASS-OF (textual-material hardcopy-information-bearing-object official-document) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of documents. Each element of Bill-Payment-Request is a notification, demand, or request made by a creditor (or its agent) to a debtor, for payment of a debt previously incurred for some loan, goods, or services. Examples: telephone bills, tax bills, department store bills, cleaning bills, fuel bills.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME billing-location :SUBCLASS-OF (mailing-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class contact-location-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of places; a subset of Contact-Location. Each element of Billing-Location is a location to which invoices are sent. For most private individuals, their billing location is their home address.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME binary-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Binary-Predicate is the collection of all Cyc predicates which take two arguments.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept binary-predicate sensus-information1997 "TWO-PLACE-RELATION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bio-deterioration-resistance :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN BIO-DETERIORATION-RESISTANCE)|) (very-high-amount-fn |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN BIO-DETERIORATION-RESISTANCE)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Bio-Deterioration-Resistance represents a specific capacity of a tangible object to resist biological deterioration. Degrees of Bio-Deterioration-Resistance may be represented using Generic-Value-Functions. Indicate a particular object's Bio-Deterioration-Resistance with the predicate Resistance-To-Bio-Deterioration.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-catabolism-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-destruction-event biological-metabolism-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each Biological-Catabolism-Event involve the destruction of larger molecules. E.g., the degradation of glucose into carbon dioxide and water, which releases energy used to make ATP (adenosine triphosphate).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-class :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of taxonomic subdivisions directly under Biological-Phylum (for animals and for the animal-like organisms in the Protista-Kingdom), or Biological-Division (for the plants and for the plant-like organisms within the Protista-Kingdom).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-decomposition-event :SUBCLASS-OF (decomposition-event biological-destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Biological-Decomposition-Event, some living structures are decomposed.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-destruction-event :SUBCLASS-OF (destruction-event biological-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each element of Biological-Destruction-Event, something is destroyed by some element(s) of Biological-Living-Object. For example, Digesting-In-Stomach is a subset of Biological-Destruction-Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-development-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-event intrinsic-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events, and a subset of Intrinsic-State-Change-Events. In each Biological-Development-Event, one or more living things undergo biological changes in which they progress from one developmental stage to another. For example, the germination of a seed, the opening of a flower, the pupating of a caterpillar, a teenager reaching puberty. Some borderline non-examples include: Groucho Marx being born, Groucho Marx dying.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-division :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of main taxonomic subdivisions of Biological-Kingdom (or Biological-Subkingdom) for the members of the Monera-Kingdom (i.e., prokaryotes), Fungus Kingdom, Plant Kingdom, and for the plant-like organisms within the Protista-Kingdom. In the Animal Kingdom, however, the main taxonomic subdivisions are elements of Biological-Phylum (q.v.) rather than Biological-Division.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-event :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An event in which a biological thing is a Bodily-Doer.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-family :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of biological taxonomic subdivisions below Biological-Order and above Biological-Genus. Especially important in Botanical classification.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-father :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot functional-slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of biological-parents father) (range male-animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Biological-Father OFFSPRING MALE) means that Male-Animal MALE is the male biological parent of Animal OFFSPRING.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-genus :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of biological taxonomic subdivisions below Biological-Family and above Biological-Species. Sometimes, hybrids are possible between different instances of Biological-Species that belong to the same Biological-Genus.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-intake-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of processes. In each element of Biological-Intake-Event, some object(s) are taken into some living structure.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-kingdom :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of the highest, most general taxonomic divisions of organisms. Traditionally, it has included the elements of Animal and of Plant and may include separate kingdoms for the elements of Prokaryotic-Cell, single-celled eukaryotes (protists), and fungi.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-living-object :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-tangible-and-intangible-object organic-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of all structures that are composed of one or more living cells (see Cell). Biological living objects (BLOs) may be either elements of Organism-Whole (like dogs or pine trees) or are components of such whole organisms (like noses, tails, and pine needles). The healthy leg of a living person is a BLO (as is the person), but an amputated leg is not a BLO. Every element of Biological-Living-Object is either capable of biological reproduction itself or has components which are capable of biological reproduction (such as the cells in a living arm).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-metabolism-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of biological processes in which substrates are converted into metabolites. The metabolites may be more or less complex than the substrates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-mother :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate functional-slot inter-existing-object-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of biological-parents mother) (range female-animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Biological-Mother OFFSPRING FEMALE) means that Female-Animal FEMALE is the female biological parent of the Animal OFFSPRING.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of biological-mother transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-order :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of biological taxonomic subdivisions below Biological-Class (or Biological-Subclass) and above Biological-Family.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-parents :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of biological-relatives) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Biological-Parents OFFSPRING PARENT) means that PARENT is the biological parent of OFFSPRING.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of biological-parents transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-phylum :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of main taxonomic subdivisions of Biological-Kingdom (or Biological-Subkingdom if present) for the Animal kingdom and for the animal-like organisms within the Protista-Kingdom. The other elements of Biological-Kingdom have divisions belonging to Biological-Division instead of Phyla (Phyla is the plural of Phylum).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-production-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-event creation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each element of Biological-Production-Event, raw materials are combined to produce a product, and some element(s) of Biological-Living-Object is the producer. E.g., the production of honey by honeybees, the growth of a seedling into a tree, the secretion of sweat by a marathon runner, etc. Note: This is a very general collection, and for most purposes one of its subsets will better capture what is intended.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-relatives :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of relatives) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Biological-Relatives ORG1 ORG2) means that ORG1 and ORG2 are biological relatives, related by birth.") (genl-inverse biological-relatives)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of biological-relatives transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-reproduction-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-production-event biological-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Biological-Reproduction-Event is an event in which one or more biological organisms (the Parent-Actors) produce new organisms (the Offspring-Actors) generally of the same kind as the parents.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-species :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of the lowest taxons (Biological-Taxon, q.v.) that are necessarily common to both parents of fertile offspring, or, in the case of asexual reproduction, necessarily common to parent and child. Members of different species cannot produce fertile offspring by interbreeding. An element of Biological-Species has members who all have significant traits in common, and members of each biological species have other members as parents. In biological taxonomy, related species are grouped into a particular element of Biological-Genus (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-stage-of-development :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the particular stages of existence of all living things. Each element of Biological-Stage-Of-Development is a spatiotemporal portion of the life of some instance of Biological-Living-Object. Typical cases (i.e., subsets) include Larva, Pupa, Adult-Animal, etc. For example, the pupal stage of a particular Monarch butterfly, or my American Beauty rose bush during the stage when it was blooming last year, or Teddy Roosevelt during his 13th year. See also the related Cyc predicates Developmental-Successor and Developmental-Stages. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-subclass :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of biological taxonomic subdivisions more specific than Biological-Class but more general than Biological-Order.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-subkingdom :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-taxon) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of biological subkingdoms, the biological taxonomic divisions of organisms immediately below Biological-Kingdom.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-taxon :SUBCLASS-OF (organism-classification-type conventional-classification-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-taxon-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of ranked categories accepted by biologists for the biological classification of organisms according to their suspected evolutionary relationships. Includes all levels of taxons. See also Biological-Taxon-Type and Organism-Classification-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-taxon-type :SUBCLASS-OF (sibling-disjoint-collection conventional-classification-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection disjoint-set-or-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections; Biological-Taxon-Type contains the classes of organism types (i.e., taxons) that biologists recognize, including Biological-Species, Biological-Phylum, etc. The naive classes that non-biologists use may be instances of some element of Biological-Taxon-Type, though often they are not. When they coincide, the commonsense class of organism (e.g., Person) is an instance of some Biological-Taxon-Type (Biological-Species, for example). See also Organism-Classification-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME biological-transportation-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-event transportation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of processes involving living structures in which objects are transported.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bird :SUBCLASS-OF (terrestrial-organism non-person-animal vertebrate) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-class) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of birds; a subset of Vertebrate. Each element of Bird is an air-breathing, warm-blooded animal, covered with feathers, having forelimbs modified as wings and a beak rather than teeth. Members of most, but not all, species of bird can fly. Bird is an instance of Biological-Class.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME birth-child :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of bodily-acted-on object-of-state-change) (range animal) (domain birth-event) (documentation "(Birth-Child BIRTH ANIM) means that ANIM is the Animal that is born in the Birth-Event BIRTH.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME birth-date :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of starting-date) (range date) (domain entity) (documentation "(Birth-Date ?X ?Y) indicates that the Entity ?X came into existance during Date ?Y. For people, this is the date at which they were born, hence the name of this predicate. The first argument to this predicate must be an Entity, and not just any old Something-Existing, because we don't want to talk about the Birth-Date or Date-Of-Death of a subabstraction like AlbertEinsteinWhileAtPrinceton; in other words, proper subabstractions will have Starting-Dates and Ending-Dates, but only true Entitys will have a Birth-Date or Date-Of-Death")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME birth-event :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-development-event pregnancy-ending-event emitting-an-object medical-care-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which one animal (prototypically, a Mammal) gives birth to another. The mother is the Birth-Parent and the child is the Birth-Child. Both are objectOfStateChange@cyc; the mother goes from being pregnant to not pregnant, while the child goes from the Embryo life stage to the Juvenile-Animal life stage (see Biological-Stage-Of-Development.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME birth-parent :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of bodily-doer object-of-state-change) (range animal) (domain birth-event) (documentation "(Birth-Parent BIRTH PAR) means that PAR is the parent who is Bodily-Doer in the Birth-Event BIRTH - typically this is also the Female-Parent-Actor of the preceding Biological-Reproduction-Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME blimp-the-airship :SUBCLASS-OF (container-product air-transportation-device transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all dirigible, motorized, lighter-than-air craft (airships). Each generally consists of a gas-filled gas-sack from which a control and passenger cabin hangs (the gas-sack may or may not have rigid reinforcement such as ribs). A BlimpTheAirship flies more slowly than an Airplane. They are also called blimps, dirigibles and Zeppelins.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME blue-collar :INSTANCE-OF (job-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute; an element of Job-Attribute. Blue collar jobs are those requiring a relatively high proportion of manual/physical labor.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME blue-collar-worker :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Blue-Collar-Worker is a person whose occupation is manual-labor intensive, sometimes demanding physical strength and, in some jobs, considerable skill, practical judgment, and work experience. Types of blue-collar workers include miners, truck drivers, steelworkers, construction workers, agricultural workers, laborers, mechanics, garbage collectors, assembly line workers, janitorial workers, etc. Their jobs may require some specialized training or apprenticeship but don't require a college degree.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME board-members :INSTANCE-OF (slot extensional-representation-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-members) (range person) (domain organization) (documentation "The predicate Board-Members relates a particular organization to the persons who serve on its board of directors. (Board-Members ORG PERSON) means PERSON belongs to that instance of Board-Of-Directors which is responsible for oversight of the Organization ORG. A member of the Board of Directors of an organization may or may not be an executive of the organization.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME boat-water-transportation-device :SUBCLASS-OF (water-transportation-device container-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of water transportation devices. An instance of Boat-Water-Transportation-Device is a device for transporting people and/or objects through or over water without getting them wet; thus, instances of Rowboat or Ship (as opposed to Jet-Ski or Surfboard or Sailboard).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bodily-acted-on :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-acted-on) (range organism-whole) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Bodily-Acted-On is used to describe an event in which a living organism is acted on by some external agency. (Bodily-Acted-On EVENT ORG) means that ORG is a living organism (i.e., an Organism-Whole) that is being affected in EVENT. ORG itself may be intentionally participating in EVENT (e.g., a person voluntarily getting a haircut) or not (e.g., an animal hit by a car). Either way, the organism ORG is not an active primary `doer' of EVENT. This predicate is appropriately used to identify actors who undergo (instances of) Drug-Therapy or Incurring-An-Injury. Note an important contrast with Bodily-Doer (q.v.): Bodily-Acted-On is for events that merely happen to the body, as opposed to actions the body does. Because the body of an organism is an active `doer' in its instances of Physiological-Condition, including any Injury-Condition (which is the physical process of a body sustaining an injury and responding by healing or deteriorating), an organism is related to events of those kinds with Bodily-Doer rather than Bodily-Acted-On. By contrast, organisms involved in instances of Drug-Therapy (which refers to the effect of a drug on the patient) or Incurring-An-Injury (which refers to the event in which an organism gets injured, rather than the process of its being in an injured and hopefully healing state) should be related to events of those types with Bodily-Acted-On.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bodily-doer :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of done-by non-deliberate-actors) (range organism-whole) (domain physical-event) (documentation "The predicate Bodily-Doer relates an event to an organism which does it non-deliberately, which in Cyc means without conscious intention or volition. (Bodily-Doer EVENT DOER) means that DOER does EVENT (i.e., DOER is not merely subjected to EVENT by external forces), but DOER does EVENT non-deliberately. Note that for certain kinds of actions, considered as a class, organisms are necessarily merely bodilyDoers@cyc; for example, physical growth, peristalsis, and reflex actions. For other actions, such as breathing, flinching, or shouting, an organism commonly (but not necessarily) acts as bodilyDoer@cyc; some cases of such events may be deliberately Performed-By the doer. Note: an organism which dies of natural causes (Dying) is the Bodily-Doer of that event, because of the internal processes the body performs during Dying. Also, in certain Physiological-Conditions, including an Ailment-Condition (such as Diabetes) or a healing process, organisms are considered to be Bodily-Doers because their own bodily processes are creating or sustaining those conditions. An organism killed by an external agent, however, is just the Bodily-Acted-On (q.v.) in that event; therefore, instances of Killing-Biological should use Bodily-Acted-On to refer to the organism killed.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bodily-function-event :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-activity physiological-process single-doer-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of animal activities that are regular bodily functions; examples include: a particular eating event, a particular breathing event, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bodily-function-event-involuntary :SUBCLASS-OF (bodily-function-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is the subset of Bodily-Function-Event whose elements are actions in which the `doer' is, by definition, a Non-Deliberate-Actors. Specializations (subsets) of Bodily-Function-Event-Involuntary include Having-A-Seizure, Blushing, Bleeding, Experiencing-Hunger, etc. Note: if the `doer' of an involuntary bodily function is an Organism-Whole, then use Bodily-Doer to describe its role in the event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME body-movement-event :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-event single-doer-action animal-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of activities in which an Animal agent moves a part of its own body, whether consciously and intentionally or reflexively. Body-Movement-Event includes subsets such as Taking-A-Step, Blocking-A-Punch, Hiccoughing, and Blinking-Ones-Eyes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME body-of-water :SUBCLASS-OF (outdoor-location topographical-feature |(LIQUID-FN WATER)|) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each element of Body-Of-Water is a natural or artificial body of water. Elements may belong to specialized subsets such as Lake, Stream, and Ocean. Body-Of-Water includes reservoirs, Canals, and navigation channels that are developed and/or enlarged by humans. However, it does not include smaller purely-artificial bodies of water such as Swimming-Pools or tanks of water. Examples of Body-Of-Water: Hudson-Bay, Panama-Canal, Adriatic-Sea, Bay-Of-Bengal, Niagara-Falls.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME body-part-collection-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (documentation "Body-Part-Collection-Fn is a Collection-Denoting-Function, that is, it is a Cyc function which `returns' (i.e., `has') a collection as its value. Here is an example of what it does. The expression (Body-Part-Collection-Fn Abraham-Lincoln Fingernail) returns, as its value, a collection of ten elements, each of which represents one of the fingernails of Abraham Lincoln. In cases where an animal is likely to only have one part of that type (e.g., head, heart, nose, nervous system), it makes more sense to use the function Body-Part-Fn (qv), rather than using this one, getting a singleton set back, and extracting its lone element.") (arg2-genl animal-body-part) (result-genl animal-body-part)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain body-part-collection-fn 2 animal-body-part-type) (nth-domain body-part-collection-fn 1 animal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME body-part-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range animal-body-part) (documentation "Body-Part-Fn is an Individual-Denoting-Function, that is, it is a Cyc function which `returns' (i.e., `has') a single individual object as its value. (Body-Part-Fn DeborahNichols Heart) represent's Deborah's one and only heart. That nonatomic term can be used almost anywhere that the term DeborahNicholsHeart could have been used, but this way we needn't reify that other term, and so on. Note that the second argument to this function --- i.e., the Animal-Body-Part-Type --- must be a Unique-Anatomical-Part-Type, that is, a kind of part of which an animal can have only one. If an animal can have multiple parts of that type, such as Finger, then use the function Body-Part-Collection-Fn instead of Body-Part-Fn.") (arg2-genl animal-body-part)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain body-part-fn 2 animal-body-part-type) (nth-domain body-part-fn 2 unique-anatomical-part-type)(nth-domain body-part-fn 1 animal) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME body-part-position :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of attributes describing the position of a body part (or a whole body). A Body-Part-Position may be determined relative to the body's environment (as with Postures) or merely with respect to the body part itself (e.g., Flexed, Extended).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME boiling :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Boiling, a piece of liquid matter is raised to its Boiling-Point and is thereby changed from being in the Liquid-State-Of-Matter to being in the Gaseous-State-Of-Matter. Note: this is not intended to cover the cases of heat/evacuation causing a solid to sublime directly into a gas.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME boiling-point :INSTANCE-OF (slot tangible-substance-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temperature) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Boiling-Point STUFF TEMP) means that TEMP is the temperature at which the substance STUFF changes from having the attribute Liquid-State-Of-Matter to Gaseous-State-Of-Matter (when sufficient energy is input to raise STUFF's temperature through that point). Note that the boiling point of most substances is context-dependent; on a mountaintop in Tibet the boiling point of water is much lower than it is in New York City.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME book :SUBCLASS-OF (published-material) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A form of Hardcopy-Information-Bearing-Object consisting of folded, cut, bound, and usually printed sheets. Books are often Textual-Material, but sometimes contain only images.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bookkeeping-mt :INSTANCE-OF (microtheory) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Microtheory for stating basic Cyc bookkeeping information, such as assertions using My-Creator and My-Creation-Time.") (genl-mt basekb) (genl-mt cyclists-mt)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bookkeeping-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Bookkeeping-Predicate is a predicate used to form assertions about the creation and internal representation of a Cyc constant. Bookkeeping predicates neither specify nor constrain the semantics of Cyc constants. Examples: My-Creator, My-Creation-Time, Term-Of-Unit, Multiplication-Units, Quotient-Units.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME border :SUBCLASS-OF (spatial-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all lines, linear regions, or dividing planes or surfaces--physical or abstract--that each constitutes the boundary between (Forms-Border-Between) two regions (i.e., two elements of Spatial-Thing).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME border-between-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function individual-denoting-function commutative-relation reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range border line) (documentation "(Border-Between-Fn REG1 REG2), applied to two individual Geographical-Regions REG1 REG2, returns the unique entire Geopolitical-Border that separates them. To identify arbitrarily large or small segments of borders see Forms-Border-Part. The border returned by Border-Between-Fn may be discontinuous (such the border between France and Spain, interrupted by Andorra), or circular (such as the border between Italy and San Marino), or in abnormal cases it may even have multiple disconnected and nested cyclic fragments (the border between Belgium and Netherlands, due to the Baarle-Nassau and Baarle-Hartog enclaves), or move back and forth periodically (such as at the Isle des Faisans). Nonetheless, (Border-Between-Fn REG1 REG2) must denote exactly one object since Border-Between-Fn is a function. Reference to nonexistant borders such (Border-Between-Fn Albania United-States-Of-America) should cause Cyc to realize that they are undefined. For example, if Cyc concludes that (Borders-On United-States-Of-America Albania) is not true, then it should conclude (Undefined (Border-Between-Fn Albania United-States-Of-America)). ")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain border-between-fn 2 geographical-region) (nth-domain border-between-fn 1 geographical-region)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME borders-on :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches-directly adjacent-to) (range geographical-region) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Borders-On REGION-1 REGION-2) means that the Geographical-Region REGION-1 and the Geographical-Region REGION-2 are physically adjacent to each other. Examples: (Borders-On CentralUSA-Time-Zone MountainUSA-Time-Zone), (Borders-On Nepal Tibet).") (genl-inverse borders-on)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME boredom :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute apathy) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A state of dissatisfaction, weariness, or restlessness accompanied by a lack of interest. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. A related Feeling-Attribute-Type is Apathy.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME borrowing-something :SUBCLASS-OF (temporary-change-of-user-rights transferring-possession) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Temporary-Change-Of-User-Rights. In an instance of Borrowing-Something, an Agent takes temporary control of something, usually with the permission of its owner(s). Generally, the lending agent expects the borrowing agent to use the object for one of its normal functions (Intended-Behavior-Capable).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME boss :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot anti-symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of acquainted-with cotemporal) (range person) (domain person) (documentation "(Boss PERSON1 PERSON2) means PERSON1 has PERSON2 for his or her immediate boss or supervisor. Note: There can be more than one boss of a person, even cotemporally. Note: (Genl-Preds Boss Acquainted-With) means that if (Boss x y), then (Acquainted-With x y), which in turn means (Acquaintances x y Simple-Contact-Acquaintance). I.e., a person and their direct boss are at least simple contact acquaintances.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of boss transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of boss reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of boss irreflexive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME botanical-organ :SUBCLASS-OF (plant-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Plant-Part, the collection Botanical-Organ includes parts of a plant which are major morphological and functional divisions of individual plants, typically consisting of stems, flowers, roots, leaves, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bottom-side :SUBCLASS-OF (side) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the entire bottom sides (as conventionally understood) of all objects that have distinct Sides, one of which faces down.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME brain :SUBCLASS-OF (organ) :INSTANCE-OF (class unique-anatomical-part-type animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Animal brains. An individual Brain is an Organ which controls most bodily movement, recieves sensory input from the body and objects outside the body, and in which the mind operates, being the locus for all Mental-Objects.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME brazil :INSTANCE-OF (entity independent-country) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Brazil throughout time, both political and physical aspects.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME breathing :SUBCLASS-OF (air-respiration body-movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of activities constituting a natural PhysiologicalFunction@cyc; Breathing is the collection of Air-Respiration events in which the respiring organism takes air into its internal Lungs, where the gas exchange occurs. See also Respiration.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME brittle :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Brittle is the Physical-Structural-Attribute of a substance which breaks easily when subjected to a low or moderate impact or application of force, such as most instances of Glass.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME broad-microtheory :SUBCLASS-OF (microtheory) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection microtheory-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of those microtheories that contain so many assertions that they are not useful for `relevance' focusing during inference. (A Broad-Microtheory is not used internally in Cyc's indexing scheme during inference.) Examples: BaseKB and English-Mt.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME building :SUBCLASS-OF (real-estate human-shelter-construction fixed-structure) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of artifacts; a subset of Fixed-Structure and of Human-Shelter-Construction. An instance of Building is typically a substantial structure and must have walls and a roof, with rooms inside or at least some area designed to be occupied by humans (but not necessarily as a residence). Examples include the Empire State Building, Michael Jackson's house in L.A., King Arthur's castle, an Aircraft-Hangar at O'Hare, a Lighthouse in the Mediterranean sea, the Sydney-Opera-House, the Washington-Monument-In-WashingtonDC, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME building-material :SUBCLASS-OF (artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type conventional-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. An instance of Building-Material is a material thing typically used in making new structures. Instances of Building-Material include a piece of lumber, a brick, a slab of concrete, a roof shingle, a copper nail, a double-paned storm window, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bus-road-vehicle :SUBCLASS-OF (road-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN BUS-ROAD-VEHICLE)|) (documentation "The collection of all buses, transport vehicles for ground transportation of many (they have room for at least 10, probably fewer than 60) people. A bus usually is driven by a professional bus driver.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME bush :SUBCLASS-OF (plant-woody) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of plants; a subset of Plant-Woody. The collection Bush includes all bushes, i.e., woody plants of branching growth habit that lack substantial trunks and are not usually taller than a person (and they are shorter than most specimens of Tree-The-Plant). This is a commonsense collection without distinct boundaries.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME business :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Organizations intended to make profits, i.e., make money for agents that own them. All Businesses are Commercial-Organizations (they must buy or sell something), but not all Commercial-Organizations are Businesses. In a franchise Organization, the Parent-Company is regarded as a Business, while the Sub-Organizations are merely instances of Commercial-Organization. Businesses are typically Legal-Agents, while Commercial-Organizations need not be.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME business-event :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-physical-and-mental-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Business-Event is an intentional occurrence that is closely associated with, and either helps or hinders, the business purpose of some agent. Examples include: the development of General Motors' business plan for 1996; an individual sales call on a particular customer; printing the 1996 Yellow Pages directory for the Austin, TX, area; selling a newspaper; designing and manufacturing a new memory chip. Business-Event does NOT include purely social or recreational occurrences.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME business-partners :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of positive-vested-interest) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Business-Partners indicates that two agents have jointly undertaken some business project; they are combining resources in some way to further their interests. (Business-Partners AGENT1 AGENT2) means AGENT1 is in partnership with AGENT2 to engage in business activities. The partners are instances of Agent and may belong to either Person or Organization. The partnership may be formally recognized (e.g., a Partnership or some other form of business) or informal.") (genl-inverse business-partners)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of business-partners transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME business-person :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Business-Person is a person whose occupation is primarily in the ownership and/or operation of a business.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME business-relationship-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (business-event social-occurrence) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of both Business-Event and Social-Occurrence. Each instance of Business-Relationship-Activity is a (usually long-term) social activity whose participants are related by some business relationship. The social events constituting a Business-Relationship-Activity further, either directly or indirectly, the (usually mutual) business interests of the participants. A Business-Relationship-Activity is typically carried out over multiple social occasions and may consist of many Sub-Events.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME buyer :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of exchangers) (range agent) (domain commercial-activity) (documentation "The predicate Buyer relates an agent to a business activity. (Buyer EVENT AGENT) means that the Agent AGENT purchases the goods for sale in the Commercial-Activity EVENT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME buying :SUBCLASS-OF (monetary-exchange-of-user-rights buying-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Buying is an event in which an agent voluntarily pays to acquire something tangible or intangible, or for the performance of a service. Payment may be in money or other exchange of wealth. Elements of Buying may include Sub-Events of negotiation, the act of paying, and the transfer of the purchased thing to the buyer. Examples of Buying include: purchasing fighter jets for the Navy; buying a Pepsi from a vending machine; ordering dinner at a restaurant; acquiring a personal life insurance policy for oneself; mail-ordering clothes from Sears; shopping at a farmers' market.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME buying-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Buying-Activity very generally includes events related to purchasing goods or services. Each element of Buying-Activity is an event that is either (i) a common prelude to buying (i.e., the kinds of activities that contribute to their doers becoming buyers), or (ii) an element of Buying itself. Examples of Buying-Activity include shopping for, or ordering, something very specific, and also general expressions of interest in purchasing something, such as placing an `Item Wanted' ad in a newspaper.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME buying-agent :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of mediators buying-performer) (range legal-agent) (domain commercial-activity) (documentation "A buying agent acts on behalf of a would-be buyer to bring about a buying event involving his/her/its client as the buyer. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME buying-performer :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants performed-by) (range legal-agent) (domain commercial-activity) (documentation "(buyingPerformer ?COM ?AGENT) means that ?AGENT is the Agent who actually pursues and attempts to obtain goods or services in a purchase, by performing an active role in the Commercial-Activity ?COM. Frequently this agent is the same as the Buyer, but occasionally it is a Buying-Agent representing the Buyer.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME by-products :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of outputs) (range partially-tangible) (domain creation-or-destruction-event) (documentation "(By-Products EV OBJ) means that OBJ is one of the outputs of EV, but not one of its intended outputs. For intended outputs, see Products. For a particular EV and OBJ, it will not be true that both (Products EV OBJ) and (By-Products EV OBJ).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-autumn :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-season) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-season-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The calendar season that begins at autumnal equinox and runs until winter solstice.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-century :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of centuries that make up the calendar (1900's, 1700's etc.) An example of such a constant in Cyc is The-Nineteenth-CenturyAD ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-covering-type :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Calendar-Covering-Type is a collection of collections. An element ?CC of Calendar-Covering-Type is itself a collection, a type of time interval, such that the union of all the instances of ?CC would completely cover all of time without overlap. Thus, Calendar-Year is a Calendar-Covering-Type because all of time consists of a sequence of non-overlapping Calendar-Years. Similarly Calendar-Month, Calendar-Day, Calendar-Hour, etc. Notice that Monday and December are NOT instances of Calendar-Covering-Type, because all of time is not a sequence of Mondays, or Decembers. Also notice that a collection Week -- defined as the set of all seven-day-long-periods-of-time -- would not be an instance of Calendar-Covering-Type, since several different Weeks could overlap; e.g., the week beginning today and the week beginning yesterday and the week beginning tomorrow.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-day :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type script-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of days that make up the calendar. This is a collection of disjoint but contiguous time intervals. One of its elements is Thursday, August 1, 1996.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-decade :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of decades that make up the calendar; e.g., The1970s.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-half-century :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of exact half-centuries on the calendar, such as First-Half-Of20th-CenturyCE")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-hour :SUBCLASS-OF (time-of-day date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of hours that make up the calendar. These are contiguous and disjoint time intervals, except of course for particular instances that represent exactly the same 60-minute-long time interval. See Calendar-Day.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-minute :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of minutes that make up the calendar. These are contiguous and disjoint time intervals, except of course for particular instances that represent exactly the same 60-second-long time interval. See Calendar-Day. Sixty of these partition each Calendar-Hour")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-month :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of months that make up the calendar. This is a collection of disjoint but contiguous time intervals. One of its subsets is February, which is the set of all Februaries; one of its elements is February 1992 (Month-Fn February (Year-Fn 1992)), a particular time interval.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-quarter :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of calendar quarters that divide up a calendar year into four parts. For each year, the first of its four quarters includes January, February, and March; the second includes April, May, and June, and so on.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-season :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is the set of all calendar seasons. Four of its largest subsets are Calendar-Winter, Calendar-Spring, Calendar-Summer, and Calendar-Autumn")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-season-type :SUBCLASS-OF (temporally-disjoint-interval-type annual-event-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class cyclical-interval-group-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is the collection whose four elements are Calendar-Winter, Calendar-Spring, Calendar-Summer, and Calendar-Autumn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-second :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of seconds that make up the calendar. Sixty of these Time-Intervals contiguously divide up each Calendar-Minute (qv)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-spring :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-season) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-season-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The calendar season that begins at vernal equinox and runs until summer solstice.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-summer :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-season) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-season-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The calendar season that begins at summer solstice and runs until autumnal equinox.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-week :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of weeks that make up the calendar. This is a collection of disjoint but contiguous time intervals. One of its elements is WeekOf2-14-1994.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-winter :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-season) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-season-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The calendar season that begins at winter solstice and runs until vernal equinox.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calendar-year :SUBCLASS-OF (date) :INSTANCE-OF (class calendar-covering-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of years that make up the calendar. For example, The-Year1972, The-Year494BC.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME calm :SUBCLASS-OF (relaxed-emotion) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of calmness or serenity, being quiet and free from disturbance. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. A related Feeling-Attribute-Type is Calm.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME can-contain-shapes :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range abstract-shape) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The predicate Can-Contain-Shapes is used to give an approximation of the internal size and shape of particular tangible objects, by relating an object to an abstract region of space described as a geometric shape with definite dimensions. (Can-Contain-Shapes OBJ SHAPE) gives an upper bound for the size of things that can be contained in the object OBJ, by specifying the dimensions of an abstract shape which OBJ can contain. Can-Contain-Shapes uses the elements of Shape-Function (q.v.) for reference, especially the basic shapes generated by Rectangular-Solid-Fn, Cylinder-Fn, and Sphere-Fn. For example, the trunk of my Honda Civic Can-Contain-Shapes of (Rectangular-Solid-Fn (Meter 1) (Meter 0.5) (Meter 0.75)). Cf. Fits-In.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME canal :SUBCLASS-OF (path-artifact path-simple stream) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all canals, artificial waterways created to be paths for boats, or for irrigation (e.g., the Panama-Canal).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cancer :SUBCLASS-OF (ailment-condition terminal-physiological-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all particular cases of cancer. Instances of Cancer may belong to any one of the many different types of disease that are studied and treated by oncologists. Cancer is characterized by abnormal (and usually rapid) growth of cells in some organ or system of the body; these growths are then prone to dispersal (metastesis) into other body regions. See also Cancer-Fn --- the expression (Cancer-Fn Lung) represents a subset of Cancer, namely the set of all lung cancers.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cancer-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain existing-object-type) (range physiological-condition-type) (documentation "Cancer-Fn is a Cyc function, and in particular a Collection-Denoting-Function. It is used to describe cancers according to the part or region of the animal's body in which they are found. (Cancer-Fn REGION) denotes the collection of all cancers found in the region of the body, REGION. For example, (Cancer-Fn Throat) represents the set of all throat cancers, and is a subset of Cancer.") (arg1-genl animal-body-part) (result-genl cancer)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME canoe :SUBCLASS-OF (device-user-powered boat-water-transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all canoes, small, narrow watercraft that are powered by human paddling, poling or by a small boat-engine.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME capable-of :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Capable-Of indicates that an agent is fully able to carry out a certain role in a certain type of situation. (Capable-Of AGT SIT-TYPE ROLE) means that the Agent AGT is able to act as described by ROLE in Situations of the type SIT-TYPE. Capable-Of entails that AGT is qualified in ALL the relevant ways to fill that ROLE; e.g., AGT is Anatomically-Capable-Of, Fiscally-Capable-Of, Legally-Capable-Of, and Skill-Capable-Of playing that ROLE in SIT-TYPE.") (arg2-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain capable-of 3 role) (nth-domain capable-of 2 collection)(nth-domain capable-of 1 agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME capacity-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class unordered-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Capacity-Attribute is an attribute representing a specific capacity in which an agent does an action. For example, an action might be done as an agent's job (Job-Capacity) or hobby (Hobby-Capacity), as its main function (Main-Function) or an auxiliary function (Support-Function).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME capital-city :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of controls geographical-sub-regions) (range capital-city-of-region) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "The predicate Capital-City is used to indicate the capital of a country (only). (Capital-City CNTRY CITY) means that CITY is the capital city of the Country CNTRY. Examples: the Capital-City of the United-States-Of-America is the CityOfWashingtonDC@cyc; the Capital-City of Armenia is Yerevan. Note: for regional capitals, use Capital-City-Of-This-State.") (genl-inverse sub-organizations)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME capital-city-of-region :SUBCLASS-OF (city) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of cities. Each element of Capital-City-Of-Region is an element of City (q.v.) that is the capital of its surrounding region. This includes both capitals of countries and capitals of subregions. Examples: City-Of-Rome-Italy, City-Of-Cardiff-Wales, City-Of-AustinTX, City-Of-Abidjan-Ivory-Coast, City-Of-Llasa-Tibet, City-Of-ColumbusOH (Franklin-County-Ohio). See also Capital-City, Capital-City-Of-This-State.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME captive-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animals that are caged, tied, kept in an animal container, or otherwise held captive. There is some intersection here with Domestic-Pet, but not complete. Some elements of Person are members of Captive-Animal, e.g., political detainees, imprisoned criminals, kidnap victims.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME card :SUBCLASS-OF (hardcopy-information-bearing-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Hardcopy-Information-Bearing-Object. Each element of Card is a small, sturdy sheet of stuff--usually cardstock paper, but could be plastic or thin metal--bearing some kind of information. Some kinds are folded. Examples: birthday cards, business cards, playing cards, postcards.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cardinality :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot intensional-representation-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range integer) (domain set-or-collection) (documentation "(Cardinality SETORCOL INTEGER) means that the Set-Or-Collection SETORCOL has INTEGER number of members. For instance, The-Empty-Set has a Cardinality of 0.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cargo-ship :SUBCLASS-OF (ship) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all cargo ships, i.e., ships that by design can transport large amount of goods.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME carnivore :SUBCLASS-OF (organism-whole) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Collection of organisms classified by their typical source of food. Elements of Carnivore feed on animals. Note: Carnivore is not an instance of BiologicalTaxon@cyc; e.g., Carnivore contains Dog as a subset but is not its biological taxon. Note that a Carnivore is not necessarily a Heterotroph, as carnivorous plants both digest insects and produce food using Chlorophyll.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME carries-infection-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range infection-type) (domain tangible-thing) (documentation "The predicate (Carries-Infection-Type OBJECT INFECT_TYPE) relates a particular organism or other object to a type of infection that it carries. (Carries-Infection-Type OBJ INFTYP) means that the individual OBJ is a carrier of the Infection-Type INFTYP. For example, (Carries-Infection-Type TyphoidMary Typhoid-Fever) or (Carries-Infection-Type Needle0567 AIDS).") (arg2-genl infection)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME catalyst :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of unchanged-actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain chemical-reaction) (documentation "The predicate Catalyst identifies the particular thing that acts as a catalyst in a particular chemical reaction. (Catalyst R X) means that the Chemical-Reaction R has the particular quantity of substance X as a catalyst. For example, every instance of Photosynthesis has some portion of Chlorophyll as a catalyst; an amount of Water may be a Catalyst in some Oxidation-Process of a Metal.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME caused-by :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CAUSE-EFFECT")| starts-after-starting-of) (range event) (domain event) (documentation "Caused-By is the predicate used for token-token event causation, i.e., causation between individual events. (causedBy EVENT1 EVENT2) means that EVENT1 is causedBy EVENT2.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of caused-by transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME causes :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CAUSE-EFFECT")|) (range cyc-formula) (domain cyc-formula) (documentation "(Causes p1 p2) means that p1 causes p2. That is, the state of affairs described by proposition p1 causally leads to the state of affairs described by p2. This is stronger than material implication; i.e., it must also be the case that (:=> p1 p2). Note that Causes means more than Implies, of course: there is a temporal ordering involved, there is a presumed mechanism of causation, etc. Unlike Implies, Causes is not reflexive; one would not say that p1 causes p1, even though p1 implies p1. Another difference between Implies and Causes is that Causes is a predicate, not a logical connective. Just because (Causes p1 p2) is true that does NOT entail that (Causes (:not p2) (:not p1)) is true.Note that (Causes p1 p2) is generally a more accurate way of talking about causation than saying that some event e1 caused event e2 (which one can do in Cyc, using the predicate Caused-By) since often there are a few key aspects of e1 that caused a few key aspects of e2, and the remaining details of e1 and e2 were, to first order, irrelevant. Note that, similarly, (Causes p1 p2) is generally a more accurate way of talking about causation than saying that some agent AGT caused something to be true (which one can do in Cyc, using the predicate Causes-Prop) since often there is some specific aspect of the agent, or something they were involved in or did, that is the cause of the proposition's becoming satisfied. Because this predicate is asymetric and since effect (p2) can not temporally precede cause (p1), Causes may not be used to express mutual causation, e.g. feedback loops for which it may be said that two events (probably more process-like) cause each other. We consider mutual causation to be a different form of causation and should be expressed using some as of yet (Dec 96) unreified relationship.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept causes sensus-information1997 "CAUSE-EFFECT") (kif:not (instance-of causes symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of causes anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of causes asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME causes-prop :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "CAUSE-EFFECT")|) (range cyc-formula) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Causes-Prop INDIV PROP) means that the Temporal-Thing INDIV causes the proposition PROP to become true. INDIV may be an Agent or an Event. PROP is a Cyc-Formula. Note: A much simpler predicate is Caused-By, in which both arguments are just Events.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME causing-another-objects-translational-motion :SUBCLASS-OF (translation-location-change translation-complete action-on-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Causing-Another-Objects-Translational-Motion, one object causes another object to undergo a translational motion. The object causing the motion is the Provider-Of-Motive-Force. The object which is caused to move is the Object-Acted-On (and also the Object-Moving) in the event. One way to cause another object's motion is by carrying it along with one (see the subset Carrying-While-Locomoting), but there are many others, such as throwing, kicking, or knocking it away. Examples: a train transporting passengers; a person pushing a coin into a vending machine; the release of a bowstring which propels an arrow; a magnet attracting a nail.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cavity :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all cavities, Crevices or deep concavities or holes, including any cavity of a container, e.g., the interior of a box. Elements of Cavity, unlike elements of Interior, may include walls as parts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cavity-connected-along-path-side :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate connection-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-portal-to-region connected-to connected-to-rigidly) (range path-simple partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(cavityConnectedAlongPathSide PATH CAVITY) means that there is a portal somewhere along the wall of the Path-Generic (which must also be Partially-Tangible) PATH which leads to the Cavity-Or-Container CAVITY. It does not apply if an end of PATH is the portal, nor to a branching of the path, nor a small hole in an otherwise dead end of the path. The portal is substantially smaller in width than the path, and instead of a smaller path connected there, the portal opens into a neighboring Cavity-Or-Container. Example: an Alveolus attached to a Respiratory-Bronchiole in the Lung is so connected. Or, a room opening along the side of a hallway.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cavity-has-wall :INSTANCE-OF (slot part-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-parts) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain cavity) (documentation "(cavityHasWall CAV WALL) means that the the Cavity CAV has WALL as one of its walls (or part of one of its walls), or partly-enclosing inner surfaces. Cavity-Has-Wall is often used for describing the relationship between some space or part of a Construction-Artifact and the substructures that bound or enclose it (e.g., the relationship between a room and its walls, floor(s), and ceiling(s)).")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of cavity-has-wall transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ceiling-of-a-room :SUBCLASS-OF (part-of-building) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all ceilings of every instance of Room-In-A-Construction. Note that, unlike walls, ceilings are conventionally considered to be 'one-sided' objects. The other side of a Ceiling-Of-A-Room may be a Roof-Of-A-Construction, or in a Modern-Shelter-Construction, more probably the Floor-In-A-Construction in another room.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cell :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of living cells; a subset of Biological-Living-Object. Each element of Cell is one of the basic structural units of nearly all living things, consisting (at least) of cytoplasm bounded by a cell membrane. Only the living structures viruses, mitochondria, and plastids are not composed of cells.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cell-part :SUBCLASS-OF (microscopic-scale-object biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of structures which are typically found and formed as parts of Cells. This covers components of both Eukaryotic-Cells and Prokaryotic-Cells. It includes organelles, vesicles, cell walls, extracellular matrix, plasma membranes, receptors, cellular humours, microtubules, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cent-united-states :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-with-prefix unit-of-money) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval money) (documentation "An element of Unit-Of-Money. Cent-United-States represents the smallest unit of money used officially in the United States of America; one-hundredth of a Dollar-United-States. See also Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME centimeter :INSTANCE-OF (function cgs-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-with-prefix unit-of-distance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval distance) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the centimeter, a unit used within the Metric system to measure length. See also CGS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME centimeters-per-second :INSTANCE-OF (function cgs-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-with-prefix unit-of-speed) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range vector-interval speed scalar-interval) (documentation "(Centimeters-Per-Second NUMBER) returns a dimensionless rate or speed of NUMBER centimeters per second. Notice that this result is not presently thought of as incorporating a vector, although it might be modified to do so at some point in the future if this should prove appropriate.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cereal-food-group :SUBCLASS-OF (edible-stuff vegetable-matter food-or-drink-composite) :INSTANCE-OF (class food-group-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The food group consisting of grain products such as breads and cereals. Food that contains a significant amount of grain products should be specs of this.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cereal-plant :SUBCLASS-OF (plant-non-woody) :INSTANCE-OF (class organism-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of individual plants like corn, wheat, etc., which bear grains.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cgs-unit-of-measure :SUBCLASS-OF (unit-of-measure) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Unit-Of-Measure. CGS-Unit-Of-Measure is the collection of all the measurement functions whose results use the CGS (i.e., centimeter-gram-second) system of measure to describe physical quantities. Examples: Centimeters-Per-Second, Cubic-Centimeter, Gram, Seconds-Duration.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chain-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (legal-corporation business) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Chain-Organization is a parent business which comes into contact with its customers or clients primarily through its geographically dispersed sub-organizations, which typically are (mostly) homogeneous in product line, style of physical quarters, local organizational structure, etc. Examples include the parent organizations of McDonald's and Midas Muffler.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME change-in-user-rights :SUBCLASS-OF (generalized-transfer) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Change-In-User-Rights is an event in which some instance of Agent either gains or loses possession of something. `Possession' means having some right to use a thing that one has in hand or otherwise has access to. Different types of possession (e.g., ownership, rental, borrowings) can be specified by the using the appropriate element(s) of User-Rights-Attribute (q.v.). Changes in an agent's user rights can come about in various ways: through buying and selling, renting, borrowing or lending, giving, repossession, etc. Some subsets of this kind of change are Losing-User-Rights, Gaining-User-Rights, and ExchangeOfUserRights@cyc; in the latter class, there is an alteration in the rights of two (or more) agents to use two (or more) items -- as in a purchase, when one agent gets full use rights to an object by turning over a sum of money to the object's previous owner. In addition, some changes in user rights are classified explicitly in Temporary-Change-Of-User-Rights (e.g., borrowing, renting), while others are permanent. Events that involve such changes in user rights all belong in the collection of events, Change-In-User-Rights. In any particular Change-In-User-Rights event, the item which is changing hands is identified as the Object-Of-Possession-Transfer.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME changing-device-state :SUBCLASS-OF (action physical-event intrinsic-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions in which a device goes from one state (the From-State) to another state (the To-State). A change of Device-State may be due to an outside Agent adjusting a device, or it may happen automatically due to the behavior of a device. The two most general state changes (for powered devices) are from Device-On to Device-Off, and vice versa. Many other states peculiar to specific devices can be identified; for example, the states of a Dishwasher: Device-State-Washing and DeviceState-Rinsing@cyc; or the states that a trapping device may be in: Trap-Armed, Trap-Tripped, Trap-Idle. Note that a change in the state of a device is an intrinsic change in the device; i.e., Changing-Device-State is a subset of Intrinsic-State-Change-Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME character-string :SUBCLASS-OF (list-sequence intangible-individual abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of stuff. Each element of the collection Character-String is a string of characters or an abstract sequence of symbols. Note: it is NOT any particular physical, tangible representation; different encodings may represent the characters. An element of Character-String has characters from some fixed character set. The characters are instances of Character-Abstract. An element of Character-String may be any length, including zero (i.e., empty strings, which have no characters). If elements of Character-String are concatenated, the result is also an element of Character-String. The length of the resulting string is equal to the sum of the lengths of the concatenated strings. Some types (subsets) of Character-String include E-Mail-Address, Area-Code, Phone-Number, Phone-Country-Code, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME check-tender-object :SUBCLASS-OF (financial-account-tender-object official-document id-document form-standardizedibo tender-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class money-tender-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of documents; a subset of Tender-Object. Each element of Check-Tender-Object is a financial instrument, drawn on a particular account at some instance of Financial-Organization, which is redeemable for a monetary value by the agent who is the payee. The financial organization pays the payee funds from the account, upon proper presentation of the check.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chemical-compound-type :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-stuff-composition-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections; a subset of Tangible-Stuff-Composition-Type. Every instance of Chemical-Compound-Type is a subset of Tangible-Thing whose instances are defined ONLY by their chemical composition, and not by their physical state or any other property. In Cyc's current representation, Chemical-Compound-Types can be of two varieties: (1) Collections whose instances are completely uniform with each other in terms of chemical composition; this includes (a) the chemical elements -- such as Carbon, Oxygen, and Hydrogen -- which are instances of Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons (thus, the latter is a subset of Chemical-Compound-Type), and (b) compounds constituted of more than one substance chemically bonded, e.g., Water, Caffeine, and Iron-Oxide. (2) Substances which have a general chemical specification, that is, whose instances do not have exactly the same chemical composition but fall within certain specifications, e.g., DNA. Cyc's current theory includes those cases in Chemical-Compound-Type, though they are arguably borderline. (Future work may require the creation of type collections to identify various levels of chemical specification, such as `exact formula' or `exact structure'.) Note: Collections which Cyc does NOT classify as Chemical-Compound-Types include collections of substances which have some component which is of overriding significance in some context, so that in everyday language such substances are frequently referred to by the name of their important component (e.g., `penicillin' applied to a tablet containing penicillin), but which have significant admixtures of other substances. Our representation distinguishes between the chemical compound (here, instances of Penicillin) and the mixture of substances in a tablet containing some Penicillin for pharmaceutical use. Thus, Penicillin is an instance of Chemical-Compound-Type, but the collection of tablets containing penicillin and including other ingredients are not. Also, subsets of Mixture, such as Lemonade, are not instances of Chemical-Compound-Type, because mixtures are determined by their physical state rather than solely by their chemical composition.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chemical-object :SUBCLASS-OF (microscopic-scale-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Microscopic-Scale-Object. Each instance of Chemical-Object is an object whose behavior is typically described in terms of its outer cloud of Electrons. Subsets of Chemical-Object include the collections Atom and Molecule and Ion, the set of chemical radicals, and the set of molecular fragments.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chemical-reaction :SUBCLASS-OF (transformation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Transformation-Event. Each instance of Chemical-Reaction is an event in which two or more substances undergo a chemical change, i.e., some portions of the substances involved are transformed into different Chemical-Compound-Types. The transformations are brought about by purely chemical (including biochemical) means which affect chemical bonds between atoms in the molecules of stuff, rather than by physical means, biological means, or purposeful planning, etc. Examples of Chemical-Reaction: instances of CombustionProcess@cyc; instances of Photosynthesis.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chest-body-part :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of the chests of Animals. The animal's chest is its Animal-Body-Part region located between its neck and its abdomen. For people and many other types of animals, the chest is bounded by (defined by, given shape by) the animal's ribcage.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chief-ports :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of geographical-sub-regions) (range urban-area) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "This is a list of the chief ports for a given geographical region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME children :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of relatives cotemporal) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Children PARENT CHILD) means that CHILD is the biological offspring of PARENT.") (documentation "(Children PARENT CHILD) means that CHILD is a child of PARENT in the sense that PARENT cares for CHILD as a parent would, whether or not they are biologically related.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of children transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chordata-phylum :INSTANCE-OF (biological-phylum) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An instance of Biological-Phylum within the Biological-Kingdom Animal, the Chordata-Phylum contains the many chordate taxa. All have members who have a notochord (a flexible rod running the length of the body) at some stage of development and pharyngeal gills at some stage of development. The Chordata-Phylum has as Taxon-Members all the subsets of Vertebrate (including Person), as well as some non-vertebrate chordates like Amphioxus.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME chronic-condition :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of ailments. An instance of Chronic-Condition is an ailment that lingers or recurs in an organism throughout its life. In some cases, the symptoms of a chronic condition may abate with treatment. The condition may never go away completely. Asthma is a subset of Chronic-Condition.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME circulatory-system :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part static-situation) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animals' circulatory systems. A Circulatory-System is a system of organs and body parts, found in Vertebrates and some other animals, which function together to circulate the animal's blood throughout its body, supplying needed substances to its cells and removing waste products from them. A Circulatory-System is generally composed of Blood-Vessels, Heart, Spleen, etc., considered as an interrelated functional system of each animal. Note: It generally has a close linkage to the respiration system, as the blood comes in contact with fresh air to divest itself of the waste products it has collected from the body's cells and to acquire new needed substances to take to the body's cells.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME circumference-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate physical-attribute-description-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range distance) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The distance around a circular object")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME citizens :INSTANCE-OF (slot intensional-representation-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range person) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "The predicate Citizens indicates that a particular person is a citizen of a particular country/state/... . (Citizens GEOPOL PERSON) means that GEOPOL is a Geopolitical-Entity in which the Person PERSON has full rights of citizenship (whatever those rights might consist of in GEOPOL).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME city :SUBCLASS-OF (urban-area geopolitical-entity) :INSTANCE-OF (class spatially-disjoint-region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geopolitical entities. An element of City is a local human settlement which has its own government. This includes cities, towns, suburbs, villages, hamlets, and townships, as long as they have their own governments. A city government is usually mostly autonomous from the governments of its surrounding regions, rather than being a sub-organization of them.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME city-in-state :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot non-physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range country-subsidiary) (domain urban-area) (documentation "(City-In-State CITY STATE) means that the Urban-Area CITY is physically located in the geopolitical sub-region STATE. Note that STATE may be an element of State-Geopolitical (q.v.), or it may be some other kind of Country-Subsidiary, such as Territory. Examples: the City-Of-DurhamNC in a City-In-State of NorthCarolina-State@cyc; Xiamen (Amoy) is a City-In-State of Fujian.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME city-of-address :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-found-in-location) (range city) (domain contact-location) (documentation "(City-Of-Address LOC CITY) means that the Contact-Location LOC is located in the City CITY. For example, Cycorp'S City-Of-Address is the City-Of-AustinTX. See also Contact-Location.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME city-of-bandar-abbas-iran :INSTANCE-OF (entity city) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Bandar Abbas (Bandar-e-'Abbas), a city in Iran on the north coast of the Persian-Gulf, near the Strait-Of-Hormuz. One of the Chief-Ports of the country of Iran.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME city-of-washingtondc :INSTANCE-OF (us-city entity country-subsidiary capital-city-of-region) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The present (though not the original) capital city of the United-States-Of-America, seat of its Federal government, which is located in the specially created Federal district between the States of Maryland and Virginia.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cleaning :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action human-activity intrinsic-state-change-event removing-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Cleaning event, dirt (or other unwanted substances) is removed from the Object-Of-State-Change of that event. If a Cleaning event is successful, then the Dirtiness level of the object will have been lowered.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cleaning-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device solid-tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of devices. An instance of Cleaning-Device is any device, manually powered or otherwise, whose Primary-Function is to be used in cleaning things. Instances include each Mop, each Regular-Windshield-Wiper, each Facial-Tissue, each Shoe-Brush, each Clothes-Washer, each Dishwasher, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cleaning-implement :SUBCLASS-OF (hand-tool cleaning-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tools; a subset of Hand-Tool and also of Cleaning-Device. An instance of Cleaning-Implement is any hand-held tool used for cleaning something. Cleaning implements are used in a wide variety of activities and settings; some subsets include the collections Mop, Dental-Pick, Electric-Tooth-Brush, Wash-Cloth, Facial-Tissue, Shoe-Brush. Many cleaning implements are intended for wiping, scrubbing, or polishing surfaces to remove patches of Dirt.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME clients :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of positive-vested-interest) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Clients represents a relationship between two Agents. (Clients AGENT1 AGENT2) means that AGENT1 provides goods and/or services to AGENT2. AGENT2 may or may not pay AGENT1 for the goods/services received. The predicate Clients can indicate either a one-time relationship or a more long-term relationship. See also Suppliers and Customers.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of clients transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of clients symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of clients asymmetric-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME climate-cycle-type :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-object-type script-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Climate-Cycle-Type is a collection of (extended) events which are weather processes of one type or another. Examples of elements of Climate-Cycle-Type are Temperate-Climate-Cycle and Steppe-Climate-Cycle. Note: in practice, there is little need to create terms denoting members of the collections belonging to ClimateCycleType@cyc; so long as one just wants to state what TYPE of climate a particular region has, simply use the predicate Has-Climate-Type with the appropriate subset of Annual-Climate-Cycle (q.v.). See also Has-Climate-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloth :SUBCLASS-OF (sheet-of-some-stuff free-sheet textile-product solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Cloth is a piece of textile sheet woven or knitted or pressed out of fibers. Pieces of Cloth are commonly used as material inputs to the manufacture of clothing items, towels, sails for sailing craft, parachutes, draperies, etc. Excludes Leather (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME clothing-accessory :SUBCLASS-OF (clothing-item) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of Clothing-Accessory is something that is worn as an accessory with other clothing items. Examples include elements of the collections Jewelry, Scarf, Neck-Tie, Belt-Clothing, Suspenders, and suchlike.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME clothing-item :SUBCLASS-OF (something-to-wear sheet-of-some-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of Clothing-Item is something that a person wears as a protective and/or decorative covering or ornament. Items of clothing are usually made of flexible materials, such as cloth, leather, or yarn. The collection Clothing-Item contains primarily individual garments (e.g., elements of the collections Pants, Shirt, Coat, Shoe), together with pairs of shoes, socks, and gloves (since each wearer needs a pair). Jewelry, suspenders, belts, etc., are in the subset Clothing-Accessory. Note: outfits (esp. specialized outfits) made up of several individual items worn together belong to the collection Clothing-Outfit, which is NOT a subset of Clothing-Item but IS a subset of the broader collection, Something-To-Wear.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME clothing-outfit :SUBCLASS-OF (group something-to-wear sheet-of-some-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Every element of Clothing-Outfit is a group of `coordinated' items that are intended to be worn together; e.g., an instance of Three-Piece-Suit, consisting of one suit jacket, one vest, and one pair of long pants. Clothing outfits are often sold or provided together as a set; e.g., military uniforms, business suits, scuba gear. A clothing outfit may include some accessories, as well as garments. Cf. Clothing-Item.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloud-in-sky :SUBCLASS-OF (cloud-ofh2o) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of clouds (instances of Cloud-OfH2O) in the sky over some Geographical-Region (as opposed to being at ground-level).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloud-ofh2o :SUBCLASS-OF (suspension) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A cloud of particles of liquid or solid water in the atmosphere covering a Geographical-Region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloudiness :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute weather-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Scalar-Interval. The elements of Cloudiness characterize the amount of cloud cover at an Outdoor-Location. A higher value indicates more clouds or more dense cover. Degrees of cloudiness may be represented qualitatively (e.g., Partial-Cloud-Cover, Complete-Cloud-Cover), or using Generic-Value-Functions. The cloudiness of a location can be described with the predicate Cloudiness-Of-Region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloudiness-of-region :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-attributes) (range cloudiness) (domain outdoor-location) (documentation "(Cloudiness-Of-Region LOC DEGREE) means that the Outdoor-Location LOC has this DEGREE of cloud cover.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloudless :INSTANCE-OF (cloudiness) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cloudless is a Weather-Attribute representing a specific degree of Cloudiness. (Cloudiness-Of-Region LOC Cloudless) means that the Outdoor-Location LOC has no cloud cover.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cloudy :INSTANCE-OF (cloudiness) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cloudy is a Weather-Attribute that characterizes an Outdoor-Location which has at least some cloud cover -- this cloud cover not being situated at ground-level (in which case Foggy would be the applicable Weather-Attribute).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME co-extensional :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range collection) (domain collection) (documentation "the sets v1 which are such that ( x (u instances) (isa x v1))") (genl-inverse co-extensional)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME code-of-conduct :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible-existing-thing supposed-to-be-microtheory) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories; a subset of both Obligation and Supposed-To-Be-Microtheory. Each element of Code-Of-Conduct is a microtheory which contains rules and/or expectations governing the behavior of those agents subject to it in certain kinds of situations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cohabitants :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal acquainted-with) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Cohabitants X Y) means that X and Y live together in the same dwelling structure, nest, etc. Note: in some contexts (in the real Cyc knowledge base) the arguments to this predicate are restricted to being Persons. Note: in many parts of the world, esp. in past centuries, people cohabit (have cohabitetd) with domesticated animals that are/were not pets.") (genl-inverse cohabitants)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of cohabitants transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cohabitation-unit :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. Each element of Cohabitation-Unit is a group of humans or other animals all living together in the same Physical-Quarters at the same time, whether that be a house, nest, warren, or other dwelling -- loosely speaking, a household. As a default, the cohabitants in the group are assumed to be all of the same species. (See also the more specialized Comments in Human-Social-Life-Mt and Naive-Biological-Descent-Mt.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cohabiting-family-members :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate family-relation-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of positive-vested-interest cohabitants relatives) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Cohabiting-Family-Members X Y) means that X and Y are family members (relatives, spouses, in-laws) living with one another. If the members of a family no longer live together, they are still members of a Family-Social-Entity, but they are no longer members of the same Family-Cohabitation-Unit. Note: In the Human-Social-Life-Mt context, X and Y must be Persons. In the Naive-Biological-Descent-Mt context, they can be any Animals at all.") (genl-inverse cohabiting-family-members)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of cohabiting-family-members transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cohesiveness :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Cohesiveness represents a specific capacity of a physical object to cohere; e.g., Rigidly-Cohesive, Liquid-Cohesiveness, Humanly-Separable. Cohesiveness of objects is indicated with the predicate Cohesiveness-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cohesiveness-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-attribute-description-slot tangible-object-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cohesiveness) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Cohesiveness-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) indicates how tightly a tangible object OBJ coheres. A higher value of DEGREE means that it is harder to separate away chunks from the object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME collection :SUBCLASS-OF (set-or-collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection set-or-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Cyc collections. Cyc collections are natural kinds or classes, as opposed to mathematical sets; their elements have some common attribute(s). Each Cyc collection is like a set in so far as it may have elements, subsets, and supersets, and may not have parts or spatial or temporal properties. Sets, however, differ from collections in that a mathematical set may be an arbitrary set of things which have nothing in common (see Set-Mathematical). In contrast, the elements of a collection will all have in common some feature(s), some `intensional' qualities. In addition, two instances of Collection can be co-extensional (i.e., have all the same elements) without being identical, whereas if two arbitrary sets had the same elements, they would be considered equal. As with any Cyc constant, an instance of Collection should be created only if it is expected to have some purpose or utility. Moreover, the `best' collections to create are the ones which are impossible to define precisely, yet about which there are rules and other things to say. E.g., `WhiteCat' is not a good element of Collection to create, because it's easy to define with other Cyc concepts, and there's not much to say about the collection of white cats; but `WhiteCollarWorker' could be a good element of Collection, because it is hard to define exactly, yet there are many things to say about it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME collection-denoting-function :SUBCLASS-OF (reifiable-function) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Cyc functions which return elements of Collection. Examples: Swimming-Event-Fn, Package-Fn, Molecule-Fn, all produce collections when applied to their proper arguments; e.g., (Molecule-Fn Oxygen) returns the collection of all oxygen molecules. Note that (:subclass-of Collection-Denoting-Function Reifiable-Function). Cf. Individual-Denoting-Function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME collection-event :SUBCLASS-OF (transfer-in) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Collection-Event is an event in which tangible or intangible objects are collected from various sources to a single destination via some collection network.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME color :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-attribute sensory-attribute physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class composite-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of both Physical-Attribute and Sensory-Attribute. Each element of Color represents a specific color attribute of some object or substance; e.g., Gold-Color, Lavender-Color, Auburn , Olive-Flesh-Color. Elements of Color are Composite-Attributes, since they can vary along several dimensions (e.g., hue, brightness). Indicate a particular object's Color with the predicate Color-Of-Object.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept color sensus-information1997 "COLOR") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME color-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-attribute-description-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-attributes) (range color) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Color-Of-Object OBJ COLOR) means that a significant fraction of some visible part of the tangible object OBJ has the Color COLOR.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept color-of-object sensus-information1997 "COLOR-PROPERTY-ASCRIPTION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME combustion-process :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-physical-and-mental-event energy-conversion-process decomposition-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each Combustion-Process is an event in which rapid oxidation is taking place. These always have heat as an output and often involve emission of light as well (typically, flames). The Object-Acted-On in a Combustion-Process is at least partly consumed. See also Flammability.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME command :SUBCLASS-OF (request) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of illocutionary forces. Each instance of Command consists of a piece of information contained (usually implicitly) in a communication, and which expresses the speaker's intention to have the listener either carry out the action described in the utterance and/or bring about the situation described in the utterance. The speaker in any given instance of Ordering-Communication-Act presupposes that s/he has the authority to command those s/he adresses. `Speaker' and `listener' are broadly interpreted to mean, respectively, any Sender-Of-Info and Recipient-Of-Info. See also Illocutionary-Force.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME comment :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-knowledge-predicate functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-string character-string cyc-system-atom) (domain cyc-indexed-term thing) (documentation "Comment is a predicate belonging to the Cyc collection Documentation-Constant. Comment is used to relate Cyc constants to (usually) brief English explanations of their meaning and use, as an aid to humans browsing through the Cyc Knowledge Base. (:documentation CONST STRING) means that STRING is an instance of Cyc-System-String that contains an explanation of the Cyc constant CONST. Example: what you are reading now.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commercial-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (transaction human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is a large collection of events. As can be seen from its subsets, it embraces all types of buying, selling, offering to sell, offering to buy, requesting bids, performing services for hire, advertising, manufacturing for sale, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commercial-fishing-boat :SUBCLASS-OF (boat-water-transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subcollection of Boat-WaterTransportationDevice that contains all fishing boats, including trawlers, seiners, junks etc. that are marine-life-catching devices, and the main purpose of the fishing is commercial. Note that not all instances of CommercialFishingBoat have to be used exclusively in the ocean--they can also be used in rivers and lakes, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commercial-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Commercial-Organization is an organization which buys or sells goods or services for a profit. It may also be an element of Business or it may merely be a sub-organization of a Business entity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commercial-service-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (service-organization commercial-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of Commercial-Organization. An instance of Commercial-Service-Organization is a commercial organization which sells its services as its main product (rather than tangible goods), for commercial gain. Some tangible goods may accompany or supplement the main service sold, but only as side products; e.g., some elements of Hair-Salon sell hair care products.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commissioned :INSTANCE-OF (work-status) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute; an element of Work-Status. The attribute of being paid on a commission basis for work done.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commits-for-future-uses :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain event) (documentation "(Commits-For-Future-Uses EVENT OBJECT) means that as a result of EVENT, OBJECT is subsequently put into a configuration and/or a form where it is serving some ongoing Role. Things which are re-usable in their typical uses: a videocassette, a battery, a brick, an artist's canvas, a canvas tent. Non-reusable things: paint, glue, mortar. See also Inputs-Committed, Recyclable-Actors. Consider a brick in a wall in a building. It is `committed for future use' in the role of part-of-a-wall in the event of that building existing. While the building is standing, it can't be part-of-a-wall in another building, though it could serve other roles such as an artistic accent, or to anchor a coat-hook. After the building is torn down, that brick might still be intact, and could be used as part-of-a-wall in a future building. Notice that the brick isn't necessarily transformed by being part of a wall. However, so long as OBJECT serves the use to which it is `assigned' by EVENT, OBJECT is unavailable to be assigned the same Role by another event of the same type, at least an event that would temporally intersect with this committed use of OBJECT. That is what is meant by it being `committed' for a particular future use. An object may be re-used in a similar event, ONLY IF the Role to which it was assigned in EVENT either comes to its natural end or is given up (or thwarted), or in cases where EVENT is composed of discontinous pieces of time --- to illustrate that latter case, consider a tent that's used to shelter a certain group of workers on weekdays, but is used to shelter a different group in a different location on weekends.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME communicating :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action social-occurrence information-transfer-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Communicating is an event in which the transfer of information between or among agents is a focal action; communicating is the main purpose and/or goal in the event. That may be contrasted with events which involve communication but wherein the focus is different, e.g., playing cards (wherein the progressive actions--and winning--of the game are focal). Communicating may be either a one-way or a two-way transfer of information (cf. Communication-Act-Single, Multi-Directional-Communication). It may be intentional or unintentional. Every event belonging to Communicating contains at least one transfer of information between at least two agents who participate in the event. (Note that the latter requirement excludes reading and writing from Communicating, when those events are just the private accessing or generating of information.) Communicating may be specialized in various ways, such as, by the method or medium used (e.g., Audio-Communicating, Non-Verbal-Communicating, Face-To-Face-Presence-Communicating); by the type of information involved (e.g., Making-An-Agreement); by the purpose of the communication (e.g., Teaching, Negotiating); by the agents involved (e.g., Intra-Organization-Communication, Stage-Production). Examples of Communicating include a symphony performance, an email message, a telephone call, a speech, a handshake, issuing a traffic ticket--all of which normally, and focally, involve communication between two or more agents.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept communicating sensus-information1997 "COMMUNICATIVE-ACT") (overlapping-external-concept communicating sensus-information1997 "VERBAL-PROCESS")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME communication-act-single :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information transfer events; a subset of Communicating. Each element of Communication-Act-Single is a single-source transmission of information from ONE Sender-Of-Info to one or more recipients; such acts may be one-to-one or one-to-many. Every element of Communication-Act-Single has a transmission sub-event (which is an element of IBT-Generation-Original) and one or more reception Sub-Events (which are elements of Accessing-AnIBT). An element of Communication-Act-Single starts when its transmission sub-event starts and ends when its accessing sub-event(s) end. Notes: (1) For exchanges of information between or among multiple agents, see Multi-Directional-Communication. (2) An important distinction is made between elements of Communication-Act-Single on the one hand, and their Sub-Events which are elements of IBT-Generation-Original and Accessing-AnIBT, on the other hand; e.g., Speaking and Writing are NOT subsets of Communication-Act-Single, but rather are subsets of IBT-Generation-Original (because instances of both represent only the generation of information and can even occur without actual communication of it), and Listening-Deliberately and Reading are subsets of Accessing-AnIBT, NOT of Communication-Act-Single, because instances of both represent only the accessing of information (even if by default they imply a prior generation of information).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME communication-convention :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-object abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of conventions used to encode and interpret things which bear information; a syntax together with a semantic mapping. Instances include natural languages like French or English, database data formats, and computer languages or idiosyncratic systems of gestures or symbols known only by a small group of people.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME communication-target :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain communication-act-single) (documentation "The predicate Communication-Target is used to indicate the intended recipient in a communication. (Communication-Target COMM OBJ) means that the agent who originates the Communication-Act-Single COM intends the Recipient-Of-Info to be OBJ. Normally, OBJ is an instance of Agent.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME communication-token :INSTANCE-OF (slot role binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range information-bearing-thing) (domain communicating) (documentation "The predicate Communication-Token is used to indicate the particular IBT (i.e., element of Information-Bearing-Thing) that is instrumental in a particular communication. (Communication-Token COM IBT) means that IBT is an Information-Bearing-Thing that carries the information transferred in the Communicating COM. A communication event transfers the information content of IBT from one agent to some other(s). IBT may be a tangible object (e.g., a newspaper), a sound (e.g., a voice), an image (e.g., from a television broadcast), or even a touch (e.g., a staying hand).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME community-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Community-Organization is a group that consists of residents of a Neighborhood or apartment building or condominium complex, and which is concerned with issues affecting the Neighborhood or complex.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME commutative-relation :SUBCLASS-OF (relationship) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An important subset of Relationship. Each element of Commutative-Relation is a relationship whose argument order can be changed without changing the value or meaning of the expression; e.g., Plus-Fn, Times-Fn, Or, Borders-On, Temporally-Intersects, Teammates. Most Relationships are NOT commutative: if (:instance-of EL COL) is true, it is rare that (:instance-of COL EL) is also true.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME competence :SUBCLASS-OF (script-performance-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-performance-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "One of the most general attributes for describing the level of skill with which an agent performs some task. Knowledge enterers will usually want to use some more specific attribute.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME competing-agents :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range agent) (domain competition) (documentation "(Competing-Agents COMPETITN AGT) means that the Agent AGT is a competitor in the contest or competition COMPETITN. This excludes many participants of such events, such as referees, judges, and spectators.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME competition :SUBCLASS-OF (social-occurrence purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of situations in which one or more Agents are striving to be the sole exemplar of some high value judgement, or the highest value along some comparative or metric scale. Arm wrestling, football, fighting for prey, competitive courting, racing, rodeo events, etc. are examples. See also Competition-Expr. Note: `striving' may be a bit of overstatement, as sometimes the competitors may even be unaware that a competition has been going on until after it is over, such as the first year a `Best Restaurant in Austin' award is given out.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME complete-cloud-cover :INSTANCE-OF (cloudiness) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Complete-Cloud-Cover is a Weather-Attribute representing a specific degree of Cloudiness. This attribute describes a location as so clouded over with a uniform layer grey or white clouds that direct sunlight is blocked out. There are no shadows, the shape or exact location of the sun or moon is impossible to identify.") (genl-attributes cloudy)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME complex-temporal-relation :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-relation) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Instances of Complex-Temporal-Relation are predicates used to interrelate instances of Temporal-Thing in time. Some of them (e.g., Starts-After-Ending-Of) make statements about the relationship of the beginning and/or end of their first argument to the beginning and/or end of their second argument. One can think of this as an interval-based theory of time. Some of them (e.g., Temporally-Intersects and Temporally-Subsumes) make statements about the relationship of the entire set of points that is their first argument to the entire set of points that is their second argument. One can think of this as a set-theoretic theory of time.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME composite-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Composite-Attribute is an attribute that is essentially a vector with many dimensions. Instances of Color are good examples; colors have intensity, hue, and saturation as independent dimensions. See also Primitive-Attribute-Types, Primitive-Attribute-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME composite-attribute-type :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Every element of Composite-Attribute-Type is a collection of attributes which is a subset of Composite-Attribute (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME composite-physical-and-mental-event :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event mental-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Composite-Physical-And-Mental-Event is an event that involves both some mental event(s) and an interaction of physical objects. Examples include a news broadcast program, a court trial, inheriting property, writing a letter, a physical examination, a charity ball, traffic on some section of highway during rush hour. Note that this collection does NOT imply that the events which are its instances have doers (see Done-By). Subsets of Composite-Physical-And-Mental-Event whose elements all have doers (or performers) -- and there will be many of them -- should have as a second genls Action or the appropriate subset of Action (qq.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME composite-tangible-and-intangible-object :SUBCLASS-OF (something-existing partially-intangible partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of things which have both a tangible and an intangible component -- e.g., people (with bodies and minds), information bearing objects (intangible information encoded on a tangible substrate, such as music on a CD, or text in a book) and so on. Like anything else that has at least some tangible component, each element of Composite-Tangible-And-Intangible-Object exists in time. Our representation allows us to separately reify the tangible and intangible components of an object; this is sometimes necessary (e.g., to state that the age of the Frankenstein monster's mind is x, the age of his body is y, and the age of the new composite is z) but not very often needed --- usually one can just reify the Composite-Tangible-And-Intangible-Object and state things about it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME composition-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-part-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates; one of several subsets of Part-Predicate. The collection Composition-Predicate contains predicates which are used to relate Partially-Tangible things to the substances (pieces of stuffs) which compose them. Composition-Predicates are instance-level (i.e, they relate Individuals, not Collections), although typically they are used in inferences about specific kinds of things. Examples include Constituents, Main-Constituent Solvent, Solute, Suspending-Fluid, Suspended-Part, Atmosphere-Component.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME compressibility :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((no-amount-fn |(NO-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)|) (medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)|) (low-amount-fn |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)|) (high-amount-fn |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN COMPRESSIBILITY)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Compressibility represents a specific capacity of a physical object to be compressed. Compressibility may be measured with a Generic-Value-Function. Compressibilities of objects are indicated with the predicate Compressibility-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME compressibility-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate physical-attribute-description-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range compressibility) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Compressibility-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) indicates how readily the tangible object OBJ can be compressed to a smaller volume. The higher the DEGREE of compressibility, the more easily the object can be compressed to a smaller volume. A related concept is Elasticity-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME computational-object :SUBCLASS-OF (mathematical-or-computational-thing intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of abstract objects; a subset of Intangible-Individual. Each element of Computational-Object is a syntactically structured form, such as a Cyc system expression, a Lisp string, a C variable name, or an equation in a particular canonical form format.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME computer-program :SUBCLASS-OF (information-bearing-object artifact tangible-product inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs). Each element of Computer-Program is an IBO, i.e., a tangible object which contains intangible information, namely instructions written in a code readable by some computer system and which are intended for execution by a computer. The tangible component of a computer program may be embodied in the memory of a particular instance of Computer (during a particular time), in a static magnetic medium (e.g., a disk or tape), in a hardcopy, even (once upon a time) in a set of punch cards. Again, note that elements of Computer-Program are physically embodied programs, which rightly interpreted yield the information and/or instructions in the program. The elements of Algorithm and of Character-String (which are abstract) are NOT elements of Computer-Program, although they may figure in the intangible components of a computer program. See also Contains-Information, Information-Bearing-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME concave :INSTANCE-OF (curvature-of-surface) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute of a surface meaning that it is bumped or indented inward. A concave surface has a pair of points which are both closer to a viewer than points on the surface between them. Dependinhg on the context, it may have relatively small subregions which have convexities (e.g. wrinkles, small dents, corrugations) or are flat so long as the overall shape is concave. Saddle-shapes, although convex in certain dimensions, are concave in others and are therefore concave.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME concrete :SUBCLASS-OF (artificial-material building-material) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((solid-fn |(SOLID-FN CONCRETE)|) (documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Concrete is a piece of an artificial mixture of cement, gravel, sand, and (during mixture, pouring, and forming) water. Used widely in construction, pieces of concrete are formed into the desired shape while fluid and afterward hardened into a sturdy, durable material. Examples: bridge pilings, foundations of houses, sidewalks, pieces of IH-35.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME condensing :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-state-change-event translocation) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, an object is cooled to (and then below) its Boiling-Point, changing it from Gaseous-State-Of-Matter to Liquid-State-Of-Matter.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conductor-resistance :INSTANCE-OF (electrical-resistance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A measurable physical attribute. Conductor-Resistance is the element of Electrical-Resistance that represents a very low level of electrical resistance. An object having Conductor-Resistance readily conducts electricity. See also Resistance-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conducts-heat-poorly :INSTANCE-OF (thermal-conductivity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A measurable physical attribute. Conducts-Heat-Poorly is the element of Thermal-Conductivity that represents the level of thermal conductivity in an object that conducts virtually no heat.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conducts-heat-well :INSTANCE-OF (thermal-conductivity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A measurable physical attribute. Conducts-Heat-Well is the element of Thermal-Conductivity that represents the level of thermal conductivity in an object that conducts heat very quickly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conducts-some-heat :INSTANCE-OF (thermal-conductivity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A measurable physical attribute. Conducts-Some-Heat is the element of Thermal-Conductivity that represents the level of thermal conductivity in an object which conducts heat, but slowly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME confidence :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The positive emotion felt when one is free from doubt about an event or object from which the agent feeling Confidence expects positive contingencies. For example, one might say 'I feel confident that tomorrow it will not be rainy'. Do not confuse this with a personality disposition, e.g. 'Joe is a confident person.' (See Personality-Attribute.) This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. More specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types include Grief, Self-Confidence, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME configuration :SUBCLASS-OF (static-situation partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class situation-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Configuration is a subset of Static-Situation. Each Configuration is a static configuration, existing over time, of two or more tangible objects. The Static-Situations that aren't Configurations are those which don't involve tangible objects; for example, reified relationships among agents such as In-Custody).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME congenital-condition :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of ailments. An instance of Congenital-Condition is an Ailment-Condition that is present in an afflicted organism from the time of gestation (i.e. before birth), whether or not it is a Genetic-Condition. Two example types of Congenital-Condition are congenital herpes and congenital heroin addiction. A Congenital-Condition may be caused by behavior of the mother during pregnancy. Birth defects (such as having an extra toe) are Congenital-Conditions. Injuries sustained during the delivery itself are not Congenital-Conditions. Thus if forceps are used and the infant is scarred, brain-damaged or killed as a result, the situation is not an element of this collection.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connected-by-path-type :INSTANCE-OF (relation spatial-predicate ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Connected-By-Path-Type PATHTYPE THING1 THING2) means that there is some path of PATHTYPE links connecting THING1 and THING2, where PATHTYPE is some type of linking object that can link two things, like a road, wire, tie-rod, tube, nerve, rope, etc. This means that the two are connected somehow by one or more paths consisting of links of type PATHTYPE, and that there is no permanent barrier or gap preventing all forms of access along all of those paths.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain connected-by-path-type 3 partially-tangible) (nth-domain connected-by-path-type 2 partially-tangible)(nth-domain connected-by-path-type 1 thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connected-path-system :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all connected Path-Systems that are not in separate pieces. For any different points X and Y in such a system SYS, there is a path PATH in SYS that both X and Y are on. Another way to put this is that SYS is an instance of Connected-Path-System iff for any different points X and Y in SYS, there is a path PATH in SYS such that (Path-Between-In-System PATH X Y SYS) holds. Note that according to this definition, a connected path system does not have to contain a link--a path system containing a single node will be a connected path system. If a connected path system contains a link, nevertheless, every two different points must be connected by a path. Note also that because of our treatment of path (see Path-In-System) and our restriction of points in SYS that are not nodes (see Node-In-System), that there is a path between every two points in SYS is equivalent to that there is a path between every two nodes in Sys.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connected-to :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate connection-predicate spatial-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Connected-To OBJ1 OBJ2) means that OBJ1 and OBJ2 are configured in a way that allows only certain types of relative motion between them. A hinged connection, for example, allows limited rotational motion between OBJ1 and OBJ2. OBJ2 at least must be in a Solid-State-Of-Matter. In many cases, being Connected-To implicitly involves a third object; e.g., a door frame that is Connected-To a door by a separate piece, a door hinge.") (genl-inverse connected-to)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of connected-to transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connected-to-rigidly :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate connection-predicate spatial-predicate inter-existing-object-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of connected-to touches-directly) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Connected-To-Rigidly OBJ1 OBJ2) means that OBJ1 and OBJ2 are joined so that no relative motion between them can occur unless the connection is severed by breakage of some part of the connected objects or by disassembly of the connection. Both of the connected objects are solid.") (genl-inverse connected-to-rigidly)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connected-to-semi-rigidly :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate inter-existing-object-slot connection-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of connected-to) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Connected-To-Semi-Rigidly OBJ1 OBJ2) means that there is a physical connection between OBJ1 and OBJ2 such that due to the flexibility of a connector, OBJ1, or OBJ2, limited movement around the point of connection is possible. Positive exemplars include a book flap hinged to the spine of a book (see Flap-Hinged-To), the GallBladder'S attachment to the Liver. Negative exemplars include a wheel and axle or a door hinged to a door frame because the degrees of freedom of the object arise out of geometrical/mechanical properties of the objects and their connectors, not out of the flexibity of said objects. Note that all flexible connections have a limit to their relative motion. An extreme example of such a limit is in the connection between a propeller and the fuselage of a rubber band powered airplane.") (genl-inverse connected-to-semi-rigidly)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of connected-to-semi-rigidly transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connecting-together :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event action-on-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In a Connecting-Together event, two or more tangible things get connected together by means of some sort of connector or fastener. Some specializations of this include welding, buckling-up, using nailing, tying-up, etc. Connecting-Together need not be a spec of Movement-Translation-Event since two objects being connected may be already at rest with each other.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connection-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (cotemporal-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Connection-Predicate is a predicate that specifies physical connections between objects. Examples: Nailed-To, Riveted-To, Connected-To-Rigidly, Rotationally-Connected-To, Hangs-From, In-Embedded.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connector :SUBCLASS-OF (non-powered-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Connector is a device which connects two objects. A connector (or part of it) may be a part incorporated into one or both of the objects connected, or a connector may be a totally separate device. Examples include elements of the collections Button-The-Fastener, Staple, Nail, and many more.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME connotes :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate cotemporal-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Connotes OBJ-1 OBJ-2 DEGREE) means that as a consequence of perceiving one thing (OBJ-1), a typical sane intelligent perceiving agent would likely think of another thing (OBJ-2) with a strength of association indicated by DEGREE. E.g., (Connotes German-Nazi-Party Prejudice High), (Connotes Lenat Cyc High). This predicate is sometimes symmetric, but often not.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain connotes 3 generic-attribute) (nth-domain connotes 2 thing)(nth-domain connotes 1 individual) (nth-domain connotes 1 spatial-thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME constituents :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot transitive-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate composition-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-decompositions cotemporal) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The predicate Constituents is used to indicate a particular Partially-Tangible which makes up another (possibly non-distinct) Partially-Tangible thing. (Constituents WHL PART) means that the individual object WHL is partially constituted by PART, and PART is more or less uniformly distributed in WHL. For example, the two teaspoons of chocolate syrup that I put in my milk become Constituents of my glass of chocolate milk. Note that Constituents does not entail any special kind of association or bond among the constituents of a thing; they might be simply mixed, they might be chemically bonded, and they might be part of some complex structure.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept constituents sensus-information1997 "MADE-OF") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME constraining-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors post-actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain movement-event) (documentation "(Constraining-Object MOTION OBJ) means that OBJ physically constrains the motion of some Object-Moving in the Movement-Event MOTION. The Constraining-Object necessarily Touches the Object-Moving during at least part of MOTION. Examples of Constraining-Objects include: an axle constraining a wheel turning, a car or other Transporter carrying passengers, and a railroad track guiding a train. As these examples show, a Constraining-Object may or may not be moving. A road driven on by a car is a marginally negative example of a Constraining-Object, because the car can drive off the road, though the road does facilitate its motion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME constructing :SUBCLASS-OF (making-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Constructing event, one or more Construction-Artifacts, such as a house, are made or incrementally enlarged or remodeled.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME construction-artifact :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-product artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of artificial tangible objects. Each element of Construction-Artifact is a structure designed and built by humans. This collection includes buildings and parts of buildings, as well as things like dams, railroad lines, and roads. Examples: the Roman-Coliseum, the Arc-De-Triomphe, Hoover-Dam, the World-Trade-Center, Holly-Wood-Bowl. For further information, see Fixed-Structure, an important subset.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME construction-company :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-service-organization business) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of businesses. An element of Construction-Company is a business whose Main-Function is constructing buildings, houses, dams, roads, bridges, or other large structures.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME consultant :SUBCLASS-OF (professional business-person) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Consultant works with some business in a consulting capacity. Consultants can be self employed, or they can work for a consulting company.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME consumable-product :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuff; a subset of Tangible-Product. Each element of Consumable-Product is a product of which any portion can be used only once. A portion of a Consumable-Product is `used up', i.e., destroyed or transformed into an unusable or waste form, during normal use. Note: `consumable' here does mean necessarily consumed by mouth; the consumption may be any use of the product.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME consumes-portion :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-acted-on) (range partially-tangible) (domain event) (documentation "(Consumes-Portion ?EV ?OBJ) means that a portion of the object ?OBJ is used up (consumed) in the event ?EV. However, enough of ?OBJ remains at the end of ?EV for it to maintain its identity. Thus Consumes-Portion would be appropriate for an apple that has a bite taken out of it in an eating event, but not for an apple that has been eaten to its core, since the latter is no longer an apple.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME consuming-food-or-drink :SUBCLASS-OF (destruction-event directed-translation) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Consuming-Food-Or-Drink is an event in which a person or other animal ingests some portion of food or drink through its mouth. This collection generically covers eating or drinking, by a single person, of a meal- or snack-sized portion of food. For more detail, see the subsets Eating-Event and Drinking-Event. For eating or drinking with a social group, see Having-A-Meal. Note: Consuming-Food-Or-Drink does NOT include intravenous infusion of nutrients or chewing of gum.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contact-location :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class contact-location-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of spatial objects. Each element of Contact-Location is a point at which some particular agent (e.g., corporation or person) may be contacted by any of several means, for any of several purposes. Contact-Location includes any place to which one may direct one or more of the following: letters, packages, phone calls or voice messages, bills, email, faxes, pages, subpoenas. Contact locations must be particular--e.g., my house or my office or even my secretary, but not simply `Austin'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contact-location-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Contact-Location-Type is a collection of places at which a particular agent may be contacted; such collections may be characterized in several different ways: (a) by method of contact (e.g., Voice-Phone-Location, Fax-Location); (b) by purpose of contact (e.g., Billing-Location, Shipping-Location, Emergency-Contact); (c) by the agent's relationship to those places (e.g., Human-Residence, Workplace). Note that particular places may fall under different subsets of Contact-Location-Type for different agents; for example, one person's home might be another's vacation location.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME container-product :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Container-Product is an object whose Primary-Function (or one of whose main functions) is to be a container. Examples are of staggering variety, including storage containers for books, office records, food, clothing, tools, and materials; containers for transporting the same; passenger compartments of various kinds of vehicles; artificial constructs for housing humans and animals; etc., etc. Instances of Crib, Sandbox, Office-Space, and Coffin.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contains-cavity :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot physical-part-predicate functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-decompositions cotemporal) (range cavity) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(containsCavity OBJ CAV) means that the object OBJ contains the Cavity CAV somewhere in it or on its surface. The cavity of a container could be, e.g., the interior of a box with its walls.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contains-information :INSTANCE-OF (slot non-physical-part-predicate inter-existing-object-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range abstract-information) (domain information-bearing-thing) (documentation "(Contains-Information ?IBT ?INFO) means that ?INFO is part of the information content of the Information-Bearing-Thing, ?IBT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contains-portals :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-part-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of contains-cavity physical-parts cotemporal) (range partially-tangible portal) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The portals of this container.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contempt :SUBCLASS-OF (disapproval dislike) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Emotion characterized by vehement condemnation of its object as being low, vile, feeble, or ignominious. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Contempt are Hate, Abhorrence, etc. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contiguous-after :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate complex-temporal-relation irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of starts-after-ending-of) (range temporal-thing) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Contiguous-After AFTER BEFORE) means that AFTER starts immediately following BEFORE. The two events have no time points in common, but there is no time point between them --- i.e., between the ending of the first one (BEFORE) and the starting of the second one (AFTER). E.g., one can use this predicate to state an axiom that adolescence is Contiguous-After childhood. Note: This Cyc temporal relation is similar, but not equivalent to, what James Allen independently dubbed the METBY relation.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept contiguous-after sensus-information1997 "SINCE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continent :SUBCLASS-OF (land-topographical-feature land-body) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. The elements of Continent are the seven main land masses on the surface of the earth (plus Eurasia added as a super-region of Europe and Asia). Elements: Continent-Of-Africa, Continent-Of-Antarctica, Continent-Of-Asia, Australia, Continent-Of-Europe, Continent-Of-Eurasia, Continent-Of-North-America, Continent-Of-South-America.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continent-of-africa :INSTANCE-OF (continent entity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The second largest continent, located north and south of the Equator in the Eastern-Hemisphere-Region. Africa is connected to Asia by the narrow Isthmus of Suez; it includes Madagascar and other offshore islands.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continent-of-asia :INSTANCE-OF (continent entity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The world's largest continent, joined in the west with Europe (which may be considered a peninsula of Asia) to form the Eurasian land mass (Continent-Of-Eurasia). The Continent-Of-Asia occupies much of the northern half of the Eastern-Hemisphere-Region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continent-of-europe :INSTANCE-OF (continent entity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The sixth largest continent; includes adjacent islands. The Continent-Of-Europe is separated from the Continent-Of-Asia by the Ural-Mountains.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continent-of-north-america :INSTANCE-OF (entity continent) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The continent in the northern and Western-Hemisphere-Region. North America includes Central-America-Region as well as the West-Indies-Archipelago as Geographical-Sub-Regions.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continent-of-south-america :INSTANCE-OF (entity continent) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The continent in the western and southern hemisphere.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME continuously-connected-to :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot symmetric-binary-predicate shape-describing-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches-directly) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(continuouslyConnectedTo OBJ1 OBJ2) means that OBJ1 and OBJ2 are Partially-Tangibles which are are directly and almost seamlessly connected (e.g. they are formed from the same chunk of material, with no substantial barrier or surface or gap separating them.).") (genl-inverse continuously-connected-to)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of continuously-connected-to transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contract-negotiation :SUBCLASS-OF (negotiating purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of negotiations intended to lead to the formation of a contract between the participants (or the parties they represent in the negotiations).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contrary-feelings :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate intensional-representation-predicate functional-slot symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of contrasted-feelings) (range feeling-attribute-type) (domain feeling-attribute-type) (documentation "(Contrary-Feelings EMOTYPE CONTTYPE) means that a feeling of the type EMOTYPE is contrary to a feeling of the type CONTTYPE. One feeling is contrary to another if they are opposed in almost all their components. See also Contrasted-Feelings. It would be very rare for someone to feel both an EMOTYPE and CONTTYPE at the same time, especially about the same thing/event/situation. E.g., (Contrary-Feelings Gloominess Cheerfulness), (Contrary-Feelings Respect Contempt), (Contrary-Feelings Shame Pride), and so on.") (arg2-genl feeling-attribute) (arg1-genl feeling-attribute) (genl-inverse contrary-feelings)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of contrary-feelings transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contrasted-feelings :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate intensional-representation-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range feeling-attribute-type) (domain feeling-attribute-type) (documentation "(Contrasted-Feelings EMOTYPE CONTTYPE) means that a feeling of the type EMOTYPE differs in enough components from a feeling of the type CONTTYPE that it is unlikely (but not virtually impossible, as in the case of Contrary-Feelings) that someone would simultaneously experience feelings of both types EMOTYPE and CONTTYPE, especially with respect to the same object. E.g., (Contrasted-Feelings Pride Remorse), (Contrasted-Feelings Abhorrence Respect), (Contrasted-Feelings Entertained-Emotion Panic), etc. That last assertion expresses the rule of thumb that one does not often feel both entertained and panicy at the same time, though those two emotions are clearly not each other's `opposite' by any means.") (arg2-genl feeling-attribute) (arg1-genl feeling-attribute) (genl-inverse contrasted-feelings)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of contrasted-feelings transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME contrastive-rst :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate rst-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range linguistic-object) (domain linguistic-object) (documentation "The discourse relation that holds between two segments of text when ARG1 and ARG2 are presented as being similar in many ways but contrasting in ways the speaker wants to point out.") (genl-inverse contrastive-rst)) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept contrastive-rst sensus-information1997 "RST-CONTRASTIVE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME control-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Control-Device is a device whose Primary-Function is to control the behavior/functioning/properties of another thing (usually another instance of Physical-Device). Obvious instances of Control-Device include: the remote control for your TV (an instance of Remote-Control-Device), the brake pedal on your car (an instance of Pedal-Control-Device), the light switch on your bedroom wall (an instance of Electrical-Switch); a less obvious instance of Control-Device is Hoover-Dam (an instance of Dam).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME controlled-land :SUBCLASS-OF (geopolitical-entity country-subsidiary) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geopolitical entities. Each element of Controlled-Land is a geopolitical entity that is controlled to some extent by a foreign power. Examples: Puerto-Rico, Bermuda, Guadeloupe-The-Dependency, Tibet.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME controlling-something :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action composite-physical-and-mental-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Purposeful-Action. An instance of Controlling-Something is a purposeful action in which some Agent intentionally controls some object. It is not necessary that the agent touch the Object-Controlled, only that s/he have an efficacious means of controlling its action -- thus, instances of Controlling-Something include all instances of Guiding-A-Moving-Object (some of which involve a Remote-Control-Device). Further subsets: Handling-An-Object, Braking, Steering-A-Device-By-Hand, Playing-A-Musical-Instrument, Cutting-Fabric, Carrying-While-Locomoting, Flushing-A-Toilet, etc. Whenever a Control-Device (qv) is being used, for its primary function, presumably a Controlling-Something event is taking place. Borderline examples include having a conversation by telephone, doing the dishes by hand, and having a cat as a pet.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME controls :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of positive-vested-interest cotemporal) (range individual) (domain agent) (documentation "(Controls X Y) represents that assertion that agent X controls the object Y, in one of the following 2 senses: X can influence (prohibit, enable or constrain) the behavior of Y; or else X can at least influence (prohibit, enable or constrain) the behavior of other Agents in/concerning Y. For example, Fred may control his horse directly, forcing it to do things, or not do them; and he also could control the horse indirectly, by deciding who else has access to and use of that horse. Control of one agent over another agent is rarely total, of course, so this predicate is most likely to apply to a Y which is a non-living possession, and/or to apply in a very narrow context. X's control over Y is usually either actual (de facto) control or legal (de jure) control. It is usually Cotemporal, meaning that some time slice of X controls the same temporal time slice of Y.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of controls transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of controls symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of controls anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of controls asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of controls reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of controls irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conventional-classification-system :SUBCLASS-OF (abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all agreed-upon or conventional classification systems, each consisting of Conventional-Classification-Types. In such systems, a change or reclassification is possible by a decision of an authority, or by a changed social agreement, without changing the intrinsic facts about the actual objects in the category. (This applies only to named or known classification systems or schemas, and not to everything under the sun as might be urged by some 1990's-era postmodernist deconstructionist literary criticism theorists.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conventional-classification-type :SUBCLASS-OF (abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all those collections (of Things) that each correspond to a category in some agreed-upon or conventional classification system (a Conventional-Classification-System). In such systems, a change or reclassification is possible by a decision of an authority, or by a changed social agreement, without changing the intrinsic facts about the actual objects in the category. (This applies only to named, known classification systems or schemas, and not to everything under the sun as might be urged by some 1990's-era postmodernist deconstructionist literary criticism theorists.)")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept conventional-classification-type sensus-information1997 "SOCIAL-OBJECT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME convex :INSTANCE-OF (curvature-of-surface) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A surface attribute meaning that the surface's overall shape is dominated by an outward bulge or mound, or consists of projecting corners between planes. In most contexts, it may have relatively small subregions which are concave or flat, etc., so long as overall shape is convex. Viewing something as convex assumes a perspective. From the opposite perspective, on the `other side', a Convex surface would look Concave.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME convex-hull-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain spatial-thing) (range surface-abstract) (documentation "(ConvexHullFn OBJECT) is a function applied to a Spatial-Thing (which may be a single object or a Group of several unconnected objects) and returns the surface that is the convex hull of the object or objects. The convex hull encloses, precisely, all of OBJECT and all space that lies on a straight line between any two points that are parts of OBJECT. The convex hull is a surface; see also Convex-Hull-Space-Fn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME convex-hull-space-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain spatial-thing) (range spatial-thing) (documentation "(ConvexHullSpaceFn OBJECT) is a function applied to a Spatial-Thing (which may be a single object or a Group of several unconnected objects) and returns the spatial region that is enclosed by the convex hull of the object or objects. The convex hull encloses, precisely, all space that lies on a straight line between any two points that are parts of OBJECT. The enclosed space is three or two dimensional and is not necessarily the hull surface itself; see also Convex-Hull-Fn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME convex-tangible-object :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Tangible-Things that are Convex, i.e. have no significant Concave surfaces, cavities or Crevices. A Convex-Tangible-Object occupies about the same space as its convex hull; see Convex-Hull-Fn and Convex-Hull-Space-Fn. A solid physical sphere or cube are Convex-Tangible-Objects but a cup or doughnut cannot be. The size of allowable minor concavities depends on the context.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conveyance :SUBCLASS-OF (artifact solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of concrete physical objects. Each instance of Conveyance is intended for moving (at least partially tangible) things --- it could be a car, ship, plane, or other vehicle for transporting people; it could be a conveyor belt, a grocery bag, etc. See also Transportation-Device which is used to axiomatize more specific kinds of conveying events in which the object doing the conveying actually moves along with the object being transported. See Transportation-Event for the collection of events about this more specific kind of conveying event. Some positive exemplars: a gun, a car, a slingshot. A borderline non-exemplar is a wire over which electricity, signals, etc. are moving.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME conveyor-stationary :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of instrument-generic) (range tangible-thing) (domain transportation-event) (documentation "(conveyor-Stationary ?TRAN ?CONV) means that in the transportation event ?TRAN, ?CONV is a conveyor just like a transporter except it does not move together with the transportee along the path of the transportation. For example, a river can move aboat from a location to another, and a conveyor belt can move some objects from one place to another, without itself moving with them inthe literal sense, i.e., the river does not change its location(though some pieces of water in the river do) together with the boat, nor does the conveyor belt move with the objects on it from place to place (though some parts of it do).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cooked :INSTANCE-OF (preparation-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute Cooked is a Preparation-Attribute (q.v.), describing how a given item of Food has been prepared. Food becomes Cooked as the result of an event of Cooking-Food. Specialized forms of Cooked include Steamed, Baked, Microwaved and Grilled.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cooking-food :SUBCLASS-OF (preparing-food-or-drink heating-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Cooking-Food is an event in which some item of Food is prepared by heating it. Typically, the foodstuff is heated until it reaches a certain temperature over some period of time, during which chemical and/or physical changes occur which are supposed to make the foodstuff healthier or tastier (or, in some cases, ethically acceptable). A Cooking-Food event may last from a few minutes (e.g., Steaming-Food (vegetables), Making-Toast) to several hours (e.g., Roasting-Food). Note: Smoking-Food is not a subset of Cooking-Food. Food prepared by smoking (e.g., smoked ham, bacon) is `cured' by a chemical reaction with nitrates in the smoke, rather than being cooked by heat. Cf. Smoking-Food, Salting-Food.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cooling-process :SUBCLASS-OF (temperature-changing-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cooling-Process is a collection of events, and a subset of Temperature-Changing-Process. During each Cooling-Process event, the temperature of the Object-Of-State-Change is decreased by removing heat from the object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME corner-2d :SUBCLASS-OF (corner-2or3d) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all regions wherein two linear edges of a two dimensional or sheet-shaped object (i.e., considered in this context to be sheet shaped) meet to form an angle of substantially less than 180 degrees. Polygons have at least three corners each.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition corner-2d corner-3d |(THE-PARTITION CORNER-2D CORNER-3D)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME corner-2or3d :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all regions centered around a point where two edges of a sheet-like object meet at an angle or where three or more surfaces (together with three or more solid edges dividing them) meet at one place forming a solid angle. Includes 2-dimensional corners and 3 dimensional corners. Corners are either Convex or Concave with respect to some perspective.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME corner-3d :SUBCLASS-OF (corner-2or3d) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all regions where three or more surfaces of an object (which is considered three dimensional in current context), and three or more Edge-On-Objects, meet. This includes corners of boxes, the tops of pyramids, etc. Each Corner-3d includes some solid angle of part of the object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME corporate-officer :SUBCLASS-OF (administrator leader) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people. An instance of Corporate-Officer is a person who is recognized as an officer of a corporation, as officially recorded in the corporate records of that corporation. Common types of Corporate-Officer include Company-President, Company-Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer of a corporation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME corrosion-resistance :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((very-high-amount-fn |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN CORROSION-RESISTANCE)|) (high-amount-fn |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN CORROSION-RESISTANCE)|) (medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN CORROSION-RESISTANCE)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Corrosion-Resistance represents a specific level of resistance to corrosion of some tangible object. Degrees of Corrosion-Resistance may be represented using Generic-Value-Functions. Indicate a particular object's Corrosion-Resistance with the predicate Resistance-To-Corrosion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cost :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range money) (domain individual) (documentation "(Cost OBJECT MONEY) means that buying OBJECT costs the amount MONEY, where this amount can be an interval. The Cost of something is time- and seller-dependent. For example, the cost of a particular mansion Grey Gables is US$800,000 in an actual sale, or when offered for sale; Cost does not refer to appraised value.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cost-breakdown-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Cost-Breakdown-Slot is a binary predicate used to describe some pecuniary aspect of an instance of Buying. The first argument to every Cost-Breakdown-Slot is an element of Buying and the second argument is always an instance of Money. Examples: Money-Transferred, Discount, Sales-Tax, Sales-Commission.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cost-per-quantity :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Cost-Per-Quantity gives the price for a measured amount of some type of stuff. (Cost-Per-Quantity STUFF UNITS QUANTITY PRICE) means that this kind of STUFF costs PRICE for each QUANTITY of UNITS. For example, Milk, as measured by volume (i.e., by the predicate Volume-Of-Object), costs about US $3 per gallon.") (arg4-isa money) (arg1-genl product)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain cost-per-quantity 4 money) (nth-domain cost-per-quantity 3 scalar-interval)(nth-domain cost-per-quantity 2 physical-amount-slot) (nth-domain cost-per-quantity 1 product-type)(nth-domain cost-per-quantity 1 stuff-type) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cotemporal :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate complex-temporal-relation symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of temporal-bounds-identical temporally-subsumes) (range temporal-thing) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Cotemporal X Y) means that X and Y have the exact same temporal extent. This is a much stronger relation than Temporal-Bounds-Identical (q.v.). Note: Cyc's Cotemporal relation is equivalent to what James Allen independently dubbed the EQUALS relation.") (genl-inverse cotemporal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cotemporal-objects-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (inter-existing-object-slot cotemporal-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is a subset of Binary-Predicate (hence the anachronistic `Slot' in its name). It is also a subset of Cotemporal-Predicate. Frankly, it is really just the intersection of Cotemporal-Predicate and Binary-Predicate, so it is strictly speaking superfluous, but has proven itself to be useful. Suppose predicate P is an instance of Cotemporal-Objects-Slot. If (P X Y) holds, then it must be the case that (Cotemporal X Y). For example, consider the binary predicate Owns, which is an instance of Cotemporal-Objects-Slot. To represent `Nick owned Spot in 1992' we could create the appropriate cotemporal subabstractions of each, and assert (Owns NickIn1992 SpotIn1992), and this would satisfy the constraint introduced when we declared Owns to be a Cotemporal-Objects-Slot. More tersely, we could use Holds-In (qv) and just assert (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1992) (Owns Nick Spot)), since Holds-In implicitly treats instances of Something-Existing as their appropriate subabstractions. Alternatively, we could create a context (a microtheory) one of whose assumptions was a temporal one, limiting all axioms to holding during 1992, and then in that context we could simply assert (Owns Nick Spot). But it would be incorrect to assert (Owns Nick Spot) in the BaseKB, since Nick as a baby and Nick as an old man didn't/won't own Spot.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cotemporal-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Cyc predicates. Each element of Cotemporal-Predicate is a Cyc predicate whose temporal arguments (i.e., arguments having a temporal extent) must be Cotemporal, i.e., they have the same temporal starting points and ending points. Moreover, all the temporal arguments of all the cotemporal predicates involved in a single axiom must be Cotemporal. Since this is a very common and important relationship, we'll consider a detailed example. If I say `Fred owns a Camaro', what I really mean is that some Sub-Abstrac (i.e., a time-slice) of Fred, over some time interval INT (e.g., 1993-1995), owns some Sub-Abstrac of that Camaro, which exists over that very same time interval INT. Fred may have owned many cars before and since, and that Camaro may have had many owners before and since, but one time-slice of Fred owned one time-slice of that car. Common sense tells us that the time interval (INT) must have been the same in both cases; Cyc can infer this commonsensical conclusion from our having told it that Owns is a cotemporal relation, i.e., (:instance-of Owns Cotemporal-Predicate). A ternary example is `between', as in `Lucy is between Fred and Ethel'. Not all predicates are elements of Cotemporal-Predicate, of course; consider `remembers' -- I (today) remember my father as he was forty years ago. There are some borderline cases here; Sees clearly belongs to Cotemporal-Predicate, but in the case of someone smelling another object (cf. Smells) it is less clearcut, since one can smell an object that has ceased to exist.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cotemporal-sub-events :INSTANCE-OF (slot sub-process-slot transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of sub-events cotemporal) (range event) (domain event) (documentation "The Cyc predicate Cotemporal-Sub-Events is used to relate an event to some sub-portion of the event which has the same duration as the whole event but doesn't include everything that happens. (Cotemporal-Sub-Events WHOLE PART) means that WHOLE and PART are cotemporal events (i.e., they have the same exact duration), and PART is a component of WHOLE. For example, a particular element of Rain-Storm may have distinguishable Cotemporal-Sub-Events for (1) raining and (2) wind blowing. Or, an instance of swimming Backstroke has separable events for (1) kicking and (2) arm motion throughout the swimming. Cotemporal-Sub-Events allows us to identify them and state different things about the distinct processes. See also Cotemporal, Sub-Events.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME coulomb :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-charge mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval electrical-charge) (documentation "This is the basic unit of measure for charge in the metric system and in CYC.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME counterfactual-context :SUBCLASS-OF (microtheory) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of microtheories that are each assumed to include at least one counterfactual assertion: an assertion which is believed to be untrue in the real world. It may be, however, that there is no explicit counterfactual assertion in a given Counterfactual-Context. In particular, it is not required that there be any explicit contradiction of assertions in the Genl-Mts of the Counterfactual-Context. But intuitively speaking, most adults would be reticent about trusting too strongly in a propositon whose only justification was in a Counterfactual-Context. All works of fiction relate events that transpire in counterfactual contexts. Examples: World-Mythology-Mt, Paddington-Bear-Stories-Mt, Christmas-Mythology-Mt.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME country :SUBCLASS-OF (geopolitical-entity) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((government-fn |(GOVERNMENT-FN COUNTRY)|) (documentation "A collection of geopolitical entities. An element of Country is a nation-state having its own territory, population, and government, whether or not it is fully independent. For example, Scotland is an element of Country, even though it is a part of the United-Kingdom-Of-Great-Britain-And-Northern-Ireland. Cf. Independent-Country.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME country-of-address :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-found-in-location) (range country) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Country-Of-Address LOC COUNTRY) means that the Contact-Location LOC is located in the Country COUNTRY. For example, Cycorp'S Country-Of-Address is the United-States-Of-America. See also Contact-Location.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME country-subsidiary :SUBCLASS-OF (geopolitical-entity) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geopolitical entities. Each element of Country-Subsidiary is a political region that is a direct subsidiary of some country. This collection includes states, provinces, territories, and some special districts such as Washington, D.C. This class is somewhat artificial but is useful when representing addresses.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME county :SUBCLASS-OF (geopolitical-entity) :INSTANCE-OF (class spatially-disjoint-region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geopolitical entities. An element of County is a lesser geopolitical region, having an area typically larger than a City but smaller than a State-Geopolitical. Traditionally, a County area was within one day's horseback ride from the County Seat.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME county-government :SUBCLASS-OF (regional-government) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all County governments.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME course-during-a-meal :SUBCLASS-OF (handling-an-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Course-During-A-Meal is an event in which one or more diners at a meal consume a single course. Examples include the elements of Appetizer-Course, Main-Course, Dessert-Course.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME court-judicial :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations which are judicial agents. An element of Court-Judicial is an established judicial court, i.e., an enduring governmental Organization whose Primary-Function is to settle disputes by means of legal reasoning by one or more Judges. Typically, a court's orders are enforced by some other agency belonging to the government of which that court is a part. The collection Court-Judicial includes federal, state, county, and municipal courts, appellate and chancery courts, tax courts, courts of claims, courts-martial (if non-temporary), admiralty courts, courts of chivalry, American Indian tribal courts, and the Permanent Court of International Justice. It excludes Gypsy/Rom Kris courts, nonjudicial administrative county courts, stannaries, and temporary Tribunals.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME courtesy-title :SUBCLASS-OF (title) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Titles, such as Mr., Ms., Mrs., Miss, Dr., etc., which precede names in Anglo-American addressing custom.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covering :INSTANCE-OF (slot taxonomic-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range set-or-collection) (domain set-or-collection) (documentation "(Covering SETORCOL COVER) means that the mathematical set or collection COVER is a covering of the mathematical set or collection SETORCOL -- that is, the elements of COVER are themselves mathematical sets or collections, and every element of SETORCOL is an element of at least one of the elements of COVER. For example, the Linnaean taxonomy of types of living things (Dog, Mammal, Chordate, Fungus, etc.) is a covering of the set of all animals alive today. Every animal alive today is a member of one or more of the Linnaean categories. A covering set or collection COVER may contain `extra' elements, which are not members of SETORCOL. For example, the union of all the Linnaean categories (see Organism-Classification-Type) is actually much larger than the set of animals alive today, encompassing plants, extinct animal species, etc. In order to express an assertion about covering, one need not create a new constant from scratch to play the role of COVER if such a constant doesn't already exist. Instead, one can specify a covering set by enumerating its elements, using the function The-Covering. (This is a special Reifiable-Function whose principal reason-for-being is to facilitate the inference heuristics associated with assertions about covering.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covers-baglike :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches surrounds-completely) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Covers-Baglike WRAP OBJECT) means that WRAP covers OBJECT as a continuous sheet wrapping wholly around object. WRAP Touches OBJECT, so there is nothing greater than a sheet thickness separating them. OBJECT is totally enclosed in WRAP.") (genl-inverse cotemporal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covers-hairlike :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Covers-Hairlike HAIR OBJECT) means that HAIR consists of a mob of things that are embedded close together in OBJECT and cover some portion of its surface. See also Mob.") (genl-inverse cotemporal)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of covers-hairlike transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of covers-hairlike symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of covers-hairlike anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of covers-hairlike asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covers-paintlike :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal touches) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(covers-Paintlike COATING OBJECT) means that COATING adheres to and covers OBJECT like a coat of paint. COATING touchesDirectly onto OBJECT. COATING may be either dry (e.g., dried paint) or liquid (e.g., lubricant spread on a surface, like cooking oil on a baking pan). Like paint, COATING isn't more cohesive with itself thanit is with OBJECT, so (if dry) it would tend to peel or flake off in small pieces, rather than as a whole.") (genl-inverse cotemporal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covers-ruglike :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range partially-tangible) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Covers-Ruglike MAT OBJECT) means that MAT covers at least part of one surface of OBJECT. MAT is Sheet-Shaped, and MAT lies with its two longer dimensions parallel to OBJECT. See also Covers-With-Conformity.") (genl-inverse cotemporal)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of covers-ruglike transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of covers-ruglike symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of covers-ruglike anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of covers-ruglike asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covers-skinlike :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate functional-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal touches) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Covers-Skinlike SKIN OBJECT) means that SKIN forms all or part of OBJECT's outer surface, shell, or skin. The predicate is agnostic as to whether SKIN is a part of OBJECT.") (genl-inverse cotemporal)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of covers-skinlike transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME covers-with-conformity :INSTANCE-OF (relation functional-predicate ternary-predicate spatial-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Covers-With-Conformity OBJ SHEET LEVEL) means that OBJ is covered by SHEET, and SHEET conforms to the surface features of OBJ to the degree LEVEL. SHEET may cover OBJ in either the sense of Covers-Ruglike or Covers-Baglike. For example, hosiery covers legs with a High degree of conformity; sweat pants have Low conformity to legs.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain covers-with-conformity 3 generic-attribute) (nth-domain covers-with-conformity 2 sheet-of-some-stuff)(nth-domain covers-with-conformity 1 solid-tangible-thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cracking :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event intrinsic-state-change-event separation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of change events. In each Cracking, something becomes cracked. I.e., two or more areas of the thing are separated from one another (though perhaps not divided wholly into parts). In order to undergo a Cracking, the Object-Of-State-Change must be in a Solid-State-Of-Matter.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME creation-event :SUBCLASS-OF (creation-or-destruction-event action) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each element of Creation-Event, at least one instance of Entity (the Outputs-Created) is brought into existence.")) :SENTENCES ((the-covering creation-event destruction-event |(THE-COVERING CREATION-EVENT DESTRUCTION-EVENT)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME creation-or-destruction-event :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. During each element of Creation-Or-Destruction-Event, one or more instances of Entity come into or go out of existence. Elements of this collection are the sorts of events that have Inputs, Outputs, Products, Waste-Products, and By-Products. Examples of Creation-Or-Destruction-Event would include a particular campfire (a Combustion-Process), manufacturing a particular car, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME credential :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-thing mental-object abstract-information propositional-information-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of intangible objects which consist of propositional information about an agent. Credential is a subset of Propositional-Information-Thing (q.v.). Each element of Credential is specific information about one agent, provided by another agent; the information content of a credential consists of favorable, enabling, or empowering propositional declarations. As represented in Cyc, credentials are intangible information, but each element of Credential usually has some associated physical document (e.g., a diploma associated with a college degree, a driver's license). A credential may certify that the holder (i.e., the subject of the credential) has a particular skill (e.g., legal bar certification, ability to drive); has completed certain training (e.g., GED schooling, Ph.D. requirements; is allowed to do a certain thing (e.g., travel visa, permission slip); and so on. Recommendations are considered a kind of credential.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME credit-card :SUBCLASS-OF (financial-account-tender-object official-document id-document card tender-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class money-tender-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of plastic cards. Each element of Credit-Card is a piece of plastic that enables authorized users to spend the card-issuing company's money, drawn as a (usually unsecured) loan through an associated instance of Credit-Card-Account under a pre-arranged credit agreement. The credit card company credits the vendor of the purchased goods or services and bills the card user, usually with interest.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME crevice :SUBCLASS-OF (cavity) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all long, slender cavities or cracks or furrows in otherwise solid objects.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME crime-detection :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is the actual act of detecting a crime.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cubic-centimeter :INSTANCE-OF (function cgs-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-volume) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval volume) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the Metric cc, a unit of measure for volume. See also CGS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME currency :SUBCLASS-OF (visual-information-source tender-object information-bearing-object portable-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class money-tender-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((group-fn |(GROUP-FN CURRENCY)|) (documentation "A collection of physical objects. An instance of Currency is a physical object generally accepted as legal tender (i.e., not checks or credit cards) and used as a means of transferring a quantity of Money between some elements of Agent. Elements of Currency may be coins, items of precious metal, paper bills for which precious objects are payable by a government to the bearer on demand, or unbacked paper bills required by a government to be accepted for payment of debts. Elements of Currency are typically backed by and issued by national governments. Note: This collection includes all instances of legal tender, worldwide and historically. But, for better or worse, the notion of legal tender is context-dependent. Normally what counts as currency is relative to the country one is in; legal tender in the United States is not the same as legal tender in China. (Though US dollars may have excellent value on the black market.) What counts as legal tender depends on historical events as well, since a government may change, withdraw, or cancel some types of currency it previously authorized. Also, conquest of one country by another usually brings about the collapse of the loser's currency. A Confederate ten dollar bill, e.g., is not an element of Currency in the context of twentieth century Alabama, even though it belongs to Currency in a different context.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME curvature-of-surface :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all surface curvature attributes. These may apply to a particular piece of a surface of an object, or to the whole surface. For real-world (non-mathematical) surfaces, there is ordinarily some tolerance for minor surface deviations that depends on the context. Thus a 'flat' surface may have relatively small bumps and crevices.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME customers :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal clients does-business-with) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Customers represents a relationship between two Agents. (Customers AGENT1 AGENT2) means AGENT1 sells goods and/or services to AGENT2. AGENT2 must actually buy something from AGENT1 in order to be one of AGENT1's Customers. (Thus, Customers has a narrower meaning than `customer' in colloquial English, which includes potential buyers.) See also Clients. Cf. Buying-Agent (in a particular sales event). ")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of customers asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of customers anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of customers symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of customers transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cutting-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of devices. An instance of Cutting-Device is a device whose Primary-Function is to (enable its user to) cut another object. Subsets of Cutting-Device include the collections Razors, Scissors, Lawn-Mowers,and more.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc :INSTANCE-OF (cyclist the-term) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A computer program -- in fact, THIS computer program! -- which is also a Cyclist, hence entitled to inspect, modify, add, and delete units.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-compound-term :INSTANCE-OF (class) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-expression :SUBCLASS-OF (individual computational-object abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all syntactically legal CycL expressions. Note that CycL is NOT just first-order: this collection includes sets and propositions, as well as individuals and predicates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-formula :SUBCLASS-OF (cyc-expression linguistic-object proposition) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all well-formed CycL formulas. Every Cyc formula is a Cyc expression and a proposition; Cyc-Formula is a subset of both Cyc-Expression and Proposition. Example: (:and (:instance-of Pittman Human-Cyclist) (Resides-In-Region Pittman City-Of-AustinTX)). For a thorough discussion of what constitutes a well-formed CycL formula, see the Cyc documentation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-indexed-term :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Elements of Cyc-Indexed-Term are objects that are indexed in the Cyc kb (e.g., kb constants, kb assertions).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-atom :SUBCLASS-OF (cyc-system-list-or-atom) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of the atomic data belonging to the CycL substrate of the Cyc System. Elements of Cyc-System-Atom cannot be decomposed (e.g., a symbol).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-atom-with-value :SUBCLASS-OF (cyc-system-atom) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A sub-collection of the atomic data belonging to the CycL substrate of the Cyc System. Each element of Cyc-System-Atom-With-Value is an atomic datum that has a value (e.g., 2) associated with it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-list :SUBCLASS-OF (individual cyc-system-list-or-atom list-sequence) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tuples (see Tuple). Each element of Cyc-System-List is an ordered list of items enclosed in parentheses. Cyc system lists are those things that pass the Defn-Iff LISTP, i.e., those things considered by the Cyc System to be lists.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-list-or-atom :SUBCLASS-OF (cyc-system-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection including both the lists and the atomic data belonging to the CycL substrate of the Cyc System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-object :SUBCLASS-OF (computational-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of computational (i.e., abstract, intangible, syntactically structured) objects which make up Cyc's CycL-based system.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-real-number :SUBCLASS-OF (real-number cyc-system-atom-with-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cyc-System-Real-Number is the set of all numbers which satisfy the Defn-Sufficient NUMBERP (i.e., the set of numbers which are considered reals or integers by CycL). Thus, 3.14, 0, and -0.004 are legitimate elements of Cyc-System-Real-Number. But (Meter 6), (Unity 3.3), :34, Plus-Infinity, and Avogadro's number are NOT legitimate elements of Cyc-System-Real-Number.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-string :SUBCLASS-OF (individual cyc-system-atom) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each Cyc-System-String is a sequence of characters enclosed within double quotes")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-symbol :SUBCLASS-OF (individual cyc-system-atom) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of symbolic atomic terms, namely, all those things that satisfy the definition of a symbol in the Cyc system. Every element of Cyc-System-Symbol satisfies the Heuristic Level (SubL) Defn-Iff SYMBOLP. Such terms cannot include numbers or strings (i.e., they must be symbolic), nor can they include lists, non-reified function terms, or axioms (i.e., they must be atomic).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyc-system-variable :SUBCLASS-OF (cyc-system-symbol) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of atomic data, each element of which denotes a variable within CycL and therefore can have a value associated with it during inferencing. Cyc-System-Variable excludes Cyc System symbols which designate constants or strings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cycel-variable :SUBCLASS-OF (cyc-system-symbol cyc-system-variable) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of variables that appear in elements of Cyc-Expression. Strings used for elements of CycEL-Variable must begin with the character `?'; e.g., ?X, ?AGENT, ?PROP.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cycle-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (domain path-generic) (documentation "(Cycle-In-System CYCLE SYS) means that CYCLE is a cycle in the path system SYS. A cycle in SYS is either a loop in SYS or the concatenation of two different paths PATH1 and PATH2 in SYS satisfying (i) there are two points X and Y in SYS such that (Path-Between-In-System PATH1 X Y SYS) and (Path-Between-In-System PATH2 X Y SYS), and (ii) no point in SYS other than X and Y is on both PATH1 and PATH2.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyclical-interval-group-type :SUBCLASS-OF (mutually-disjoint-interval-collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(:instance-of ?X Cyclical-Interval-Group-Type) means that ?X is a collection of interval types whose instances recur in a set pattern throughout all of calendar history. ?X must partition all of time: the elements of ?X must be mutually disjoint, and unioned altogether they must encompass all time. For example, ?X could be the set of the seven calendar days (Monday through Sunday), or the set of the twelve calendar months (January through December). I.e., (:instance-of Day-Of-Week-Type Cyclical-Interval-Group-Type) and (:instance-of Month-Of-Year-Type Cyclical-Interval-Group-Type). `Recurring in a set pattern' generally means that one can put the elements of ?X in order, say X1, X2,..., Xn, and there will be an instance of X1 immediately followed by an instance of X2 (that instance x2a of X2 will be Contiguous-After that instance x1a of X1), and there will be an instance of X3 immediately following that particular instance of X2, and there will be an instance of X4 immediately following that instance of X3, etc. One final note: when we arrange elements of ?X into such a pattern X1,...Xn (whose repetitions then `tile' all time), n may be larger than the cardinality of ?X. E.g., ?X might be the set with just the 2 elements WeekendDay (the union of the set Saturday and the set Sunday) and WeekDay, and then the arrangement that tiles all time is 5 contiguous WeekDays followed by 2 contiguous WeekendDays.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyclist :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The set of actors (mostly people) entitled to inspect and modify the Cyc knowledge base")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyclist-notes :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate distributing-meta-knowledge-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-string) (domain cyc-indexed-term) (documentation "(Cyclist-Notes X S) means that S is a string of text that usually conveys a message useful to others involved in building the Cyc KB. This might include warnings ('don't use this!'), plans for future expansion or changes, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cyclists-mt :INSTANCE-OF (microtheory) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Microtheory for stating basic hierarchical (:instance-of and :subclass-of) information pertaining to users of Cyc.") (genl-mt basekb)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME cylinder-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function shape-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range abstract-shape three-dimensional-shape) (documentation "The Cyc function Cylinder-Fn is a Shape-Function (q.v.). (Cylinder-Fn L D) that returns an abstract cylinder of length L and diameter D. For example, a particular beer mug Can-Contain-Shapes (Cylinder-Fn (Inch 10) (Inch 5)).")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain cylinder-fn 2 distance) (nth-domain cylinder-fn 1 distance)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME daily-high-temperature :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temperature) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Daily-High-Temperature PLACE TEMP) means that the Temperature TEMP is the high temperature for a day at the Geographical-Region PLACE. Daily-High-Temperature is typically used for a specified period of time (e.g., a particular day or a specific season); it may be used with generic temperature ranges as well as precise temperatures. Examples: using Holds-In, we can say that Austin's temperature for 7/20/96 is 102 degrees Fahrenheit; or we can say that for any Summer-Season, Austin's [typical] Daily-High-Temperature is Very-Hot.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME daily-low-temperature :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temperature) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Daily-Low-Temperature PLACE TEMP) means that the Temperature TEMP is the low temperature for a day at the Geographical-Region PLACE. Daily-Low-Temperature is typically used for a specified period of time (e.g., a particular day or a specific season); it may be used with generic temperature ranges as well as precise temperatures.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME daily-personal-cleaning :SUBCLASS-OF (cleaning) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each Daily-Personal-Cleaning encompasses the standard cleaning and grooming activities that an animal engages in over the course of a day. Such a `daily routine' is almost sure to include many brief grooming and cleaning actions, such as licking one's paws, combing one's hair, washing one's hands, shaving, bathing, etc., and those are sub-events of that Daily-Personal-Cleaning event. For example, a human's Daily-Personal-Cleaning might have a Teeth-Cleaning as one of its sub-events, along with a Taking-A-Bath, two instances of Combing-Hair, etc. Note: Those specialized kinds of events, like Combing-Hair, are NOT subsets of Daily-Personal-Cleaning, since it would be abnormal for someone to JUST comb their hair each day (and do absolutely no other daily cleaning activity whatsoever). Note: In the context Human-Activities-Mt --- where all the performers of actions are, by default, human beings --- Daily-Personal-Cleaning designates human grooming activities only. In that microtheory, dog-grooming performed by human beings does not constitute Daily-Personal-Cleaning, even if it happens on a daily basis for some pampered poodle, as it is not PERSONAL (i.e, self-) cleaning.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME damages :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of maleficiary object-acted-on) (range something-existing) (domain event) (documentation "(Damages EV OBJ) means that OBJ is acted on in EV in such a way as to end up damaged. Destruction is considered an extreme form of damage.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME database-abstract-content :SUBCLASS-OF (indexed-info-source) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all databases, as abstract repositories of information rather than as physical storage devices. A database generally has some means of accessing the data from structured records, frames or relational structures, using some query language. A particular Database-Abstract-Content may exist in multiple copies, and may be distributed over several different physical data storage sites: see also Database-Physical.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME database-physical :SUBCLASS-OF (structured-information-source information-bearing-object composite-tangible-and-intangible-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs); a subset of Structured-Information-Source. Each element of Database-Physical is an IBO that stores many pieces of information, organized for easy scanning and access. Typically, a data base involves one or more formatted data record schemes, together with some device for searching and retrieving data. Note that, as an IBO, a Database-Physical is some particular, tangible copy of a database. To refer to the abstract 'content' of a database, use Database-Abstract-Content.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME date :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval temporal-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Date is a subset of Time-Interval. A Date is any Time-Interval which can be defined purely by its location on the calendar. Thus a Date could be a particular calendar day, a particular calendar quarter, a particular calendar month, a particular decade, etc. So the subsets of Date include Calendar-Minute, Calendar-Quarter, etc., as well as Calendar-Day.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME date-after-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function non-predicate-function evaluatable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range date) (documentation "Like Plus-Fn, but for Dates. (Date-After-Fn ?DATE ?DUR) returns a Date which is ?DUR amount of time after ?DATE. For example, (Date-After-Fn (Year-Fn 1950) (Years-Duration 10)) returns (Year-Fn 1960). See also Date-Before-Fn, Time-Elapsed-Fn.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain date-after-fn 2 time-quantity) (nth-domain date-after-fn 1 date)(kif:not (instance-of date-after-fn modal-relationship)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME date-before-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function non-predicate-function evaluatable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range date) (documentation "Like Difference-Fn, but for Dates. (Date-Before-Fn ?DATE ?DUR) returns a Date which is ?DUR amount of time before ?DATE. For example, (Date-Before-Fn (Year-Fn 1999) (Years-Duration 1)) returns (Year-Fn 1998). See also Date-After-Fn, Time-Elapsed-Fn.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain date-before-fn 2 time-quantity) (nth-domain date-before-fn 1 date)(kif:not (instance-of date-before-fn modal-relationship)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME date-of-death :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ending-date) (range date) (domain entity) (documentation "(Date-Of-Death ?X ?Y) indicates that the Entity ?X ceased to exist during Date ?Y. For people, this is the date at which they died, hence the name of the predicate. The first argument to this predicate must be an Entity, and not just any old Something-Existing, because we don't want to talk about the Birth-Date or Date-Of-Death of a subabstraction like AlbertEinsteinWhileAtPrinceton; in other words, proper subabstractions will have Starting-Dates and Ending-Dates, but only true Entitys will have a Birth-Date or Date-Of-Death")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dawn :SUBCLASS-OF (qualitative-time-of-day twilight) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of Dawn is a dimly-lit period before a Sunrise.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME day-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function non-predicate-function individual-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range calendar-day) (documentation "(Day-Fn ?D ?MNTH) denotes a Calendar-Day -- in particular, the day number ?D of month ?MNTH. For example, (Day-Fn 14 (Month-Fn February (Year-Fn 1966))) denotes Feb. 14th, 1966")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain day-fn 2 calendar-month) (nth-domain day-fn 1 positive-integer)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME days-duration :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-time) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity scalar-interval) (documentation "This is a function that takes one or two numbers and returns, as its value, some amount of Time. An expression of the form (Days-Duration ?min ?max) denotes a quantity of Time that is at least ?min Days and at most ?max Days. (Days-Duration ?num) denotes a quantity of Time that is exactly ?num days.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME daytime-working-hours :SUBCLASS-OF (time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Daytime-Working-Hours is a set of time intervals. The length of each of those intervals, and their Starting-Point and Ending-Point, are defined by the bulk of a working population performing their daily jobs. The schedule varies by context -- i.e. which group of workers are being considered -- and the boundaries are fuzzy. This fuzziness makes the concept more useful in many ways, though, not less useful.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dead-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (organic-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Organic-Stuff (and not, of course, of Animal, whose elements must be alive). Each element of Dead-Animal is a corpse or partial remains of an individual animal, somewhat intact, and prior to any butchering, burning, cooking, dissolving, or fully decomposing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dead-end-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of point-in-system) (range thing) (domain thing) (documentation "(Dead-End-In-System END SYS) means that END is a dead-end node in the specified Path-System SYS. A node X in SYS is a dead-end node in SYS if there is exactly one link LINK in SYS that END is on and END is not on any loop in SYS. One easy way to illustrate a deadend X in SYS is to picture it as a node with only one path (possibly very 'short') in the system through which one can approach or leave X. Note that no totally isolated node in SYS can be a deadend in SYS, neither can any point in SYS that is on a loop in SYS. If there is no specified Path-System in which the path ends, but the ending is a dead end of a Path-Customary like a road or wire, then use Path-Terminus instead.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dead-language :SUBCLASS-OF (natural-language) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Natural-Language. Each element of Dead-Language is a natural language that is no longer spoken as a native language.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dealer-for :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range manufacturing-organization) (domain retail-organization) (documentation "The predicate Dealer-For relates a retailer to the manufacturer(s) whose products are sold by that retailer. (Dealer-For RETAILER MANUF) means that the Retail-Organization RETAILER is a dealer for products made by the Manufacturing-Organization MANUF. RETAILER may be only one of many dealers. RETAIL sells MANUF's products to the final consumers.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of dealer-for transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dealer-for symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of dealer-for anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dealer-for asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of dealer-for reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dealer-for irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME december :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME deciding-which-instrument-predicate-to-use :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Which instrument predicate you use depends on what level of generality you wish your statement to apply at. One help is to look at the argument types of each instrument predicate and decide. Do you want it to apply to every Partially-Tangible which is an instrument? Then use Instrument-Generic since Partially-Tangible is its Arg1-Isa. Are you writing a rule which really only applies to Physical-Devices Then use Device-Used. But be careful! When you use a more specific predicate such as Device-Used it may have special extra conditions in its definition aside from the Physical-Device Arg1-Isa constraint. Also if your first stab at the rule involves Device-Used in the antecedent, see if it applies more generally to Instrument-Generic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME deciduous-plant :SUBCLASS-OF (plant-woody) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of plants. Each element of Deciduous-Plant is a plant which sheds all of its leaves once a year, seasonally, and subsequently grows new ones.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME decomposition-event :SUBCLASS-OF (decomposition-process destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which one or more objects decompose more or less completely. See also the more general concept Decomposition-Process, in whose instances objects at least partially decompose.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME decomposition-process :SUBCLASS-OF (transformation-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events in which some object decomposes. I.e., in a Decomposition-Process event, some object's matter undergoes chemical reactions (sometimes mediated by microorganisms) that eventually result in the object losing its shape and material characteristics. This may sometimes superficially resemble Melting, but it is a different process.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME decrypting :SUBCLASS-OF (ibt-recoding) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions in which an encrypted IBO (Information-Bearing-Object) is transformed so that it can be accessed.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME default-disjoint-food-type :SUBCLASS-OF (product-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each instance of Default-Disjoint-Food-Type is a collection of beverages or foodstuffs (a subset of Food or Food-Ingredient-Only). More to the point, this collection-of-collections is a Sibling-Disjoint-Collection (qv). So every two instances of Default-Disjoint-Food-Type are either disjoint, or are in a known subset/superset relationship, or have some known (reified) common specialization. Virtually every commonly-named type of food will be an element of this set-of-sets. E.g., the collections Hot-Dog, Chicken-Soup, Cocoa-The-Powder, Prune, Toaster-Tart, Milk-Powder, and so on. One could easily define a collection of foodstuff and beverages, such as The-Food-That-Was-Eaten-In-Dallas-Yesterday, that would not be a member of this set-of-sets, but most such collections are not worth naming and keeping around. See the concept Sibling-Disjoint-Collection for more information about this sort of arrangement.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME default-disjoint-script-type :SUBCLASS-OF (script-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is a Sibling-Disjoint-Collection (qv). So the elements of Default-Disjoint-Script-Type are kinds of actions (subsets of Event) that can be assumed to be mutually disjoint from each other (unless one is known to be a subset of the other, or there is a known common subset.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME default-monotonic-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Default-Monotonic-Predicate is a predicate whose use as the predicate of a locally asserted ground formula causes that formula to be entered, by default, as :MONOTONIC. Examples: Isa, :subclass-of, Disjoint-With, Equals, Arity, Arg1-Isa.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME defendants :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of litigants) (range agent) (domain trial) (documentation " (defendants ARG1 ARG2) means that the agent ARG2 is the accused party in the lawsuit ARG1.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME defn-iff :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot inference-related-bookkeeping-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of defn-sufficient) (range cyc-system-symbol) (domain collection) (documentation "(Defn-Iff COL TEST) means that TEST is the name of a piece of code in the Cyc system substrate, and TEST acts as a necessary and sufficient test for inclusion in the Collection COL. If TEST returns T [True] when applied to a particular item, that item is considered an element of COL; all elements of COL must fulfill TEST's requirements. Cf. Defn-Necessary, Defn-Sufficient.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME defn-necessary :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-symbol) (domain collection) (documentation "(Defn-Necessary COL TEST) means that TEST is the name of a piece of code in the Cyc system substrate, and TEST acts as a necessary definition for membership in the Cyc Collection COL. Only if TEST returns T [True] when applied to a particular item can that item be considered an element of COL; all elements of COL must fulfill TEST's requirements, although there may be additional requirements for membership in COL as well. Cf. Defn-Iff and Defn-Sufficient.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME defn-sufficient :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate inference-related-bookkeeping-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-symbol) (domain collection) (documentation "(Defn-Sufficient COL TEST) means that TEST is the name of a piece of code in the Cyc system substrate, and TEST acts as a sufficient definition for inclusion in the Cyc Collection COL. If TEST returns T [True] when applied to a particular item, that item is considered an element of COL. Note that TEST isn't necessarily a necessary test for membership in COL; i.e., not all elements of COL must pass the test, unless TEST is also a Defn-Necessary for COL. Cf. Defn-Necessary, Defn-Iff.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME degeneration-event :SUBCLASS-OF (incurring-damage) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Degeneration-Event, some object loses its function(s) through a process of deterioration and/or a series of discrete breakdowns.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME degree-celsius :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix mks-unit-of-measure unit-of-temperature) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval temperature) (documentation "The standard unit of temperature in much of the world and also in CYC.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME degree-fahrenheit :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-temperature) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval temperature) (documentation "The unit of measure on the Fahrenheit scale; mainly used in the USA") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME degree-kelvin :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-temperature) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval temperature) (documentation "The unit of measure on the Kelvin or Absolute temperature scale; mainly used in science; note that the size of this unit is equal to the size of a DegreeCentrigrade.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME degree-unit-of-angular-measure :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-angular-distance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval physical-attribute) (documentation "The basic unit to measure the size of angles, in the Imperial system of measurement. 360 degrees = 1 complete circle") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME deliberate-actors :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range agent) (domain event) (documentation "(Deliberate-Actors ACT ACTR) means that the Agent ACTR is conscious, volitional, purposeful in the event ACT. ACTR is aware of acting in ACT and chooses to play the role he/she/it has in that event; i.e., ACTR has some purpose in mind. Note: If you do something deliberately but you fail, you are still a Deliberate-Actors. For instance, you are a near-sighted doer of Showing-Support-For-Someone at a fencing match, and it turns out you were cheering for Fred when you thought you were cheering for Joe; nevertheless, you are still one of the Deliberate-Actors in the Showing-Support-For-Someone event. Note: Legal responsibility is a separte issue from `deliberateness.' Doing something in a fit of rage (e.g. a crime of passion) still involves purpose, volition, and consciousness even if considered for only an instant, and even if the laws and courts find you not guilty.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME denotation :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Denotation is used to relate English words to their denotations within the Cyc Knowledge Base. Some words have multiple denotations associated with different word senses, which may or may not occur in the same parts of speech. (Denotation WORD PART NUM CONST) means that the denotation of WORD, with part of speech PART and word sense number NUM, is the Cyc constant CONST. Examples: (1) Place-The-Word, an instance of English-Word, has the denotation Putting-Something-Somewhere when used as a Verb with its word sense 0, and the denotation Place when used as a Simple-Noun with that same word sense; (2) Ring-The-Word currently has four Denotation assertions in the KB: Emitting-Sound (as a Verb with its 1st word sense); Audible-Sound (as a Simple-Noun with its 1st word sense); Ring-Shape (as a Simple-Noun with its 0th word sense); and Ring-Jewelry (as a Simple-Noun with its 2nd word sense). Note that Denotation may reference the results of Cyc functions, as well as Cyc constants; e.g., Density-The-Word denotes (Interval-Min-Fn (Low-Amount-Fn Density)). See also Word-Sense, Speech-Part.") (arg4-isa thing) (arg2-genl speech-part)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain denotation 4 thing) (nth-domain denotation 3 integer)(nth-domain denotation 2 linguistic-object-type) (nth-domain denotation 1 english-word)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME density :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical attributes. Each element of Density is a measurable physical property of a tangible object, namely, its mass per volume. Densities may be represented relative to certain substances, e.g., Salt-Water-Density, Fresh-Water-Density, Dense-As-Oil. Densities of objects are reported using the predicate Density-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME density-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range density) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Density-Of-Object OBJ DENS) means that the tangible thing OBJ has the Density DENS.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dentist :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of doctors that are trained with diagnosing and treating diseases of the gums and teeth.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME derived-numeric-attribute-type :SUBCLASS-OF (measurable-attribute-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Derived-Numeric-Attribute-Type is a collection of measurable attributes that are measured in complex units, including Volume, Area, Acceleration, etc. The types of attributes in Derived-Numeric-Attribute-Type are `derived' from other, fundamental attributes (such as Distance and Mass) which are measured in simple units. Cf. Fundamental-Numeric-Attribute-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME desert-climate-cycle :SUBCLASS-OF (temperate-climate-cycle annual-climate-cycle) :INSTANCE-OF (class climate-cycle-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute of having a desert climate. Wide termperature extremes from very hot in day to cold at night. Very little precipitation on a year-long basis, although there may be desert storms.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME desires :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Desires AGT PROP) means that the Agent AGT desires that the world be as the proposition PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula) describes it to be. Desires is implied by Goals, but is weaker: PROP might be some desirable state of affairs that the agent is not actively working, or planning, to make/keep true; e.g., World-Peace. See also Goals and Intends.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept desires sensus-information1997 "WANTING") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME desk-worker :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. This is a general category of workers that generally sit at desks, as opposed to those who do factory work or outside work, etc. Subsets include Administrator, Computer-Operator, and Secretary.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME destination-round-trip :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of non-deliberate-actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain translation-round-trip) (documentation "(Destination-Round-Trip TRIP PLACE) means that PLACE is the destination (i.e., the To-Location) of the OUTBOUND leg of the round-trip event TRIP. PLACE is where the Object-Moving in TRIP goes and then returns from. See also Origin-Round-Trip, Translation-Round-Trip, Outbound-Leg-Of-Round-Trip.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME destruction-event :SUBCLASS-OF (creation-or-destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each element of Destruction-Event, at least one instance of Entity (the Inputs-Destroyed) ceases to exist.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME developer-ofibt-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain specified-information-bearing-thing-type) (documentation "The predicate Developer-OfIBT-Type relates a specific work to its creator(s). (Developer-OfIBT-Type IBTTYPE AGENT) means that AGENT is one of the people, corporations, publishers, etc., responsible for the invention or bringing into being of the Specified-Information-Bearing-Thing-Type IBTTYPE, which may be a book, television show, computer program, musical score, etc. Examples: Lenat is a Developer-OfIBT-Type for the CycKB@cyc; Orson-Welles is a Developer-OfIBT-Type for Citizen-Kane-The-Movie.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME device-controlled-by :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range control-device) (domain physical-device) (documentation "(Device-Controlled-By DEV CONTROL) means that CONTROL is a Control-Device that controls Physical-Device DEV. Most of the time, the controls will be Physical-Parts of the device. However there are some notable exceptions -- one's TV remote control, for example -- which control a device but are not Physical-Parts of that device.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of device-controlled-by transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME device-running :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An instance of Device-Running is an event in which some device is running. This collection includes events which are complete cycles of a device's normal function (see Single-Complete-Run-Of-A-Device) as well as random time slices (Time-Slices) of them running. Examples include instances of the collections Airplane-Take-Off, Skate-Boarding, Riding-A-Motorcycle, etc. Some stranger examples --- which are not instances of Single-Complete-Run-Of-A-Device --- include: all the the ignition phases of the firing of my Honda's engine during November of 1996; my TV when it was on and showing a commercial this year; my TV when it was on and I was watching it this week.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME device-single-user :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of devices. One can classify devices according to how many simultaneous users they typically have. An instance of Device-Single-User is any device that typically has/requires exactly one (i.e., one and only one) user. A screwdriver (an instance of Screwdriver) is a Device-Single-User, but a grand piano (an instance of Grand-Piano) is not. A borderline non-example is a car --- although only one person operates it, several can `use' it at once, i.e. derive the value of its primary function which is transportation. So a car is not a Device-Single-User. A borderline example is a telephone -- although it requires two or more users (each on telephones) for meaningful use, each phone generally has just one user at a time. So a telephone is a Device-Single-User but a telephone-circuit is not.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME device-state :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class unordered-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of states that devices can be in, including: Device-On, Device-Off, Recording-States, Cocked-State, Folded, Off-Hook, Unlocked, and many others.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME device-used :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of instrument-generic) (range physical-device) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Device-Used indicates that a particular device is used in a particular event. (Device-Used EVENT OBJECT) means that the Physical-Device OBJECT plays an instrumental role in the Event EVENT. (See also Instrument-Generic.) OBJECT is intentionally used in EVENT, and standardly (e.g., in the Human-Activities-Mt) OBJECT's role in EVENT is consistent with the object's Primary-Function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME device-user-powered :SUBCLASS-OF (muscle-powered-device solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN DEVICE-USER-POWERED)|)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dexterity :SUBCLASS-OF (script-performance-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-performance-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Dexterity is the Script-Performance-Attribute-Type for describing actions in which the performer's hands move accurately, quickly, and with economy of motion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME diagnosing-and-repairing-something :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity purposeful-action action-on-object intrinsic-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all actions of diagnosing and repairing something, in a very broad sense. Such events can range from fixing a Physical-Device (e.g., the last time you took your car in to be fixed), to killing pests that infest a place. All such actions involve an intrinsic change in the thing which undergoes repairs. Notice that a diagnosis action alone, or a repair action alone, would not be elements of this collection; they could be Sub-Events of an element of this collection.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dietary-deficiency-condition :SUBCLASS-OF (malnutrition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of physiological conditions brought on by consuming less of a nutrient than the body requires.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME difference-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function evaluatable-function non-predicate-function function-from-quantities-to-quantities) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (documentation "Difference-Fn is Cyc's subtraction operator; it is a binary mathematical function. (Difference-Fn MINUEND SUBTRAHEND) yields a new quantity that is the result of subtracting SUBTRAHEND from MINUEND. Both arguments to Difference-Fn must be elements of Scalar-Interval, as is its result. Examples: (Difference-Fn 88 11) returns 77; (Difference-Fn (Kilogram 4.2) (Kilogram 3)) returns (Kilogram 1.2).")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain difference-fn 2 scalar-interval) (nth-domain difference-fn 1 scalar-interval)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME different :INSTANCE-OF (commutative-relation variable-arity-relation evaluatable-function predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The variable-arity predicate Different is used to state the non-identity of two or more objects. (Different X1 X2 ... Xn) means that each Xi given as an argument is not equal to any of the other Xi's. Different is an element of Evaluatable-Function (q.v.). See also Equals. Different can be used to simplify formulas when several things need to be tested for mutual inequality.") (args-isa thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME different-in-attribute :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Different-In-Attribute THING1 THING2 ATTRIBUTE) means that the two things THING1 and THING2 do not have the same values of the Attribute-Type ATTRIBUTE. Here 'the same' could mean means complete identity or close resemblance -- what this 'different' means, and what the standard of closeness or identity is, depends on the context, but Different-In-Attribute and Identical-In-Attribute cannot both be correctly asserted of the same two things. See also Resembles-In-Attribute, and Different-In-Attribute.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain different-in-attribute 3 attribute-type) (nth-domain different-in-attribute 2 thing)(nth-domain different-in-attribute 1 thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME digestion-event :SUBCLASS-OF (body-movement-event biological-decomposition-event single-doer-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. For most animals, a Digestion-Event starts at the mouth and, for most vertebrates, end at the anus. This concept should not be confused with Digesting-In-Stomach, whose instances occur only in an organism's Stomach. A Digestion-Event spans the whole Digestive-System, from start to finish.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME digestive-system :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animals' digestive systems. A Digestive-System is a system of organs and other body parts (typically of Vertebrates) which work together to accomplish the digestion function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dimensionless-unit-of-measure :SUBCLASS-OF (unit-of-measure) :INSTANCE-OF (class interconvertible-unit-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Unit-Of-Measure. Dimensionless-Unit-Of-Measure is the collection of measurement functions whose results are elements of Scalar-Interval which have no dimension; i.e., they are simply numbers, instances of Interval-On-Number-Line. Examples include Percent, Unity, Thousandths. (Percent 50) returns the point-interval, one-half (0.5). (Unity 3 4) returns the interval that is the range of numbers between 3 and 4, inclusive.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME directed-translation :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-translation-event purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Movement-Translation-Event. Each instance of Directed-Translation is a movement event that is Performed-By an Agent --- that agent intends for the Object-Moving to reach a particular Target. Examples: William Tell shooting the arrow off his son's head, John Wilkes Booth shooting Abraham Lincoln, the last time you tossed a frisbee to someone, a pilot landing an airplane, and a skiier skiing one run of the downhill course.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME directing-agent :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of deliberate-actors) (range agent) (domain event) (documentation "(Directing-Agent ACT AGENT) means that AGENT is one of the agents that is in control of or directing ACT, but not necessarily directly performing it. If, in the event ACT, an agent other than AGENT has the Performed-By role, then that performer's actions in ACT are directed by AGENT. For example, (Directing-Agent PSOBicentennialConcertOfBeethovensNinth William-Steinberg) is true, because Steinberg was the conductor of that concert; he directed the many other musicians who performed in that event. Another case: (Directing-Agent MassacreAtMyLai LtWilliamCalley). The type of direction implied by Directing-Agent is the kind that can be accomplished by AGENT communicating its desires to the actual performer(s) of ACT. So, a person would be the Directing-Agent in a clothes-washing event Done-By a washing machine ONLY in those contexts in which we can consider the machine an agent, acting intentionally.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME direction-between-objects :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Direction-Between-Objects OBJ1 OBJ2 UVI) means that UVI, an element of Unit-Vector-Interval, is a vector or set of vectors which point(s) from a point (or set of points) in OBJ1 to a point (or set of points) in OBJ2. See also Vector-From-To-Fn which is roughly interchangeable with Direction-Between-Objects. Direction-Between-Objects has the advantage that an arbitrarily precise direction may be specified. Vector-From-To-Fn saves the user from doing the labor involved with reifiing and from having to know the direction between OBJ1 and OBJ2.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain direction-between-objects 3 unit-vector-interval) (nth-domain direction-between-objects 2 partially-tangible)(nth-domain direction-between-objects 1 partially-tangible) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME direction-expression :SUBCLASS-OF (unit-vector-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of vectors; a subset of Unit-Vector-Interval. Each element of Direction-Expression is a vector representing a direction. Typically these expressions are used to indicate direction between two objects or locations. An important subset of this collection is GeographicalDirection@cyc; e.g., South-Directly, North-West-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME direction-of-translation-throughout :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range unit-vector-interval) (domain movement-translation-event) (documentation "(Direction-Of-Translation-Throughout MOVEMENT DIR) means that the Object-Moving in the MOVEMENT Event translates in the direction DIR throughout MOVEMENT. In a Translation-Multi-Path event, where there are several objects moving and following different pathways, this means that at least one of those objects moves in direction DIR. Note: It may turn out, in the future, to be worth creating a ternary version of this, which specifies which direction each particular Object-Moving moves in.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME direction-pointing :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range unit-vector-interval) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Direction-Pointing OBJ DIR) means that the intrinsic pointing axis of OBJ points in the direction DIR (which is described using an instance of Unit-Vector-Interval). Pointing axes may be ascribed to certain objects especially in relation to their function(s); e.g., objects which are intended to indicate direction (e.g., a pointer stick, a compass needle); objects which cause motion in a certain direction (e.g., a gun, a train); objects which are accessed from a certain direction (e.g., cupboards, couches).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dirtiness :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Dirtiness is a measurable attribute that many tangible objects have. Each element of the collection Dirtiness represents a specific level of dirtiness (or cleanliness!); e.g., Dirty, Really-Dirty, A-Little-Dirty, Clean, Sterile. Indicate a particular object's Dirtiness with the predicate Dirtiness-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dirtiness-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range dirtiness) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Dirtiness-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) means that the tangible object OBJ has this DEGREE of Dirtiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME disappointment :SUBCLASS-OF (sadness surprise dissatisfaction) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The emotion or state of feeling defeated in expectation or hope. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME disapproval :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The emotion or state of disapproving of something; a negative attitude towards some situation, proposal, person, or thing, implying a judgment based on explicit or implicit standards (rational, moral, pragmatic, or etc.). This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. More specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Disapproval are Contempt, Hate, Abhorrence, etc. More subtly, it is often true that feelings of Jealousy or Envy manifest in superficial shows of Disapproval. Disapproval is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME disaster-event :SUBCLASS-OF (destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Disaster-Event, a large group of people (or, in decreasing order of likelihood of usage of this concept, a large group of animals, plants, corporations, etc.) are at very high risk of injury or property damage, or in which a lot of injury and property damage occurs even though the risk was low.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME disgust :SUBCLASS-OF (dislike) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of repulsion or aversion towards something considered distasteful or repugnant. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Disgust include feelings of Abhorrence.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME disjoint-set-or-collection :SUBCLASS-OF (set-or-collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical sets and collections the members of which are themselves mathematical sets or collections. A set or collection, SETORCOL, of sets or collections is an instance of Disjoint-Set-Or-Collection just in case the elements of SETORCOL are mutually disjoint -- that is, no two elements of SETORCOL have any elements in common.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept disjoint-set-or-collection sensus-information1997 "DISJUNCTIVE-SET") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME disjoint-with :INSTANCE-OF (slot rule-macro-predicate taxonomic-slot default-monotonic-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range set-or-collection) (domain set-or-collection) (documentation "(Disjoint-With SETORCOL1 SETORCOL2) means that the mathematical set or collection SETORCOL1 is disjoint with the mathematical set or collection SETORCOL2 -- that is, the two have no elements in common.") (genl-inverse disjoint-with)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of disjoint-with anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of disjoint-with transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dislike :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of disaffection or disaffinity for a person or thing. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Dislike are Disgust, Contempt, Hate, Resentment, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dislikes-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range partially-tangible) (domain agent) (documentation "(Dislikes-Object AGT OBJ) means that AGT feels an emotion of Dislike when interacting with OBJ in some way. See Likes-Object for elaboration. A specialization of Dislikes-Object is Dislikes-Sensorially (qv). ")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of dislikes-object transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dislikes-object symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of dislikes-object anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dislikes-object asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of dislikes-object reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dislikes-object irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dislikes-role-in-activity :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Dislikes-Role-In-Activity AGT ROLE EVT) means that if the Agent AGT has the relation ROLE to the Event EVT, then AGT is likely to feel Dissatisfaction. This predicate is useful to represent sentences such as `Joe dislikes running' or `Fred disliked receiving the flogging'.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain dislikes-role-in-activity 3 event) (nth-domain dislikes-role-in-activity 2 actor-slot)(nth-domain dislikes-role-in-activity 1 agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dislikes-sensorially :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of dislikes-object) (range sensory-attribute) (domain perceptual-agent) (documentation "(Dislikes-Sensorially AGT SENSUM) means that the Perceptual-Agent AGT feels some physical discomfort from the sensory experience of SENSUM (a taste, an odor, a particular level of pain, etc. --- see Sensory-Attribute). Note: this is a stronger statement than (:not (Likes-Sensorially AGT SENSUM)), as there may be many Sensory-Attributes which one neither particularly likes nor dislikes.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of dislikes-sensorially symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dislikes-sensorially anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of dislikes-sensorially asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of dislikes-sensorially reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of dislikes-sensorially irreflexive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dispute-event :SUBCLASS-OF (hostile-social-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events with multiple participants. In each Dispute-Event, some participants seek to achieve states of affairs that other participants seek to prevent. Disputes may or may not get settled. Settlement of a dispute may be by fighting, by competition, by using a mediator or court, by chance, by mutual reasoning, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dissatisfaction :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Feeling of discontent, due to a lack of fulfillment of an agent's desires, needs, or requirements. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Dissatisfaction are Disappointment, Frustration, Impatience, Anger, etc. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dissolving :SUBCLASS-OF (destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, a solvent and a solute mix to form a solution.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distance :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class fundamental-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical attributes. Each element of Distance is the length of a path in space extending from one point to another. Elements of Distance may be either a fixed interval, such as the height of the Washington-Monument-In-WashingtonDC, or a range, such as Within-Audible-Distance (see Scalar-Interval for more explanation). Also, see Unit-Of-Distance for the units used by Cyc to measure distances.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distance-above-sea-level :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range distance) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Distance-Above-Sea-Level REG DIST) means that the altitude above sea level of the Geographical-Region REG is the Distance DIST. For elements of Mountain, distance is measured from sea level to the peak; for elements of Lake, from the surface to sea level; for cities, from the center of town to sea level. Examples: (Distance-Above-Sea-Level Pikes-Peak-Mount (Foot-Unit-Of-Measure 14110)); (Distance-Above-Sea-Level Mount-Everest (Foot-Unit-Of-Measure 29028)); (Distance-Above-Sea-Level Mount-Fuji-Volcano (Foot-Unit-Of-Measure 12389)); (Distance-Above-Sea-Level Lake-Huron (Foot-Unit-Of-Measure 580)).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distance-between :INSTANCE-OF (relation functional-predicate ternary-predicate cotemporal-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Distance-Between THIS THAT DIST) means that the distance between two things, THIS and THAT, is DIST. DIST is the length of the shortest straight line which extends from a point on THIS to a point on THAT. For example, (Distance-Between La-Guardia-Airport New-York-Hilton-At-Broadway (Kilometer 12)). The notion of 'straight line' depends on the context; in a Geography-related context it would be a great circle line on the Earth's surface rather than a true Euclidian straight line going through the Earth.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain distance-between 3 distance) (nth-domain distance-between 2 spatial-thing)(nth-domain distance-between 1 spatial-thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distance-of-rotation :INSTANCE-OF (slot role binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval physical-attribute) (domain movement-rotation) (documentation "This predicate indicates, for a particular rotational motion event, the total absolute value of the angular distance travelled by the Object-Moving in that event. (Distance-Of-Rotation ROT DIST) means that in the event ROT, the Object-Moving travelled the angular distance DIST. Note that this is not the same as the net angular displacement of the Object-Moving, but rather the entire angular distance travelled. So if you unscrew a jar lid 1/6 of a turn, and later screw it back on, the Distance-Of-Rotation is 120 degrees, not zero; and if you spin around ten times, your Distance-Of-Rotation is 3600 degrees, not zero. Angular distance is measured in degrees, radians, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distance-translated :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range distance) (domain movement-translation-event) (documentation "This predicate relates a translational movement event to the total distance travelled by the Object-Moving in that event. (Distance-Translated MOVE DIST) means that in the event MOVE, the Object-Moving covered the distance DIST. Note that DIST is the actual distance travelled by the object, not merely its net change in position; so if the Pathway-Complete of MOVE is a round trip a mile each way to the store, the Distance-Translated would be 2 miles, not zero.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distributing-meta-knowledge-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "instances are predicates which are permitted to distribute over multiple assertions resulting from canonicalizing one (or more) of the formula args")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME distribution-event :SUBCLASS-OF (transfer-out) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Distribution-Event is an event in which tangible or intangible objects are distributed from a source to various destinations via some distribution network.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dock :SUBCLASS-OF (fixed-structure outdoor-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of long flat walkways that jut out over water from shorelines. A Dock's main function is to provide a place to secure boats and to provide a place where passengers and cargo can be loaded and unloaded.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME doctor-medical :SUBCLASS-OF (scientist medical-care-professional prescriber) :INSTANCE-OF (class medical-specialty-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all medical doctors - MDs and Osteopaths.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME does-business-with :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Does-Business-With relates two agents who do business with each other. (Does-Business-With AGENT1 AGENT2) means that AGENT1 does some business with AGENT2. Minimally, that means the two agents at least occasionally negotiate to buy or sell products or services from one other. The two agents may or may not complete the sales/purchase and enter into actual contracts.") (genl-inverse does-business-with)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of does-business-with transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of does-business-with reflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dog :SUBCLASS-OF (domestic-pet mammal carnivore) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-species) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all dogs of all breeds. Elements of Dog may be members of Domestic-Pet or of WildAnimal@cyc; e.g., Dog includes the dingo dogs of Australia. However, Dog excludes the members of Wolf, Fox, and the other non-dog subsets of Canine-Animal. Dog is an instance of Biological-Species, Canis familiaris.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dollar-united-states :INSTANCE-OF (function standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-money) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval money) (documentation "An element of Unit-Of-Money. Dollar-United-States represents the main standard monetary unit of the United States of America. One Dollar-United-States is equivalent to 100 Cent-United-States. See Unit-Of-Measure for further explanation.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dollars-per-hour :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-monetary-flow-rate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range rate scalar-interval monetary-flow-rate) (documentation "An element of UnitOfMonetaryFlowRate@cyc; the amount of Money in dollars earned, spent, or transferred in an hour.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dollars-per-year :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-monetary-flow-rate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range rate scalar-interval monetary-flow-rate) (documentation "An element of UnitOfMonetaryFlowRate@cyc; the amount of Money in dollars earned, spent, or transferred in a year.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME domain-assumptions :INSTANCE-OF (slot microtheory-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain microtheory) (documentation "(Domain-Assumptions M P) means that the microtheory M has the proposition P as a domain assumption. See the comment for Microtheory for a detailed explanation of what the `assumptions' of a mt are, as opposed to its `content'. In brief, it means that all the `content' assertions of M assume that P is true. Another way of thinking of this is that one is `in' context M only if all its domain assumptions are true. Another way of thinking of this is that the various `content' assertions of M only apply to objects that satisfy all its Domain-Assumptions. Yes, that means that the `domain of quantifiers' (For-All and There-Exists) is limited to the universe of such objects. So if it's true in M that (For-All ?x Q), and if we lift this axiom to another theory M2 that does not make the domain assumption P, then the axiom becomes (For-All ?x (:=> P Q)). Note: Actually, what becomes true in M2 is slightly more complicated, namely: (For-All ?x (:=> (:and P1 P2 P3...) Q)), where P1, P2, P3,... are all the domain assumptions of M which are not implied by the domain assumptions of M2. Note: Domain assumption propositions --- in this case P --- must have a special format: P must contain the free variable ?U, and this ?U represents `some term which is talked about in M'. The idea is that one could have a domain assumption that said `if ?U is a person, ?U must have been born after 1950', or which said `if ?U is the performer of an event, then ?U is a person' etc. For example: (:=> (:instance-of ?U Physical-State-Change-Event) (:instance-of ?U Creation-Or-Destruction-Event)) is one of the Domain-Assumptions of the Naive-State-Change-Mt context. It says that, in that context, physical state changes of an object (e.g., melting or boiling) are viewed as creations and destructions, in which elements of Entity come into or go out of existence, rather than viewing them as events which preserve entityhood.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME domestic-pet :SUBCLASS-OF (human-occupation-construct-resident domesticated-animal portable-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subset of Domesticated-Animal whose elements are animals kept by humans primarily for their companionship. (They may, however, do some chores such as catching mice.) Many members of Domestic-Pet live in the homes of their owners.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME domesticated-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (non-person-animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Animal@cyc; the collection of all animals which are kept by humans for labor, transportation, food, or as pets, and whose relations with humans are more or less cooperative. Domesticated-Animal does NOT include instances of Tiger being kept in zoos, though it arguably includes Shamu or Flipper. Cf. Wild-Animal, Captive-Animal.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME domesticated-animal-food :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuff; a subset of Tangible-Product. Each element of Domesticated-Animal-Food is a foodstuff produced by human beings and intended for consumption by domesticated animals. This collection includes feed manufactured for horses, cattle, chickens, and other farm animals, as well as `pet foods'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME done-by :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of actors pre-actors) (range something-existing) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Done-By relates an event to its `doer'. (Done-By EVENT DOER) means that DOER is the `doer' in the event EVENT. Some action on the part of the doer causes or carries out the event. This predicate is agnostic as to whether DOER does EVENT intentionally or not (DOER need not even be animate; e.g., the event in which Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried Pompeii was Done-By Mount Vesuvius). See Performed-By and Bodily-Doer for the more specific senses of `doer' when DOER is, respectively, an agent (Agent) acting deliberately or a biological organism (Organism-Whole).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME doorway :SUBCLASS-OF (portal inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of portals. Each element of Doorway is a portal in some instance of Shelter-Construction, suitable for people (and perhaps vehicles) to enter and exit. For example, doorways to houses, office buildings, elevators, automobiles, airplanes, garages, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME doorway-covering :SUBCLASS-OF (portal-covering) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of Doorway-Covering is a physical object used to cover some kind of portal, including but not limited to doorways in buildings. This collection also includes doors of cars, buses, subways, elevators, garages, airplane hangars--coverings over any doors that people (and perhaps vehicles) pass through.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME doorway-has-covering :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of portal-has-covering) (range doorway-covering) (domain doorway) (documentation "Relates a Doorway to the physical covering used to seal it. The user should be aware that Doorway, the designated arg1 for this predicate, is currently constrained to be a physical part of some instance of Shelter-Construction. This is because, in normal English parlance, doorways are the portals through which people pass to get in and out of shelter constructions, and from room to room. Planes, trains, automobiles, and other vehicles are not conventionally said to have Doorways, and if the aim is to assert something about the Portal-Coverings of a vehicle, Portal-Has-Covering would be the appropriate predicate to use.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME down-directly :INSTANCE-OF (unit-vector-precise terrestrial-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The direction straight down. In the terrestrial context, Down-Directly points in the same direction as Earth's gravitational force vector.") (genl-attributes down-generally)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME down-generally :INSTANCE-OF (terrestrial-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The element of Vector-Interval that comprises the cone-shaped set of vectors pointing (from some reference point) within approximately forty-five degrees of Down-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dress :SUBCLASS-OF (womens-clothing clothing-item) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all dresses, a kind of women's clothing")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drink :SUBCLASS-OF (food-and-drink) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of drinkable substances; a collection of edible stuff and a subset of Food-And-Drink. Each element of the collection Drink is a liquid of a type that is ingestible and commonly consumed by humans or animals. Drinks are ingested without chewing. Examples of Drink include all elements of the collections Water-Ingestible, Tea-Hot, Hot-Chocolate, Lemonade, Beer. . By default they are liquids. Borderline examples include a thick milkshake or soup, even if there are solid objects suspended in it. Thus Liquid-Tangible-Thing is not necessarily (monotonically) a :subclass-of of Drink, though it is true by default that a Drink be an instance of Liquid-Tangible-Thing. I.e., by default, elements of Drink are in a Liquid-State-Of-Matter. Another borderline example of a Drink is a glassful of poison or urine; it may be unpalatable or unsafe to drink a Drink. Note that the Drink includes the portion of liquid, but not the container such as the glass or coffee cup or bowl. So one borderline non-example is a glass of water -- as opposed to a glassful of water; the former includes the glass, the latter doesn't. Other borderline non-examples include: an ice cube, a grape sno-cone, a scoop of ice cream with hot fudge sauce on it, and a tiny bit of liquid such as a single raindrop even if it enters one's mouth.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drinking-event :SUBCLASS-OF (consuming-food-or-drink translation-complete) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, a single individual consumes a portion of some drink. A Drinking-Event typically consists of several instances of Drinking-A-Sip. See Eating-Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME driver-actor :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of performed-by transportees) (range person) (domain transportation-event) (documentation "(Driver-Actor DRIVE DRIVER) means that DRIVER controls (see Controlling-A-Transporter) the Transporter in DRIVE. DRIVER steers the wheel, graps the tiller, controls the throttle, the reins, the brakes etc of the Transporter, e.g. a boat, train, windsurfer, mule, plane, horse and carriage, spaceship, sled, etc.. DRIVER is not a Passengers in DRIVE. Because Transporter and Transportees are disjoint and Driver-Actor has Transportees as a Genl-Preds, DRIVER is distinct from the value on Transporter. Thus a person walking while carrying a watermelon would not be a Driver-Actor in their own walking. DRIVER is usually in Sitting-Posture during DRIVE. For any given instant of DRIVE there is exactly one DRIVER. Until we have more extensive vocabulary, the transportees is the most specific we can be about events in which multiple drivers share driving responsibility throughout the event or if there is a pilot/co-pilot combination.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drug-prescription :SUBCLASS-OF (textual-material) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The legal document in which a doctor authorizes a patient to purchase a certain amount of a drug and take it according to some specified schedule.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drug-product :SUBCLASS-OF (consumable-product drug-substance artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class pharmacy-product-type existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Any kind of drug, including the stuff you take when you are sick. Note, however, that this is a product (intentionally created or used) not merely the chemical description. This means that salt-water would not be an element of Drug-Product, even though saline solution would be.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drug-substance :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The class of substances that can be introduced into organism's bodies to produce certain physiological effects. Includes both stuffs and objects made and/or marketed as Drug-Products, as well as naturally-occurring stuffs and objects that have physiological effects.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drug-therapy :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-treatment-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of medical care events in which drugs accomplish a medical purpose. An instance of Drug-Therapy is the result of an instance of Administering-A-Drug (q.v.). An instance of Drug-Therapy is the event of the patient's body undergoing the physiological effects of the drug it was given. Note: Drug-Therapy events do not include the administration of the drug; rather, they are the results of such administrations. Cf. Administering-A-Drug.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drug-therapy-use-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain existing-stuff-type) (range script-type temporal-stuff-type) (documentation "The collection of events in which instances of ARG1 are used to achieve a medical purpose. These events do not include the administration of the drug - they are the scripts which result from that administration.") (arg1-genl partially-tangible) (result-genl drug-therapy)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME drying-something :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-event intrinsic-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each Drying-Something event involves reducing the moistness of something -- either its water content or its surface wetness -- by evaporation or by absorbing the moisture (e.g., with towels) or by some other process. Typical objects of a Drying-Something event include instances of: paint, food, dishes, clothes, humans. When you run your clothes dryer at home, that event is an element of this collection.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ductility :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class material-strength-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((no-amount-fn |(NO-AMOUNT-FN DUCTILITY)|) (very-low-amount-fn |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN DUCTILITY)|) (low-amount-fn |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN DUCTILITY)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Ductility describes a specific capacity of a physical material to be stretched, drawn, or hammered thin without breaking. Different degrees of ductility may be represented using a Generic-Value-Function. Ductilities of objects are indicated with the predicate Ductility-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ductility-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range ductility) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Ductility-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) means that the instance of Solid-Tangible-Thing OBJ has this DEGREE of Ductility (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME duration :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Duration ?X ?Y) means that ?Y is length of time Temporal-Thing ?X happened/existed. For a continuous Temporal-Thing, this is the same as its Measure (the elapsed time from start to end.) But for a discontinuous Temporal-Thing, the Duration is strictly less than the Measure. For example, the Duration of `the Mondays during May of 1996' is (Days-Duration 4), whereas the Measure of that same temporal object is (Days-Duration 22). Note: Unfortunately, in some disciplines, such as Real Analysis, these two terms' definitions are switched! In such contexts, one could assert to Cyc that the preferred denotation of Duration was Measure-The-Word, and that the preferred denotation of Measure was Duration-The-Word, but notice that the two concepts --- Measure and Duration --- are still distinct and useful in that discipline, they just happen to have different names there.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dusk :SUBCLASS-OF (twilight qualitative-time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each Dusk is a dimly-lit period of time which is Contiguous-After a Sunset, and is the Event which starts a Night.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition dusk dawn |(THE-PARTITION DUSK DAWN)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME dying :SUBCLASS-OF (single-doer-action biological-event destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Dying is an event in which a living organism (i.e., an instance of Organism-Whole) ceases to live and thus ceases to exist. The physical portion of the organism may remain, but that is not considered an instance of Organism-Whole (cf. Dead-Animal). Note that the expiring animal is related to its dying event by Bodily-Doer (q.v.)--in contrast to the role an organism plays when it is the Object-Acted-On in a Killing-Biological event (which will have some Dying event among its Sub-Events), and cf. Bodily-Acted-On.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ear :SUBCLASS-OF (vibration-through-a-medium-sensor animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The organ of hearing, which occur in pairs on most animals")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME earth-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (natural-tangible-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((solid-fn |(SOLID-FN EARTH-STUFF)|) (documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element in Earth-Stuff is a portion of the stuff that the ground of Earth (at or near its land surface) is made of, including rocks, boulders, sand grains, soil, mud, etc., and mixtures of those things (such as islands or whole continents). Examples: Australia, Cape-Cod, Zion-Hill, Great-Smoky-Mountains.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME east-directly :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction unit-vector-precise) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Due East, an element of Terrestrial-Direction.") (genl-attributes east-generally)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME east-generally :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The general direction of East. The element of Vector-Interval that comprises the cone-shaped set of vectors pointing (from some reference point) within approximately forty-five degrees of East-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME east-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range geographical-region) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(East-Of REGION-1 REGION-2) means that the Geographical-Region REGION-1 is to the east of the Geographical-Region REGION-2, when viewed in the terrestrial frame of reference. Note that REGION-2 is therefore west of REGION-1; thus, no distinct predicate is needed to represent `west of'. Example: (East-Of EasternUSA-Time-Zone CentralUSA-Time-Zone).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME eating-event :SUBCLASS-OF (consuming-food-or-drink single-doer-action destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Eating-Event is an event which involves the consumption of a substantial portion of food by a single individual (human or other animal). An instance of Eating-Event is a meal or snack taken in its entirety; it is a series of individual Eating-A-Morsel events. Note: If a group of people gets together and eats lunch, that activity is represented by an instance of HavingAMeal@cyc; during that `super-event' each participant engages in his/her own instance of Eating-Event, and all of those are Sub-Events of the Having-A-Meal event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME eats-willingly :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-stuff-type) (domain animal) (documentation "The predicate Eats-Willingly is used to relate an Animal to the type of food it will willingly eat. In a normal Eating-Event, the food consumed is of a type that the eater Eats-Willingly. As negative examples, no vegetarian or herbivore Eats-Willingly meat.") (arg2-genl partially-tangible)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME echolocation-perception :SUBCLASS-OF (perceiving) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Echolocation-Perception is the collection of spatial Perceivings in which a Perceptual-Agent (such as a bat or a submarine) generates sounds (potentially ultra- or sub- sonic in frequency), hears the sounds reflected from surfaces, and thereby acquires information about the position of other objects in its environment.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ecological-region :SUBCLASS-OF (geographical-region) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geographical regions. Each element of Ecological-Region is a region having one or more characteristic ecosystems. From knowledge of those ecosystems, we can posit whether certain organisms can forage, reproduce, and live successfully there. Information about ecological regions typically also includes what kinds of organisms are in fact found there. In theory, any arbitrary continuous region could be analyzed as an ecological region, but most regions identified in practice have some kind of sameness or systematic interconnection in their topology, climate, and biology. Examples: the Western-Desert-Of-Egypt, the Great-Barrier-Reef, the Amazon-Region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME edge-on-object :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible path-simple) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all edges on objects. For a two-dimensional object, its boundaries other than corners are it edges. For a three dimensional object the edges are the outer portions of those extremities, excluding any corners (Corner-2or3d), that are much more acute in cross section in one direction than in most other directions at the same point. Some objects, like spheres, hairs, poles and typical burrs, have no edges. A discus has one, round, edge; a typical sheet has four edges. A mountain ridge might have only a single edge. A solid polyhedron has six or more edges.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME edible-part-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain existing-object-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "The Cyc function Edible-Part-Fn is a Collection-Denoting-Function. When applied to a set of tangible objects OBJ-TYPE, (Edible-Part-Fn OBJ-TYPE) represents the collection of all the edible parts of objects of OBJ-TYPE. This collection includes any Edible-Stuff (i.e., edible by humans or koalas or whatever the current microtheory is talking about) that is part of instances of OBJ-TYPE. To represent only parts that humans eat, we may restrict the Result-Genl to a specialized subset of Food-And-Drink defined in Human-Activities-Mt or other appropriate microtheory. Examples: the collection (Edible-Part-Fn Apple-The-Fruit) includes the skin and flesh of all apples, but not --- in the Human-Activities-Mt --- the instances of Stem or Seed found in them; the collection (Edible-Part-Fn Egg-Chickens) includes the yolks and whites of chicken eggs, but does not --- in the Human-Activities-Mt --- include any instances of Eggshell. Because of cultural or philosophical preferences and prohibitions about food, exactly what parts are edible may differ in different human cultural microtheories; e.g., in a FundamentalistJewish or FundamentalistIslamic cultural Microtheory, the function call (Edible-Part-Fn Pig) would return NIL; in a vegan Microtheory, even (Edible-Part-Fn Animal) would return NIL.") (arg1-genl partially-tangible) (result-genl edible-stuff)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME edible-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (consumable-product tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuff. Each instance of Edible-Stuff is, by default, an item that is ingestible and palatable by most macroscopic animals. Edible-Stuff includes food and drink, but also other things, such as nutrients, drugs, etc. Edible-Stuff presupposes digestion processes resembling those of most terrestrial macroscopic animals. For inferencing about the diets of people (or koalas or oil-eating microbes), the collection Edible-Stuff may have additions and deletions. See also Edible-Part-Fn, Food-And-Drink.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME edibles-rich-in-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain existing-stuff-type) (range existing-stuff-type) (documentation "The Cyc function Edibles-Rich-In-Fn is a Collection-Denoting-Function. It is used to represent foodstuffs which have a high concentration of a certain nutrient. (Edibles-Rich-In-Fn NUTRIENT) denotes the collection of edible things that are rich in the type of Nutrient NUTRIENT. For example, (Edibles-Rich-In-Fn Edible-Calcium) denotes the collection of all Edible-Stuff rich in calcium; that collection will have the collection Dairy-Product as a subset.") (arg1-genl nutrient) (result-genl edible-stuff)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME education-level :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range education-level-attribute) (domain person) (documentation "(Education-Level PRSN LVL) means Person PRSN has had formal schooling up to the highest level Education-Level-Attribute LVL at one or more Educational-Organizations. This will refer to a particular Sub-Abstrac of a Person, not to the person as a whole lifetime Entity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME education-level-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (social-status-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class social-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each Education-Level-Attribute, when applied to a person, indicates their level of education or current involvement in a course of study; if applied to a course of study, it indicates the level of it. The very same attributes apply in both cases, though; some sample elements of this collection are: PhD-Level, Twelfth-Grade-Level, Bachelor-Of-Arts-Level, Medical-Degree-Level, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME educational-degree :SUBCLASS-OF (credential) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of abstract (intangible) objects which consist of information about an agent. Each element of Educational-Degree is a credential conferred, by some instance of Educational-Organization, on a student who has successfully completed a prescribed course of study there. Educational-Degree includes high school, associate, baccalaureate, licensate, magisterial, professional, and doctoral degrees, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME educational-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of educational organizations. An element of Educational-Organization may be a school, system of schools, college, seminary, etc., -- a place where teaching and/or training are programmed and provided as a service for students. An educational organization may be public or private. This collection includes AustinISD (i.e., the City-Of-AustinTX Independent School District), Stanford-University, Bryn-Mawr-College, University-Of-Pennsylvania-School-Of-Medicine, and many other institutions.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME el-relation :INSTANCE-OF (collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Relationship such that instances are only permitted at the EL; that is, the canonicalizer will transform expressions that reference instances of EL-Relation into equivalent expressions that do not reference instances of ELRelation@cyc; this transformation is guided by the value (arg2) of Expansion for each EL-Relation")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME elasticity :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class material-strength-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((no-amount-fn |(NO-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)|) (medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)|) (low-amount-fn |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)|) (high-amount-fn |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN ELASTICITY)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Elasticity represents a specific ability of a physical material to quickly and completely return to its original shape after deformation that does not induce breakage, without permanent change to its original dimensions. For example, billiard balls have a high degree of elasticity in this sense. Elasticities of objects are indicated with the predicate Elasticity-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME elasticity-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range elasticity) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Elasticity-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) indicates how readily the solid tangible thing OBJ returns to its original shape after being deformed (but not broken). The higher the DEGREE of elasticity, the more quickly and completely the object returns to its previous shape. Billiard balls, for example, are highly elastic in this sense. A related concept is Compressibility-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electrical-charge :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class fundamental-numeric-attribute-type polar-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical attributes. Each element of Electrical-Charge is an amount of net electrical charge (positive or negative) possessed by a particular instance of Partially-Tangible. Elements of Electrical-Charge may be either a fixed interval, such as the charge on one electron, or a range, such as a usable charge on a flashlight battery; see Scalar-Interval. Also see Unit-Of-Charge for the units used by Cyc to measure electrical charges.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electrical-component :SUBCLASS-OF (electrical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of electrical devices. An instance of Electrical-Device is an electrical device which is normally considered to be a part of some larger, more clearly distinguished device (e.g., clearly distinguished in the sense that it is sold, moved, etc. as a unit). The Electrical-Component must be connected with other parts in order to perform its Primary-Function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electrical-conductor :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-conducting-media) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things; a subset of Physical-Conducting-Media. Each element of Electrical-Conductor is a physical thing that can conduct electricity; e.g., a power cord, an electrical plug, a piece of metal.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electrical-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device powered-device partially-tangible-product solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices; the most general collection of electrical devices. Such devices require an input of electrical current (as Energy-Source) in order to perform their intended functions. Instances of Electrical-Device include both complex devices (e.g., elements of the collections Stereo-System or Computer) and simpler ones (e.g., elements of Electrical-Components and Electronic-Components). Note: in some contexts, crystal radios might be classified as inert (unpowered) electrical devices; the same for some sorts of passive radar detectors. These are exceptional cases, but still elements of this collection. In other contexts, the power for these devices can be viewed as being supplied from the outside, hence they are clearly `powered' in such contexts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electrical-resistance :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Electrical-Resistance is an attribute which measures the resistance to electrical flow through an object. Examples: Insulator-Resistance, Conductor-Resistance, Semiconductor-Resistance, Superconductor-Resistance.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electro-magnetic-radiation-sensor :SUBCLASS-OF (sensor) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Sensor, namely those sensors that detect Electromagnetic-Radiation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electromagnetic-radiation :SUBCLASS-OF (wave-propagation) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type wave-propagation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Wave-Propagation. Each element of Electromagnetic-Radiation is an event that arises from the interaction of an electrical field and a magnetic field. Examples include the elements of the collections Visible-Light, Radio-Waves, and X-Rays.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electron :SUBCLASS-OF (sub-atomic-particle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Sub-Atomic-Particle. Every instance of Electron is a subatomic particle with an Electrical-Charge of -1.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME electronic-device :SUBCLASS-OF (electrical-device tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of devices which use electronic circuitry. More specifically, any instance of Electronic-Device uses electricity to convey information and not just for power. Usually transistors, diodes, or other semiconductor circuitry are involved.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME element-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range set-or-collection) (domain thing) (documentation "(Element-Of THNG SETORCOL) means that THNG is an element of the mathematical set or collection SETORCOL. Element-Of is a more general relation than the more-heavily-used Isa, which is used to talk about membership in a natural kind (an element of Collection). Element-Of can also be used to talk about membership in an arbitrarily-defined mathematical set (an instance of Set-Mathematical), such as those denoted by The-Set expressions.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of element-of reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of element-of irreflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of element-of transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of element-of anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of element-of symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of element-of asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME element-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible substances; a subset of Tangible-Thing. Every instance of Element-Stuff is a piece of tangible stuff, composed of a quantity of atoms, all of which are of the same chemical element. That is, every atom in an individual piece of Element-Stuff has the same number of protons in its atomic nucleus as does every other atom in that piece. For example, all pieces of carbon are instances of Element-Stuff. All pieces of two of Carbon'S subsets, Diamond and Graphite, also are instances of Element-Stuff. On the other hand, instances of Water, because they are constituted of both (some) Hydrogen and (some) Oxygen atoms, do not belong to the collection Element-Stuff.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME element-stuff-type-by-number-of-protons :SUBCLASS-OF (chemical-compound-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class disjoint-set-or-collection collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons partitions the collection Element-Stuff. Each instance of Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons is a subset of Element-Stuff which is defined ONLY by the atomic composition of its instances -- neither the isotopic composition or physical state of the substances, nor any other additional feature, determines membership in a collection which Isa Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons. All that matters is that the instances of that type (i.e., collection) of stuff are entirely composed of atoms having a particular number of protons in each atomic nucleus. Thus, the collection Carbon is an instance of Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons, but neither the collection Diamond nor the collection Graphite is (even though they are subsets of Carbon), because their members have additional qualifications.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME embarrassment :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Mental disturbance and confusion at self-exposure. Embarrassment is often an impediment to freedom of thought, speech, or action. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. A more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Type than Embarrassment is Shame.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME embryo :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-stage-of-development biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of not yet fully-formed organisms, including mammals before birth, birds before hatching, and plants before sprouting from their seeds. Note that the criteria of the collection Embryo do not correspond exactly with the meaning of the English word 'embryo', since Embryo includes zygotes, the set of cells derived from the embryo after the fetus is formed (Amniotic-Sac + Fetus + Placenta-Fetal-Portion), etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME embryo-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain organism-classification-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Embryo-Fn is an element of Collection-Denoting-Function. (Embryo-Fn LIFETYPE) returns the collection of organisms which are embryonic instances of LIFETYPE. Note that this use of the word `embryo' does not correspond exactly with the English word, because the collection returned by Embryo-Fn includes zygotes, fetuses, etc.") (arg1-genl animal) (result-genl embryo)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME emirate-geopolitical :SUBCLASS-OF (geopolitical-entity) :INSTANCE-OF (class spatially-disjoint-region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Emirates, that is, those geopolitical entities, or territories, each of which is ordinarily ruled by an Amir-Head-Of-State or an Emir (Amir) who is not necessariy a Head-Of-State of an Independent-Country, but rules a subsidiary region. See especially the United-Arab-Emirates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME emission :SUBCLASS-OF (transfer-out) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of processes; a subset of Generalized-Transfer. Each element of Emission is an event in which something `comes out' of an object that actively contributes to that thing's emission (e.g., it is a Provider-Of-Motive-Force). The source is indicated with the predicate Emitter. An entire Translocation is associated with an emission, and these are related through the predicate Transfer-Out-Sub-Event. If the thing which `comes out' is an instance of Partially-Tangible, then the event belongs to a more specific collection, Emitting-An-Object (q.v.). If the associated element of Translocation is an instance of Wave-Propagation, then the emission belongs to the more specialized collection, Emitting-A-Wave (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME emitter :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of done-by from-location provider-of-motive-force) (range partially-tangible) (domain emission) (documentation "The Cyc predicate Emitter is used to identify the source of an emission. (Emitter EMIT OBJ) means that OBJ provides the force involved in making the Object-Emitted move from OBJ to someplace outside of OBJ. See also Provider-Of-Motive-Force, From-Location.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME emitting-a-wave :SUBCLASS-OF (emission) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Emission. Each element is an event in which a wave is emitted at a From-Location. For example, Themistocles ordering his fleet to withdraw; Miles Davis playing the trumpet; an emergency flare burning by the side of the road. See also Wave-Propagation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME emitting-an-object :SUBCLASS-OF (translation-location-change emission) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; and a subset of Emission. An instance of Emitting-An-Object is an emission event in which there is some Partially-Tangible which is the Object-Emitted, i.e., the thing which `comes out' of the Emitter of the event. The Object-Emitted goes from (From-Location) a place inside of the Emitter to (To-Location) some place that is not within the Emitter. The Emitter plays an active role (Done-By and Provider-Of-Motive-Force) in the emission. Examples: the birth of a baby, a bullet shot from a gun, a venonous snake depositing poison. Negative examples: a person leaving a building (the building is not active), throwing a ball (the ball was not inside the person before the throwing).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME emitting-sound :SUBCLASS-OF (emitting-a-wave physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Emitting-A-Wave. Each element of Emitting-Sound is an event in which an instance of Sound is emitted from some Wave-Source. Examples: an explosion generating a sound wave; a plucked violin string resonating; a baby crying; a person saying `Hello'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employed-agent :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of agreeing-agents) (range agent) (domain work-agreement) (documentation "The predicate Employed-Agent identifies the particular employee who is covered by a particular work agreement. (Employed-Agent AGREE WORKER) means that AGREE is an instance of Work-Agreement covering the employee WORKER.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employee :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Employee works directly for some business. Disjoint with Self-Employed-Worker.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employee-hiring :SUBCLASS-OF (making-an-agreement organizational-transfer-in) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Making-An-Agreement. Each element of Employee-Hiring is an event in which some agent--either an organization or individual--hires a person to work as its employee. See also Employees, Work-Agreement.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employee-status :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range work-status) (domain agent person) (documentation "The predicate Employee-Status describes a worker's job as full-time, part-time, salaried, commissioned, paid by the hour, or etc. More than one may apply. (Employee-Status WORKER STATUS) means that STATUS indicates the Work-Status of WORKER. For example, the Employee-Status of an auto worker at GM probably includes the Work-Status attributes Full-Time and Hourly-Work.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employees :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal affiliated-with has-workers) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Employees relates a particular employer to one of its paid employees. (Employees EMPLOYER WORKER) means WORKER regularly performs work for EMPLOYER, and EMPLOYER pays WORKER for that activity (often by paycheck). EMPLOYER directs the manner in which WORKER performs the work and may provide the workplace, tools, capital, and other assistance for the work. EMPLOYER is commonly an organization but may be a person. E.g., (Employees PerryMason PaulDrake); (Employees Cycorp Lenat). This predicate is true during all or any part of the period that the employment continues; e.g., (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1995) (Employees Carnegie-Mellon-University Derthick)).")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of employees transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employing-agent :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of agreeing-agents) (range agent) (domain work-agreement) (documentation "The predicate Employing-Agent identifies the employer in a particular work agreement. (Employing-Agent AGREE EMPLOYER) means that the Agent EMPLOYER has entered into the Work-Agreement AGREE with some employee, and AGREE obligates EMPLOYER to compensate that employee for specified work. See also Agreement, Obligated-Agent.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME employment-termination :SUBCLASS-OF (ending-an-agreement organizational-transfer-out) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Ending-An-Agreement. Each element of Employment-Termination is an event in which some employee ceases to work for his or her employer. The termination may be initiated by either party, or it may have been specified in the original Work-Agreement (q.v.). Different kinds of Employment-Termination are specified by the subsets Resigning, Employee-Layoff, Retirement-Event, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME empties-into :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range body-of-water) (domain stream) (documentation "The predicate Empties-Into is used to indicate that a particular flowing body of water disgorges into another body of water. (Empties-Into RIV WAT) means that the Stream RIV flows into WAT, an element of Body-Of-Water. Examples: (Empties-Into Amazon-River Atlantic-Ocean); (Empties-Into Huang-He-River Yellow-Sea).")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of empties-into transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME encrypting :SUBCLASS-OF (ibt-recoding) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions in which some transformation is applied to an IBT (Information-Bearing-Thing) which renders it unaccessible to all but the intended audience, since the method required to decrypt the IBT is secret.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME end-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain temporal-thing) (range time-point) (documentation "End-Fn is a function that takes a Temporal-Thing and returns the Time-Point it ends. Thus: (Ending-Point ?X (End-Fn ?X))")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME end-to-end-connected :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate spatial-predicate connection-predicate inter-existing-object-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of connected-to-rigidly) (range path-simple) (domain path-simple) (documentation "(End-To-End-Connected PATH1 PATH2) means that one end of a Path-Simple or a Simple-Unlooped-Segment-Of-Path, PATH1, is connected to one end of another Path-Simple or Simple-Unlooped-Segment-Of-Path, PATH2, end-to-end, allowing flow or transport between them. This kind of connection is not currently included as a Junction-Of-Paths. In pipe welding, these connections are called butt welds or circumferential pipe welds.") (genl-inverse connected-to-rigidly) (genl-inverse end-to-end-connected)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ending-an-agreement :SUBCLASS-OF (social-occurrence human-activity purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of the collection Ending-An-Agreement is an event in which some instance of Agreement comes to an end. For example, instances of Employment-Termination and Ending-Membership.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ending-date :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ends-during) (range date) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Ending-Date ?X ?Y) indicates that ?Y is a Date such that (Temporally-Subsumes ?Y (End-Fn ?X)). This is NOT the same as Ending-Point. Rather, it means that ?X stopped happening (went out of existence, etc.) sometime on that date. Note: the date is tied to a time interval on a calendar, but need not be a particular day; it might be a particular calendar month, a particular calendar year, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ending-point :INSTANCE-OF (slot temporal-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-point) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Ending-Point ?X ?T) indicates that ?T is the Time-Point at which ?X ends, the latest moment of its temporal extent.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ends-after-ending-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate complex-temporal-relation irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ends-after-starting-of) (range temporal-thing) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Ends-After-Ending-Of LATER EARLY) means that LATER ends after EARLY ends -- in Cyc terms, (After (End-Fn LATER) (End-Fn EARLY)). That is, the Ending-Point of LATER is later than the Ending-Point of EARLY. This implies nothing about whether LATER and EARLY overlap, or how much they overlap, except that they can't be fully Cotemporal. Examples: rinsing while showering ends after soaping while showering; the process of hiring a contractor ends after the process of collecting bids.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ends-after-starting-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate complex-temporal-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-thing) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Ends-After-Starting-Of ?X ?Y) means (After (End-Fn ?X) (Start-Fn ?Y)). That is, the Ending-Point of ?X is later than the Starting-Point of ?Y. This implies nothing about whether ?X and ?Y overlap, or how much they overlap.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of ends-after-starting-of asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of ends-after-starting-of anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of ends-after-starting-of symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of ends-after-starting-of transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ends-during :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate complex-temporal-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of temporal-bounds-intersect ends-after-starting-of) (range temporal-thing) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Ends-During ?X ?Y) means ?Y covers the end of ?X, i.e. the Ending-Point of ?X is properly contained in (Temporal-Bounds-Contain) ?Y. Note that ?X and ?Y don't necessarily intersect, however, if ?Y is continuous, they do.") (genl-inverse ends-after-ending-of)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of ends-during symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of ends-during transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ends-of-path-segment :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-parts cotemporal) (range thing) (domain path-simple) (documentation "(Ends-Of-Path-Segment PATH LOC) means that LOC is one end of the Path-Simple segment PATH; LOC may be either a junction or a genuine terminal-end of the path segment. This refers to the ends of any kind of simple path.") (genl-inverse on-path)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME energy-conversion-process :SUBCLASS-OF (transformation-event physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of Energy-Conversion-Process, energy is converted from one form to another.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME engine :SUBCLASS-OF (mechanical-device powered-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Powered-Devices. An instance of Engine is a device that changes some form of energy into motion (usually rotation). An engine may operate by burning some type of fuel (as do jet engines and internal combustion engines), or it may be powered by electricity, fluid flow, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME engineer :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Engineer is a professional who works in some branch of engineering. Elements of Engineer include the members of the subsets Electrical-Engineer, Chemical-Engineer, Civil-Engineer, Mechanical-Engineer, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME english :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-string) (domain thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME english-word :SUBCLASS-OF (lexical-word) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all lexical words in English; a subset of Lexical-Word. Different inflectional forms of a word do not count as different words; for example, Eat-The-Word encompasses the strings 'eat', 'eating', 'ate', etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME enjoyment :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The agreeable emotion of taking pleasure or satisfaction in an experience. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types are Delight, Celebratory-Emotion, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME enlisted-person :SUBCLASS-OF (military-person) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people, a subset of Military-Person. Each element of this collection is somebody who is an enlisted person in some Military-Organization, such as a private.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME entertainment-event :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity service-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of activites performed primarily to amuse or entertain Persons. Note: This is more general than Entertainment-Performance because it may not entail a performance per se. E.g., one of its subsets is Sight-Seeing, but most sightseeing events are not Entertainment-Performances. Note: This is different from the collection Recreational-Activity in the following way: entertainment events are necessarily done for the enjoyment or recreation of someone else; in other words, there is an audience. Also, the performers of a Recreational-Activity are generally doing it `for fun', and (expect to) enjoy it, whereas some or all of the performers of an Entertainment-Event may be doing it as a Working-Event --- i.e, `for a living' and may (expect to) not enjoy it. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME entertainment-or-arts-professional :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Entertainment-Or-Arts-Professional is a person who uses some sort of creative or artistic abilities in the main function of his or her job. Entertainment-Or-Arts-Professional includes both performing artists and producers of tangible artworks, either creative or commercial. This collection does NOT include people working on the business side of those professions, such as producers or art dealers, whose Job-Attributes are more similar to those of other business professionals (e.g., managers, marketers, sales representatives) than to the artists'; cf. Entertainment-Or-Arts-Administrator.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME entertainment-performance :SUBCLASS-OF (accessing-anibt social-gathering entertainment-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of public and private entertainment performances, like plays, street performances, ballets, movies. Each Entertainment-Performance is a presentation or exhibition, to a human audience, with artistic or entertainment value. Note: Movies are included even though the Performers aren't performing in the same point in space-time. But we draw the line at still photographs; i.e., those are not considered Entertainment-Performances.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME entity :SUBCLASS-OF (something-existing) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "?X is an Entity if it is a `maximal' Something-Existing. What we mean by that is that there cannot be another Something-Existing of which ?X is merely a subabstraction (see Sub-Abstrac). So AlbertEinstein is an entity, but AlbertEinsteinWhileAtPrinceton is not. In other words, an Entity represents the entire existence of a thing, not just one or more `temporal chunks' or Time-Slices of a thing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME equals :INSTANCE-OF (slot default-monotonic-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (domain thing) (documentation "The predicate Equals is the Cyc version of identity of predicate logic. (Equals A B) means A and B denote the same thing.") (genl-inverse equals)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME equiv :INSTANCE-OF (slot commutative-relation el-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain cyc-formula) (documentation "The logical connective Equiv represents bi-directional implication. Equiv takes two arguments, each of which must be an element of Cyc-Formula. (Equiv FORMULA-1 FORMULA-2) means that formula FORMULA-1 is true precisely when formula FORMULA-2 is true; in other words, FORMULA-1 is true if and only if FORMULA-2 is true. An EL formula that mentions Equiv is translated during canonicalization into an equivalent (though less compact) formula that mentions Implies and does not mention Equiv (see the Expansion gaf for Equiv).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ethnic-group-type :SUBCLASS-OF (human-culture-type conventional-classification-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. An Ethnic-Group-Type is a set of people whose group-organization, practices or characteristics are based on ethnic origins. E.g., some Ethnic-Group-Types are: Ethnic-Group-Of-Vietnamese, Ethnic-Group-Of-Indians-Of-TheUS, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ethnic-groups-here :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range ethnic-group-type) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "The ethnic groups that inhabit a geographical region.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ethnicity :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of isa) (range ethnic-group-type) (domain person) (documentation "(Ethnicity PERSON GROUPTYPE) means Person PERSON belongs to the Ethnic-Group-Type GROUPTYPE. E.g., (Ethnicity John-Wilkes-Booth Census-Group-Of-Caucasians). One Person may belong to more than one Ethnic-Group-Type.") (arg2-genl person)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME eukaryotic-cell :SUBCLASS-OF (cell) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of eukaryotic cells, Cells which serve as the basic structural unit of eukaryotic organisms. These cells have a membrane-bound nucleus and other organelles. Multicellular Organisms generally have EukaryoticCells@cyc; Eukaryotic-Cell DNA has introns. Certain Eukaryotic-Cells, like the red blood corpuscles of Persons with heathy Spleens, lack nuclei.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME evaluatable-function :SUBCLASS-OF (function-the-mathematical-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Cyc functions. Each element of Evaluatable-Function is a Cyc function which is associated (via Lisp-Defun) with a piece of Heuristic Level (SubL) code that computes the result of applying the function to legal arguments. See Plus-Fn for a good example. An evaluatable function is evaluated only if none of its arguments is unbound.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME evaluate :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (domain cycel-variable) (documentation "(Evaluate VAR EXPRESSION) is satisfied by an HL module which evaluates EXPRESSION and binds VAR to the result. For example, (Evaluate ?SUM (Plus-Fn 1 2)) would bind ?SUM to 3.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME evaporating :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which a piece of stuff is transformed from a Liquid-State-Of-Matter to a Gaseous-State-Of-Matter by evaporation as opposed to boiling.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME evening :SUBCLASS-OF (qualitative-time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each Evening is started by a Dusk and is Temporally-Coterminal with the Calendar-Day it's a part of. Each Evening is Contiguous-After an Afternoon, and each Overnight is Contiguous-After an Evening.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME event :SUBCLASS-OF (situation temporal-thing intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((group-fn |(GROUP-FN EVENT)|) (documentation "This is one important subset of Temporal-Thing. The elements of Event are events or actions, things that we say are `happening', changes in the state of the world. Event is also a subset of Intangible, since an event consists of the `actions' per se, and THEY then refer to the tangible objects which participate in them. In contrast, the collection Something-Existing (another important subset of Temporal-Thing) has elements which have temporal extent yet are `static', such as a rock at the bottom of a pond. Note: While `Something-Existing vs. Event'@cyc might seem at first to be an obvious partition of things with temporal extent, there are interesting borderline cases -- such as agreements -- which Cyc treats as instances of Something-Existing, but which could also be represented as instances of Event. And there are still other cases, such as the pure disembodied elements of Time-Interval, which are elements of Temporal-Thing yet belong neither to Something-Existing nor to Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME event-honors :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate role irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain social-occurrence) (documentation "(Event-Honors OCCURRENCE AGENT) means that AGENT is honored or commemorated by OCCURRENCE. If AGENT is a living Person, AGENT is probably present at OCCURRENCE. This is the appropriate predicate for relating a Funeral to the deceased person for whom the Funeral is in honor.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME event-occurs-at :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-region actors temporally-intersects) (range partially-tangible) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Event-Occurs-At relates a particular event to the instance of Partially-Tangible in which it occurs. (Event-Occurs-At EVENT PT) means that the spatial extent of EVENT is within PT. For example, (Event-Occurs-At Loma-Prieta-Earthquake San-Francisco-Bay-Area).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME event-occurs-near :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range partially-tangible) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Event-Occurs-Near is used to give an approximate location for an event. (Event-Occurs-Near EVENT LOC) means that EVENT occurs at a place Near LOC. Event-Occurs-Near is useful when the more exact Event-Occurs-At is unknown, hard to specify, or not worth reifying. For example, Event-Occurs-Near is useful for describing the location of events in scenarios such as `Bob was cycling by the dam', `We played checkers near the TV', and `He is standing by the horse's hind legs'. See Cyclist-Notes for ideas on how to formalize this.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME event-type-temporal-locality :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity) (domain script-type) (documentation "The time period over which the effects of this type of event may be felt. This could be infinite for certain events (such as killing a person), but for most events this is a much shorter period. E.g., some of the effects of swimming are being wet, being tired, being out of breath, etc. but those effect generally only persist for a period of minutes after the swimming ends.") (arg1-genl event)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME evergreen-plant :SUBCLASS-OF (plant-woody) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of plants. Each element of Evergreen-Plant is a plant that retains leaves or needles throughout all the seasons of the year. Cf. Deciduous-Plant.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME evokes :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate cotemporal-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Evokes OBJ EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that as a consequence of perceiving OBJ, a typical sane intelligent perceiving agent would experience a feeling of EMOTYPE with degree of intensity DEGREE. E.g., in some contexts, (Evokes Statue-Of-Liberty Pride High).") (arg2-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain evokes 3 generic-attribute) (nth-domain evokes 2 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain evokes 1 individual) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exchange-of-user-rights :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity social-occurrence change-in-user-rights) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Exchange-Of-User-Rights, two Agents (the Exchangers) perform two distinct (though related) Transferring-Possessions with each other. Two objects are exchanged. Each agent gains possession -- in the form of some User-Rights-Attribute -- of something (an Object-Of-Possession-Transfer) from the other. Each transfer is related to the other as some kind of condition, a precondition or an intended result; e.g., the news seller will hand over a paper if given fifty cents, and I give the news seller my fifty cents so that he will turn over a newspaper to me. The two Transferring-Possession events are Sub-Events of the Exchange-Of-User-Rights event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exchangers :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors post-actors performed-by social-participants) (range agent) (domain exchange-of-user-rights) (documentation "The predicate Exchangers is used to identify the (typically, two) Agents involved in an instance of Exchange-Of-User-Rights. In such an event, each of the Exchangers gives up possession of one thing and gains possession of another which was previously possessed by the other agent. (Exchangers EXCH AGENT) means that AGENT is one of the parties having such a dual role in the Exchange-Of-User-Rights EXCH. Every instance of Exchange-Of-User-Rights has two sub-events which are instances of Transferring-Possession (e.g., a dollar bill goes in one direction and some french fries and a few coins go in the other direction.) Each of the Exchangers is both a To-Possessor (in one of the two Transferring-Possession sub-events of EXCH) and a From-Possessor (in the other sub-event).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME excitement :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of arousal that stirs up, moves profoundly, or serves as a challenge to one's power, eliciting the desire to do or perceive something. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Excitement include Enthusiasm, Celebratory-Emotion, Triumph-The-Feeling, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exclusive-user-rights :INSTANCE-OF (user-rights-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute of an object with respect to an Agent, meaning that the agent who holds this kind of User-Rights-Attribute to an object has the sole right to use that object. There can be only one such Agent at a given time; that agent may be an Organization or an individual person. When you rent a car, you expect Exclusive-User-Rights of it for the duration of your rental, even though you don't own the car.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME executive :SUBCLASS-OF (leader professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people. An instance of Executive is a person who holds an executive managerial positions in some Organization. Among the members of Executive are top managers of organizations, including corporate officers (Company-President, etc.), Chiefs of Staff, Generals, Admirals and others like Chief Corporate Counsel, Managing Partner, Producer, Chief Scientist, Chief Engineer, as well as other upper and upper-middle managers.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exercising :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity purposeful-action action-on-object voluntary-body-movement) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which humans move their bodies and limbs for the purpose of general physical conditioning and/or strengthening muscles.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exhaling :SUBCLASS-OF (emitting-an-object translation-single-path) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Expelling air from the lungs")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exhibitors :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range agent) (domain social-gathering) (documentation "(Exhibitors GATHERING AGENT) means that AGENT actively presents information, markets a product, displays merchandise or artwork to the attendees of GATHERING.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME existing-object-type :SUBCLASS-OF (object-type temporal-stuff-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of each element of Existing-Object-Type is temporally stufflike yet is objectlike in other ways, e.g., spatially. Any one of many Time-Slices of a copy of `Moby Dick' sitting on your shelf is still a copy of `Moby Dick' sitting on your shelf. Most tangible objects are temporally stufflike in this fashion. That book is, of course, not spatially stufflike; spatially, it is objectlike: if we take a scalpel and slice the book into ten pieces, each piece is not a copy of `Moby Dick'. So (:instance-of Book Existing-Object-Type) is true, because each book is temporally stufflike but spatially objectlike. See the comment for Stuff-Type to find out more about the distinctions between, and the need for, these four collections: Stuff-Type, Object-Type, Existing-Stuff-Type, and Existing-Object-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME existing-stuff-type :SUBCLASS-OF (stuff-type temporal-stuff-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Existing-Stuff-Type is a collection of things (including portions of things) which are temporally and spatially stufflike; they may also be stufflike in other ways, e.g., in some physical property. Division in time or space does not destroy the stufflike quality of the object. For example, every piece of wood is temporally stufflike: if W-168 is a piece of wood during 1996, then it's also a piece of wood for the one-minute time-slice 9:05am 7/7/96. It's also spatially stufflike: if we take that piece of wood W-168 and cut it in half, we have two things which are both pieces of wood. The fact that every piece of wood is both temporally and spatially stufflike is represented in Cyc by the assertion (:instance-of Wood Existing-Stuff-Type). Other examples of Existing-Stuff-Type: Apple-Juice, Ice-Cream, Diamond, Waxed-Paper, Striated-Muscle. See the comment for Stuff-Type to learn more about the distinctions between, and the need for, these four collections: Stuff-Type, Object-Type, Existing-Stuff-Type, and Existing-Object-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exp-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot function-from-quantities-to-quantities) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "Exp-Fn is the exponential operator, i.e., the unary mathematical function that returns e^x for the x value taken as its argument. (Exp-Fn 1) returns e. Its inverse (i.e., Inverse-Func) is Log-Fn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME expansion :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-list) (domain relationship) (documentation "The complex functions/relations can be explained in terms of more primitive functions. This slot contains such a primitive expansion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME expansion-axiom :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate meta-knowledge-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range assertion) (domain rule-macro-predicate) (documentation "(Expansion-Axiom PRED ASSERT) means that the assertion ASSERT is part of the expansion of PRED.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME expects :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Expects AGT PROP) means that the agent AGT believes the proposition PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula) will be true sometime in the future. A use of this predicate is to state rules such as: when someone confirms that they will be participating in a social event, the host(ess) Expects that they will participate.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME experiencing-hunger :SUBCLASS-OF (bodily-function-event-involuntary) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Being hungry")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME explosion :SUBCLASS-OF (energy-conversion-process decomposition-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each instance of Explosion is an event that involve an extremely violent, chaotic release of energy. It is not exactly controlled, even in the best circumstances, though it may be contained and channelled to do useful work (such as within the cylinders of a car engine, or such as when a hole is blasted for a backyard swimming pool.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exports :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate process-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range product-type) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "(exports REGION THING) means that the region REGION has substantial regular exports of the commodity THING.") (arg2-genl partially-tangible)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME extensional-representation-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Extensional-Representation-Predicate is a predicate used to form assertions about the properties of individual objects. These predicates implement the extensional structure of the Cyc ontology; e.g., Attorneys, Object-Taken-Care-Of, Actor-Parts-Affected, Vested-Interest.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME exterior-region-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain animal-body-region) (range animal-body-region) (documentation "The function (ExteriorRegionFn REGOROBJ), applied to a region or object REGOROBJ, means the sub-region consisting of all the outer parts or sections of REGOROBJ, or the exterior main portion of REGOROBJ. It applies when REGOROBJ itself has an intrinsic inside/outside orientation (unlike, say, a loop of thread), but if REGOROBJ is an enveloping part, surface membrane, ring or layer within or on a larger region or object that has its own inside/outside orientation, the function returns REGOROBJ's outside portion with respect to the inside and outside of the larger region or object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME external-parts :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot anti-symmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal physical-parts) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(External-Parts OBJ PART) means that OBJ has PART as one of its external Physical-Parts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME external-surface-whole-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (surface-on-tangible-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all entire outer physical surfaces of tangible objects. Excludes mere patches or portions of the whole surface of an object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME eye :SUBCLASS-OF (organ electro-magnetic-radiation-sensor) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all eyes of Animals. Eyes are the organs of Visual-Perception.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME eye-color :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-attribute-description-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range color) (domain animal) (documentation "(Eye-Color ANIMAL COLOR) means that the Animal ANIMAL has eyes whose Color is COLOR (more precisely, this means that their irises appear to have that color, in sunlight). E.g., (Eye-Color AmyIrving Purple-Color).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME face-of-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all faces of animals. A Face-Of-Animal generally consists of the region where the eyes of the animal are located. In most terrestrial animals, this is the front region of the animal's head, and also turns out to be where the nose, mouth, etc., are located.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME faces-direction :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range unit-vector-interval) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Faces-Direction OBJ DIR) means that the intrinsic forward axis of OBJ (i.e., the vector normal to its intrinsic front side) points in the direction DIR. Note that an object only has an intrinsic forward axis if it has some intrinsic front side by virtue of its design or function. For example, trains, cars, and bullets have intrinsic front faces by virtue of the direction in which they are intended to travel. Other objects, such as refrigerators, bookshelves against walls, and televisions, have front faces by virtue of how people usually view the object. Spheres, being symmetric, do not have an intrinsic forward axis.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME faces-object :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The Cyc predicate Faces-Object is used to represent the orientation of one object to another. (Faces-Object OBJ1 AXIS1 OBJ2) means that an intrinsic axis projected through OBJ1 (i.e., AXIS1) spatially intersects with the second object, OBJ2. See also Intrinsic-Axis-Of-Object, Axis-Fn.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain faces-object 3 partially-tangible) (nth-domain faces-object 2 intrinsic-axis-of-object)(nth-domain faces-object 1 partially-tangible) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME failure-for-agents :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of performed-by) (range agent) (domain purposeful-action) (documentation "The predicate Failure-For-Agents is used to indicate that a particular agent fails to achieve (at least one of) its goals in a particular action. (Failure-For-Agents ENDEAVOR AGT) means that the Agent AGT had some purpose in performing ENDEAVOR that was not realized. See also Purpose-In-Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fall-season :SUBCLASS-OF (season-of-year) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Fall seasons. In the Temperate-Climate-Cycle, Fall is usually the time of harvesting and beginnings of shutting down of growth. Also the time of harvest celebrations. Fall-Season represents the climatic aspects of Fall; for its purely temporal aspects, see Calendar-Autumn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME false :INSTANCE-OF (individual truth-value) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An element of Truth-Value. False is logical falsehood in Cyc; this is the abstract logical notion--not to be confused with Lisp's NIL, nor with the English word `false'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME family-relation-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (inter-existing-object-slot) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Family-Relation-Slot is a binary predicate used to represent relationships among members of human families. Examples: Spouse, Siblings, Grandmothers, Grandfathers, Relatives, Cohabiting-Family-Members.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME family-social-entity :SUBCLASS-OF (social-being group partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. Each element of Family-Social-Entity is a group of people or of animals related by birth and mating. The kinship relation is closer than simply being members of the same species. Such a family may function together as an Organization. See also the specialization Family-Human.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME famine :SUBCLASS-OF (disaster-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Disaster-Event. Each instance of Famine is an event taking place in a contiguous geographical area in which a lot of people are undergoing Starvation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fan-out-arg :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range positive-integer) (domain transitive-binary-predicate) (documentation "(Fan-Out-Arg ?PRED ?N) means that transitively-related assertions using ?PRED usually ''fan out'' in the direction of argument position ?N. For example, (Fan-Out-Arg Geographical-Sub-Regions 2). This means there are more non-subsumed arg2s for a given arg1 to Geographical-Sub-Regions than there would be non-subsumed arg1s for a given arg2.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME farmer :SUBCLASS-OF (professional blue-collar-worker) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Farmer is a person who makes (or significantly supplements) his or her income by farming. This includes growing vegetables, grain, or fruit crops, dairy farming, or raising livestock (e.g., cattle, pigs, sheep, fish) for their meat or other animal products (e.g., wool).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fastened-to :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate connection-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of connected-to-rigidly) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Fastened-To OBJ1 OBJ2) means that there is an assembly consisting of OBJ1, OBJ2, and one or more fasteners configured so that OBJ1 and OBJ2 are rigidly connected. Many types of fastener are covered by fastenedTo@cyc; e.g., screws, nails, rivets, nuts and bolts. The fastener penetrates all the way through OBJ1 and may or may not go all the way through OBJ2. Examples: a utility shelf screwed into the wall; paper notices stapled to a bulletin board; shingles nailed to the roof of a house.") (genl-inverse fastened-to)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of fastened-to transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of fastened-to reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of fastened-to irreflexive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME father :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate family-relation-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range male-animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Father CHILD FATHER) means FATHER is one of the persons who fulfill the role of father for CHILD. This may or may not include CHILD's biological father, and might include CHILD's step father(s) or foster father(s).") (documentation "(Father OFFSPRING MALE) means that Male-Animal MALE is the male biological parent of Animal OFFSPRING.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fax-number-text :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range phone-number) (domain contact-location) (documentation "The predicate Fax-Number-Text relates a particular location to the fax number at that location. (Fax-Number-Text LOC NUM) means that NUM is a string denoting (one of) the fax number(s) of the Contact-Location LOC.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fear :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Unpleasant emotion manifested by painful agitation in the presence or awareness of danger. Fear implies anxiety and loss of courage. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. A more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Type than Fear is Dread.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME february :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feeling-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type composite-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of attributes describing emotions and mental feelings. An element of this set would be a particular `amount' of happiness, of confidence, of fear, etc. Obviously there are no real `units of measure' for these quantities, but one can certainly say that the `amount' of happiness one felt at one's wedding was `more' than the happiness they felt at their college graduation ceremony, etc. There are functions, such as Low-Amount-Fn, which take a Primitive-Attribute-Type (such as the instances of Feeling-Attribute-Type) and return as their value a certain-sized amount of that attribute-type; e.g., (Low-Amount-Fn Confidence) is an expression whose value is a low amount of confidence, and that in turn will be an element of Confidence, and also an element of Feeling-Attribute, and also an element of Attribute-Value, etc. See especially the various subsets of Feeling-Attribute. Note that Feeling-Attribute is NOT an element of Feeling-Attribute-Type. Since Feeling-Attribute-Type is a subset of Primitive-Attribute-Type, any element of Feeling-Attribute-Type (such as Happiness) should have a total order among all its elements. All the elements of Feeling-Attribute can't be placed in a total order (for example, how can we compare 'low happiness' with 'low contempt'?), so it should not be an element of Feeling-Attribute-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feeling-attribute-type :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-type primitive-attribute-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each Feeling-Attribute-Type is a type of attribute that describes some sort of emotion and/or mental feeling. Some elements of Feeling-Attribute-Type are: Envy, Curiosity, Pride-Of-Accomplishment, etc. See also Feeling-Attribute.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feels-emotion :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate cotemporal-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Feels-Emotion AGT EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that the Intelligent-Agent AGT feels a feeling of the type EMOTYPE with the intensity DEGREE. For example, (Feels-Emotion Lenat Pride High). As you might imagine, such statements are generally embedded in a context, or within some other statement (such as Holds-In some small time interval). See also Feels-Towards-Event, Feels-Towards-Object. Note: the first argument can be a non-human intelligent agent, such as a dog or a company, because we often ascribe feelings and emotions to them, and they often behave consistently with having such feelings and emotions.") (arg2-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain feels-emotion 3 generic-attribute) (nth-domain feels-emotion 2 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain feels-emotion 1 intelligent-agent) (overlapping-external-concept feels-emotion sensus-information1997 "REACTION")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feels-response-on-body-region :INSTANCE-OF (relation functional-predicate quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The Cyc predicate Feels-Response-On-Body-Region is used to represent localized somatic feelings of a perceptive being. (Feels-Response-On-Body-Region AGT BODYPARTTYPE SENS DEGREE) means that the Perceptual-Agent AGT feels on its body, in the area specified by BODYPARTTYPE, the sensory reaction SENS with an intensity of DEGREE. For example, Cyc's knowledge base contains an assertion that the very same part of one's body doesn't feel both hot and cold at the same time. Feels-Response-On-Body-Region can also be used to state symptoms, e.g., when you're feverish, your head feels hot. See also Sensory-Reaction-Type.") (arg4-isa generic-attribute) (arg2-genl animal-body-region)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain feels-response-on-body-region 4 generic-attribute) (nth-domain feels-response-on-body-region 3 sensory-reaction-type)(nth-domain feels-response-on-body-region 2 existing-object-type) (nth-domain feels-response-on-body-region 1 perceptual-agent)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feels-sensation :INSTANCE-OF (relation functional-predicate ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Feels-Sensation BLO SENSTYPE DEGREE) means that the Biological-Living-Object BLO feels a sensation of type SENSTYPE with the intensity DEGREE. Feels-Sensation may be used to describe an organism's feeling during a particular time period or activity (see Holds-In); for example, we might say of a particular person who is doing yoga: (Holds-In `TodaysYoga' (Feels-Sensation Prakriti Level-Of-Relaxation-Feeling Very-High). Note that the first argument of Feels-Sensation could also be filled by a part of an organism, e.g., `John F. Kennedy's head'; however, by using the more specialized predicate Feels-Response-On-Body-Region (q.v.), we can express localized feelings without reifying each such region.") (arg2-genl sensory-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain feels-sensation 3 generic-attribute) (nth-domain feels-sensation 2 sensory-reaction-type)(nth-domain feels-sensation 1 biological-living-object) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feels-towards-event :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Feels-Towards-Event AGT EVT EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that the Intelligent-Agent AGT feels a feeling of the Feeling-Attribute-Type EMOTYPE towards the Event EVT, with intensity DEGREE. Note: the first argument can be a non-human intelligent agent, such as a dog or a company, because we often ascribe feelings and emotions to them, and they often behave consistently with having such feelings and emotions. ") (arg4-isa generic-attribute) (arg3-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain feels-towards-event 4 generic-attribute) (nth-domain feels-towards-event 3 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain feels-towards-event 2 event) (nth-domain feels-towards-event 1 person)(nth-domain feels-towards-event 1 intelligent-agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feels-towards-object :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Feels-Towards-Object AGT OBJ EMOTYPE DEGREE) means that the Intelligent-Agent AGT feels a feeling of the Feeling-Attribute-Type EMOTYPE towards the Individual OBJ, with intensity DEGREE. Note: the first argument can be a non-human intelligent agent, such as a dog or a company, because we often ascribe feelings and emotions to them, and they often behave consistently with having such feelings and emotions.") (arg4-isa generic-attribute) (arg3-genl feeling-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain feels-towards-object 4 generic-attribute) (nth-domain feels-towards-object 3 feeling-attribute-type)(nth-domain feels-towards-object 2 individual) (nth-domain feels-towards-object 1 person)(nth-domain feels-towards-object 1 intelligent-agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME female-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class organism-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all female animals.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept female-animal sensus-information1997 "FEMALE-ANIMAL") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME female-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain organism-classification-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Female-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular, an instance of Collection-Denoting-Function. (Female-Fn ORGTYPE) returns that subset of the animal taxonomic collection ORGTYPE which includes all and only the females of ORGTYPE. For example, (Female-Fn Person) and Female-Person denote the same collection, while (Female-Fn Deer) denotes the collection of all female members of Deer.") (arg1-genl animal) (result-genl female-animal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME female-parent-actor :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of parent-actors) (range biological-living-object) (domain biological-reproduction-event) (documentation "(Female-Parent-Actor ?EVENT ?ORGANISM) means that ?ORGANISM is the female parent in the Sexual-Reproduction-Event ?EVENT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME female-person :SUBCLASS-OF (person female-animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all female persons.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition female-person male-person |(THE-PARTITION FEMALE-PERSON MALE-PERSON)|) (synonymous-external-concept female-person sensus-information1997 "FEMALE")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME feminine :INSTANCE-OF (gender-of-living-thing linguistic-object) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Feminine is a gender, indicating either that an Animal or Plant is female, or that a word has what is called feminine gender.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ferry :SUBCLASS-OF (ship) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subcollection of Boat-WaterTransportationDevice that contains all ferryboats, i.e., boats that are used to carry people, goods or vehicles across rivers, lakes, canals or channels etc. or even from one side of a harbor to another, but normally not used to cross oceans.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fictional-context :SUBCLASS-OF (counterfactual-context) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Counterfactual-Contexts which are (1) created intentionally, not by error or chance or gradual evolution and accretion in a culture, and (2) typically are the information content of some Information-Bearing-Thing, and (3) are not expected (by their creator) to be believed as factual, nor do their creators believe them to be factual. In addition to asserting fictional propositions about existing things, a Fictional-Context may include terms for nonexistent things. Examples: Lord-Of-The-Rings, Adventures-Of-Huckleberry-Finn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME field-of-study :SUBCLASS-OF (propositional-information-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories. Each element of Field-Of-Study is a microtheory containing the knowledge, theory, hypotheses, evidence, and problems covered in a particular field of study (in propositional form). Examples: Linguistics, Ethology, Artificial-Intelligence, Business-Administration, Nursing-Field-Of-Study, etc. Fields of study are typically the subject of teaching and/or research within instances of Academic-Department, although the correlation between Academic-Department and Field-Of-Study is not one-to-one. Note also that elements of Field-Of-Study are intangible objects (i.e., contexts with propositional content), while academic departments are partially tangible organizations. For the activity of specialized study in a field, see Course-Of-Study.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fields-of-activity :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of fields-of-competence) (range field-of-study) (domain person) (documentation "(Fields-Of-Activity X FLD) means the Person X was or is active in the Field-Of-Study FLD, and usually is making, has made, or intends to make some contribution to FLD. E.g., (Fields-Of-Activity Thales Milesian-School) and, to take a more recent example, (Fields-Of-Activity Lenat Artificial-Intelligence).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fields-of-competence :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range field-of-study) (domain person) (documentation "(Fields-Of-Competence Z FLD) means the Person Z has actual competence and knowledgeability in the Field-Of-Study FLD, or else at least is recognized by peers and colleagues in the same field as being competent in that field. E.g., (Fields-Of-Competence Nichols Philosophy-Ancient)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fields-of-formal-education :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of fields-of-competence) (range field-of-study) (domain person) (documentation "(Fields-Of-Formal-Education Z FLD) means that Person Z has had formal academic or tutorial education in the Field-Of-Study FLD. E.g., (Fields-Of-Formal-Education Colvin Linguistics). This is a good example of a predicate whose precise meaning, and associated heuristic rules, vary quite a bit from context to context, such as from culture to culture, from century to century, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME financial-account :SUBCLASS-OF (account) :INSTANCE-OF (class account-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of intangible objects. Each element of Financial-Account is an instance of Account (q.v.) which is denominated in units of Money. Examples: savings accounts, credit card accounts, vendor accounts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME financial-account-tender-object :SUBCLASS-OF (tender-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Each element of Financial-Account-Tender-Object is an object, e.g., a check or a credit card, that serves as a vehicle for offering payment in funds drawn on an associated instance of Financial-Account. The liquidity of an element of Financial-Account-Tender-Object depends on the Account-Balance or Account-Status of the financial account which that object legally represents. This collection excludes the elements of Currency and Travellers-Check.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME financial-asset-holdings :SUBCLASS-OF (holdings) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of partially tangibles. An element of Financial-Asset-Holdings is a group of financial assets (e.g., stocks, bonds, ... ) owned by individual or corporate Agent(s). As a default, we assume that the monetary value of each group equals the sum of the monetary values of the individual assets in that group.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME financial-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-service-organization commercial-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of Commercial-Service-Organization. An element of Financial-Organization is an organization that buys, sells, trades, converts, or lends money, in the form of currency or negotiable financial instruments (such as stocks, bonds, commodities futures, etc.), as (one of) its major function(s). The collection Financial-Organization does not include businesses, such as retailers, which simply exchange goods or non-financial services for money.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME finger :SUBCLASS-OF (appendage-animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all digits of all Hands (q.v.). Fingers are (typically) flexibly jointed and are necessary to enabling the hand (and its owner) to perform grasping and manipulation actions.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME first-name :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of name-of-agent) (range human-given-name-string) (domain person) (documentation "(First-Name X STRNG) means that Person X is known by the Human-Given-Name-String STRNG as his or her first name. E.g., (First-Name Lenat ``Douglas''). A person rarely has more than one first name, though they may have many nicknames which acquaintences use almost interchangably with the person's first and/or last names.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME first-sub-events :INSTANCE-OF (slot sub-process-slot transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of sub-events temporally-started-by) (range event) (domain event) (documentation "(First-Sub-Events ?X ?Y) implies (Sub-Events ?X ?Y) and (Temporally-Started-By ?X ?Y). For example, if one is Relieving-Pain by taking a pill, then the First-Sub-Events in that event is an Ingesting event. See also Last-Sub-Events.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fiscal-quarter :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of this collection is a 3-month-long interval of time kept track of by an Agent as part of its financial accounting procedures. Since the start dates and end dates may vary depending on the organization, instances will be things like Fiscal3rdQuarterOf1995ForCycorp.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fiscal-year :SUBCLASS-OF (time-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each instance of this collection is an annual, year-long interval of time kept track of by an Agent as part of its operational and financial accounting procedures. Since the start dates and end dates may vary depending on the organization, instances of this collection are time intervals like FiscalYearOf1989ForMicrosoft")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fiscally-capable-of :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Fiscally-Capable-Of indicates that an agent has the economic prerequisites needed for taking a certain role in a certain type of situation or event. (Fiscally-Capable-Of AGT SIT-TYPE ROLE) means that a particular Agent AGT has the financial resources for acting in this ROLE in normal instances of SIT-TYPE. For example, we could say that Mary is Fiscally-Capable-Of being the Buyer in a Buying of a Humvee (i.e., (Buying-Fn Humvee)). However, Fiscally-Capable-Of is noncommittal as to whether Mary does or will in fact buy a Humvee.") (arg2-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain fiscally-capable-of 3 role) (nth-domain fiscally-capable-of 2 collection)(nth-domain fiscally-capable-of 1 intelligent-agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fish :SUBCLASS-OF (aquatic-organism non-person-animal animal vertebrate) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-class) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of cold-blooded animals; a subset of Vertebrate. Each element of Fish has gills, cranium, and fins, and spends all or almost all of its life under water. The collection Fish excludes so-called star-fish and cuttle-fish, etc., as well as fish-shaped examples of Mammal such as porpoises and whales. Fish is an instance of Biological-Class.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fits-in :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range abstract-shape) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The predicate Fits-In is used to give an approximation of the external size and shape of particular tangible objects, by relating an object to an abstract region of space described as a geometric shape with definite dimensions. (Fits-In OBJ SHAPE) gives an upper bound for the size of the object OBJ, by stating what sized shape OBJ will fit inside. Fits-In uses the elements of Shape-Function (q.v.) for reference, especially the basic shapes generated by Rectangular-Solid-Fn, Cylinder-Fn, and Sphere-Fn. (Note: actual instances of AbstractPhysicalShape are NOT used for assertions made with Fits-In.) Examples: (Fits-In Pittman (Rectangular-Solid-Fn (Meter 2) (Meter 0.35) (Meter 0.25))) and (Fits-In HopeDiamond (Cylinder-Fn (Centimeter 10) (Centimeter 10))). When Fits-In is used in a rule to represent a class of objects with variable sizes, the Shape-Function used should refer to the largest size that such objects normally have. For example, by default, any sandwich SW (Fits-In SW (Rectangular-Solid-Fn (Inch 12) (Inch 12) (Inch 6))).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fixed-structure :SUBCLASS-OF (construction-artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of artifacts. Each element of Fixed-Structure is a humanly-constructed, freestanding object that exists in a fixed location; e.g., buildings, pyramids, the Great Wall of China, dams, elevated roadways, canals, etc. Such structures may have parts which are also elements of Fixed-Structure (e.g., bridge pilings) and parts which are not freestanding (e.g., the span of a bridge, or a room in a building).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flammability :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((high-amount-fn |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)|) (medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)|) (no-amount-fn |(NO-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)|) (very-low-amount-fn |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)|) (very-high-amount-fn |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN FLAMMABILITY)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Flammability represents a specific readiness with which some tangible substance burns. Different degrees of Flammability are represented either using Generic-Value-Functions or qualitatively (e.g., Not-Flammable, Burns-Easily, Explosively-Flammable). Flammability of an object is indicated with the predicate Flammability-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flammability-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-attribute-description-slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range flammability) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Flammability-Of-Object SUBST DEGREE) means that the tangible SUBST has this DEGREE of Flammability. A higher value of DEGREE describes objects that catch fire and burn more quickly and easily than those with a lower value.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flat-physical-surface :SUBCLASS-OF (surface-physical) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all surfaces that are substantially flat (by the tolerance standards of the the context). This means that there are no 'significant' concave depressions or convex bulges or bumps, and that the surface approximates some portion of a Euclidian plane in space. Note that the surface may have holes or cracks and may be disconnected, in multiple (substantially coplanar) pieces. A typical table top is a FlatPhysicalSurface.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flexible :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Flexible is the Physical-Structural-Attribute of a tangible object that can be flexed, twisted, contorted. Flexible objects which retain their contorted shape are described as Bendable (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME floor-in-a-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (construction-artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical floor in a building, NOT the level (storey). The latter is called Level-Of-A-Construction. The floor can include any floor in a building such as the floor of a room on the third floor as well as the floor covering the entire 1st level of the building. This includes just the horizontal surface -- not the subfloor. It also doesn't include floor coverings like carpet or tile.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flow-path :SUBCLASS-OF (path-simple spatial-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of pathways; a subset of Path-Generic. Each element of Flow-Path is a path whose extent is delineated by the movement of a fluid over an area; for example, the path of a lava flow or the Alaskan-Pipeline. Elements of Flow-Path may (but need not) be constrained by objects or forces that channel the flow of fluid; see also the subset Fluid-Conduit.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flowering-plant :SUBCLASS-OF (plant) :INSTANCE-OF (class organism-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of plants whose seeds are enclosed in ovaries; the flowering plants in the botanical sense. For flowering plants actually in bloom, see Flowery-Plant.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME flowery-plant :SUBCLASS-OF (flowering-plant) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of plants. Each element of Flowery-Plant is a flowering plant that is actually and visibly in flower (i.e., has flowers showing). The collection Flowery-Plant includes flowering bushes and trees with visible flowers. This collection represents a commonsense category, not the official Biological-Taxon Flowering-Plant.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fluid-pressure :INSTANCE-OF (slot tangible-substance-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range pressure) (domain fluid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Fluid-Pressure FLUID PRESS) means that the Fluid-Tangible-Thing FLUID exerts the Pressure PRESS at its surface.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fluid-reservoir :SUBCLASS-OF (container-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of open-ended containers; a subset of Container-Product. An instance of Fluid-Reservoir is a container which was designed to hold liquids. These include elements of the collections Spoon, Toilet-Bowl, Glass-Bottle, etc. Note a special negative case: natural `reservoirs', such as Lakes, are not Container-Products -- though the Dams that create them are artifacts, the reservoir water is contained in the natural landscape -- and hence such reservoirs are not subsets of Fluid-Reservoir.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fluid-tangible-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangibles. Each element of Fluid-Tangible-Thing is a tangible thing that flows, including gases, liquids, and semisolid tangible things which are Pourable (e.g., sand). Examples: the Air-In-Austin, Lake-Erie, the snow drifted in my driveway, the sand on the beach at Hippie Hollow, mercury in the thermometer on the balcony. Note that the granules of a semisolid Fluid-Tangible-Thing are not necessarily themselves Fluid-Tangible-Things. Cf. Liquid-Tangible-Thing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fog :SUBCLASS-OF (gaseous-tangible-thing cloud-ofh2o) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of clouds (instances of Cloud-OfH2O) that cover a Geographical-Region at ground-level.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME foggy :INSTANCE-OF (weather-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Weather-Attribute characterizing an Outdoor-Location covered by a ground-level cloud.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME foldable :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Foldable is the Physical-Structural-Attribute of being foldable in a flexible way, like towels or paper. Note a distinction between Foldable objects and Collapsible objects: Collapsible objects are Rigid objects collapsed by means of Hinged-Joints, while Foldable objects are flexible overall.") (genl-attributes bendable)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME following-interval-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot temporal-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-object-type) (domain temporal-object-type) (documentation "(Following-Interval-Type ?X ?Y) indicates that every instance of ?X is followed by some instance of ?Y, and every instance of ?Y is preceded by some instance of ?X. The instance of ?Y is Contiguous-After the instance of ?X. For example, (Following-Interval-Type Saturday Sunday). Every Saturday is followed by a Sunday, and every Sunday is preceded by a Saturday; the Sunday is Contiguous-After the Saturday.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of following-interval-type irreflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of following-interval-type reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of following-interval-type asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of following-interval-type anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of following-interval-type symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of following-interval-type transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME following-value :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate extensional-representation-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (domain scalar-interval) (documentation "The Cyc predicate Following-Value is used to represent an ordering of generic attributes. (Following-Value VAL1 VAL2) means that VAL2 is a greater value than VAL1 on a scale that they share. (Following-Value VAL1 VAL2) implies (Greater-Than VAL2 VAL1). Typically, one uses Following-Value when the values VAL1 and VAL2 are elements of Generic-Attribute, and they are not grounded in numerically quantifiable units of measure (see Note-About-Giving-Generic-Value-Functions-Numeric-Values). If VAL1 and VAL2 do have numerical grounding, a Following-Value formula is unnecessary since Numerically-Equal, Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To, and Greater-Than, are automatically computable using arithmetic relations holding between the minimum and maximum of val1 and val2. (See Min-Quant-Value, Max-Quant-Value.) For example, one must use Following-Value to state that (High-Amount-Fn Glamor) is more glamorous than (Low-Amount-Fn Glamor). On the other hand, it is unnecessary to assert a Following-Value relation between (Miles-Per-Hour 5) and (Miles-Per-Hour 25 60) since Greater-Than is arithmetically determinable. See also Generic-Attribute, Generic-Value-Function.") (args-isa scalar-interval) (genl-inverse greater-than)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food :SUBCLASS-OF (organic-stuff edible-stuff food-and-drink tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of edible stuff; a subset of Food-And-Drink. Each element of the collection Food is a particular portion of food of a type which can, and habitually is, eaten (not drunk or inhaled) by humans or animals. Here the notion of ``eating'' is important --- not drinking or inhaling or osmosing; an element of Food will generally require biting, chewing, etc. A borderline example is a bowl of Jello; a borderline non-example is a very thick milkshake. Even closer to the border is a bowl of vegetable soup so thick and chunky that each spoonful require chewing. The edibles in Food provide calories and/or other nutrients that humans or animals need (e.g., protein, vitamins); this is often true with a Drink as well, but probably less than half the time (since most drinking is of water).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-and-drink :SUBCLASS-OF (edible-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of edible stuff. Each element of the collection Food-And-Drink is a food or beverage of a type which people or animals (or whatever the current microtheory is restricting its attention to --- e.g., some species of oil-eating bacteria) can and normally do consume. Elements of Food-And-Drink may or may not require further preparation before the eaters find them palatable, medically safe, digestable, etc. See Food-Ready-To-Eat for the subset of these items that are ready for immediate consumption. In various microtheories, the elements of Food-And-Drink will be restricted or expanded; e.g., in the Human-Activities-Mt this collection is limited to only foods or beverages that modern-day human beings consume. Some examples of Food-And-Drink includes a scoop of ice cream (an instance of Ice-Cream), a pepperoni pizza (an instance of Pizza), an apple (an instance of Edible-Fruit), a lump of bread-dough (an instance of Dough which, after preparation, will become an instance of edible Bread), a double espresso (an instance of Coffee-Beverage), a mouthful of hay that a horse is about to swallow (an instance of Hay), etc. The latter (the hay) is not an instance of Food-And-Drink in the Human-Activities-Mt. Note that Food-And-Drink does NOT include such things as spices, condiments, sauces, drugs, etc., which --- though they are nevertheless Edible-Stuff --- do not constitute a food by themselves; those belong to other subsets of Edible-Stuff but not to Food-And-Drink. E.g., a particular pinch of oregano would be an instance of Food-Ingredient-Only (q.v.). Also see: Default-Disjoint-Food-Types.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-group-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-stuff-type product-type conventional-classification-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Food-Group-Type is a collection of foodstuffs classified according to their nutritional contents. When restricted to human foods, the elements of Food-Group-Type are familiar as the teaching tools used in public health education in order to promote nutritionally balanced diets. Examples include: Dairy-Product, Cereal-Food-Group, Fruit-And-Vegetable-Food-Group, Meat-And-Legume-Food-Group.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-ingredient-only :SUBCLASS-OF (edible-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuff; a subset of Edible-Stuff. Each element of Food-Ingredient-Only is an edible substance that is used in making other food but isn't eaten by itself. These may or may not require some preparation. For example, Table-Salt, Vegetable-Oil, and Ketchup are subsets of Food-Ingredient-Only, because all of their instances are used only as ingredients or condiments. In contrast, Egg-Chickens is not a subset of FoodIngredientOnly@cyc; some of its instances serve as ingredients in cooking other dishes, (and those instances are elements of Food-Ingredient-Only,) but other eggs are simply eaten after poaching or frying (and those instances belong to the collection Food, not Food-Ingredient-Only). Types of foodlike Pizza, whose instances are never merely ingredients, are just subsets of Food.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-or-drink-composite :SUBCLASS-OF (edible-stuff artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of edible stuff. Each element of Food-Or-Drink-Composite is an edible substance that is made up of two or more foodstuffs as constituents. Typically, some recipe is, explicitly or implicitly, associated with the production of such substances. Food-Or-Drink-Composite includes both some instances of Food-Ingredient-Only (e.g., a dollop of ketchup) and some instances of Food-And-Drink (e.g., a slice of a cheese pizza).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-or-drink-preparation-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device hoc-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Physical-Device. An instance of Food-Or-Drink-Preparation-Device is a device whose Primary-Function is to prepare food or drink somehow, such as a colander, a spice mill or a pot.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-professional :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Food-Professional is a worker in the food and drink industry. This collection includes bakers, brewers, butchers, and bartenders--everyone from Julia Child to Joe the bartender.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-ready-to-eat :SUBCLASS-OF (food organic-stuff food-and-drink) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of food. Each instance of Food-Ready-To-Eat is an item of food of a type, and in a state, that people or animals can and normally do eat without any further preparation. This includes foods which have already been prepared and foods which don't need any preparation before eating. Hot baked instances of Pizza and ripe instances of Apple-The-Fruit all belong in this collection. To account for differences across cultures or species, use a specialized Microtheory (see Comments on Food-And-Drink, Edible-Stuff).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-service-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (business commercial-service-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of business organizations; a subset of both Commercial-Service-Organization and Business. An element of Food-Service-Organization is a business which prepares and/or serves food as its major function(s). Important subsets of Food-Service-Organization include Restaurant and Catering-Company. Note that grocery stores -- and airlines -- are not themselves considered elements of Food-Service-Organization, even though some of those may have Sub-Organizations or sub-contractors which Are-Food-Service-Organizations. Bars or taverns, in contrast to Restaurants that also prepare and serve food, are also not considered Food-Service-Organizations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-source-for :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-stuff-type) (domain organism-whole) (documentation "The predicate Food-Source-For is used to relate a particular organism to the kinds of things it usually eats. (Food-Source-For ORG OBJTYPE) means ORG is an organism that typically eats some instances of OBJTYPE for food. Note that OBJTYPE refers to a type of food source, not a particular object that ORG eats. For example, (Food-Source-For BillJ Popcorn) means that Popcorn is a Food-Source-For Bill, i.e., Bill often eats (instances of) popcorn.") (arg2-genl partially-tangible)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-utensil :SUBCLASS-OF (hoc-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Each element of Food-Utensil is an implement or a container used in preparing or consuming food. Among its subsets are: Spoon, Carving-Knife, Cooking-Utensil, Food-Vessel, Cutting-Board, and Chop-Stick.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME food-vessel :SUBCLASS-OF (food-utensil container-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of container products; a subset of Food-Utensil. An instance of Food-Vessel is a container designed for holding, storing, or preparing food. For example, a dinner plate, a cake pan, a wok, a plastic food storage container, etc. Subsets include the collections Cooking-Vessel, Eating-Vessel, Food-Storage-Container, and numerous others.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME foot-animal-body-part :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-living-object appendage-animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all vertebrates' feet. A foot is a terminal part of a Vertebrate Leg. Feet are used in locomotion, support, balance, kicking, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME foot-unit-of-measure :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-distance fps-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range distance scalar-interval) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the basic unit of length within the British (FPS) system. See also FPS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME for-all :INSTANCE-OF (slot relationship quantifier) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain cycel-variable) (documentation "The predicate For-All is Cyc's version of the universal quantifier of predicate calculus (i.e., the operator symbolized in one common notation by an upside-down `A'). As its two arguments, For-All takes a variable (which is an element of CycEL-Variable) and an element of Cyc-Formula, respectively. (For-All VAR FORM) means that FORM is true whenever all the occurrences of the variable VAR in the formula FORM are replaced by any object in the Cyc universe. For example, to say that every person is a mammal, we could assert: (For-All ?X (:=> (:instance-of ?X Person) (:instance-of ?X Mammal))). In addition, CycL follows a convention that allows For-All to be omitted; that is, when no explicit quantifier is used, seemingly unbound variables inside formulas are assumed to be universally quantified. With that convention, the sample assertion could be written more compactly as: (:=> (:instance-of ?X Person) (:instance-of ?X Mammal)). [Developer-level footnote: There are many `flavors' of quantification `on the market' these days; here is how the Cyc system currently handles axioms that involve For-All: When processing an FI-ASK about whether an assertion of the form (For-All VAR FORM) is true or not, Cyc determines extensionally whether or not any known VAR (anything in the knowledge base) could make FORM false. When processing an FI-PROVE about whether an assertion of the form (For-All VAR FORM) is true or not, Cyc tries to construct an intensional proof (at least at a default-true level) that FORM must be true regardless of what VAR is ever inserted therein. When processing an FI-ASSERT in which a user or program tells Cyc that an assertion of the form (For-All VAR FORM) is true, Cyc records it intensionally so that it can later serve as part of an intensional proof, when some future FI-PROVE request is processed.]")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME force-acting-on-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot tangible-object-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range physical-attribute vector-interval) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "Force-Acting-On-Object is a predicate relating an instance of Partially-Tangible to any force which changes its direction of travel or the speed at which it is traveling.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME force-capacity :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range strength) (domain biological-living-object) (documentation "The slot describing the capability of an animal to exert force.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME form-standardizedibo :SUBCLASS-OF (structured-information-source) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs); a subset of Structured-Information-Source. Each element of Form-StandardizedIBO is an IBO having some standard set of labelled `fields' left blank for the user to fill in with individualized information. Forms usually accompany some sort of bureaucratic procedure, which they may be used to initiate or to certify. Examples include the elements of Job-Application-Form, Deposit-Slip, Insurance-Claim-Form, Order-Form, Tax-Return, Birth-Certificate, Diploma-Document, ATM-Transaction-Receipt, Marriage-License-Document, Death-Certificate, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME formal-product :SUBCLASS-OF (product) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of products. Each element of Formal-Product is a complete packaged product, including everything the customer gets when the product is purchased, e.g., the Main-Product, packaging, enclosures, warranties, etc. The typical packaged product as the retailer stocks it on the shelf and sells it at the register.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME formal-product-type :SUBCLASS-OF (product-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Formal-Product-Type is a collection of products (i.e., tangible products, services, information products, etc.), all of which conform to a standardized product specification (i.e., a `form'). In Western-style capitalistic markets, elements of Formal-Product-Type are often associated with a particular brand name (and perhaps model), since competing providers of products design them to be distinctive. For example, the collection Internal-Combustion-Engine is not an element of Formal-Product-Type, but a specific collection of engines manufactured by (e.g.) Mazda would be. On the service side, the collection Hair-Cutting-Event is not a Formal-Product-Type, but a subset of hair stylings for men (e.g., at a particular designer's salon) might be.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME formalcoc :SUBCLASS-OF (code-of-conduct) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories; a subset of Code-Of-Conduct. Each element of FormalCOC is a code of conduct which is imposed by an organization. Formal codes of conduct typically are explicitly stated and publicly promulgated among the group subject to them; also, they are associated with prescribed methods of enforcement and punishment of violators. Thus, the collection FormalCOC includes the laws of any legal jurisdiction, the rules of deportment imposed by educational institutions, the practices of some strict religious sects, etc. In contrast, informal codes of conduct are norms that are not prescribed or enforced by formal means; for example, etiquette (Manners-Code-Of-Conduct) and ethics (Ethics-Code-Of-Conduct).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME format :SUBCLASS-OF (individual intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Elements of the collection Format are attributes that are used to constrain the multi-valued nature of a Predicate. Consider a predicate PRED which takes five arguments, and fix any four of those arguments -- say arguments 1, 2, 4, and 5. The number of different legal values there can be for the third argument (given that we've already chosen the other four) is determined by which Format attribute has been specified for the 3rd argument place of PRED.. (1) If the Arg3-Format for PRED is Single-Entry, then there can be at most one single term that's legal (and thus at most one assertion), for those given values of arguments 1, 2, 4, and 5. To illustrate, let's consider a predicate with a lower Arity, say (Mother CHILD MOM), which says that the mother of CHILD is MOM. The Arg2-Format for Mother should be Single-Entry, since an animal can have only one biological mother. (2) If the Arg3-Format of PRED is Set-The-Format, then there may be any number of assertions with different terms in the third argument position, but sharing the same values for arguments 1, 2, 4, and 5. E.g., the Arg1-Format for Mother should be Set-The-Format, since a female can have multiple children. (3) If the Arg3-Format of PRED is Interval-Entry, then there may be multiple assertions sharing the values of 1, 2, 4, and 5, but with different terms in the 3rd argument; however, all the values for the 3rd argument must be overlapping elements of Scalar-Interval (q.v.). E.g., the height of a person might be specified in several ways, with slightly different margins of error (or approximation), which is fine, but all those alternate values had better have SOME overlap since the person really just has one particular true height at any given time.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME formed-by-confluence-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range river) (domain river) (documentation "(formedByConfluenceOf WATER1 WATER2) means that WATER1 is formed, or increased in volume, by the confuence of the rivers including RIVER2 which merge to form RIVER1.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME forms-border-between :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate spatial-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Forms-Border-Between BORDER REG1 REG2) means that BORDER comprises at least part of the border between REG1 and REG2. BORDER may be a surface separating two regions of space, or a curve separating two regions of a surface. The arguments REG1 and REG2 may be physical objects, geographical regions, or abstract entities. Note that BORDER need not comprise the entire border between REG1 and REG2. By contrast, Border-Between-Fn returns the entire border between the regions that serve as arguments.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain forms-border-between 3 spatial-thing) (nth-domain forms-border-between 2 spatial-thing)(nth-domain forms-border-between 1 spatial-thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME forward-inferencepsc :INSTANCE-OF (problem-solving-cntxt) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The problem solving context which is used during forward inference.") (genl-mt basekb)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME four-way-junction-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (relation asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Four-Way-Junction-In-System JUNCT SYS) means that JUNCT is a 4-way junction in the specified Path-System SYS. (See also Four-Way-Junction-Of-Paths for the general case.) Formally, a 4-way junction in SYS is any point (actually, a node) X in SYS such that either there are exactly 4 links and no loops in SYS that X is on, or there are exactly 2 loops and no links in SYS that X is on, or there are exactly 2 links and 1 loop in SYS that X is on. See Junction-In-System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fps-unit-of-measure :SUBCLASS-OF (unit-of-measure) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Unit-Of-Measure. FPS-Unit-Of-Measure is the collection of all the measurement functions whose results use the FPS (i.e., foot-pound-second) system of measure to describe physical quantities. Examples: Gallon-US, Square-Mile, Cubic-Ft-Per-Sec.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fragility :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)|) (very-low-amount-fn |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)|) (low-amount-fn |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)|) (very-high-amount-fn |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN FRAGILITY)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Fragility represents a specific property which determines how easily a physical object breaks. Different fragilities may be designated using a Generic-Value-Function. Fragilities of objects are indicated with the predicate Fragility-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fragility-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range fragility) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Fragility-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) means that the tangible object OBJ has this DEGREE of Fragility. The higher the fragility, the more easily the object can be broken.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME frame-of-reference :SUBCLASS-OF (geometric-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geometric things. Each element of Frame-Of-Reference is a representation of the context in which certain data are to be interpreted. Such contexts are typically physical (i.e., spatiotemporal), but contexts may also be purely mathematical. A Cartesian coordinate system represents a frame of reference.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME free-sheet :SUBCLASS-OF (sheet-of-some-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of certain pieces of tangible stuff. A Free-Sheet is a Sheet-Of-Some-Stuff which has two sides open to the environment. I.e. over most of each of its surfaces, it is not Sheet-Surface-Connected with something else.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME freezing :SUBCLASS-OF (translocation physical-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, an object is cooled to (and then below) its Freezing-Point and is thereby changed from a Liquid-State-Of-Matter to a Solid-State-Of-Matter.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME freezing-point :INSTANCE-OF (slot tangible-substance-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temperature) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Freezing-Point STUFF TEMP) means that TEMP is the temperature at which the substance STUFF changes from having the attribute Liquid-State-Of-Matter to Solid-State-Of-Matter (when sufficient energy is output to lower STUFF's temperature through this point). Note that the freezing point of most substances is context-dependent (e.g., based on altitude and other factors.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME frequency :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute rate) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical attributes; a subset of Rate. Each element of Frequency is a measurement of the number of times something happens during some time interval. Elements of Frequency may be either fixed values, such as 103 kiloHertz, or a range, such as Yearly, Hourly, or Rarely. See Unit-Of-Frequency for the units used by Cyc to measure instances of Frequency, e.g. (Times-Per-Second 35), (Kilo-Hertz 103). Instances of Frequency are important in the characterization of types of Wave-Propagation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME frequency-of-action-type :INSTANCE-OF (relation type-predicate functional-predicate quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Frequency-Of-Action-Type ?X ?Y ?R ?F) indicates that instances of ?Y play the role ?R in a number of instances of ?X, and they occur with the frequency ?F. One axiom in Cyc that uses this predicate expresses the rule of thumb that each military typically wages war about once a generation: (Frequency-Of-Action-Type Waging-War Military-Organization Performed-By Once-A-Generation). Another use of it is to express the fact that animals are virtually always breathing: (Frequency-Of-Action-Type Breathing Vertebrate Bodily-Doer Continuously). Even more interesting examples of this predicate express the the rules of thumb that in a modern Western personal... context a person engages in a toothbrushing event about once a day, while as the recipient of professional service that happens 0.5 - 4 times per year, while as the provider of such a service that happens 4 - 20 times per day. Those three axioms would be written -- in the appropriate contexts of course -- (Frequency-Of-Action-Type Teeth-Cleaning Person Performed-By (Times-Per-Day 1)) and (Frequency-Of-Action-Type Teeth-Cleaning Person Recipient-Of-Service (Times-Per-Year 0.5 4)) and (Frequency-Of-Action-Type Teeth-Cleaning Person Provider-Of-Service (Times-Per-Day 4 20)). Two additional notes are in order about this predicate: Note that ?X must be a set of Situations [there is an argument constraint on this predicate that enforces this, namely (Arg1-Genl Frequency-Of-Action-Type Situation)],. Note that this predicate is functional in its fourth argument position. That is, given a legal set of values for ?X, ?Y, and ?R, there is one and only one meaningful value for the frequency ?F [this is specified by the Cyc axiom (Functional-In-The-Nth-Arg Frequency-Of-Action-Type 4)].") (arg4-isa frequency) (arg1-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain frequency-of-action-type 4 frequency) (nth-domain frequency-of-action-type 3 actor-slot)(nth-domain frequency-of-action-type 2 collection) (nth-domain frequency-of-action-type 1 collection)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME frequency-of-signal :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range frequency) (domain wave-propagation) (documentation "(Frequency-Of-Signal WAVE FREQ) means that the Wave-Propagation event WAVE consists of waves that occur at intervals of FREQ. FREQ is a measure of Frequency generally expressed as cycles per unit of time; frequency of electromagnetic radiation is standardly measured in Hertz.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fried :INSTANCE-OF (preparation-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute Fried is a specialized form of Cooked. Food that is Fried has been prepared in an event of Frying.") (genl-attributes cooked)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME friendliness :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute affection) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Emotion manifested by interest in another person (or, more rarely, in some nonhuman agent), good will towards that individual, and an inclination to favor him or her (or it). This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Friendliness are Love and Love-Romantic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME friends :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate inter-personal-relation-slot cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal likes-as-friend) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Friends X Y) means X and Y are friends; typically they have a close relationship of reciprocal care, concern, respect, enjoyment, and mutual regard based on emotional (and/or ideological and intellectual) compatibility, shared interests, etc. Note: In the cases of assertions of two non-human animals being friends, there may be some anthropomorphism going on.") (genl-inverse friends)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of friends transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME from-location :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SOURCE-DESTINATION")|) (range partially-tangible) (domain translocation) (documentation "The predicate From-Location is used to indicate the starting point of a particular movement. (From-Location MOVE LOC) means that LOC is where the Object-Moving in the Movement-Translation-Event MOVE is found at the beginning of MOVE and is where it begins this motion. The Object-Moving may or may not be Stationary at LOC. If MOVE is a single-pathway translation (see Translation-Single-Path), then every Object-Moving is found at LOC when MOVE starts. If MOVE has multiple movers and multiple pathways (see Translation-Multi-Path), then at least some of the Object-Moving(s) can be found at LOC at the start of MOVE. If MOVE is a flow (including rivers flowing, winds blowing, tornado, typhoon, clouds moving and even air filling your lungs when you take breath, see Translation-Flow), then at least some portion of the fluid Object-Moving can be found at LOC at the start of MOVE. See also Pathway-Complete, Path-Connects.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept from-location sensus-information1997 "SOURCE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME from-orientation :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range orientation-attribute) (domain movement-rotation) (documentation "This predicate indicates, for the particular rotational motion ROT, the orientation that the Object-Moving in that event has at the beginning of that motion. (From-Orientation ROT ORIENT) means that when ROT begins, the object that moves in ROT has the position ORIENT, with respect to the current frame of reference. For example, the object may have a Horizontal-Orientation, Vertical-Orientation, Right-Side-Up orientation, etc. See also To-Orientation, Orientation-Attribute.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME from-possessor :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range agent) (domain losing-user-rights) (documentation "This predicate identifies an Agent who loses some right to use an object. (From-Possessor LOSS AGENT) means that AGENT enjoys some User-Rights-Attribute over the Object-Of-Possession-Transfer at the start of the Losing-User-Rights event LOSS, but no longer has that particular User-Rights-Attribute after the LOSS ends.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME from-state :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range device-state) (domain changing-device-state) (documentation "This predicate is used in connection with Changing-Device-State, to identify the Device-State that a device is in before the change. (From-State EVENT DEVICE-STATE) means that immediately prior to EVENT (which is the device state-changing action), the device that is changed in EVENT has the state DEVICE-STATE (and during the EVENT the device changes from that to another state). For example, prior to any X which is a Turning-On-An-Electrical-Switch, the switch involved has (From-State X Device-Off).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME front-side :SUBCLASS-OF (side) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the entire front sides (as conventionally understood) of all objects that have distinct Sides, one of which faces in the frontwards direction.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fruit :SUBCLASS-OF (plant-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Plant-Part. Each element of Fruit is a plant structure that contains the seeds of angiosperms. Many fruits have fleshy walls having high concentrations of sugars or fats, and these are often eaten by humans and other animals. Fruits usually develop from the ovary wall, although some fruits include other tissues; e.g., the flesh of apples and of strawberries develops from the receptacle, and the fruits of pineapple and fig develop from a whole inflorescence (group of flowers).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fruit-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain organism-classification-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Fruit-Fn is a Cyc function, specifically a Collection-Denoting-Function, which is used to denote the various natural kinds of fruit. Fruit-Fn takes a single plant collection as its argument and returns the collection of fruits of that type of plant. (Fruit-Fn PLANTTYPE) denotes the collection of all fruits from the elements of PLANTTYPE. Examples: (Fruit-Fn Apple-Tree) denotes the collection of apples (corresponds to Apple-The-Fruit); (Fruit-Fn Cashew-Tree) denotes the fruit of the cashew tree (note this does NOT correspond with Cashew-TheNut@cyc; the red pulpy fruit is used to make cashew wine).") (arg1-genl plant) (result-genl fruit)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME frustration :SUBCLASS-OF (dissatisfaction) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of irritation and dissatisfaction arising from unresolved problems or unfulfilled needs. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME frying :SUBCLASS-OF (cooking-food) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cooking food by partial or total immersion in hot oil until desired level of doneness")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME full-time :INSTANCE-OF (work-status) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Attribute of being a full-time worker.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME full-use-rights :INSTANCE-OF (user-rights-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute of an object with respect to an Agent, meaning that if the Agent has this right to the object, it does not place any restrictions on what the Agent may do with the object. If there are restrictions on what the Agent may do with the object, they arise from other sources, such as formal and informal laws of behavior. E.g., even if you have Full-Use-Rights to your car, you can't violate traffic laws, kill people with it, blow it up in a parking lot, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME function-from-quantities-to-quantities :SUBCLASS-OF (evaluatable-function non-predicate-function) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical functions. Each element of Function-From-Quantities-To-Quantities is a function that takes one or more numbers as its arguments, and it returns a number as its value. Examples: subtraction (Difference-Fn), square root (Sqrt-Fn), absolute value (Absolute-Value-Fn), and logarithm (Log-Fn).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME function-or-functional-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (relationship) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical objects. Each element of Function-Or-Functional-Predicate is either a function or else a predicate which is functional in at least one argument place (see also Functional-Predicate). Examples: Skolem-Function, Interval-Max-Fn, Electrical-Potential-Difference, Revenue-From, Cost-Rate-For-Type, Permeability-Of-Subst-Thro-Subst.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME function-the-mathematical-type :SUBCLASS-OF (relationship function-or-functional-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical objects. Each element of Function-The-Mathematical-Type takes some arguments and returns a unique value. Examples: Time-Elapsed-Fn, Interval-Max-Fn, Skolem-Function, Plus-Fn. Note that Predicate is a subset of Function-The-Mathematical-Type, because predicates can be thought of as functions that return only (either) true or false.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME functional-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (function-or-functional-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Functional-Predicate is the collection of Cyc predicates which are functional in at least one argument place. Given a set of legal arguments for such a predicate's other argument positions, there will be a single value for the functional argument -- not two legal values, and not zero legal values. For example, (Mother CHILD MOM) is functional in its second argument, since every animal has one and only one biological mother.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME functional-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (functional-predicate prothetic-slot) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates; a subset of Functional-Predicate. Each element of Functional-Slot is a binary predicate which is also a function, and in which the second of its two arguments is the functional one. A functional predicate F is an element of Functional-Slot if and only if, in assertions of the form (F X Y), for any legal value of X, there is always exactly one value of Y. Functional-Slot is half of the set intersection of Binary-Predicate and Functional-Predicate, namely for the cases where the second of the two arguments is the functional one. Examples: Latitude, Country-Of-Address, State-Of-Device, Female-Parent-Actor.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fundamental-numeric-attribute-type :SUBCLASS-OF (measurable-attribute-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Fundamental-Numeric-Attribute-Type is a collection of measurable attributes, including Distance, Time, Currency, Mass, etc. The types of attributes in this collection are `fundamental' when contrasted with other attributes which are derived from them (such as Volume, Speed, etc.). Cf. Derived-Numeric-Attribute-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fungus :SUBCLASS-OF (organism-whole) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-kingdom) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of fungi, the stationary, saprophytic, and symbiotic or parasitic eukaryotic organisms constituting an instance of Biological-Kingdom in many systems of classification. Fungus includes as subsets the collections Mushroom, Yeast, and Ringworm-Fungus. Unlike most other instances of Plant, mushrooms are incapable of performing processes of Photosynthesis.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME furniture-piece :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-product physical-device hoc-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of durable artifacts which are used in Human-Shelter-Constructions to make human dwelling places more comfortable. An instance of Furniture-Piece is a whole piece of furniture, such as a table, chair, or chest of drawers; an arm of a sofa is not a Furniture-Piece. Its subsets can be classified according to the main functions their elements serve: (1) providing support for people's bodies while they are seated or reclining (e.g., Bed-Piece-Of-Furniture, Sofa-Piece-Of-Furniture, Foot-Stool, Fixed-Theatre-Seat); (2) providing work/action surfaces (e.g., Desk-Piece-Of-Furniture, Dining-Room-Table); (3) providing organized and/or protective storage for people's stuff (e.g., Dresser-Piece-Of-Furniture, Bookcase-Piece-Of-Furniture); (4) providing extra illumination or some other function in living and work areas (e.g., Electric-Lamp). Most pieces of furniture belong to the collection Non-Powered-Device (q.v.) in that they don't need any energy input in order to do their function. Note: Yes, of course lamps, fancy console TVs, hospital beds, etc. are exceptions to that last rule -- they require power. But in a sense they are really objects performing multiple independent functions. A fancy console TV is a piece of furniture even when it's turned off; it just so happens to fulfill two roles, one as a piece of furniture and one as an appliance. When it's turned on, in fact, its users are intended to stop noticing it as a piece of furniture.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME fusion-event :SUBCLASS-OF (creation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Fusion-Event, two or more objects fuse together, yielding a product.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gaining-user-rights :SUBCLASS-OF (change-in-user-rights transfer-in) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Gaining-User-Rights, some Agent gains possession of something. Thus, in such an event, that agent newly acquires a right (viz., some User-Rights-Attribute) to use some item. The item in question is identified as the Object-Of-Possession-Transfer, and the agent is the To-Possessor (i.e., the one to whom the possession comes). The Agent may or may not be a Deliberate-Actors in the event; e.g., buying a car is done on purpose, but receiving a car as a gift isn't. If either of those two events happen to you, though, it is an element of the collection Gaining-User-Rights.")) :SENTENCES ((the-covering gaining-user-rights losing-user-rights |(THE-COVERING GAINING-USER-RIGHTS LOSING-USER-RIGHTS)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gamma-ray :SUBCLASS-OF (electromagnetic-radiation) :INSTANCE-OF (class wave-propagation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Electromagnetic-Radiation. Each element of Gamma-Ray is an instance of electromagnetic radiation that has a Wavelength less than 1x10^-2 Angstroms. Low power Gamma-Rays overlap with high power X-Rays.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gaseous-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain tangible-stuff-composition-type) (range tangible-stuff-state-type) (arity 2) (documentation "A Collection-Denoting-Function. Gaseous-Fn takes as an argument a collection COL, membership in which is based only on physical and/or chemical composition and not on any other property (see Tangible-Stuff-Composition-Type). (Gaseous-Fn COL) is the collection of elements of COL that are in the Gaseous-State-Of-Matter.") (result-genl gaseous-tangible-thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gaseous-state-of-matter :INSTANCE-OF (state-of-matter-solid-liquid-gaseous) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A basic physical state of matter. Gaseous objects are characterized at the macroscopic level by having diffuse boundaries (when outside of containers) and by great expandability and compressibility and (in some cases) combustability. Examples of things that typically have this attribute are: the Earth's ionosphere; the helium in a child's balloon; the highly compressed air in a diver's scuba tank.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gaseous-tangible-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (fluid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-fn |(TRANSPORT-FN GASEOUS-TANGIBLE-THING)|) (documentation "A collection of tangible substances. Each element of Gaseous-Tangible-Thing is a tangible thing which is in a GaseousStateOfMatter@cyc; i.e., its shapes would completely conform to the boundaries of a vessel containing it, and it is compressible. Examples: The-Atmosphere-Qua-Single-Piece-Of-Stuff, the helium filling a child's balloon, a cloud of poisonous gas released from an Iraqi weapons dump during the Gulf War. Cf. Fluid-Tangible-Thing, Liquid-Tangible-Thing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gen-format :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain gen-format 3 cyc-system-list) (nth-domain gen-format 2 cyc-system-string)(nth-domain gen-format 1 relationship) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gen-mass-noun :INSTANCE-OF (relation unary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This predicate is a flag to indicate when a given constant should be treated as a mass noun in English paraphrases. See also Pretty-Name.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain gen-mass-noun 1 reifiable-term) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gen-value-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (documentation "Gen-Value-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular, an element of Individual-Denoting-Function. It is used to denote an amount of a specified attribute that can be considered a generic value (very low, low, medium, high, or etc.) for members of the indicated group. Thus, (Gen-Value-Fn PRED COL GEN) denotes the amount which can be considered the GEN value of PRED for members of the Collection COL. Thus (Gen-Value-Fn Height-Of-Object Basket-Ball-Player High) denotes the amount of distance which is a high height among basketball players. See also Generic-Attribute.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain gen-value-fn 3 generic-attribute) (nth-domain gen-value-fn 2 collection)(nth-domain gen-value-fn 1 interval-based-quantity-slot) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gender-of-living-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-attribute-type unordered-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of genders that organisms can have.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME general-microtheory :SUBCLASS-OF (microtheory) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection consisting of every Microtheory intended to contain general axioms useful for multiple purposes. This excludes microtheories which deal with specific situations, such as instances of Problem-Solving-Cntxt, microtheories that represent the information content of one specific Information-Bearing-Object such as the US Declaration of Independence. Examples of this collection are Human-Social-Life-Mt, Buying-Mt, and Naive-Animals-Mt.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME generalized-transfer :SUBCLASS-OF (event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This collection is a subset of Event. Each element of Generalized-Transfer is a general kind of transfer event, in which something (tangible or intangible) is transferred from one `place' to another. Generalized-Transfer includes changes in physical location, in ownership or possession, transfer of information, and propagation of wave phenomena through space. See also the related predicate Transferred-Thing, and the specialized subsets of this collection.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME generic-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Generic-Attribute is a collection of basic attributes, such as Low, Medium, High, etc., which are applicable to a wide range of topics.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME generic-value-function :SUBCLASS-OF (individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Cyc functions; a subset of Individual-Denoting-Function. Each element of Generic-Value-Function is a function that can be applied to an element of Primitive-Attribute-Type and returns some `generic' amount (e.g., high, medium, low) of that attribute. Such functions are particularly useful for qualitative, hard-to-quantify attribute types, e.g., Happiness, Fragility, Absorbency, Glamor, etc. They save us from having to create individually the various levels of attributes like Happiness, Fragility, etc. Instead, for example, we need only refer to (High-Amount-Fn Happiness) as an alternative to painstakingly reifying `HighHappiness' and hand-entering all the formulas that such a constant requires (e.g. Isa, Following-Value, etc.). The compositionality afforded by the elements of Generic-Value-Function allows this overhead to be taken care of automatically.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME genetic-condition :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-condition congenital-condition chronic-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physiological conditions. An instance of Genetic-Condition is an abnormal condition which developed in a particular organism due to that organism's genetic configuration. Such conditions are not contagious as infections are, but they may be hereditary. They are often harmful, in fact they are often Ailment-Conditions, such as encephalitis. Occasionally, though the mutation is beneficial, in which case it would be wrong to also label it an Ailment-Condition.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME genl-attributes :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate rule-macro-predicate relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range attribute-value) (domain attribute-value) (documentation "(Genl-Attributes S-ATT G-ATT) means that G-ATT is a more general attribute than S-ATT. If we know, for some object, THING, (Has-Attributes THING S-ATT), the system will be able to derive (Has-Attributes THING G-ATT). Genl-Attributes is transitive, so (Genl-Attributes A B) and (Genl-Attributes B C) lets the system derive (Genl-Attributes A C). For example, if a certain portion of the atmosphere has the attribute Hazy, Cyc can conclude through its Genl-Attributes knowledge that there is only moderate Visibility there.") (arity 2)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of genl-attributes symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of genl-attributes anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of genl-attributes asymmetric-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME genl-inverse :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate rule-macro-predicate relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range binary-predicate) (domain binary-predicate) (documentation "(Genl-Inverse NARROW BROAD) means that binary predicate BROAD is a more general version of binary predicate NARROW, but with the arguments reversed. Thus (NARROW ARG1 ARG2) implies (BROAD ARG2 ARG1). Note: Notice that if two predicates are true inverses of each other, such as the pair parents and children, or the pair greater-than and less-than, then each member of the pair will be a Genl-Inverse of the other. Creating two predicates like that is considered poor KEing style, however, because in that case the second predicate in the pair adds no new `expressive power' over what the first already provides. One might decide to write an end-user interface which acts as though both predicates exist, so that the user doesn't have to remember which is `the real one' in the system, but there is no gain at the representation language level to having both predicates.") (arity 2)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of genl-inverse transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of genl-inverse symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of genl-inverse anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of genl-inverse asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of genl-inverse reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of genl-inverse irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME genl-mt :INSTANCE-OF (slot rule-macro-predicate microtheory-predicate default-monotonic-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range microtheory) (domain microtheory) (documentation "(Genl-Mt SMT GMT) means Microtheory SMT is a specialization of Microtheory GMT. E.g., (Genl-Mt Modern-Military-Mt Organization-Mt), which means that all the assertions which are true `content' in the general Organization-Mt context are also true in the more specialized Modern-Military-Mt context. Another way to think of this is that SMT `has access to' the content of GMT. Each proposition which is true in GMT is also true in SMT. The Genl-Mt relation is transitive; it induces a partial ordering on the set of all microtheories. Each assertion in the knowledge base must be explicitly stated to be true in at least one mt. It will then (by inference) also be true in all the more specialized contexts. If something is true in the `life in North America' mt, then it should by default be true in the `life in Canada' mt. I.e., the microtheories are organized into a generalization/specialization lattice by the predicate Genl-Mt, just as collections are organized into such a lattice by :subclass-of, and just as predicates are organized into such a lattice by Genl-Preds. Just as a collection may have several incommensurable supersets, so too a microtheory may have several incommensurable Genl-Mts. Just as each and every collection must have some explicitly recorded superset (except for Thing), each and every mt must have some (expicitly recorded) more general mt (except for the BaseKB, which is the most general context, containing universal, timeless truths). Just as a Cyc concept may have multiple incommensurable sets of which it is an element (via Isa), so too a Cyc assertion may be declared to be true in a set of incommensurable mts. For virtually all intents and purposes, Genl-Mt assertions should go in BaseKB.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME genl-preds :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate rule-macro-predicate relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range predicate) (domain predicate) (documentation "(Genl-Preds NARROW BROAD) means that predicate BROAD is a more general version of predicate NARROW; e.g., (Genl-Preds Biological-Mother Biological-Parents), (Genl-Preds Greater-Than Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To). (Genl-Preds NARROW BROAD) is shorthand for the axiom schema (NARROW ARG1 ... ARGN) => (BROAD ARG1 ... ARGN). See also Genl-Inverse, which can handle cases where NARROW and BROAD are both binary but their order of arguments is reversed. If the Arity of NARROW differs from the Arity of BROAD (or their order of arguments differs and they're not binary), then we just assert the whole appropriate axiom into the Cyc knowledge base; of course, such axioms are absent from the public release of the Upper Cyc Ontology.") (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME geographical-direction :SUBCLASS-OF (direction-expression unit-vector-interval terrestrial-direction) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME geographical-region :SUBCLASS-OF (place surface-physical) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of spatial regions that include some piece of the surface of Planet-Earth. Each element of Geographical-Region is a Partially-Tangible entity that may be represented on a map of the Earth. This includes both purely topographical regions like mountains and underwater spaces, and those defined by demographics, e.g., countries and cities. In all cases, though, note that the 'region' in question must contain some tangible component with which it is possible to make physical contact. The elements of Geographical-Region contrast in this respect with the elements of Geographical-Thing-Intangible, which are wholly 'imaginary'. Examples of Geographical-Regions: City-Of-PittsburghPA, Rocky-Mountain-States-US-Region, the Bahamas, Yale-University, Sinai-Peninsula. Some important types of regions are represented by the subsets Geopolitical-Entity, Language-Area, Time-Zone, Postal-Code-Region, Ecological-Region, Construction-Site. No elements of Geographical-Region are wholly indoor locations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME geographical-sub-regions :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of surface-parts) (range geographical-region) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Geographical-Sub-Regions SUPER SUB) means that SUPER and SUB are both elements of Geographical-Region, and the area SUB lies wholly within the region SUPER (see In-Region). SUPER may or may not completely surround SUB (i.e., they may share an outer boundary, as do Texas and the USA). See also Surrounds-Horizontally, Borders-On.") (genl-inverse in-region)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME geometric-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (spatial-thing mathematical-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical objects. Each element of Geometric-Thing is a spatial thing that can be described mathematically. Geometric-Thing includes abstract shapes of various dimensions (hence points, lines, curves, polygons, polyhedra), tensors, frames of reference, angles, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME geopolitical-entity :SUBCLASS-OF (geographical-region legal-agent) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geographical regions. Each element of Geopolitical-Entity is a `thick' geographical region, in other words, a politically defined geographical region taken together with its government, people, artifical habitats, etc. Important subsets include Country, Independent-Country, State-Geopolitical, City, Province. Examples: City-Of-Tokyo-Japan, Borough-Of-BronxNY, Alaska-State, Rwanda, Singapore, Inner-Mongolia, Somershire-County-England, Taiwan-Republic-Of-China. Although the name Geopolitical-Entity may suggest, elements are not necessarily elements of Entity.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept geopolitical-entity sensus-information1997 "GEOPOLITICAL-ENTITY") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gerund :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range character-string) (domain english-word) (documentation "(Gerund WORD STRING) means that STRING is the gerund form of WORD. Also known as present participle or progressive. The regular gerund is formed from the infinitive verb form with an `ing' suffix. Verbs in the Cyc lexicon will have a Gerund entry only if they are irregular. Regular forms are generated by the morphology component. Regular example: `singing'. Irregular example: `swimming'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gesture :SUBCLASS-OF (visual-information-source situation) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of configurations; a subset of Visual-Information-Source. Each element of Gesture is a configuration of animal body parts that has some meaning to an observer with an understanding of the interpretive convention. A gesture may include some tool or prop. Gestures may be fleeting (e.g., a hello wave) or may last a long time (e.g., the gesture embodied in the Statue-Of-Liberty). Note that, as defined in Cyc, a gesture is a meaningful configuration of body parts, NOT the actions producing the arrangement; for representation of the actions, see Making-A-Gesture.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gift-giving :SUBCLASS-OF (giving-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Gift-Giving, one Agent intentionally gives all use rights over an object (see User-Rights-Attribute) to another Agent without taking payment in return.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME giving-something :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-activity transferring-possession) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Giving-Something, one Agent gives a tangible thing to another Agent. Every Giving-Something event can also be thought of as a receiving event. Note: The common case in which one Agent gives ownership of an object to another Agent is represented by the subset Gift-Giving.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME glass :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((solid-fn |(SOLID-FN GLASS)|) (documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Glass is a piece of glass; e.g., a wine bottle, a plate glass window, a microscope slide, a crystal water goblet, the mirrors of a reflecting telescope.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME goal :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each element of this collection is a state of affairs that some Agent prefers would hold; moreover, the agent is/will be taking steps to achieve (or maintain) that state of affairs. A Goal may be a reified Cyc constant, or may be represented by a Cyc-Formula. Some subsets of Goal (that is, some classes of goals) include: species preservation (Preserving-Own-Species), self-preservation (Preserving-Self), accomplishing a milestone (Milestone), avoiding hunger (Hunger-Avoidance-Goal), etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME goals :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of desires) (range goal) (domain agent) (documentation "(Goals AGT G) means that the Agent AGT has the Goal G. That is, G is one of their goals. This implies (Desires AGT G), but Goals is stronger than Desires, in that an agent will take action (or at least intend to take action, and plan accordingly) to make their Goals true, while their Desires may include things s/he merely wishes were true, but about which s/he has no intention of undertaking action. Additionally, Goals are generally about the future, whereas Desires can be about the present, future, or even the past. For further information about goals, see Goal. Also see Intends.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME going-to-sleep :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-activity single-doer-action intrinsic-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which an Animal goes from the state of being awake to being in a state of sleep.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME golf-cart :SUBCLASS-OF (land-transportation-device transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all motorized vehicles that are designed for golfers to use to drive around on Golf-Courses while they are playing Golf-Games. GolfCarts drive very slowly compared with Automobiles.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME governed-by-agreement :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range agreement) (domain social-occurrence) (documentation "The predicate Governed-By-Agreement relates an event to an agreement which stipulates that certain conditions are to hold during that event. (Governed-By-Agreement EVT AGR) means that some aspects of the Social-Occurrence EVT are controlled by the Agreement AGR. For example, a Buying-Group may have Sales-Contracts with its Suppliers that specify what prices may be charged for goods bought by members of the group during the agreement period.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME government :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range regional-government) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "The predicate Government identifies the political entity which has governing authority over a particular geopolitical region. (Government GEOPOL GOV) means that the Regional-Government GOV is the government of the Geopolitical-Entity GEOPOL. That is, GOV claims to be the government of GEOPOL, is recognized as such at least informally, and effectively functions as such -- administering the internal and external affairs of GEOPOL -- whether or not GOV has formal diplomatic recognition. Effectively functioning as a Government includes having the power to settle disputes, collect revenue, and provide services. Examples include the United-States-Federal-Government, the City-Council-Of-Austin (TX), and all of the entities returned by the Cyc function Government-Fn (q.v.) -- e.g., (Government-Fn Taiwan-Republic-Of-China), (Government-Fn Russia).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME government-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation reifiable-function individual-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain geopolitical-entity) (range regional-government) (arity 2) (documentation "The Cyc function Government-Fn is an Individual-Denoting-Function. Given an element of Geopolitical-Entity as its single argument, Government-Fn forms a non-atomic term (NAT) used to denote the element of Regional-Government that governs that geopolitical entity. (Government-Fn REGION) is the NAT used to denote the government of REGION. For example, what is denoted by United-States-Federal-Government is the same as -- i.e., Equals -- what is denoted by (Government-Fn United-States-Of-America). See also Government.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME government-leader-note :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The distinction between Head-Of-Government and Head-Of-State is a subtle one. Head-Of-Government is the set of Leaders who actually run the government. Head-Of-State is the set of Leaders who are mainly ceremonial figures, fulfilling diplomatic roles such as hosting foreign dignitaries. For a given Country, these two roles may be filled by the same person, such as Bill-Clinton for the United-States-Of-America in 1996, or by two separate individuals; for example, in 1996 the Head-Of-State for Great-Britain would be Queen-ElizabethII, while the Head-Of-Government would be John Major (Prime-Minister-Head-Of-Government). Cyc constant names indicate which government role is associated with a particular title; e.g., Sultan-Head-Of-Government vs. Sultan-Head-Of-State.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME government-military-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (military-organization legal-government-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Military-Organizations which belong to, and are directed by, the governing body of a geographical region or international organization. The government organization may be a national government, state or provincial government, or an international governing body such as the United-Nations-Organization. The military forces may include armies, navies, air forces, military border patrols, coast guards, etc. This collection excludes private armies and mercenary forces.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME government-of-country :SUBCLASS-OF (regional-government) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of regional government organizations. An element of Government-Of-Country is the government of some element of Country@cyc; e.g., United-States-Federal-Government. See also the Cyc function Government-Fn, which can be used to refer to the government of a political region. The governments of smaller regions within a country may or may not be Sub-Organizations of that country's government; in `federal' systems the smaller regions often have partly autonomous governments, as do the elements of State-United-States.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME government-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range system-of-government) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "The predicate Government-Type indicates what kind of system of government a geopolitical entity has. (Government-Type REGION GOVSYSTEM) means that the government of the Geopolitical-Entity REGION is an element of the System-Of-Government type denoted by GOVSYSTEM. For example, the Government-Type of the United-States-Of-America is a Federal-Republic and a Representative-Democracy.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME governmentcoc :SUBCLASS-OF (formalcoc) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories; a subset of FormalCOC (the set of formal codes of conduct). Each instance of GovernmentCOC is a formal regulation of behavior imposed upon agents -- including citizens, tourists, businesses, government entities, etc., in so far as they are subject to it -- who are located within the legal jurisdiction where that code of conduct holds. GovernmentCOC includes both individual laws and whole legal codes. Some examples of GovernmentCOC include: the Napoleonic Code, the United States Constitution and all Federal, State, and local laws of the United States, and the particular laws against stealing found in most, if not all, countries. Enforcement of a particular instance of GovernmentCOC is authorized by the government associated with that code and carried out by its agents within their jurisdiction(s). See also Legal-Code and Law.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gram :INSTANCE-OF (function cgs-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-mass) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval mass) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the gram used within the Metric system to measure mass. See also CGS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME grandchildren :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of positive-vested-interest relatives) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Grandchildren OLDER YOUNGER) means YOUNGER is the grandchild of OLDER.") (documentation "(Grandchildren OLDER YOUNGER) means YOUNGER is the biological grandchild of OLDER.") (documentation "(Grandchildren PERSON1 PERSON2) means PERSON2 is the grandchild of PERSON1, howsoever the relationship is traced, biologically or through custom, rearing or adoption.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of grandchildren transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME granular :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Granular is the Physical-Structural-Attribute that describes a solid that consists of granules and has a grainy texture; e.g., sand, sugar, salt.") (genl-attributes pourable)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME granule-of-stuff :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (domain existing-stuff-type) (documentation "(Granule-Of-Stuff STUFFTYPE OBJTYPE) means that the collection STUFFTYPE has as its spatial granules (or granularity level) the collection OBJTYPE. If some collection is spatially stuff-like, that means that the instances of that collection can be divided spatially, and the physical portions remaining will still be instances of that collection; e.g., a physcial portion of some instance of Sand-Mob is still sand (cf. Existing-Stuff-Type). Such division cannot go on indefinitely in this way, however: eventually, division of something spatially stuff-like will result in the object-like 'granules' out of which the stuff-like thing is composed. For instances, division of sand would eventually result in individual grains of sand, division of water would eventually get down to individual molecules of water, etc. At this level of division or below, the remaining physical portions do NOT count as instances of the stuff-type from which they were divided. This may seem counter-intuitive: isn't an individual molecule of water still water? Perhaps in some sense, but since the individual granules of a stuff typically do NOT have most of the properties that the groups made of the granules have (including the property of being stuff-like), we do not count the individual granules as instances of the collection of which they are granules.") (arg2-genl partially-tangible)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME granule-of-time :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-object-type) (domain temporal-stuff-type) (documentation "(Granule-Of-Time STUFFTYPE OBJTYPE) means that the collection STUFFTYPE has as its temporal granules (or granularity level) the collection OBJTYPE. If some collection is temporally stuff-like, that means that the instances of that collection can be divided temporally, and the temporal slices remaining will still be instances of that collection; e.g., a time slice of some instance of Person is still a person, and a temporal slice of a walking process is still a walking process (cf. Temporal-Stuff-Type). Such division cannot always go on indefinitely, however: eventually, division of something temporally stuff-like will result in the temporally object-like 'granules' out of which the stuff-like thing is composed. For instances, division of a walking process would eventually result in individual steps. At this level of division or below, the remaining temporal slices do NOT count as instances of the temporal stuff-type from which they were divided. This may seem counter-intuitive, but since the individual temporal granules of a temporal stuff typically do NOT have most of the properties that the groups made of the granules have (including the property of being temporally stuff-like), we do not count the individual granules as instances of the collection of which they are granules. See also Granule-Of-Stuff.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME grasping-implement :SUBCLASS-OF (hand-tool) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tools. An instance of Grasping-Implement is a tool which is intended to be used to grasp (and often to subsequently immobilize or control the location/movement of) some other solid object. Examples include each Vise, each pair of Forceps, each Monkey-Wrench, each pair of Tweezers, etc. But not a balloon, a syringe, a doorstop, a cage, etc. A marginal positive example would be a magnetic tool designed to pick up something without actually touching it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME grasping-something-with-a-tool :SUBCLASS-OF (handling-a-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of the events in which a tool is used to grasp some object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gratitude :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of appreciation towards another agent for a benefit or favor received from him/her. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME greater-than :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate evaluatable-function numeric-comparison) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (domain scalar-interval) (documentation "The predicate Greater-Than is Cyc's representation of the `greater than' ( > ) relation in mathematics, adapted to use with Cyc's scalars, which include quantitative intervals as well as point values. Formally, there are two conditions under which (Greater-Than SI-1 SI-2) is true, for two elements of Scalar-Interval: (1) (Following-Value SI-1 SI-2) is true, or (2) the minimum of SI-1 is greater than the maximum of SI-2. Note that `A is less than B' is expressed in CycL as (Greater-Than B A).")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept greater-than sensus-information1997 "GREATER-THAN-COMPARISON") (overlapping-external-concept greater-than sensus-information1997 "GREATER-THAN")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME greater-than-or-equal-to :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate evaluatable-function numeric-comparison) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (domain scalar-interval) (documentation "The predicate Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To is Cyc's representation of the `greater than or equal to' ( >= ) relation in mathematics, adapted to use with Cyc's scalars, which include quantitative intervals as well as point values. (See Scalar-Interval.) Formally, there are three conditions under which (Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To SI-1 SI-2) is true, for two elements of Scalar-Interval: (1) (Equals SI-1 SI-2) is true; (2) (Following-Value SI-1 SI-2) is true; or (3) the minimum of SI-1 is greater than or equal to the maximum of SI-2. Note that `A is less than or equal to B' is expressed in CycL as (Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To B A).")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept greater-than-or-equal-to sensus-information1997 "AT-LEAST") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME greeting-someone :SUBCLASS-OF (sociability-based-action communication-act-single) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions performed by one Agent to greet another. Includes verbal and physical greetings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME grilled :INSTANCE-OF (preparation-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute Grilled is a specialized form of Cooked. Food that is Grilled has been prepared in an event of Grilling-Food, using a BBQ-Grill or an Electric-Grill.") (genl-attributes cooked)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME grilling-food :SUBCLASS-OF (cooking-food) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cooking food on a BBQ-Grill or an Electric-Grill.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ground-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range surface-physical) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Ground-Of OBJ GROUND) means that GROUND is the stationary surface on which OBJ is located and possibly supported.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME grounds-of-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (real-estate geographical-region outdoor-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of smallish geographical regions. Each element of Grounds-Of-Organization is an area which contains buildings inhabited by some organization. Examples: the campus of the University-Of-Texas-At-Austin or the grounds of Seton-Northwest-Hospital. Note that the `grounds' of an organization, especially an organization with urban locations, might not include a yard.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME group :SUBCLASS-OF (situation individual temporal-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Each element of Group is a composite object, made up of individual members which may be either events or objects. A group is related to its members by the predicate Group-Members (q.v.). Note that elements of Group are NOT collections; consider: a group has temporal extent and may have spatial extent and location, while a collection is timeless and abstract. Nonetheless, it is possible to define a collection parallel to any group, so that the Group-Members of that group are also instances (isa'S) of the correlated collection; e.g., each toe on my left foot is both an element of the collection of my left toes and a member of the group of toes on my left foot. But that group (of my left toes) is a spatiotemporal thing, while the correlated collection (of my left toes) is NOT. Another example: if I consider a certain flock of pigeons as having a location, a spatial extent, and a time of existence, then I am considering (the pigeon flock) a group and NOT a collection. As a default, a group whose Group-Members are elements of Something-Existing is itself an element of SomethingExisting@cyc; and a group whose Group-Members are elements of Event is itself an element of Event. Finally, unlike a collection, a group cannot be empty; a group must have some Group-Members, or there is no group (at that point in time). Examples of Group: Queens-Guard, Three-Wise-Men, Santas-Reindeer, International-Community.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME group-cardinality :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range non-negative-integer) (domain group) (documentation "The predicate Group-Cardinality is used to indicate the total number of members there are in a particular group. (Group-Cardinality GROUP INTEGER) means that the number of members in the Group GROUP is INTEGER. For example, the Group-Cardinality of the Seven-Wonders-Of-The-Ancient-World is 7. Cyc infers that the Group-Cardinality of any group that is a pair is 2, and that of a dozen is 12.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME group-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain object-type) (range object-type) (arity 2) (documentation "Group-Fn is a Cyc Collection-Denoting-Function. Group-Fn is used for referring to specializations of Group@cyc; esp. note that applications of Group-Fn produce COLLECTIONS (of groups), not individual groups. Group-Fn takes any element of Object-Type as its argument and returns a subset of Group, namely the collection containing those groups whose Group-Members are elements of that Object-Type. (Group-Fn OBJ-TYPE) denotes the collection of all groups whose members belong to (:instance-of) OBJ-TYPE. For example, (Group-Fn Ballistic-Missile) represents the collection of all groups of ballistic missiles, e.g., Russia's ballistic missiles, China's ballistic missiles, the U.S.'s ballistic missiles, etc. Another example: A group of 101 (particular) Dalmatians Isa (Group-Fn Dog). Collections of groups of events may also be denoted; e.g., Columbus's voyages to North America constitute a group (of events) which Isa (Group-Fn Travel-Trip-Event).") (result-genl group)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME group-member-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range object-type) (domain group) (documentation "The predicate Group-Member-Type is used in characterizing the members of a particular group. (Group-Member-Type GROUP TYPE) means that all of GROUP's members are elements of the collection TYPE. For example, to state that the Group-Members of the Austin City Council are humans, one would write (Group-Member-Type AustinCityCouncil Person). The members of a particular group might be characterized in more than one way; e.g., a Hispanic Business Council may have both the Group-Member-Type Ethnic-Group-Of-Hispanics and the Group-Member-Type Business-Person (provided that all of its members are Hispanic business people).") (arg2-genl temporal-thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME group-members :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of structure-members cotemporal) (range temporal-thing) (domain group) (documentation "The predicate Group-Members is used to relate a particular group to its individual members. (Group-Members GROUP MEMBER) means that MEMBER is a member of GROUP. For example, the Pyramid-Of-Cheops is a member of the Seven-Wonders-Of-The-Ancient-World. Or, to say that President Bill Clinton was a member of the Democratic Party throughout 1996, we would say: (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1996) (Group-Members Democratic-Party Bill-Clinton)).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME guest :INSTANCE-OF (human-cyclist) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME guiding-a-moving-object :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-translation-event controlling-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of both Controlling-Something and Movement-Translation-Event. An instance of Guiding-A-Moving-Object is an event in which an agent guides or steers an object which is in motion. For example, someone steering a car or a motorcycle, controlling a surfboard, or flying a kite. If all you `guide' is a rotation, then that is not quite a Guiding-A-Moving-Object event. Also, if no motion actually takes place, then it would be stretching things to call that a `guiding.' So a marginal example is Running (you are guiding yourself) and two marginal non-examples are: spinning in place, and running in place.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME guilt :SUBCLASS-OF (shame) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Negative, self-accusatory feeling of responsibility and blameworthiness for having caused harm by a past action, usually with conscious intent. Note that this is not `guilty vs. innocent', but rather the feeling of guiltiness. An unremorseful killer, though guilty (as opposed to innocent) of the murder, may not feel any Guilt (i.e., guiltiness) about it. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gulf :SUBCLASS-OF (body-of-water) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each element of Gulf is a part of a sea extending into a land mass. Many gulfs are the outlet for a large river system. Examples of Gulf include the Saronic-Gulf, Gulf-Of-Mexico, Gulf-Of-Arkangelsk, Gulf-Of-California, and Persian-Gulf.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME gusty :INSTANCE-OF (weather-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Weather-Attribute indicating that the wind at an Outdoor-Location is subject to sudden changes in direction and intensity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hail-process :SUBCLASS-OF (precipitation-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of instances of Precipitation-Process in which solid particles or small chunks of water ice fall to the earth from clouds.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hail-stone :SUBCLASS-OF (precipitation-particle |(SOLID-FN WATER)|) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of solid particles or small chunks of ice emitted from clouds in instances of Hail-Process.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hair-color :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Hair-Color ANIMAL BODYPARTTYPE COLOR) means that the hair which the Animal ANIMAL has on its BODYPARTTYPE has the Color COLOR. E.g., (Hair-Color Santa-Claus Chin White-Color). This is normally Mammal hair, but certain Invertebrates also have hair.") (arg2-genl animal-body-part)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain hair-color 3 color) (nth-domain hair-color 2 existing-object-type)(nth-domain hair-color 1 mammal) (nth-domain hair-color 1 animal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hand :SUBCLASS-OF (appendage-animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all terminal parts of a Vertebrate forelimb which are structurally suited to function as a grasping organ (as in people, newts, etc.). E.g., FerdinandTheBull has his forelimbs end in hooves, which are not capable of grasping things, so those are NOT considered Hands.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hand-tool :SUBCLASS-OF (device-single-user tool portable-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection Hand-Tool is a subset of Tool. Each element of Hand-Tool fills all the requirements for a generic tool, plus the requirement that a hand tool is a portable object which is hand-guided throughout its operation. Examples include the elements of Screwdriver, Manual-Drill, and Blow-Dryer. See also Tool, Portable-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME handling-a-device :SUBCLASS-OF (handling-an-object human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Events@cyc; a subset of Handling-An-Object. An instance of Handling-A-Device is an event in which a device is manipulated (with the operator holding and touching the device) in order to use it for its Primary-Function. Instances include elements of the subsets Pruning, Playing-A-Musical-Instrument, Operating-A-Household-Appliance, Pumping-Gas-Event, Writing-By-Hand, and many more. Just carrying pruning shears around is not a Handling-A-Device event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME handling-an-object :SUBCLASS-OF (controlling-something physical-contact-situation action-on-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of both Controlling-Something and Physical-Contact-Event. An instance of Handling-An-Object is an event in which an object is touched and manipulated by some Agent. Examples of Handling-An-Object include instances of Holding-An-Object and of Causing-Another-Objects-Translational-Motion. So just holding a rock in your hand is a HandlingAnObject@cyc; so is washing your cereal bowl (an instance of Washing-Dishes), cutting a loose thread on your shirt (an instance of Cutting-A-Thread), and carrying the rock from one place to another (an instance of Carrying-While-Locomoting.) One very important class of Handling-An-Object instances involve operating some hand-held device --- i.e., events which are instances of the collection Handling-A-Device. I.e., the performer handles an object which happens to be a device, but not just lugging it around but actually employing it for its intended Primary-Function --- not merely to look at it or rearrange or relocate it. For example, if you move a fork from the dishwasher to the silverware drawer, that's just HandlingAnObject@cyc; if you use that fork to eat some food, though, that is an instance of Handling-A-Device.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hangs-around :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate connection-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of on-physical hangs-from) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Hangs-Around ?loop ?obj) means that ?loop is a semi-flexible loop, looped around a piece of ?obj. ?loop is supported by gripping friction and/or ?loop's limited ability to elongate as it moves down on ?obj. See also Hangs-From.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of hangs-around transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hangs-from :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate connection-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of supported-by) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Hangs-From ?obj1 ?obj2) means that ?obj1 is suspended from ?obj2, either directly touching it (like a weight attached to a line) or through some intermediary object (like a weight suspended from the ceiling). All of the weight of ?obj1 is Supported-By ?obj2. Most if not all of ?obj1 is below ?obj2. Certainly, the center of ?obj1 is below the connection point. If pushed, ?obj1 will undergo Swinging without necessarily dislodging it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME happiness :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The enjoyment of pleasurable satisfaction that goes with well-being, security, effective accomplishments, or satisfied wishes. As with all Feeling-Attribute-Types, this is a Collection -- the set of all possible amounts of happiness one can feel. One instance of Happiness is `extremely happy'; another is `just a little bit happy'. Note: Obviously there are no real units of measure for this quantity, ways of objectively measuring the amount of happiness possessed or gained or lost, etc., but still this has proven to be a useful way for Cyc to represent and reason with emotions. E.g., one can have a rule that says that most people have a greater `amount' of happiness at their wedding than at their high school graduation, etc. There are functions, such as Low-Amount-Fn, which take a Primitive-Attribute-Type (such as the instances of Feeling-Attribute-Type) such as Happiness and return as their value a certain-sized amount of that feeling; e.g., (Low-Amount-Fn Happiness) is an expression whose value is a positive but small amount of happiness, and that in turn will be an element of Happiness (and also will be an element of Feeling-Attribute and an element of Attribute-Value, etc.) Feeling-Attribute-Types organize into a lattice; e.g., there are several more specialized forms of Happiness that are present in Cyc's ontology, such as Elation, Delight, Triumph-The-Feeling, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME harbor :SUBCLASS-OF (body-of-water outdoor-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of those parts of a Body-Of-Water, each of which is protected from the open sea and deep enough to furnish fairly safe anchorage.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hardcopy-information-bearing-object :SUBCLASS-OF (information-bearing-object artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs). Each element of Hardcopy-Information-Bearing-Object is an IBO in a `hard' format, e.g., written on paper, on wood, on palm leaves, engraved in metal, carved on stone. Humans can read hardcopy IBOs without using a computer or electronic device to access them. Thus, Hardcopy-Information-Bearing-Object does NOT include the tangible IBOs which are embodied in magnetic media (e.g., data or music on tapes or disks). Examples of Hardcopy-Information-Bearing-Object: a billboard, a greeting card, a restaurant check, a magazine, an engraving by Rembrandt, a ten dollar bill, a price tag.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hardness :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class material-strength-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((medium-amount-fn |(MEDIUM-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)|) (very-low-amount-fn |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)|) (low-amount-fn |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)|) (very-high-amount-fn |(VERY-HIGH-AMOUNT-FN HARDNESS)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Hardness is an attribute describing how much pressure a tangible material can withstand before deforming or fragmenting. Hardnesses may be characterized using a Generic-Value-Function (q.v.), or relative to certain substances, e.g., Hard-As-A-Rock. Hardnesses of objects are reported using the predicate Hardness-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hardness-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range hardness) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Hardness-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) means that the instance of Solid-Tangible-Thing OBJ has this DEGREE of Hardness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hardware-tool :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device solid-tangible-product tool) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tools. An instance of Hardware-Tool is an object used to perform a task, usually by applying a particular kind of force on another object. The tool is used to produce a physical effect in the position, structure, or arrangement of the other object. Subsets of Hardware-Tool include Hammer, Screwdriver, Hand-Saw. An electric drill is also a Hardware-Tool. Borderline nonexamples include eating utensils, robot servants, screws, nails, and levers.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME harvesting-a-plant :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity transportation-event removing-something directed-translation) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each instance of Harvesting-A-Plant is an event in which a plant is harvested. Harvesting may involve separating some part of the plant and leaving the rest in place (e.g., fruit trees), or it may involve removing the entire plant from its growing location (e.g., carrots).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-as-tributary :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range river) (domain river) (documentation "The predicate Has-As-Tributary is used to indicate the tributaries of a particular river. (Has-As-Tributary BIGRIV SMALLRIV) means that BIGRIV has SMALLRIV as one of its tributaries. SMALLRIV flows into BIGRIV. Examples: the Mississippi-River has the Wisconsin-River, Ohio-River, Arkansas-River, Red-River-Of-Texas, and others as its tributaries. Cf. Formed-By-Confluence-Of.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-attributes :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range attribute-value) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "A very general predicate. (Has-Attributes THING ATT) means that THING has the attribute ATT. See also Attribute-Type and Attribute-Value.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept has-attributes sensus-information1997 "PROPERTY-ASCRIPTION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-belief-systems :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range belief-system) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Has-Belief-Systems AGT BSYS) means that the Agent AGT has the belief system BSYS. E.g., (Has-Belief-Systems BorisYeltsin Russian-Orthodox-Religion).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-climate-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range climate-cycle-type) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "The predicate Has-Climate-Type is used to specify the type of climate that occurs in a particular region. (Has-Climate-Type AREA CLIME) means that the climate in the Geographical-Region AREA is of the Climate-Cycle-Type CLIME; i.e., any individual annual cycle falls under the type CLIME. For example, to describe the climate of Houston, we would say: (Has-Climate-Type City-Of-HoustonTX Humid-Subtropical-Climate-Cycle). See also Climate-Cycle-Type, Annual-Climate-Cycle.") (arg2-genl annual-climate-cycle)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-comm-convention :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range communication-convention) (domain agent) (documentation "(Has-Comm-Convention AGENT CONV) means that the agent AGENT knows the Communication-Convention CONV and can use it to encode or decode information.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-gender :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range gender-of-living-thing) (domain biological-living-object) (documentation "(Has-Gender BLO SEX) means that the Biological-Living-Object BLO is of the gender SEX.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-habitat :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range ecological-region) (domain organism-whole) (documentation "The predicate Has-Habitat is used to relate an organism to the region where it lives. (Has-Habitat ORG REGION) means that the organism ORG lives in the Ecological-Region REGION. Typically, REGION will belong to one of the subsets of Ecological-Region which represent specific biomes (e.g., Desert, Coral-Reef).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-headquarters-in-country :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range country) (domain organization) (documentation "The predicate Has-Headquarters-In-Country identifies the country in which a particular organization has its headquarters. (Has-Headquarters-In-Country ORG COUNTRY) means that the Organization ORG has its world-wide headquarters and place of primary central control in the Country COUNTRY.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-levels :INSTANCE-OF (slot part-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-parts) (range level-of-a-construction) (domain construction-artifact) (documentation "Levels which are part of this building")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-members :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot sub-process-slot taxonomic-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range agent) (domain organization) (documentation "The predicate Has-Members relates a particular organization to the agents which are members of that organization. This predicate indicates `generic' membership, although there may be specialized kinds of membership in the same organization. (Has-Members ORG AGENT) means that AGENT is a member of the Organization ORG; typically, membership elegibility is determined by ORG and accepted with AGENT's voluntary affiliation. For example, (Has-Members 'PeanutsBaseballTeam' Charlie-Brown). A member may be any Agent, including other Organizations (such as member countries in the United Nations). The truth of an assertion made with Has-Members may be time-dependent and, if so, should be qualified appropriately. E.g., (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1975) (Has-Members United-Nations-Organization Taiwan-Republic-Of-China)) is true, but (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1995) (Has-Members United-Nations-Organization Taiwan-Republic-Of-China)) is not.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-ownership-in :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range something-existing) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Has-Ownership-In relates a particular agent to some thing of which it has part or whole ownership. (Has-Ownership-In AGENT SOMETHING) means that the Agent AGENT owns a part (or possibly the whole) of the thing SOMETHING. For example, Ted Turner Has-Ownership-In Atlanta's Olympic Stadium. There may be other owners. See also Legal-Owner-Of and Owns-Share.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-patients :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of clients) (range animal) (domain medical-care-provider) (documentation "The predicate Has-Patients represents a relationship between a medical professional and a patient (including nonhuman animals). (Has-Patients MEDIC PATIENT) means that the Medical-Care-Provider MEDIC is treating the recipient-of-care PATIENT. PATIENT may be a human or a nonhuman animal. An assertion using Has-Patients holds only during the time that PATIENT has a condition that is being treated by MEDIC; it does not represent or imply a long term doctor-patient relationship.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of has-patients transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of has-patients symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of has-patients anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of has-patients asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of has-patients reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of has-patients irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-physiological-attributes :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-attributes) (range physiological-attribute) (domain biological-living-object) (documentation "(Has-Physiological-Attributes ?BLO ?ATT) means that the Biological-Living-Object ?BLO has the Physiological-Attribute ?ATT. Physiological-Attributes are concerned with the physiological functions of a living animal, especially with the physical and/or (bio)chemical basis of those functions. However, Physiological-Attributes need not be specified in scientific detail. Many common Physiological-Attributes permit commonsense inference about further features of an individual having a certain physiological state or condition. Note that many, perhaps most, assertions made with Has-Physiological-Attributes will be time-dependent; e.g., an individual person is not Sexually-Mature throughout his or her life, but only during a portion of it. Thus, it is necessary to make these assertions only about the appropriate temporal subAbstrac@cyc; one way to do that is by using holdsIn@cyc; e.g., (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1820) (Has-Physiological-Attributes Ludwig-Van-Beethoven Deaf)).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-portal-to-region :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "ARG1 is connected to ARG2 through some type of portal (e.g. Has-Portal-To-Region(MyMasterBedroom MyMaterBathroom))")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-position-in :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Has-Position-In is used to relate a particular person to his or her position in a particular organization. (Has-Position-In PER ORG POS-TYPE) means that the Person PER works in the Organization ORG, in a position of type POS-TYPE. POS-TYPE may or may not specifically indicate PER's occupational field or training; that is, one individual occupying a position of Manager may be a Marketing-Person, while another is an Electrical-Engineer. In addition, POS-TYPE may or may not correspond to an official `Job Title' (cf. Has-Title) or be the primary occupation of PER. Contrast, e.g., (Has-Position-In JerryLewis MarchOfDimes Spokesman) with (Has-Position-In DellaStreet PerryMasonsLawOffice Secretary). Note that assertions using Has-Position-In should be properly time-constrained, for example with Holds-In.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain has-position-in 3 position-type) (nth-domain has-position-in 2 organization)(nth-domain has-position-in 1 person) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-preparation-attributes :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range preparation-attribute) (domain edible-stuff) (documentation "The predicate Has-Preparation-Attributes is used to indicate the way in which a particular food item was prepared. (Has-Preparation-Attributes EDIBLE PREP) means the Edible-Stuff EDIBLE has been processed so that it has the food Preparation-Attribute PREP (e.g., Cooked, Roasted, Chilled -- or Raw). For example, a piece of Toast Has-Preparation-Attributes Toasted@cyc; any quantity of Beer that is ready to drink Has-Preparation-Attributes Fermented.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-rooms :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of contains-cavity physical-parts internal-parts cotemporal) (range space-inahoc) (domain construction-artifact) (documentation "The predicate Has-Rooms allows us to say that a particular space is within a particular building. (Has-Rooms BUILD ROOM) means that ROOM is a room or demarcated space which is physically contained within BUILD, a Construction-Artifact. ROOM is not removable from BUILD. Spaces that can be identified in this way include lobbies, hallways, kitchens, closets, dining rooms, gymnasia, studios, stairwells, bedrooms, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-same-entity-as :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range something-existing) (domain something-existing) (documentation "(Has-Same-Entity-As ?X ?Y) indicates that ?X and ?Y are both subabstractions of the same Entity. The unique My-Entity of ?X is the same as the unique My-Entity of ?Y. For instance, AlbertEinsteinAsAnAdult and AlbertEinsteinWhileAtPrinceton are in this relationship.") (genl-inverse has-same-entity-as)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-title :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Has-Title relates a person to a title that s/he holds in an organization. (Has-Title PER TITLE ORG) means that the Person PER has the Title TITLE in the Organization ORG. Elements of Title are linguistic objects usually related to positions or other qualifications that a person has. A person generally has a title only while actually holding the related position; e.g., (Has-Title Lenat Principal-Scientist-Title Cyc-Group) tells us Doug Lenat's title at the Cyc Project while under MCC's organizational structure. A noteworthy class of exceptions is Courtesy-Title (q.v.), which include forms of address such as `Mr.' and `Ms.', plus some titles which by courtesy the holders retain for life, such as (in the U.S.) `President' and military rank designations (e.g., officers retired from the armed services). Note: Elements of Title belong to the set Linguistic-Object, while positions themselves are represented by persons (cf. Position-Type). Cf. Has-Position-In.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain has-title 3 organization) (nth-domain has-title 2 title)(nth-domain has-title 1 person) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME has-workers :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of works-with cotemporal) (range agent) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Has-Workers relates an organization or individual agent to those who work for it in any capacity. (Has-Workers AGENT1 AGENT2) says that the second agent regularly works for the first agent. This includes employees, managers, soldiers, sailors, certain prison inmates, volunteers, apprentices, slaves, servants, sharecroppers, and indentured workers (as well as other organizations, e.g. subcontractors). The truth of an assertion made with Has-Workers is time-relative; e.g., (Has-Workers Cycorp Dexter) is true when asserted for the period (or any sub-period) from May 1989 to July 1994. Note that `workers' in the sense of Has-Workers need not be Employees (e.g., they could be volunteers); cf. Employees.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of has-workers transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hat :SUBCLASS-OF (clothing-accessory) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Each element of Hat is either a hat or other headgear or hatlike object. Subsets include Helmet, Swimming-Cap, and Sombrero.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hate :SUBCLASS-OF (hostility contempt dislike) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An intense feeling of hostility and aversion, usually deriving from fear, anger, or a sense of injury, and usually coupled with enmity and malice. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME having-a-meal :SUBCLASS-OF (destruction-event human-activity purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Having-A-Meal is an event in which one or more diners consume a meal. In addition to Having-Breakfast, Having-Lunch, and Having-Dinner, this includes Having-A-Snack (among other subsets). Typically, instances of Having-A-Meal include people eating some food and drinking one or more beverages.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME head-animal-body-part :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all heads of Animals. [Note: the hyphenated name reflects the need to have other terms in the knowledge base like Head-Vertebrate, representing a subset of this set, about which some useful specialized information is stated.]")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME head-of-government :SUBCLASS-OF (politician) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons. Each element of Head-Of-Government is a person who holds a political position as the titular head of the government in some element of Country. Titles that such a person might hold include Prime Minister, President, Premier, King or Queen, Minister of State, Sultan, Chacellor, Chairman. Examples: John Major, Benjamin Netanyahu, Bill Clinton. See also Title-Of-Head-Of-Government. Cf. Head-Of-State.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME head-of-state :SUBCLASS-OF (leader politician) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons. Each element of Head-Of-State is a person who holds a political position as the titular leader of some element of Country. Titles that such a person might hold include President, Premier, Chairman, Sultan, King or Queen, Regent. Examples of Head-Of-State: Bill-Clinton, Queen-ElizabethII, Yasser Arafat, Hirohito, Jiang Zemin. See also Title-Of-Head-Of-State. Cf. Head-Of-Government.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME head-vertebrate :SUBCLASS-OF (head-animal-body-part biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all heads of Vertebrates (animals with backbones). Vertebrate heads all have faces (see Face-Of-Animal) and connect to the animal's torso via a neck; these things are not generally true for most non-vertebrates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME headquarters :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-quarters) (range construction-artifact) (domain organization) (documentation "The predicate Headquarters indicates the building(s) where a particular organization has its headquarters. (Headquarters ORG BUILDING) means that BUILDING is the buildings, rooms, offices, etc., which house the main administrative and decision-making functions of the Organization ORG.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME health-professional :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all health-related professionals - including medical professionals as well as professionals not in the medical field. For example, health inspectors.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hearing :SUBCLASS-OF (perceiving) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of sensory Perceivings in which, by means of vibratory sensors, a Perceptual-Agent Hears something that is causing (or consisting of) sound waves, and thereby acquires information about it. See also: Listening-Deliberately, the subset of Hearing events in which the aural stimulus is intentionally attended to.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hears :INSTANCE-OF (slot perceiving-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of perceives) (range temporal-thing) (domain perceptual-agent) (documentation "(Hears AGT OBJ) means that the Perceptual-Agent AGT percieves sounds emananating from or as the result of OBJ. Events such as the shooting of a gun and tangible objects such as telephones are things which can emit audible sound and thus be perceived auditorily. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME heart :SUBCLASS-OF (muscle-tissue organ) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all hearts. A Heart is an Organ that pumps blood throughout the body of an Animal.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME heating-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. The set of Physical-Devices whose Primary-Function is to generate heat to raise the temperature of something else. The stuff being heated might be gaseous (air in a room or a hair dryer), liquid (water in a pool or hot water tank), or solid (food in an oven, hair with a curling iron, plastic during its shaping, etc.) An instance of Heating-Device typically has some energy input, some way of converting that energy to heat, and some way of delivering the heat to the object(s) to be heated. A borderline positive example of this is a device which absorbs heat during warm periods such as daytimes, and radiates it back out again during cool periods such as nighttimes. Note that heating must be a primary function of the device; no matter how little you think of your personal computer, it is not a Heating-Device.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME heating-process :SUBCLASS-OF (temperature-changing-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Heating-Process is a specialization of Temperature-Changing-Process -- that is, (:subclass-of Heating-Process Temperature-Changing-Process). During each Heating-Process event, the temperature of the Object-Of-State-Change is increased by applying heat to the object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME heavenly-body :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible astronomical-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible objects. Each element of Heavenly-Body is an astronomical object located in outer space (including the Earth). Elements of Heavenly-Body are natural bodies, NOT artificially made objects such as spaceships or communications satellites. Examples: the Sun, Polaris-The-Star, Planet-Pluto, Moon-Of-Earth.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME height-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-amount-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range distance) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Height-Of-Object OBJ HEIGHT) means that the Distance from OBJ's top boundary to its bottom boundary is HEIGHT. Note that top and bottom are determined by an object's default orientation, if it has one (as do, e.g., people, houses, cars, trees); otherwise, by the orientation of the object in its environment.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME helicopter :SUBCLASS-OF (air-transportation-device container-product transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of rotary wing, self-powered mechanical devices that fly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hemispheres-and-calendars :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Calendar-Seasons are defined by the Gregorian calendar and are synchronized with the equinoxes and solstices. Season-Of-Year instances are climatic seasons, events characterized by the weather in a given region. The relationship between Season-Of-Year instances and Calendar-Seasons depends upon the hemisphere (or, more precisely, upon the lattitude.) In the northern hemisphere, north of the tropics, a Calendar-Summer will significantly intersect with the a Summer-Season each year. But in the southern hemisphere, that same Calendar-Summer (which is the same in both hemispheres) will intersect with what is locally, weatherwise, a Winter-Season.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME herbivore :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of animals that do not eat other animals, or parts of animals, but instead eat plants or plant parts. Ruminant and its subsets Deer and Sheep are subsets of Herbivore.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME herd-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Animal@cyc; the collection of all large plant-eating animals that travel and graze in social groups. Elements of Herd-Animal also belong to Herbivore@cyc; they include most instances of Ruminant and may also include Triceretops.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hertz :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-frequency) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval rate frequency) (documentation "A Cyc function, specifically an Individual-Denoting-Function. Hertz represents the basic unit of measure for elements of Frequency (1 Hz=1 cycle per second). (Hertz NUM) denotes the frequency NUM cycles per second.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME high-amount-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation generic-value-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain primitive-attribute-type) (range scalar-interval) (arity 2) (documentation "High-Amount-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular, an element of Individual-Denoting-Function. It is one of several functions used to denote so-called generic values for a wide variety of attributes. When ATT is a type of attribute, (High-Amount-Fn ATT) returns an instance of ATT which is considered `a high amount of' ATT in the current context. A high amount of ATT is more than (Medium-Amount-Fn ATT) but less than (Very-High-Amount-Fn ATT).") (arg1-genl scalar-interval)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME highway :SUBCLASS-OF (path-for-wheeled-vehicles) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subcollection of Path-For-Wheeled-Vehicles that contains all highways, inside or outside cities.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hindi-language :INSTANCE-OF (living-language) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Language spoken in the Indic area.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hinged-to :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-feature-describing-predicate extensional-representation-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate spatial-predicate connection-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of rotationally-connected-to) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Hinged-To OBJ1 OBJ2) means that there is some hinge connecting OBJ1 and OBJ2 which allows limited rotational motion between them. That is the only relative motion that can occur between them. The hinged pivoting motion may be repeated. Hinged-To is noncommittal about whether the hinge is a distinct object or is part of OBJ1 or OBJ2. Some edge of OBJ1 adjoins an edge of OBJ2.") (genl-inverse hinged-to)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of hinged-to transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hoc-object :SUBCLASS-OF (artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of artifacts. HOC-Object is a very general collection for all artifacts that are found in places where humans live or work, i.e., in some element of Human-Occupation-Construct (= HOC). Since these objects are considered to be found indoors, they are all roughly `human-sized'. Elements include everything from furniture to tools, appliances to artwork, medical examining tables to church altars and pews.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME holdings :SUBCLASS-OF (group) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of sets of objects, tangible or intangible, which have some special financial, scientific, cultural, or educational value. An instance of Holdings is a set of objects kept and usually maintained by some agent for their value, or to preserve the objects, or to make them available for public display or use (as in a museum's `holdings' or a library's `holdings'). The elements in a group of holdings may or may not be all of a similar type (e.g., books, paintings). An agent's holdings may or may not all be kept in the same location.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME holds-in :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Holds-In ?X ?P) means that the proposition ?P is true during the temporal extent of Temporal-Thing ?X. To represent `Nick owned Spot in 1992' we could create the appropriate cotemporal subabstractions of each, and assert (Owns NickIn1992 SpotIn1992). More tersely, we could use Holds-In and simply assert (Holds-In (Year-Fn 1992) (Owns Nick Spot)), since Holds-In implicitly treats instances of Something-Existing as their appropriate temporal subabstractions. Alternatively, we could create a context (a microtheory) one of whose assumptions was a temporal one, limiting all axioms to holding during 1992, and then in that context we could simply assert (Owns Nick Spot). But it would be incorrect to assert (Owns Nick Spot) in the BaseKB --- i.e., devoid of context --- since Nick as a baby and Nick as an old man didn't/won't own Spot.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME holiday :SUBCLASS-OF (event human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each Holiday is an Event wherein social celebrations and/or rituals are performed, typically lasting for one Days-Duration and typically coinciding with a Calendar-Day. While Holidays are often Annual-Events, they may also be one-time events or scheduled in some other manner. They are also contextual, as different nationalities, eras, etc. celebrate different ones.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME holiday-season :SUBCLASS-OF (event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Instances of Holiday-Season are events which encompass the activities around a Holiday (or group of Holidays). The clearest example is Christmas-Season. While the exact boundaries of a Holiday-Season may be vague, it is nonethless a useful concept; in fact, much of the usefulness comes from that very fuzziness: it is hard to define exactly, but there are many things worth saying about it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hope :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Expectation of fulfillment or success. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME horizon :SUBCLASS-OF (place) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all horizons, each being the far-off region within a few degrees of the horizontal plane, where the sky appears to join the distant landscape. The horizon is always relative to a particular point of observation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME horizontal-direction :INSTANCE-OF (terrestrial-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The element of Vector-Interval that comprises all the vectors which are perpendicular to Up-Directly and Down-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME horizontal-orientation :INSTANCE-OF (orientation-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Orientation OBJECT Horizontal-Orientation) means that OBJECT is horizontal with respect to the current instance of Frame-Of-Reference. A linear (Long-And-Thin) object is horizontal if and only if its longest axis lies in the horizontal plane. A planar (Sheet-Shaped) object is horizontal if and only if its two longest axes lie in the horizontal plane. Typically, horizontal objects include dinner plates, mousepads, ice skating rinks, parking lots, and stratus clouds.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME horse-power :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-power) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval physical-attribute) (documentation "An english unit of power. The power that, roughly, a single workhorse can continually supply") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hospital :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-organization local-customer-contact-point medical-care-institution) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Local (at one site) organizations composed of physicians, support personnel, and usually also administrators. The main function of the organization is to provide medical care (short or long term) to a number of patients/clients, for a fee if the patient/client is able to pay. A clinic services out-patients, while a hospital has in-patients. A hospital may have a clinic as a sub-organization, though.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hospital-care-event :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "What happens when you are in the hospital being treated for a disease like Cancer or Hepatitis or AIDS, or recovering from Surgery. This is not just a Medical-Care-Event which happens in a hospital; it's the whole event meant by a hospital stay. Also see Hospital-Room-Stay which only represents the stay in the room.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME host-of-event :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range agent) (domain social-gathering) (documentation "(Host-Of-Event GATHERING AGENT) means that AGENT is a host and sponsor of the Social-Gathering GATHERING.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hostile-social-action :SUBCLASS-OF (social-occurrence purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all hostile or pugnacious events, adverse to someone, in which multiple agents take part, at least one of whom is acting deliberately. See also Purposeful-Action. An element of this collection is Assassination-Of-President-Lincoln.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hostility :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A feeling of strong antagonism towards another agent, organization, or group, sufficient to motivate harmful speech or actions against them. This is a Collection --- for an explanation of that, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types than Hostility include feelings of Hate.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hot-air-balloon :SUBCLASS-OF (container-product air-transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all hot-air buoyant balloons, Air-Transportation-Devices that usually lack a motor or a means of steering. Each consistes of a gas-bag into which hot air is introduced, and from which a basket or passenger compartment hangs.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hour-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function non-predicate-function individual-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range calendar-hour) (documentation "(Hour-Fn ?H ?D) denotes a Calendar-Hour -- in particular, hour number ?H (military time) of day ?D. For example, (Hour-Fn 18 (Day-Fn 14 (Month-Fn February (Year-Fn 1966)))) denotes 6pm Feb. 14th, 1966")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain hour-fn 2 calendar-day) (nth-domain hour-fn 1 non-negative-integer)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hour-of-day-type :SUBCLASS-OF (time-of-day-type temporally-disjoint-interval-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class cyclical-interval-group-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Instances Hour-Of-Day-Type are 24 canonical subsets of Calendar-Hour, such as Time-Of-Day-8AM. This is a proper subset of Time-Of-Day-Type, which could include larger or smallers times of the day, such as `before noon' (which in Cyc in named Time-Of-Day-AM).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hourly-work :INSTANCE-OF (work-status) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute; an element of Work-Status. The attribute of being paid an hourly rate for work done.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hours-duration :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-time) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity scalar-interval) (documentation "This is a function that takes one or two numbers and returns, as its value, some amount of Time. An expression of the form (Hours-Duration ?min ?max) denotes a quantity of Time that is at least ?min hours and at most ?max hours. (Hours-Duration ?num) denotes a quantity of Time that is exactly ?num hours.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME household-appliance :SUBCLASS-OF (hoc-object powered-device mechanical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of devices, a subset of Mechanical-Device. It includes those mechanical devices typically found inside a Human-Residence. An instance of Household-Appliance is a device used in one of the tasks typically carried on in a home, such as food preparation, food storage, laundry, household cleaning, personal cleaning, cooling or heating the house for comfort, etc. Examples include elements of the collections Oven, Refrigerator, Clothes-Dryer, Vacuum-Cleaner, Hot-Water-Heater, Furnace. Note that a bed, which naively is thought of as having no moving parts, is not a mechanical device, and hence not a Household-Appliance --- the same is true for most chairs, tables, sofas, and other articles of furniture.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hpkb-user :INSTANCE-OF (human-cyclist) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The default Cyclist in the HPKB release.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Human-Activity is an activity that is performed by some instance(s) of Person.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-adult :SUBCLASS-OF (adult-animal person) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type conventional-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of human beings old enough to participate as independent, mature members of society. Since different societies have different age or maturity requirements for people to be considered adults, different axioms in various society-specific microtheories express these requirements. For most modern, Western, middle-class,... purposes, e.g., the current view is that anyone over 18 is an adult. In many cultures, adulthood occurs when one reaches puberty. Adulthood is Contiguous-After childhood; that is, a Person is a Human-Child for a while, and then is a Human-Adult.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-child :SUBCLASS-OF (|(JUVENILE-FN PERSON)|) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Persons in the childhood stage of life. Functionally, this ends when the child begins to take responsibility for themselves, work, have children of their own,... or, at latest, when the person's age greatly exceeds that at which most people reach those milestones. Generally, this means that it spans the period from birth to teenage years. This is highly dependent on context, of course; childhood in Shakespeare's culture ended around age 12.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-culture-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type conventional-classification-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of all collections. Each Human-Culture-Type is a set of Persons with its own distinctive culture. Some elements of Human-Culture-Type are: French-Person, Ethnic-Group-Of-Australian-Aborigines, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-cyclist :SUBCLASS-OF (cyclist person) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Cyclists who are also human (not androids)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-family-name-string :SUBCLASS-OF (human-name-string id-string) :INSTANCE-OF (class id-string-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of family name strings such as ``Lenat'', ``Jones'', etc., which are given as last names (in most Western countries), usually at birth. Note: elements of this collection are really just character strings, not concepts like TheNameSmith that represent character strings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-given-name-string :SUBCLASS-OF (human-name-string id-string) :INSTANCE-OF (class id-string-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of non-family name strings such ``Betty'' and ``Phillip'' which are given as first or middle names (in most Western countries), usually shortly after birth. This also includes nicknames like ``Red'' or ``The Refrigerator''. Note: elements of this collection are really just character strings, not reified concepts like ''TheNameBetty'' that might be used to represent character strings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-infant :SUBCLASS-OF (human-child) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Persons in the infant stage of life. Functionally, this ends when the infant learns to walk (even just toddle) and/or talk (even a few words)... or, at latest, when the person's age greatly exceeds that at which most people develop those skills. Generally, this means that it spans the period from birth to about 12 - 18 months old. One of the subsets of this collection is Newborn-Baby.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-name-string :SUBCLASS-OF (proper-name-string id-string) :INSTANCE-OF (class id-string-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This is the class of names which human beings give themselves. See two of its important subsets, Human-Given-Name-String and Human-Family-Name-String, for examples.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-occupation-construct :SUBCLASS-OF (construction-artifact humanly-occupied-spatial-object container-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of places. Each Human-Occupation-Construct is a place where people do things, such as: the Empire State Building, an individual office in that building, the White House, the Lincoln Bedroom in the White House, an elevator, a tent, etc. An instance of Human-Occupation-Construct is an artificial construction belonging to the collection Container-Product, and its Primary-Function is as a place in which humans perform activities. Some large subsets include (a) instances of Human-Shelter-Construction (e.g., houses); (b) sub-regions within a Human-Shelter-Construction or within any building which are intended for human use (e.g., rooms, shower stalls), and (c) regions in any transportation vehicle which are designed for human occupancy (e.g., the cockpit, passenger compartment). Note: Some buildings which are not themselves instances of Human-Occupation-Construct, such as Hoover-Dam, may have a sub-region which is a Human-Occupation-Construct (e.g., the control room at the top of the dam). Note: The collection Human-Occupation-Construct is broad enough to include tents, boiler rooms, elevator shafts, steam tunnels, and the space inside the Lincoln-Memorial-In-WashingtonDC. Thus, an instance of Human-Occupation-Construct need not be strictly Indoors (q.v.), since Indoors is meant to include many characteristics that those places do not necessarily share (such as humanly comfortable temperature, lighting at night, not terribly noisy or windy, clean). We therefore do not make the default assertion that a Human-Occupation-Construct is Indoors@cyc; however, an instance of Human-Occupation-Construct is certainly not a purely Outdoor-Location (q.v.), so we DO assert that those two collections are disjoint. Certain subsets of Human-Occupation-Construct, however, do have `indoor' characteristics, and so we assert (for example) that anything found inside instances of Room-In-A-Construction or Modern-Shelter-Construction is found Indoors. Note: For places designed to be occupied by humans but which are purely outdoor locations (such as elements of Lawn, Parking-Lot, and Playground), see Humanly-Occupied-Spatial-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-occupation-construct-resident :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of those Animals that (commonly) reside in Human-Occupation-Constructs -- i.e., in structures that also house people. This mostly just includes domestic pets and people.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-residence :SUBCLASS-OF (human-shelter-construction physical-contact-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class contact-location-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of construction artifacts. Each element of Human-Residence is a humanly constructed shelter (or a part of one) in which humans reside--as opposed to, say, their places of employment (though the two might be the same). Human-Residence includes residential huts, igloos, longhouses, hotels, barracks, palaces, houseboats, mobile homes, as well as apartments, duplexes, and detached houses. A person's residence is typically the place where she/he usually sleeps and keeps most personal effects.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-residence-area :SUBCLASS-OF (ecological-region humanly-occupied-spatial-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geographical regions. Each element of Human-Residence-Area is a region in which a number of people live, at least semi-permanently (i.e., for a year or more). Examples: San-Francisco-Bay-Area, Research-Triangle-Park, research stations at the South-Pole, radar posts in the Aleutians.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME human-shelter-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (container-product shelter-construction human-occupation-construct) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of artifacts; a subset of Human-Occupation-Construct. An instance of Human-Shelter-Construction is a place made to shelter people from the elements by allowing them to get Indoors. Subsets include Modern-Human-Residence, School-Building, Shopping-Mall-Building, many others. An instance of Human-Shelter-Construction must have a roof and typically has sides, though the latter may be flimsy (as in elements of Tent-The-Shelter) or even absent (as in some elements of Parking-Garage).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME humanly-occupied-spatial-object :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of places. Each element of Humanly-Occupied-Spatial-Object is a place that humans occupy, not restricted to (though including) the interiors of things built by humans, such as houses, office buildings, and ships. Humanly-Occupied-Spatial-Object also extends to campsites, caves, villages, and towns. Examples: Doug Lenat's house, North Austin, the Five Boroughs of New York, Minnesota, the Vatican, an Antarctic research station, and (briefly) the Moon.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME humid-climate-cycle :SUBCLASS-OF (annual-climate-cycle) :INSTANCE-OF (class climate-cycle-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of annual climate cycles. Each element of Humid-Climate-Cycle is a year-long event consisting of weather occurring (typically) in various continental and subtropical regions. Characteristics of a humid climate include copious precipitation and high humidity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME humid-continental-climate-cycle :SUBCLASS-OF (humid-climate-cycle temperate-climate-cycle) :INSTANCE-OF (class climate-cycle-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of annual climate cycles. Each element of Humid-Continental-Climate-Cycle is a year-long event consisting of weather occurring (typically) in continental interiors within a temperate climate zone. Characteristics of a humid continental climate cycle include a warm summer and cold winter, with precipitation throughout. A good example of a region whose annual climate cycles are instances of Humid-Continental-Climate-Cycle is the American Midwest. Cf. Humid-Subtropical-Climate-Cycle.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME humid-subtropical-climate-cycle :SUBCLASS-OF (humid-climate-cycle temperate-climate-cycle) :INSTANCE-OF (class climate-cycle-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of annual climate cycles. Each element of Humid-Subtropical-Climate-Cycle is a year-long event consisting of weather occurring (typically) within a temperate climate zone. Characteristics of a humid subtropical climate cycle include a hot summer and a cool winter, with precipitation and moist air throughout. Cycles of this kind occur closer to the equator than do instances of Humid-Continental-Climate-Cycle. For instance, the Southeastern United States is a good example of a region whose annual climate cycles are instances of Humid-Subtropical-Climate-Cycle.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hunger-level-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range animal) (domain level-of-hunger) (documentation "Just what it says") (documentation "The predicate Hunger-Level-Of is used to express how hungry an Animal is. The first argument is a Level-Of-Hunger (q.v.): for instance, Hungry, Starving, Stuffed. The second argument is the Animal who feels hunger at this level.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME hungry :INSTANCE-OF (level-of-hunger order-of-magnitude-interval) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Hungry")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibo-created :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of outputs-created information-destination ibt-generated) (range information-bearing-object) (domain ibo-creation) (documentation "The predicate Ibo-Created is used to link a particular information bearing object (IBO) to the event in which it is created. (Ibo-Created CREATION IBO) means that the Information-Bearing-Object IBO is created in the event CREATION. For example, my copy of today's `Austin American-Statesman' morning paper was created during the previous night's paper-publishing event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibo-creation :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity information-transfer-event creation-event ibt-generation) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of IBT-Generation. Each element of IBO-Creation is an event which creates a new IBO (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Object). An IBO is a relatively long-lasting instance of Information-Bearing-Thing. Examples of IBO-Creation include publishing a book, making a film, printing a photograph, molding a plastic credit card, painting a billboard, minting a coin. When an IBO is created, its content may be either original or be copied from a prior IBO. For creation of IBOs with new content, e.g., a personal letter, see the subset IBTGeneration-Original@cyc; for creation of IBOs with pre-existing content, e.g., reprinting a photograph, see IBT-Generation-Replication.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-copying :SUBCLASS-OF (ibt-generation-replication) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of IBT-Generation-Replication. Each element of IBT-Copying is an event which generates a new IBT (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Thing) by copying the information and format from a source IBT (see Information-Origin). The new IBT encodes approximately the same information in approximately the same way as the source IBT. Examples: photocopying a document, faxing a document, duplicating a videotape.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-generated :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range information-bearing-thing) (domain ibt-generation) (documentation "The predicate Ibt-Generated is used to link a particular information bearing thing (IBT) to the event in which it is created. (Ibt-Generated GEN IBT) means that the Information-Bearing-Thing IBT comes about, happens, or comes into existence in or as an immediate consequence of the event GEN.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-generation :SUBCLASS-OF (information-transfer-event transfer-out action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information transfer events. Each element of IBT-Generation is an event which creates some information-bearing thing--thus, an event in which some idea or information is expressed. In elements of IBT-Generation, the particular IBT (i.e., element of Information-Bearing-Thing) which is created may be either a transient wave phenomenon (e.g., made of sound, light, or radio waves), or it may be a relatively long-lasting instance of Information-Bearing-Object (cf. IBO-Creation). Humans frequently generate such IBTs as spoken language, gestures, and handwritten notes. It is irrelevant for elements of IBT-Generation whether there is another agent who immediately (or, indeed, ever) accesses the resulting IBTs. Note the difference: reading is NOT an IBT generation event, but writing (usually) is. IBTs may be generated intentionally or unintentionally. Also, every communication act starts with an instance of IBT-Generation. See also: Communicating and its subsets, esp. Communication-Act-Single.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-generation-original :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action ibt-generation human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of IBT-Generation. Each element of IBT-Generation-Original is an event in which some original idea is expressed; that is, the content of the IBT generated is not a copy of the content of a previously created information-bearing thing. See also IBT-Generation, Communicating.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-generation-replication :SUBCLASS-OF (ibt-generation) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection events; a subset of IBT-Generation. Each element of IBT-Generation-Replication is an event in which a new IBT (i.e., an Information-Bearing-Thing) is created whose content is based on that of a preexisting IBT (which is the Information-Origin of the generation event). The new IBT contains at least part of the information content of the original IBT. It may use the same or a different way of encoding the information.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-has-info-about :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (domain information-bearing-thing) (documentation "(Ibt-Has-Info-About ?IBT ?THING) means that the Information-Bearing-Thing ?IBT is generally 'about' ?THING -- which may be any Thing at all. This is a very general notion of aboutness, which does not require that ?THING be explicitly named in ?IBT, nor that it be the main topic.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of ibt-has-info-about transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of ibt-has-info-about symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of ibt-has-info-about anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of ibt-has-info-about asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of ibt-has-info-about reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of ibt-has-info-about irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ibt-recoding :SUBCLASS-OF (ibt-generation-replication) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of IBT-Generation-Replication. Each element of IBT-Recoding is an event which generates a new IBT (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Thing), by taking information from a source IBT (see Information-Origin), encoding it a new way, and incorporating it into a new information-bearing thing (see Ibt-Generated). Elements of IBT-Recoding may be done either by agents (e.g., people) or by non-agents (e.g., record players, or computers running translation software). Recoding the content of a pre-existing IBT presupposes some instance of accessing it (i.e., of Accessing-AnIBT).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME id-document :SUBCLASS-OF (official-document) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of official documents. Each element of ID-Document is an accepted credential for identifying some object. Important subsets of ID-Document include Passport, Driver-License, Social-Security-Card. Other examples include student ID cards, dog tags (worn by military personnel), dog tags (worn by dogs), authentication certificates for a work of art or an antique.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME id-string :SUBCLASS-OF (character-string) :INSTANCE-OF (class id-string-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Character-String. Each element of ID-String is a character string which is used to denote a specific object in some identification mapping; for example, instances of Model-Number (e.g., ``JHS146973S2''), or instances of Postal-Code (e.g., ``78751''). See also Denoted-Object-Fn and ObjectID.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME id-string-type :SUBCLASS-OF (object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element in ID-String-Type is a collection of character strings which is a subset of ID-String (q.v.). A few instances of ID-String-Type: Product-Name, Product-Version, E-Mail-Address, Phone-Number, Postal-Code.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME identical-in-attribute :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Identical-In-Attribute THING1 THING2 ATTRIBUTE) means that the two things THING1 and THING2 have the same values of the Attribute-Type ATTRIBUTE. Here 'the same' means complete identity or very close resemblance -- what this means, and what the standard of closeness or identity is, depends on the context, but Identical-In-Attribute and Different-In-Attribute cannot both be correctly asserted of the same two things. See also Resembles-In-Attribute, and Different-In-Attribute.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain identical-in-attribute 3 attribute-type) (nth-domain identical-in-attribute 2 thing)(nth-domain identical-in-attribute 1 thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME illocutionary-force :SUBCLASS-OF (supposed-to-be-microtheory propositional-information-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of pieces of information; a subset of Propositional-Information-Thing. Each element of Illocutionary-Force is a specialized component of a communication; its function is to indicate how the speaker in a communication wants the agent(s) whom s/he is addressing to understand, and respond to, the situation--i.e., the state of affairs--described in that communication. Isolating the `illocutionary force' of a communication allows us to characterize the intention of a speaker; e.g., whether s/he means to assert that the described state of affairs in fact holds; or to express a desire that such a state of affairs hold; or to command someone to make that state of affairs hold; or to offer to make the state of affairs hold. S/he may even intend to make something true by stating it (e.g., ``I name this ship `The Intrepid'.''). Usually, apprehending a speaker's intention is important for understanding what s/he means and what s/he intends the hearer to do. Although illocutionary forces can be represented propositionally, they are not generally communicated so explicitly. For example, questions in English are typically communicated by inverting subject-object word order and raising one's intonation at the end of the utterance. (The intonation marker so strongly indicates a question that it may suffice without the inverted word order, as in `You are going tonight' uttered with a rising intonation.) Commands in English typically have an (unexpressed) understood subject and perhaps a forceful tone. In every culture and language there are conventional sets of commonly used illocutionary forces which would be the subsets of Illocutionary-Force for that culture; e.g., in English, they include Inform contexts, Request, Offer, Promise, and Query. Note: although in this comment Illocutionary-Force is explained in terms of utterances, it applies to communication generally; so `speaker' and `listener' should be broadly interpreted to mean, respectively, any Sender-Of-Info and Recipient-Of-Info. See also Communicating, Communication-Act-Single. The portion of a communication's information content that represents the illocutionary force is indicated using ComponentIF.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME illumination-level :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range light-intensity) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Illumination-Level LOC DEGREE) indicates how brightly illuminated the location LOC is. Higher values of DEGREE mean greater light intensity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME illumination-mode-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class unordered-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Illumination-Mode-Attribute describes something about the type of illumination falling on a region or an object. For example, Direct-Illumination, Indirect-Illumination, Reflected-Illumination, Part-Direct-Part-Indirect.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME immediate-weather-process :SUBCLASS-OF (weather-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of meteorological events of a duration shorter than seasonal processes. A particular hurricane event, for example, might be characteristic of a seasonal process for a region; but the hurricane event itself is an instance of Immediate-Weather-Process. Another example of an Immediate-Weather-Process is a single Lightning-Event. (Cf. Annual-Climate-Cycle.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-among :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-found-in-location cotemporal) (range group) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Among OBJ GROUP) means that the tangible thing OBJ is physically located within the spatial cluster GROUP, which is composed of individuals. OBJ may (but need not) be a member of GROUP. OBJ is spatially distinct from any (other) member of GROUP; cf. Spatially-Intersects. Examples: a bird in the branches of a tree; a zebra in its herd; a flea in a dog's pelt; a bee in a swarm of bees; a snake in the grass.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-cont-closed :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-cont-generic cotemporal) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Cont-Closed OBJ CONT) means that OBJ is contained in CONT and cannot leave CONT unless CONT opens or breaks, or OBJ is broken into pieces small enough to escape from CONT. Examples: water in a bottle; CD in a CD case; food in a plastic zip bag; books in a backpack; spare tire in the trunk. In order for a relation to count as In-Cont-Closed, the container must have a portal, even though that portal is closed while this relation holds. So, for example, it is NOT proper to use In-Cont-Closed to say that an egg is in its eggshell, or that a brain is in its skull. See also Portal.") (genl-inverse surrounds-completely)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-cont-full-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-cont-generic touches-directly cotemporal) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Cont-Full-Of STUFF CONT) means that STUFF is the substance that fills CONT. STUFF is unique in that it is the only substance that `fills' CONT, even though other things may be with it in CONT (e.g., as In-Cont-Generic). Filling the container means that the inside surface of CONT touches the filling STUFF at virtually all points of CONT's inner surface, rather than touching whatever stuff CONT itself is immersed in and which CONT's outside surface touches (e.g., air). The only thing which can override this Touches (i.e., get alongside CONT's inside wall without being STUFF) would be some other object which is also in CONT (e.g., with In-Cont-Generic). In order to fill the container, STUFF must be Pourable or have a shape which conforms to the shape of CONT's cavity. Cf. In-Cont-Generic to cover cases of stuff which is in a container without filling it. ")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-cont-full-of reflexive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-cont-generic :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate spatial-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal object-found-in-location) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Cont-Generic OBJ CONT) means that OBJ is contained, confined, or held in CONT. CONT may be open or closed. See also In-Cont-Open, In-Cont-Closed, In-Cont-Full-Of, In-Region.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept in-cont-generic sensus-information1997 "CONTAINED") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-cont-open :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-cont-generic cotemporal) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Cont-Open OBJ CONT) means that OBJ is contained in CONT -- CONT confines or holds OBJ in -- but OBJ can be removed from CONT without having to open any portals in CONT. In gravity fields, CONT is right-side-up, and if CONT is turned over, OBJ will fall out. Cf. In-Cont-Closed.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-embedded :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate connection-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-found-in-location cotemporal touches-directly connected-to) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(In-Embedded OBJ1 OBJ2) means that some portion of OBJ1 is embedded in OBJ2 at least semi-permanently. OBJ1 is thus Connected-To OBJ2. The remaining portion of OBJ1 is not embedded in OBJ2. In many cases, an In-Embedded relationship comes about during the formation of OBJ1 or OBJ2. Examples: grass in the ground, hair in the scalp, or eyes in sockets.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-embedded transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-embedded symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of in-embedded anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-embedded asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-floating :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of above-touching in-immersed-partly) (range liquid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(In-Floating OBJ LIQUID) means that OBJ is floating in LIQUID. Thus, OBJ is buoyant and is In-Immersed-Partly in LIQUID.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-front-of-directly :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-front-of-generally) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Front-Of-Directly FORE AFT) means that FORE is directly in front of AFT. More precisely, it implies both (In-Front-Of-Generally FORE AFT) and that there is at least one line parallel to the forward pointing axis of AFT that intersects both FORE and AFT.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-directly transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-directly symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-directly anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-directly asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-front-of-generally :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of near) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Front-Of-Generally FORE AFT) means that the tangible object FORE is in front of the tangible object AFT. More precisely, the intrinsic back-to-front axis of AFT is within 45 degrees of some line intersecting both FORE and AFT.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept in-front-of-generally sensus-information1997 "FACING") (kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-generally transitive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-generally symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-generally anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of in-front-of-generally asymmetric-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-held :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches in-cont-generic cotemporal) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(In-Held OBJ HOLDER) means that OBJ is being held or restrained by HOLDER, which is applying pressure to OBJ. HOLDER Touches OBJ. HOLDER may be either a Device-Used or an Anatomical-Part-Type-Affected in an instance of HoldingAnObject@cyc; OBJ would be the Object-Acted-On by that holding.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-held transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-immersed-fully :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal in-immersed-generic object-found-in-location) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Immersed-Fully OBJ FLUID) means that FLUID is the unique fluid in which OBJ is completely immersed. Thus, as a default inference, every outside surface region of OBJ Touches FLUID. E.g., (live) fish are fully immersed in water, and people are usually immersed in air (even though the bottoms of their feet touch the ground and not the air). Examples like air bubbles in water or mercury globules immersed in air suggest that the Arg1-Isa should be kept general, i.e., Partially-Tangible rather than Solid-Tangible-Thing.") (genl-inverse surrounds-completely)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-immersed-fully transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-immersed-generic :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of touches) (range fluid-tangible-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Immersed-Generic OBJ FLUID) means that OBJ is immersed in FLUID. In-Immersed-Generic is noncomittal as to whether OBJ is completely or partially immersed. But FLUID Touches OBJ and conforms to a significant portion of the surface of OBJ. See also In-Immersed-Fully, In-Immersed-Partly.") (genl-inverse surrounds-horizontally)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-immersed-partly :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-immersed-generic) (range fluid-tangible-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(In-Immersed-Partly OBJ FLUID) means that a portion of OBJ is immersed in FLUID, but OBJ is not completely surrounded by FLUID. In gravitational fields, In-Immersed-Partly entails Surrounds-Horizontally, because in that context fluid surfaces are of generally Horizontal-Orientation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-lodged :INSTANCE-OF (asymmetric-binary-predicate) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-permeates :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-found-in-location) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain liquid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(In-Permeates LIQUID SOLID) means that LIQUID permeates SOLID. LIQUID must be separable from SOLID by physical, not chemical means. If LIQUID is not a constituent (see Constituents) of SOLID, then SOLID is porous (see Porous). Exemplars include water permeating a wet sponge, oil soaking a sponge, or water in soil. Negative exemplars include vapor suspended in air (see, e.g. Suspending-Fluid or Solute) . Other negative exemplars include liquids which undergoe a chemical change and combine with some other substance, e.g. water which becomes a chemical part of plant material in photosynthesis.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-plane :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of spatially-intersects) (range surface-abstract) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "(In-Plane OBJ SURFACE) means that OBJ spatially intersects with the Flat-Surface SURFACE.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-region :INSTANCE-OF (slot extensional-representation-predicate transitive-binary-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range spatial-thing) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "(In-Region OBJECT AREA) means that all points in OBJECT are found within the boundaries of AREA, which is another spatial thing (of which OBJECT may or may not be a part). OBJECT is totally included spatially within the region demarcated by AREA. Note, regarding whether OBJECT is a part of AREA: Two subordinate, but contrasting, predicates are Physical-Decompositions (a Genl-Inverse of In-Region) and Object-Found-In-Location (a Genl-Preds of In-Region). (1) OBJECT is a Physical-Decompositions of AREA if the set of points occupied by OBJECT is a subset of the points actually occupied by AREA; i.e., OBJECT is spatially a part of AREA. (2) On the other hand, if OBJECT is merely present in AREA, but is not a part of it, then Object-Found-In-Location applies.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-snugly :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of in-cont-generic touches cotemporal) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "The Binary-Predicate (In-Snugly ?INNER ?OUTER) means that ?INNER is In-Cont-Generic ?OUTER, that ?INNER Touches ?OUTER, and that a Friction-Process would be necessary for a Removing-Something in which ?INNER is the Object-Moving and ?OUTER is the From-Location.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-snugly asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-snugly symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of in-snugly transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of in-snugly anti-transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME in-spiked :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate connection-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of connected-to-rigidly in-embedded in-lodged) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(In-Spiked OBJ REG) means that an object, OBJ, is spiked into another object, REG, in the way that nails, push pins, needles, and other pointed objects stick into other objects. Thus, OBJ must be Long-And-Thin and must be harder than REG. Typically, the rigid connection between REG and OBJ can support forces substantially greater than the weight of OBJ.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of in-spiked transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inanimate-object-natural :SUBCLASS-OF (inanimate-thing-natural) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of natural (i.e. not man-made) objects. It is a subclass of Inanimate-Thing-Natural, distinguished from it mainly by only having subclasses which are existing object-types. Thus, Celestial-Object would be a subclass of this collection, but Dirt would not.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept inanimate-object-natural sensus-information1997 "NATURAL-OBJECT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inanimate-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangibles. Each element of Inanimate-Thing is a tangible thing which is not a living structure. Examples: Yale-University, the Statue-Of-Liberty, a U.S. ten-dollar bill, the Moon-Of-Earth, a safety pin.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept inanimate-thing sensus-information1997 "INANIMATE-OBJECT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inanimate-thing-natural :SUBCLASS-OF (inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangibles. Each element of Inanimate-Thing-Natural is an Inanimate-Thing that is not man-made. Thus, the Moon-Of-Earth and the Atlantic-Ocean belong to this class, but the Arc-De-Triomphe does not.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inch :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-distance fps-unit-of-measure) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval distance) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the inch used to measure length within the British (FPS) system. See also FPS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME included-items :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of parts) (range individual) (domain formal-product) (documentation "The predicate Included-Items is used to identify the peripheral items that come with a particular packaged product. (Included-Items FORM ITEM) means that the Individual ITEM is one of the things that are included in the Formal-Product FORM, along with its mainProduct@cyc; but ITEM is not the main product itself. ITEM can be an accessory, owner's manual, warranty agreement, or included service. ITEM is something that is a regular part of the package. ITEM does NOT refer to free samples or extras thrown in--for that, see Includes-With-Product-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME includes-with-product-type :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Includes-With-Product-Type is used to specify `extras' that a particular seller includes with a specific product. (Includes-With-Product-Type SELLER MAINTYPE EXTRATYPE) means that the Commercial-Organization SELLER provides an item of the Product-Type EXTRATYPE free of charge to its customers who purchase a product of Product-Type MAINTYPE. For example, to say that Ernie's Garage provides towing free with a car repair, we could say (Includes-With-Product-Type ErniesGarage Car-Repairing Towing-An-Automobile).") (arg3-genl product) (arg2-genl product)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain includes-with-product-type 3 product-type) (nth-domain includes-with-product-type 2 product-type)(nth-domain includes-with-product-type 1 commercial-organization) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME income :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range monetary-flow-rate) (domain agent) (documentation "The predicate Income is used to state the income of a person or other agent. (Income AGT RATE) means that the Agent AGT has the income RATE, where RATE is a Monetary-Flow-Rate, e.g., a number of Dollars-Per-Hour or Dollars-Per-Year. See Monetary-Flow-Rate.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME incurring-an-injury :SUBCLASS-OF (incurring-damage animal-activity single-doer-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An instance of Incurring-An-Injury is an event in which an animal becomes injured. In such events, the animal which is hurt is the Bodily-Acted-On in the event. The condition which results of an instance of Incurring-An-Injury would be an instance of Injury-Condition (q.v.). Also see the comment on Ailment-Condition.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME incurring-damage :SUBCLASS-OF (intrinsic-state-change-event physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which some sort of damage is incurred to a person or property.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME independent-country :SUBCLASS-OF (country) :INSTANCE-OF (class spatially-disjoint-region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geopolitical entities. Each element of Independent-Country is a distinct, independent geopolitical entity generally recognized by the international community. An independent country typically has a (relatively) stable government and enforced borders, its own currency, laws, culture, etc. Examples: United-States-Of-America, Germany, Liberia, Mongolia-Peoples-Republic, India, Taiwan-Republic-Of-China, Honduras.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME independent-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Independent-Organization is an organization which is not affiliated with any Chain-Organization and that is not a sub-organization of any other Organization. An independent organization is neither the top-level organization of a chain, nor a lower level organization in a chain, nor is it an element of Chain-Organization. Note, however, that an Independent-Organization may have several locations within a small geographical region; e.g., Texas French Bread (a single, independent business) has multiple locations in Austin, TX.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME indexed-info-source :SUBCLASS-OF (abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all information sources in which the information contained theirein is indexed by some set of terms, names, Character-Strings, ID-Numbers or codes. Given such an index term, there is a specific part of the Indexed-Info-Source associated with that term. Each instance has some format or organizing structure imposed on the information, although the format might not be intrinsically ordered.. An instance of Indexed-Info-Source is the abstract informational content of the source, not any particular physical object in which the information is stored. Examples include a Dictionary, Thesaurus, Database-Abstract-Content, or a Knowledge-Base. Some examples that do not qualify are Painting-As-Art-Form, or a Character-String without any structuring information about it or that has no structure beyond being a string of characters.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME indexical-concept :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Indexical-Concepts are those whose referent essentially depends on the occasion of use and the user, e.g., Now, I, Here. When I use the concept 'I,' I am referring to myself (O-Keefe), but 'I' does not mean O-Keefe, but refers to whomever the user is. Similarly, Now denotes the moment in which it used.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept indexical-concept sensus-information1997 "RELATIVE-SPATIAL-TEMPORAL") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME individual :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Individual is the collection of all things that are NOT sets or collections. Thus, Individual includes (among other things) physical objects, temporal subabstractions of physical objects, numbers, relations, and groups (see Group). An element of Individual may have parts or a structure (including parts that are discontinuous); but NO instance of Individual can have elements or subsets. Important distinction: Though an element of Individual may have parts (e.g., Physical-Parts or Group-Members), that individual is NOT the same thing as the collection containing those same parts. For example, your car is an individual, but the collection of all the parts of your car is an instance of Collection. The latter -- the collection of parts of your car -- is an abstract collection; it doesn't have a location, it doesn't have a top speed, etc. -- it's just a collection! -- but it does have subsets, supersets, and members. Similarly: `Bill Clinton's immediate family' is an individual; however, the collection of persons who belong to that family is a collection. One final example: A company belongs to Individual and is distinct from the collection of its employees (which Isa Collection).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME individual-agent :SUBCLASS-OF (agent) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all individuals belonging to the collection Agent. Each person, each animal, etc., is an element of Individual-Agent, in most contexts. Note that instances of Organization will in general NOT be elements of Individual-Agent.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME individual-denoting-function :SUBCLASS-OF (non-predicate-function) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Cyc functions which return elements of Individual. Examples: Perimeter-Fn, Interior-Fn, Goal-Fn, Medal-Award-Ceremony-Fn, all return particular individuals when applied to their proper arguments; e.g., (Interior-Fn Lincoln-Memorial-In-WashingtonDC) designates the particular space inside the Lincoln Memorial. Cf. Collection-Denoting-Function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME indonesia-the-nation :INSTANCE-OF (entity independent-country) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((government-fn |(GOVERNMENT-FN INDONESIA-THE-NATION)|) (documentation "The country of Indonesia, which comprises 13500 islands. Includes both physical and political aspects.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infecting-organism :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range organism-whole) (domain infection) (documentation "This predicate relates a particular instance of Infection to an organism which causes that infection. (Infecting-Organism INFECT ORG) means that the organism ORG is one of the causes of the infection INFECT. For example, if INFECT is a case of Strep-Throat, then ORG is an instance of Streptococcus. I.e., (For-All ?x (For-All ?y (:=> (:and (:instance-of ?x Strep-Throat) (Infecting-Organism ?x ?y)) (:instance-of ?y Streptococcus)))) ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infection :SUBCLASS-OF (ailment-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of ailments; a subset of Ailment-Condition. An instance of Infection is a disease condition in which microorganisms are abnormally present (or abnormally numerous) within an animal's body. The microorganisms involved in an infection may be some instance of the collections Bacterium, Virus, or Protista-Kingdom. Specialized subsets of Infection include: Bronchitis, Tonsillitis, Sexually-Transmitted-Infection (which has further subsets). A particular case of tonsilitis is thus an element of the collection Infection.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infection-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain existing-object-type) (range infection-type) (documentation "Infection-Fn is a Cyc function, and in particular a Collection-Denoting-Function. It is used to decribe ailments according to the region of the animal's body in which they are found. (Infection-Fn REGION) denotes the collection of infections of the region of the body, REGION. For example, (Infection-Fn Throat) is the set of all throat infections, and hence a subset of Infection. When you get a case of strep throat, that is an element of (Infection-Fn Throat). When you get appendicitis, that is an element of the set represented by (Infection-Fn Appendix-Organ-Part).") (arg1-genl animal-body-part) (result-genl infection)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infection-host :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of bodily-doer) (range organism-whole) (domain infection) (documentation "This predicate relates a particular case of Infection to the organism it is infecting. (Infection-Host INF ORG) means that INF is an Infection in which the host organism is ORG.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infection-transmission-event :SUBCLASS-OF (generalized-transfer intrinsic-state-change-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which some instance of Infection is transmitted from one member of Biological-Living-Object to another.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infection-type :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-condition-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Elements are the subsets of Infection. This type collection may be removed from the KB.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inference-related-bookkeeping-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (bookkeeping-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Inference-Related-Bookkeeping-Predicate is a predicate involved in assertions used by the Cyc application to direct inferencing. Examples: Defn-Iff, Defn-Sufficient, Term-Of-Unit, After-Adding.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME infinitive :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range character-string) (domain english-word) (documentation "(Infinitive WORD STRING) means that STRING is the infinitive verb form of WORD. For example, `to hit' is the infinitive form of Hit-The-Word.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inflatable-boat :SUBCLASS-OF (boat-water-transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all inflatable boats, that is, boats (mostly small watercraft) that are composed of some fabric or membrane and are inflated with air to give them buoyancy in water.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME info-added :INSTANCE-OF (slot role binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of info-transferred) (range abstract-information) (domain information-updating) (documentation "(Info-Added CHANGE INFO) means that in the Information-Updating action, CHANGE, INFO was added to the IBO (Information-Bearing-Object) acted on.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME info-contributed :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Info-Contributed is used to identify which agent said what in a particular complex communication activity. (Info-Contributed MULTICOM AGENT INFO) means that in the Multi-Directional-Communication event MULTICOM, AGENT does something that expresses INFO. Note that speaking, writing, or otherwise signalling are all viable methods of `saying'. The (unspecified) thing that AGENT does in MULTICOM generates the message, and INFO is a propositional item expressing the content of AGENT's message. See also Propositional-Information-Thing and IBT-Generation.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain info-contributed 3 propositional-information-thing) (nth-domain info-contributed 2 agent)(nth-domain info-contributed 1 multi-directional-communication) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME info-removed :INSTANCE-OF (slot role binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of info-transferred) (range abstract-information) (domain information-updating) (documentation "(Info-Removed CHANGE INFO) means that in the Information-Updating action, CHANGE, INFO was removed from the IBO (Information-Bearing-Object) acted on.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME info-transferred :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range abstract-information) (domain information-transfer-event) (documentation "The predicate Info-Transferred is used to indicate the propositional content of a particular transferral of information. (Info-Transferred TRANSFER INFO) means that INFO is information that is transferred due to the Information-Transfer-Event TRANSFER. INFO originates from some agent or IBT (i.e., element of Information-Bearing-Thing). After TRANSFER, INFO is contained in another IBT or agent; INFO may persist in the source as well. For example, when I read the front page of the newspaper, some information about current world events is transferred from the newspaper to me. See also Information-Origin, Information-Destination.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept info-transferred sensus-information1997 "SAYING") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inform :SUBCLASS-OF (illocutionary-force) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of illocutionary forces. Each instance of Inform consists of a piece of information contained (usually implicitly) in a communication, and which expresses the speaker's intention to inform the listener that the propositional content of what s/he utters is true. `Speaker' and `listener' are broadly interpreted to mean, respectively, any Sender-Of-Info and Recipient-Of-Info. See also Illocutionary-Force.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inform-communication-act :SUBCLASS-OF (communication-act-single) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of acts of conveying information by means of intentional communication.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept inform-communication-act sensus-information1997 "ASSERTIVE-ACT") (synonymous-external-concept inform-communication-act sensus-information1997 "ASSERTION")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inform-statement :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate microtheory-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ist-information) (range cyc-formula) (domain propositional-information-thing) (documentation "(Inform-Statement ?MT ?PROP) means that the Cyc-Formula ?PROP is true in the information context ?MT. (An information context here usually means a particular database application of Cyc. In these applications, ?PROP is communicated to Cyc directly as an explicit Inform-Statement, and is not inferred to be true.) Note that (Inform-Statement ?mt ?clpe) implies that (Ist ?mt ?clpe).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-adding :SUBCLASS-OF (information-updating) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Information-Updating. Each element of Information-Adding is an event in which information is added to the information content of an IBO (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Object). After the action, the IBO which is the Information-Destination of the update `has' the new information (i.e., Info-Added). The resulting information content of that IBO includes both its content immediately prior to the addition, plus the newly added information. Examples of Information-Adding: recording a check in the check register of one's checkbook; taking the next photograph on a roll of film; adding a new constant to the CycKB.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-bearing-object :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-tangible-and-intangible-object information-bearing-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects which are both tangible and intangible. (See also the comment for its superset Composite-Tangible-And-Intangible-Object.) Each element of Information-Bearing-Object is an object that can be interpreted, by an interpreter understanding its conventions, to yield a chunk or chunks of information. Information-Bearing-Object includes all of the following: (1) artifacts made solely for the purpose of conveying information (e.g., a newspaper, or a children's science video); (2) artifacts that convey information in addition to their intended function (e.g., Neolithic pottery); and (3) non-artifacts, such as a person's fingerprints, gestures, and utterances, which may be interpreted to yield information. Note: `an IBO' abbreviates `an information bearing object'. Cf. Information-Bearing-Wave-Propagation. See also Contains-Information.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-bearing-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (temporal-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of temporal objects, including actions and events as well as physical objects. Each element of Information-Bearing-Thing is an item that carries information, for an interpreter who understands its conventions. Examples: a copy of the novel `Moby Dick'; a signal buoy; a photograph; a flag; an elevator sign in Braille; a map; a US dollar bill; a resume; an account ledger; a word in ASL; a musical score; the Cyc program itself. Note: `an IBT' abbreviates `an information bearing thing'. See also Specified-Information-Bearing-Thing-Type. For representation of the propositional content of information bearing things, see PropositionalInformationThing@cyc; but note that not all IBTs have a propositional content (cf. Art-Object).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-bearing-wave-propagation :SUBCLASS-OF (information-bearing-thing wave-propagation) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs). Each element of Information-Bearing-Wave-Propagation is a Wave-Propagation (q.v.) event that carries information, for an interpreter which understands its conventions. Examples of Information-Bearing-Wave-Propagation include sounds, radio signals, and images of visible light. These eventlike IBTs should be contrasted with the relatively static, persistent, objectlike IBTs in the collection Information-Bearing-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-destination :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-thing) (domain information-transfer-event) (documentation "The predicate Information-Destination is used to indicate where information is transferred in a particular information transfer event. (Information-Destination TRANSFER DEST) means that in the Information-Transfer-Event TRANSFER, the information being transferred is sent, given to, or impressed upon DEST. DEST is an IBT (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Thing) or an agent. Note that if DEST is an agent, you should probably use the more specific actor slot, Recipient-Of-Info. Note also that if DEST existed before the transfer, it may have already contained the information.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-origin :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-thing) (domain information-transfer-event) (documentation "The predicate Information-Origin is used to indicate the source of information for a particular communication event. (Information-Origin TRANSFER ORIGIN) means that in the Information-Transfer-Event TRANSFER, the information being transferred is coming from ORIGIN. ORIGIN is either an IBT (i.e., element of Information-Bearing-Thing) or an agent. Note that if ORIGIN still exists past the transfer, it presumably still contains the information.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-recording-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Information-Recording-Device is a device used for the recording of sensory information (i.e., audio and visual, but not encoded as character strings.) So an instance would be your answering machine at home (an Answering-Machine), your cam-corder (a Video-Camera), but NOT your address book or your copy of the Yellow Pages. Note: A borderline case is a PDA (such as an Apple Newton) used to record handwritten script. If it then processes that information and converts it to ASCII characters, it has stopped being an Information-Recording-Device in the currently intended sense. Probably a better name for this concept, therefore, would be DeviceToRecordAnalogInformation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-recording-process :SUBCLASS-OF (ibo-creation physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events in which information is recorded, using an Information-Recording-Device. Every Information-Recording-Process produces an Information-Bearing-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-removing :SUBCLASS-OF (information-updating) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions in which information is removed from or erased from an IBO (Information-Bearing-Object). After the action, the remaining info content, if any, of the IBO acted on is only a part of what it started out to be. The removed information doesn't go anywhere; after removal it doesn't end up encoded in something else.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-transfer-event :SUBCLASS-OF (generalized-transfer) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Information-Transfer-Event is an event in which information is transferred from a source (Information-Origin) to a destination (Information-Destination), both of which are either intelligent agents or IBTs (i.e., elements of Information-Bearing-Thing). Examples: reading a book (transfer from book to reader); saying something to someone (transfer from speaker to listener); machine translation (transfer from an encoded IBT in the source language to an encoded IBT in the target language); OCR scanning (transfer of info from visual information source to another IBT in different format); carving initials in a tree (transfer from agent to IBT), etc. Note: this is a generalization of the `mtrans' operator in Roger Schank's Conceptual Dependency theory.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME information-updating :SUBCLASS-OF (information-transfer-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information transfer events. Each element of Information-Updating is an event in which the information content of an IBO (i.e., an element of Information-Bearing-Object) is altered, either by removing or by adding information, or both. Note that this is possible only for tangible IBOs.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ingesting :SUBCLASS-OF (bodily-function-event biological-intake-event voluntary-body-movement directed-translation human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Biological-Intake-Event. Each element of Ingesting is a complex process in which a thing is brought into some organism's mouth from the outside, is swallowed, and is moved to the organism's stomach. Every element of Ingesting has among its Sub-Events an instance of Swallowing which occurs after the intake. (Thus, though chewing gum is a Biological-Intake-Event, it is not an Ingesting unless the gum is swallowed.) An ingesting event ends when the ingested stuff reaches the ingester's stomach (where an instance of Digestion-Event begins -- provided that what was ingested is an element of Edible-Stuff).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ingesting-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain stuff-type) (range temporal-object-type) (documentation "The Cyc function Ingesting-Fn is a Collection-Denoting-Function. It is used to represent collections of events in which certain types of things are consumed. (Ingesting-Fn STUFFTYPE) denotes the collection of events in which a tangible substance of the type STUFFTYPE is ingested. For example, lots of instances of (Ingesting-Fn Popcorn) occur at the movies.") (arg1-genl partially-tangible) (result-genl ingesting)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ingredients :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot composition-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-decompositions cotemporal) (range partially-tangible) (domain artifact) (documentation "The predicate Ingredients is used to indicate a particular input used to make a particular artifact. (Ingredients ART INGR) means that the Partially-Tangible thing INGR was one of the Inputs to the creation of the Artifact ART, and INGR is one of ART's Physical-Decompositions. Note that Ingredients applies only to those inputs which retain their identity in the creation process and which are incorporated into the resulting Artifact. For example, a meatball can be considered an ingredient of a plate of spaghetti, and a portion of ground beef can be considered an ingredient of the meatball. On the other hand, we would not say that an egg is an ingredient of the meatball, even though it was an input to the creation process, because its identity was not preserved.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inhabitant-types :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intensional-representation-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "The predicate Inhabitant-Types is used to indicate the type(s) of people who live in a region. (Inhabitant-Types REGION TYPE) means that TYPE is (one of) the (primary) type(s) of people who live in the Geographical-Region REGION. For example, to say that Chileans are among the primary groups of inhabitants of Chile, we assert (Inhabitant-Types Chile Chilean-Person). TYPE may be based on ethnicity, nationality, age, economics--in short, any demographic class. E.g., (Inhabitant-Types United-States-Of-America Adult-Middle-Class-American), (Inhabitant-Types United-States-Of-America Working-Adult-American-Woman), (Inhabitant-Types United-States-Of-America Mexican-Immigrant-ToUSA).") (arg2-genl person)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inhaling :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-intake-event body-movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all body movement events in which an animal takes air in through an appropriate portal (Mouth, Nose) and passes it into its Lungs. The elements of Breathing all have Sub-Events which are Inhalings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inorganic-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Inorganic-Stuff is a tangible thing which is wholly composed of one or more types of inorganic Molecule. Instances of Inorganic-Stuff usually didn't originate as parts or products of living things.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inputs :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-acted-on starts-after-starting-of pre-actors) (range something-existing) (domain creation-or-destruction-event) (documentation "The predicate Inputs relates a particular event to things which are `inputs', i.e., materials used in that event and somehow altered by it. (Inputs EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT is an input to the Creation-Or-Destruction-Event EVENT. During and due to the event, OBJECT is either destroyed or incorporated into a new entity. For example, the pigments used to paint the Mona Lisa were Inputs to Leonardo's painting process; however, his brushes were not Inputs, even though they were changed a little by it. In general, in instances of Manufacturing, materials or objects are inputs if they find their way into the product manufactured, or if they are destroyed -- such as the coke used in manufacturing steel -- as part of that manufacturing process. Note: One should use the specialized predicates Inputs-Destroyed or Inputs-Committed whenever they are appropriate, rather than the more general predicate Inputs.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inputs-committed :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of post-actors inputs commits-for-future-uses) (range something-existing) (domain creation-event) (documentation "The predicate Inputs-Committed is used when some Inputs to a particular event is incorporated into some Outputs of that event, but remains recognizable rather than being destroyed. (Inputs-Committed EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT exists before EVENT and continues to exist afterwards, and as a result of EVENT, OBJECT becomes incorporated into something created during EVENT. For example, bricks that are used to build a house continue to exist as bricks once the house has been built. (See also Outputs-Created.) Note: there is a grey area between Inputs-Committed and inputsDestroyed@cyc; the less possible it is to take apart the relevant Outputs of EVENT and get OBJECT back as an independent thing, the more likely it is that the relationship between EVENT and OBJECT should be Inputs-Destroyed, rather than Inputs-Committed.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inputs-destroyed :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ends-after-ending-of inputs) (range something-existing) (domain destruction-event) (documentation "The predicate Inputs-Destroyed is used to relate a particular event to the items which are destroyed by it. (Inputs-Destroyed EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT exists before EVENT, is affected by EVENT, and due to that involvement, ends its existence as an Entity sometime during EVENT. OBJECT may or may not be a Deliberate-Actors in EVENT.") (genl-inverse ends-during)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ins-is-job-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot type-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range professional) (domain script-type) (documentation "The predicate Ins-Is-Job-Of indicates a type of work done by a particular individual. (Ins-Is-Job-Of SCRIPT-TYPE PER) means that the person PER performs instances of SCRIPT-TYPE as part of his or her job. E.g., Keith-Richards performs instances of Writing-Music as part of his work; Goolsbey performs instances of Programming-A-Computer in his job at Cycorp; a Security-Guard performs instances of Protecting-Something. Note that assertions using Ins-Is-Job-Of are true for some specific period of time, which may be indicated with Holds-In.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME insect :SUBCLASS-OF (arthropod) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-class) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of animals; a subset of Arthropod. Each element of Insect is a small arthropod whose body is segmented into thirds, with three pairs of legs, and one or two pairs of wings. The most familiar members of Arthropod are the 'bugs' encountered in human daily life. Some insects bite, some infest houses, and some carry disease. Insect is an instance of Biological-Class.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inside-surface :SUBCLASS-OF (surface-physical) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all inside surfaces of (surfaces of the interiors of) tangible things. The tangible thing may have a Cavity or several cavities or passageways. Often the tangible thing can be thought of as a container of some sort.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME instructions :SUBCLASS-OF (propositional-information-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of executable pieces of information; a subset of Propositional-Information-Thing. Each element of Instructions outlines a sequence of tasks to be performed, such as instructions on a food package, verbal instructions, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME instrument-container :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of instrument-generic) (range solid-tangible-thing) (domain event) (documentation "(Instrument-Container ?EVENT ?CONT) means that the Object-Acted-On in ?EVENT is contained in (In-Cont-Generic) ?CONT during ?EVENT, and that ?CONT facilitates ?EVENT being accomplished.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME instrument-generic :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Instrument-Generic is used to link a particular event to any of the objects which play an instrumental role in it. (Instrument-Generic EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT plays an intermediate causal role in EVENT, facilitating its occurrence and serving some purpose of some Agent. This can happen in at least two ways: a. the `doer' of EVENT acts on OBJECT, which in turn acts on something else (as when someone uses a hammer to pound in a nail) or b. the `doer' of EVENT acts on something, making it possible for OBJECT to act on that thing (as when someone puts wet clothes out in the sun to dry). Typically, an Instrument-Generic is not significantly altered by playing that role in an event. Device-Used is an important specialization predicate of Instrument-Generic.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept instrument-generic sensus-information1997 "INSTRUMENT") (overlapping-external-concept instrument-generic sensus-information1997 "INSTRUMENTAL")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME insulator-resistance :INSTANCE-OF (electrical-resistance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A measurable physical attribute. Insulator-Resistance is the element of Electrical-Resistance that represents a very high level of electrical resistance. An object having Insulator-Resistance conducts no electricity at all. See also Resistance-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME insurance-provider :SUBCLASS-OF (service-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of Service-Organization. An element of Insurance-Provider is an organization whose Main-Function is to provide financial and material protection to its clients in the event of sickness, death, natural disaster, loss, theft, lawsuits, etc. (Insurers may specialize in one or more of those areas.) Elements of Insurance-Provider may belong to either Commercial-Service-Organization or Non-Profit-Organization (including insurance providers belonging to Legal-Government-Organization). Examples include State Farm Insurance Co., Aetna Casualty Co., Lutheran Brotherhood, and all fifty members of U.S. State-Medicaid-Administration-Organizations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intangible :SUBCLASS-OF (thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of things that are not physical -- are not made of, or encoded in, matter. Every Collection is an Intangible (even if its instances are tangible), and so are some Individuals. Caution: do not confuse `tangibility' with `perceivability' -- humans can perceive light even though it's intangible--at least in a sense. For more on this issue, see the relevant Cyclist-Notes.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition intangible partially-tangible |(THE-PARTITION INTANGIBLE PARTIALLY-TANGIBLE)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intangible-component :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate non-physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of parts) (range intangible-individual) (domain composite-tangible-and-intangible-object) (documentation "(Intangible-Component WHOLE PART) means that PART is the intangible part of the Composite-Tangible-And-Intangible-Object WHOLE.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of intangible-component reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of intangible-component irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intangible-existing-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-intangible intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The set of things which are intangible yet exist in time. E.g., the code of conduct for a formal dinner party, the standards for acceptance to Caltech as an undergrad, an account at Sears, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intangible-individual :SUBCLASS-OF (individual intangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of intangible individuals, a subset of Intangible and of Individual. The elements of Intangible-Individual do not have mass, volume, color, etc. E.g., hours, ideas, algorithms, integers, distances, and so on. However, as a subset of Individual, this collection EXCLUDES sets and collections, which are elements of Intangible but not of Intangible-Individual.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intangible-object-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (extensional-representation-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Intangible-Object-Predicate is a predicate used in assertions which describe the properties of intangible objects. For example, Knows-About, Title-Of-Head-Of-Government, Religion-Of-Rule, Standard-Unit-Measuring, Territories-Controlled.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME integer :SUBCLASS-OF (rational-number real-number) :INSTANCE-OF (class measurable-attribute-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all whole numbers; a subset of Rational-Number. Each element of Integer is a whole number, resolvable into units with no fractional remainder. An integer may be positive (e.g., 42), zero, or negative (e.g., -42).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intelligent-agent :SUBCLASS-OF (agent) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((group-fn |(GROUP-FN INTELLIGENT-AGENT)|) (documentation "The collection of all intelligent agents. Each element of Intelligent-Agent is an agent that is capable of having knowledge which it employs in its actions. An intelligent agent Knows-About certain things, and having Beliefs (and possibly Goals) concerning those things may influence its actions. In addition to persons, Cyc considers certain social beings, such as business and government organizations, and intelligent machines, to be intelligent agents. See also Agent, Performed-By.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intended-audience :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range agent) (domain information-bearing-thing) (documentation "The predicate Intended-Audience indicates an individual who is the intended recipient of the information in a particular IBT (i.e., element of Information-Bearing-Thing). (intendedAudience IBT AGT) means that the Information-Bearing-Thing IBT has the individual Agent AGT as its intended audience--viewer, reader, listener, etc. AGT (possibly along with other agents) is an individual who is supposed to access the information represented in IBT. For example, the Intended-Audience of a personal letter is usually its addressee.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intended-audience-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (domain abstract-information) (documentation "The predicate Intended-Audience-Type indicates the type of agents who are the intended recipients of the information in a particular IBT (i.e., element of Information-Bearing-Thing). (Intended-Audience-Type PIT TYPE) means that agents who are elements of TYPE are in the intended audience of the particular Propositional-Information-Thing PIT. Examples: the Intended-Audience-Type for the information in a copy of `AMA Journal' is the collection of American physicians; the Intended-Audience-Type of TV commercials for sugary packaged cereals are those members of Human-Child living in the broadcast area.") (arg2-genl agent)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intended-behavior-capable :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Intended-Behavior-Capable is used to describe ways in which an object was designed to function. (Intended-Behavior-Capable OBJ SITTYPE ROLE) means that the individual, OBJ, was designed to serve as a ROLE in situations or events of type SITTYPE. For example, a Land-Transportation-Device such as an automobile is intended to serve the Vehicle role in instances of (Transport-Via-Fn Land-Transportation-Device); an element of Sphygmomanometer is intended to serve as the Device-Used in instances of SystolicBloodPressureTest@cyc; an element of Rest-Area is intended to be where a Resting-Relaxing Event-Occurs-At. A thing may be able to play the same kind of ROLE in different kinds of situations; e.g., an element of Stove-Top-Cooking-Pot can be the Instrument-Container in either Boiling-Food or Steaming-Food events. Or something may serve more than one function; e.g., a Vacuum-Cleaner serves both as the Device-Used in instances of Vacuuming and (in virtue of its Vacuum-Dust-Bag) as the Instrument-Container.") (arg2-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain intended-behavior-capable 3 role) (nth-domain intended-behavior-capable 2 collection)(nth-domain intended-behavior-capable 1 something-existing) (overlapping-external-concept intended-behavior-capable sensus-information1997 "USE-PROPERTY-ASCRIPTION")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intended-for-use-by :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (domain product) (documentation "(Intended-For-Use-By PROD TYPE) means that the Product PROD is intended to be used by individuals of the Existing-Object-Type TYPE, where TYPE must be a subset of Organism-Whole. E.g., many types of products are only for use by adults, by women, by dogs, etc. Note: This is a good example of a predicate which is redundant but useful. `Redundant' means that any assertion one states using Intended-For-Use-By could be stated, albeit less tersely, using other, more basic predicates in the KB, in this case Intends and Uses-Object. Often, a huge number of axioms can be drastically shortened by introducing such a redundant predicate, and writing axioms that define it in terms of the more-basic predicates.") (arg2-genl organism-whole)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intended-function :INSTANCE-OF (capacity-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An element of Capacity-Attribute. The attribute Intended-Function characterizes an entity participating in a situation as doing so in its intended function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intends :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Intends AGT PROP) means that the Agent AGT intends the proposition PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula) to become (or remain) true. This predicate is obviously similar to Goals (q.v.), but PROP is likely to be more short-lived (at least as far as the agent's intending) and more event-centered (`I did it because I intended that...') and more mechanically satisfied (`I intend to turn off the lamp') than any of the agent's goals. You may intend to turn off the lamp, but it would be odd to call that one of your goals.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intensional-representation-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Intensional-Representation-Predicate is a predicate used to form assertions about the properties of collections. These predicates implement the intensional structure of the ontology; e.g., Citizens, Units-Measuring-This-Quantity, Has-Department-Types, Granule-Of-Time, Object-Type-Transported, Contrary-Feelings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-actor-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (binary-predicate extensional-representation-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Inter-Actor-Slot is a binary predicate used in assertions that state the relationship between two actors in some event, actual or implied. The event in which the actors participate may or may not be explicitly represented in the KB. For example, (Author-Of-Publication X Y) implies the existence of a Writing event in which X is the author and Y is the book written. Examples: Agreeing-Agents, Artistic-Works-Created, Spouse, Worn-On.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa1-2 :INSTANCE-OF (relation rule-macro-predicate meta-relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa1-2 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the first argument to PRED, the second argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-2 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-2 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-2 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa1-3 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa1-3 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the first argument to PRED, the third argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-3 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-3 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-3 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa1-4 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa1-4 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the first argument to PRED, the fourth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-4 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-4 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-4 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa1-5 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa1-5 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the first argument to PRED, the fifth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-5 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-5 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa1-5 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa2-1 :INSTANCE-OF (relation rule-macro-predicate meta-relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa2-1 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the second argument to PRED, the first argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-1 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-1 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-1 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa2-3 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa2-3 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the second argument to PRED, the third argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-3 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-3 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-3 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa2-4 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa2-4 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the second argument to PRED, the fourth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-4 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-4 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-4 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa2-5 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa2-5 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the second argument to PRED, the fifth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-5 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-5 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa2-5 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa3-1 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa3-1 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the third argument to PRED, the first argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-1 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-1 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-1 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa3-2 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa3-2 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the third argument to PRED, the second argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-2 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-2 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-2 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa3-4 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa3-4 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the third argument to PRED, the fourth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-4 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-4 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-4 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa3-5 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa3-5 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the third argument to PRED, the fifth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-5 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-5 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa3-5 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa4-1 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa4-1 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fourth argument to PRED, the first argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-1 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-1 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-1 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa4-2 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa4-2 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fourth argument to PRED, the second argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-2 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-2 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-2 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa4-3 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa4-3 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fourth argument to PRED, the third argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-3 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-3 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-3 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa4-5 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa4-5 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fourth argument to PRED, the fifth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-5 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-5 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa4-5 1 predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa5-1 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa5-1 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fifth argument to PRED, the first argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-1 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-1 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-1 1 quintary-predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa5-2 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa5-2 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fifth argument to PRED, the second argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-2 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-2 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-2 1 quintary-predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa5-3 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa5-3 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fifth argument to PRED, the third argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-3 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-3 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-3 1 quintary-predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-arg-isa5-4 :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inter-Arg-Isa5-4 PRED INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL DEPENDENT-ARG-COL) BaseKB) means that, when an instance of INDEPENDENT-ARG-COL appears as the fifth argument to PRED, the fourth argument in that assertion is constrained to be an instance of DEPENDENT-ARG-COL.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-4 3 collection) (nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-4 2 collection)(nth-domain inter-arg-isa5-4 1 quintary-predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-existing-object-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (extensional-representation-predicate binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Inter-Existing-Object-Slot is a binary predicate used in assertions that relate two elements of Something-Existing (i.e., two objects). Examples: Sold-At, Derived-From, Cohabitants, Soil-Component, Contains-Information, Capital-City, Electrically-Connected-To.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inter-personal-relation-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (inter-existing-object-slot) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Inter-Personal-Relation-Slot is a binary predicate used to represent relationships between two instances of Animal. Examples: Mate, Friends.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interconvertible-unit-type :SUBCLASS-OF (collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Interconvertible-Unit-Type is a collections of functions (all belonging to Unit-Of-Measure) that are used to measure quantities whose units are convertible into one another. Some collections of interconvertible units include Unit-Of-Time, Unit-Of-Distance, Unit-OfCPU-Speed. For example, Unit-Of-Time includes the functions Hours-Duration and Seconds-Duration (among others). Any quantity denoted by applying one of those functions can also be expressed in terms of the other. For example, (Hours-Duration 1) equals (Minutes-Duration 60). On the other hand, not all the instances of Unit-Of-Measure constitute types of interconvertible units. Unit-Of-Rate is not an element of InterconvertibleUnitType@cyc; therefore, it does not necessarily follow that quantities denoted by its elements are interconvertible. For example, Times-Per-Day and Miles-Per-Hour are both elements of UnitOfRate@cyc; however, quantities denoted using either function are not convertible into one another.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interior :SUBCLASS-OF (piece-of-free-space) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of spatial regions that are physical areas inside the walls or boundary of some object. The area need not be completely sealed off. See also Cavity which, unlike Interior, can include walls.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interior-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain tangible-thing) (range interior) (documentation "The function (InteriorFn OBJ), applied to a Tangible-Thing OBJ, means all the interior space within the Cavity or cavites (chambers, passages, pockets, bubbles, etc.) that occur inside of OBJ. The result is an instance of Interior. An Interior, unlike a Cavity, does not include the walls of the chamber or passage, just the interior space itself without any of the the enclosing walls, panels or membranes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interior-region-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain animal-body-region) (range animal-body-region) (documentation "The function (InteriorRegionFn REGOROBJ), applied to a region or object REGOROBJ, means the sub-region consisting of the core or inner parts or sections of REGOROBJ, or the interior main portion of REGOROBJ. It applies when REGOROBJ itself has an intrinsic inside/outside orientation (unlike, say, a loop of thread), but if REGOROBJ is an enveloping part, surface membrane, ring or layer within or on a larger region or object that has its own inside/outside orientation, the function returns REGOROBJ's inside portion with respect to the inside and outside of the larger region or object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME internal-parts :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate physical-part-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal physical-parts) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "the internal parts of this tangible object")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME internal-sensory-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (sensory-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class unordered-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Internal-Sensory-Attribute is a state of a sentient being in which it experiences within itself some somatic or psycho-somatic feeling, urge, or impulse. An internal sensory attribute differs from an `external' one in that the sensing agent refers the former to itself and the latter to external objects. Internal-Sensory-Attribute includes states of feeling hungry, thirsty, tired, or in pain, as well as various bodily urges such as the urge to sneeze, burp, or urinate. Sensory attributes that may occur with more or less intensity are represented by indicating a Level-Of-Pain, Level-Of-Physical-Pleasure, Level-Of-Stress, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME international-org-member-country :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range country) (domain international-organization international-organization-of-countries) (documentation "The predicate International-Org-Member-Country is used to indicate that a particular country belongs to a particular international organization. (International-Org-Member-Country INTORG NATION) means that the Country NATION (as represented by its national government or other legally designated body) is a member of the International-Organization INTORG. For example, Bahrain is an International-Org-Member-Country of the League-Of-Arab-States and of the UnitedNationsOrganization@cyc; or, China-Peoples-Republic is a International-Org-Member-Country of the United-Nations-Organization -- but Taiwan-Republic-Of-China is not. Note: Cyc requires that members of organizations be Agents. Since geographical regions (such as countries) are not Agents, the usual Cyc predicate for indicating membership -- Has-Members -- refers to the governments of the countries which are mentioned in assertions made with International-Org-Member-Country.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME international-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of International-Organization is an organization of international `scope' -- that is, one which has substantial operations, physical facilities, or substantial membership in multiple countries. International organizations may have individual Persons, Organizations, or countries as members. They may be political or commercial in nature. International organizations with countries as members belong to the subset International-Organization-Of-Countries. Examples of International-Organization: United-Nations-Organization, OPEC, IBM-Inc. See also International-Org-Member-Country.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME international-organization-of-countries :SUBCLASS-OF (international-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of International-Organization. An element of International-Organization-Of-Countries is an organization whose members are countries (as represented by their goverments). Examples: the United Nations, NATO, SEATO, OAU, the League of Arab States, and OPEC.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intersects-interval-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate temporal-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-object-type) (domain temporal-object-type) (documentation "(Intersects-Interval-Type ?X ?Y) indicates that every instance of ?X Temporally-Intersects some instance ?Y. For example, in the nontropics, (Intersects-Interval-Type Summer-Season Calendar-Summer). The `summer season' may not coincide exactly with the time between the summer solstice and autumnal equinox, but there is an (enormous) overlap between those two time periods. This relation, Intersects-Interval-Type, is commutative but not transitive.") (genl-inverse intersects-interval-type)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of intersects-interval-type transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-after-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-interval) (documentation "(Interval-After-Fn T-OBJ DUR) denotes the Time-Interval which immediately follows T-OBJ, lasting for duration DUR.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain interval-after-fn 2 time-quantity) (nth-domain interval-after-fn 1 temporal-thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-based-quantity-slot :SUBCLASS-OF (functional-slot quantity-slot) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of binary predicates (i.e., slots). Flexibility in the representation of quantities is allowed in assertions made with the binary predicates that are elements of Interval-Based-Quantity-Slot. Each of these predicates, like those in their superset Quantity-Slot, is a binary predicate whose second argument must be an element of Scalar-Interval, i.e., an interval or point representing the value of some measurement. For example, take the predicate Height-Of-Object, which relates an object to its vertical length. Although we suppose that in reality there is only a single distance that is the height of some one particular object, our measurement systems are in practice less precise--and typically we need a measurement only within a certain tolerance. For example, in measuring the Height-Of-Object of a person, usually a measurement to the nearest inch or centimeter will do. Or we may be even less detailed in our descriptions, perhaps caring only whether someone is more than four feet tall, or `Tall enough to ride' on an amusement park ride. By allowing an Interval-Entry Format (qq.v.) in the second argument of the measuring predicate, we are telling Cyc that it's okay to describe the (e.g.) Height-Of-Object in several different ways, with varying levels of precision, SO LONG AS all of the measurements asserted for the same object `overlap'. For example, it is consistent to say both that Jenny is 4'10'' tall, between four and five feet tall, and that she is `Tall enough to ride' the Dodgems (provided that `Tall enough to ride' is an interval whose minimum is at 4'10'' or lower). Even though there is only one height of a person in reality, using an Interval-Based-Quantity-Slot allows us to represent that height in many different ways, avoiding contradictions while still checking for consistency. For example, asserting both that Jeff's Height-Of-Object is 5'9'' and in the range 4.5-5.5 feet tall is an inconsistency.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept interval-based-quantity-slot sensus-information1997 "SCALAR-ATTRIBUTE-ASCRIPTION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-before-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-interval) (documentation "(Interval-Before-Fn ?X ?D) returns the time interval, of duration ?D, immediately preceding ?X. So the value is a Time-Interval, it has Duration ?D, and (Contiguous-After ?X (Interval-Before-Fn ?X ?D)).")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain interval-before-fn 2 time-quantity) (nth-domain interval-before-fn 1 temporal-thing)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-ended-by-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain temporal-thing) (range time-interval) (documentation "(Interval-Ended-By-Fn TEMP-OBJ) denotes the time interval which ends when TEMP-OBJ starts. The beginning of this interval coincides with the beginning of all time (Always-Time-Interval), if it has a beginning.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-entry :INSTANCE-OF (format) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Arguments to Cyc predicates may have specified formats that constrain their values. Interval-Entry is the format used to constrain argument positions that must be filled with measurable quantities. If Interval-Entry is the entry format of some Nth argument to a predicate PRED, then all assertions with PRED that contain the same particular values in their other arguments must have, in the Nth (i.e., Interval-Entry) argument, quantitative values that `overlap'. (See Scalar-Interval.) Interval-Entry is provided because, for functional arguments like the second argument to Volume-Of-Object, we know that a single `real' value does exist, though we may have various ways of concluding limits on that value in the form of intervals. As long as all the intervals overlap, those assertions are not contradictory. For more explanation, see Format and the related predicates Arg1-Format, Arg2-Format, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-max-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot non-predicate-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "(Interval-Max-Fn SCALAR) returns an interval of the same type as SCALAR whose maximum value is the maximum value of SCALAR and whose minimum value is Minus-Infinity. For example, (Interval-Max-Fn (Mile 3)) is the same as `the interval from negative infinity miles to three miles'. [Technical Note: if that expression were to denote a strictly absolute, as opposed to a relative-or-absolute, distance, then it would mean `the interval from 0 miles to 3 miles'.] (Interval-Max-Fn (Unity 1)) is the same as `the interval from negative infinity to 1', in other words, `no greater than one'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-min-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot non-predicate-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "(Interval-Min-Fn SCALAR) returns an interval of the same type as SCALAR whose minimum value is the minimum value of SCALAR and whose maximum value is Plus-Infinity. For example, (Interval-Min-Fn (Mile 3)) is the same as `the interval from three miles to an infinite number of miles', in other words, `at least three miles'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-on-number-line :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection measurable-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of measurable intervals; a subset of Scalar-Interval. Each element of Interval-On-Number-Line is an interval on the real number line; for example, the interval described by `numbers greater than zero and less than or equal to 10'. A common special case of such intervals is that of a single point on that line, viz., a number such as five or 125. Note that such an interval need not be contiguous; e.g., `even numbers between Pi and the square root of 1000' describes a legitimate element of Interval-On-Number-Line. The collection Real-Number is a subset of Interval-On-Number-Line. The elements of Interval-On-Number-Line are measured by elements of Dimensionless-Unit-Of-Measure, e.g., units or percentages. See also Unity, Percent, Unit-Of-Measure.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interval-started-by-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain temporal-thing) (range time-interval) (documentation "(Interval-Started-By-Fn TEMP-OBJ) denotes the time interval which begins when TEMP-OBJ ends. The end of this interval coincides with the end of all time (Always-Time-Interval), if time has an end.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interviewee :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range person) (domain multi-directional-communication spoken-communicating) (documentation "(Interviewee INTERVIEW AGT) means that the Agent AGT is an interviewee in the Interviewing event INTERVIEW.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME interviewer :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of performed-by social-participants) (range person) (domain multi-directional-communication spoken-communicating) (documentation "(Interviewer INTERVIEW AGT) means that the Agent AGT is an interviewer in the Interviewing event INTERVIEW.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intrinsic-axis-of-object :SUBCLASS-OF (vector-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all intrinsic axes of objects, being the conventional or obvious axes depending on shape, movement or function of the object. For example, for a chest-of-drawers, the intrinsic axes are top-to-bottom, side-to-side, and front-to-back. See also Axis-Fn. Each intrinsic axis is a direction relative to the object's orientation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME intrinsic-state-change-event :SUBCLASS-OF (event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Events which are characterized primarily by a change in some intrinsic property of one main entity involved in the event (i.e., one of the Actors). Such intrinsic changes may include changes of a thing's color, temperature, device state, size, and so on. Events where the main change is extrinsic (such as a change in location or ownership) are not Intrinsic-State-Change-Events. In events which have more than one actor, the event may be an Intrinsic-State-Change-Event for one actor but not for another. For example, in a Fastening-Safety-Belt event, the Safety-Seat-Belt (the device used) goes from unconnected to connected (to itself), which is an intrinsic change; however, the agent who does the fastening (i.e., who is Handling-A-Device) does not change intrinsically, but only in its configuration to the belt, an external object. Another example: in a Hair-Cutting-Event, the hair that is barbered undergoes an Intrinsic-State-Change-Event due to its role in that kind of event, but the barber undergoes no intrinsic change due to the hair cutting. Note: Some events, such as an ice cube melting into a small puddle of water, could be represented in Cyc either as an Intrinsic-State-Change-Event or as a Transformation-Event but not (within a single micro-theory) as both; see the comments on those constants.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept intrinsic-state-change-event sensus-information1997 "CHANGE-STATE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inverse-func :INSTANCE-OF (slot relationship-predicate functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range function-from-quantities-to-quantities) (domain function-from-quantities-to-quantities) (documentation "The predicate Inverse-Func relates a mathematical function to a unique inverse. Both arguments to Inverse-Func are elements of Function-From-Quantities-To-Quantities. (Inverse-Func FN INVFN) relates the function FN to its inverse INVFN; e.g., the Inverse-Func of the logarithm function (Log-Fn) would be the exponential function (Exp-Fn).") (genl-inverse inverse-func)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of inverse-func transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of inverse-func symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of inverse-func anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of inverse-func asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of inverse-func reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of inverse-func irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inverse-of-interval-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot function-from-quantities-to-quantities) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "Inverse-Of-Interval-Fn is the unary mathematical function that returns the inverse of the number taken as its argument. For example, (Inverse-Of-Interval-Fn 7) returns 1/7.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inverse-relation-type :INSTANCE-OF (relation rule-macro-predicate ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inverse-Relation-Type SLOT COL1 COL2) means that, for every INS2 which is an instance of COL2, there is some INS1 which is an instance of COL1, such that (SLOT INS1 INS2) holds. Inverse-Relation-Type is thus redundant with a huge set of commonly-occurring axioms. By having this predicate (along with an axiom that defines it, and, eventually, support in code for quick inferencing with it), axioms in that set can be stated more tersely, and collection-level reasoning with it is possible.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inverse-relation-type 3 collection) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type 2 collection)(nth-domain inverse-relation-type 1 binary-predicate) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inverse-relation-type-count :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inverse-Relation-Type-Count SLOT COL1 COL2 NUM) means that, for every instance of COL2 (INS2) there are exactly NUM instances of COL1 (INS1, INS3, ...) such that (SLOT INS1 INS2), (SLOT INS3 INS2), ..., hold. Thus (Inverse-Relation-Type-Count Anatomical-Parts Animal Head-Animal-Body-Part 1) would mean `every animal head belongs to exactly one animal'.") (arg4-isa non-negative-integer)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inverse-relation-type-count 4 non-negative-integer) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type-count 3 collection)(nth-domain inverse-relation-type-count 2 collection) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type-count 1 binary-predicate)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inverse-relation-type-max :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inverse-Relation-Type-Max SLOT COL1 COL2 NUM) means that, for every instance of COL2 (INS2) there are at most NUM instances of COL1 (INS1, INS3, ...) such that (SLOT INS1 INS2), (SLOT INS3 INS2), ..., hold. Thus (Inverse-Relation-Type-Max Physical-Parts Hand Finger 1) means `every finger is part of at most one hand'.") (arg4-isa non-negative-integer)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inverse-relation-type-max 4 non-negative-integer) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type-max 3 collection)(nth-domain inverse-relation-type-max 2 collection) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type-max 1 binary-predicate)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME inverse-relation-type-min :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Inverse-Relation-Type-Min SLOT COL1 COL2 NUM) means that, for every instance of COL2 (INS2) there are at least NUM instances of COL1 (INS1, INS3, ...) such that (SLOT INS1 INS2), (SLOT INS3 INS2), ..., hold. Thus (Inverse-Relation-Type-Min Children Person Human-Child 1) means literally `every child is the child of at least one person' or `every child has at least one parent'.") (arg4-isa non-negative-integer)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain inverse-relation-type-min 4 non-negative-integer) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type-min 3 collection)(nth-domain inverse-relation-type-min 2 collection) (nth-domain inverse-relation-type-min 1 binary-predicate)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME invertebrate :SUBCLASS-OF (non-person-animal animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class organism-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of animals; every element of Invertebrate is an animal that has no backbone. Invertebrate includes insects, molluscs, sea squirts, worms (in a large variety of worm phyla), and many others. Note: Although Invertebrate is a scientific category, it is not a standard taxon in the biological taxonomy, hence it is not an instance of Biological-Taxon.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition invertebrate vertebrate |(THE-PARTITION INVERTEBRATE VERTEBRATE)|) (synonymous-external-concept invertebrate sensus-information1997 "INVERTEBRATE")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME involuntary-body-movement :SUBCLASS-OF (body-movement-event bodily-function-event-involuntary) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of involuntary bodily movements, those movements in which an Animal'S body does the action automatically -- the agent's consent doesn't enter into it. Subsets of Involuntary-Body-Movement include Heartbeating, Sneezing, Snoring, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME irreflexive-binary-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates; the subset of Binary-Predicate whose elements represent antireflexive relations. A predicate F is an element of Irreflexive-Binary-Predicate if and only if F is a binary predicate and, for every X in the domain of F, (:not (F X X)). Examples: Spouse, Causes, North-Of, Temporally-Disjoint. Note this additional restriction: A Cyc predicate F can be an element of Irreflexive-Binary-Predicate only if the type (i.e., arg-Isa) constraint applicable to F's first argument is not disjoint with the type constraint applicable to F's second argument. See also Note-On-Argument-Typing-And-Properties-Of-Relations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME isa :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate default-monotonic-predicate taxonomic-slot-for-any-unit) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of element-of) (range collection) (domain reifiable-term) (documentation "(:instance-of EL COL) means that EL is an element of the collection COL. Cyc knows that Isa distributes over :subclass-of; that is, if one asserts (:instance-of EL COL) and (:subclass-of COL SUPER), Cyc will infer that (:instance-of EL SUPER). Therefore, in practice one only manually asserts a small fraction of the Isa assertions --- the vast majority are inferred automatically by Cyc.")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept isa sensus-information1997 "CLASS-ASCRIPTION") (kif:not (instance-of isa transitive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of isa reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of isa irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME isa-vs-main-constituent-vs-constituents :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "When to use Isa, Main-Constituent, or Constituents. We develop the following example as a basis for explaining the differences. Consider X, where (:instance-of X Water). If we add some other substance(s) to X, to the point where the mixture acquires some salient characteristic(s) different from Water while retaining all the main properties, then we should assert (Main-Constituent X W), where W is the original water -- i.e., (:instance-of W Water) -- and X is the whole new mixture of W with some other stuff(s). Suppose we add enough enough other stuff that the physical properties of the mixture become significantly different from those of water; then we should assert only (Constituents X W). Isa - Use Isa if X would commonly be referred to as `water', including cases in which a small number of minor characteristics are different due to some admixture. Examples (arguably, 3 and 4 are borderline cases): 1. An instance of (Pure-Fn Water) Isa Water. 2. An instance of Water-Ingestible Isa Water (but may have trace constituents). 3. An instance of Pool-Water Isa Water (but has some Chlorine as a salient Constituents). 4. An instance of Sea-Water Isa Water (but has some Salt-Na-Cl as a salient Constituents). Main-Constituent - Use Main-Constituent when X contains other substances besides water, would NOT commonly referred to as `water', and yet has MOST of the material properties of water. As a rule, most of the properties of the Main-Constituent transfer to the substance it's a part of. Often such substances have at least one important and/or perceptible characteristic (due to admixture) that is quite different from the properties of water. Examples: 1. An instance of Lemonade is NOT called `water' but has water as a Main-Constituent. It tastes quite different from water. It has nutritional (caloric) value. It is a human-made beverage. 2. An instance of Coffee-Beverage is NOT called `water' but has water as a Main-Constituent. It tastes quite different from water. It contains caffeine. Also, a specific inference about coffee's (lack of) transparency should override the transparency which would otherwise be inferred from the material properties of its Main-Constituent. 3. Aqueous hydrochloric acid has many of the properties of its main constituent, water -- for example, transparency, viscosity, density, freezing point, etc. But it also has the very important difference that it is highly acidic, caustic, etc. -- and attributing to it water's potability would be disastrous. Constituents - Use Constituents when X is NOT commonly referred to as `water' and has FEW properties of water, even though X contains water. Examples: 1. An instance of (Solid-Fn Gelatin) is NOT called `water', and though it has water among its Constituents, gelatin has very few of the properties of water. 2. An instance of Concrete is NOT called `water'; though it has water among its Constituents, it has none of the salient characteristics of water. 3. An instance of Mud is NOT called `water' and has few characteristics of water, though water is among its Constituents. Its Main-Constituent is some portion of Soil.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME island :SUBCLASS-OF (islands-and-island-group land-body) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all islands, each being a Land-Body (smaller than a Continent) surrounded by water.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME island-area :SUBCLASS-OF (islands-and-island-group) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME islands-and-island-group :SUBCLASS-OF (land-topographical-feature) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each element of Islands-And-Island-Group is either an island or a group of islands (see Archipelago). Elements of Islands-And-Island-Group include groups of scattered islands which do not form a natural geographical area; the chief reasons for representing such groups is that they are geopolitical areas and/or were historically significant. Examples: French-Polynesia, Cyclades, Outer-Hebrides-Archipelago, Grenadines-Islands.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME isolated-node-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of point-in-system) (range thing) (domain thing) (documentation "(Isolated-Node-In-System X SYS) means that the node X in the Path-System SYS is an isolated point in SYS, i.e., X is not on any link or loop in the Path-System SYS. Note that an isolated point must be a node in SYS.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ist :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate microtheory-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-formula) (domain microtheory) (documentation "(Ist MICRO PROP) means that the Cyc assertion PROP is true in the Cyc Microtheory MICRO. E.g., one might assert (Ist Image8093Mt (Age Lenat (Years-Duration 5)) to state that in the context of a certain photograph, Doug was 5 years old. In other microtheories, Doug would have different ages, or not be `known about' at all.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ist-agreement :INSTANCE-OF (slot microtheory-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ist) (range cyc-formula) (domain agreement) (documentation "The predicate Ist-Agreement is used to indicate the propositions which have been agreed upon in a particular agreement. (Ist-Agreement AGR PROP) means that the proposition PROP is and should be true, according to the Agreement AGR. PROP is expressed as a Cyc-Formula and is considered true within the microtheory which represents AGR. PROP may or may not be true in reality. Note the distinction between Ist and Ist-Agreement: Ist relates any particular microtheory to all assertions that happen to be true in that microtheory; but Ist-Agreement specially indicates those assertions in an Agreement microtheory which belong to the agreement itself and are not just something that happens to be true in it (e.g., that one of the Agreeing-Agents is named Joe).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ist-information :INSTANCE-OF (slot microtheory-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ist) (range cyc-formula) (domain propositional-information-thing) (documentation "This is a form of Ist that applies to the explicit content of a chunk of information. It is needed so we can distinguish between things that are true in an information context because they were explicitly stated, and things that are true because they can be inferred.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME item-worn :INSTANCE-OF (slot role binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range something-to-wear) (domain wearing-something) (documentation "The predicate Item-Worn is used to indicate a particular article of clothing (or other wearable item) that is worn in a particular situation. (Item-Worn WEARING ITEM) means that ITEM is the Clothing-Item worn during the situation WEARING, an element of Wearing-Something (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME itinerary-document :SUBCLASS-OF (textual-material) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of documents that contain information about the time/location of each leg of a trip, accomodations, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME january :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME jealousy :SUBCLASS-OF (resentment) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Intolerance of rivalry; feeling of suspicion and resentment of one's rivals. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. Note: Envy is related to covetousness, wanting (perhaps in the future) what someone else has; Jealousy is related to possessiveness, wanting to keep what is (or was or could have been) already yours.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME job-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class unordered-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Job-Attribute describes a general property of a job or type of job. Examples of Job-Attribute include Blue-Collar, White-Collar, and Flexible-Working-Hours.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME job-attributes :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range job-attribute) (domain occupation-type) (documentation "The predicate Job-Attributes describes a type of job as Blue-Collar, White-Collar, Unionized, etc. (Job-Attributes JOBTYPE ATTRIBUTE) means that ATTRIBUTE describes a general property of the Occupation-Type JOBTYPE. Note that this predicate talks about elements of Occupation-Type (kinds of occupations), not about a particular job held by some individual.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME job-capacity :INSTANCE-OF (capacity-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "the attribute of performing something as a job")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME joint-animal-body-part :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part configuration solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all joints of Animals. A joint is the juncture between the ends or edges of abutting bones of the animal's skeleton. Joints are of several types mechanically (e.g., ball-and-socket). Many major joints function as hinges, in which the ends of the abutting bones are joined with ligaments and cushioned by cartilege.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME joint-type-between-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range existing-object-type) (documentation "(Joint-Type-Between-Fn OBJ-TYPE1 OBJ-TYPE2) denotes the class of Connections found between objects of type OBJ-TYPE1 and OBJ-TYPE2. For example, (Joint-Type-Between-Fn Telephone-Body Telephone-Receiver) is the class of Connections between telephone handsets and bodies of telephones. (Joint-Type-Between-Fn Humerus Radius-Bone) would be the class of elbows, but we chose to reify that class (Elbow-Joint). Joint-Type-Between-Fn is most useful when one needs to refer to a type of connection without creating it and naming it specifically.") (arg2-genl partially-tangible) (arg1-genl partially-tangible) (result-genl configuration)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain joint-type-between-fn 2 existing-object-type) (nth-domain joint-type-between-fn 1 existing-object-type)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME judicial-agents :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of mediators) (range agent) (domain social-occurrence) (documentation "(Judicial-Agents EV JUDGE) means that the Agent JUDGE is acting as a judge in the event EV.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME july :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME junction-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of point-in-system) (range thing) (domain thing) (documentation "(Junction-In-System JUNCTION SYS) means that JUNCTION is a junction in the Path-System SYS, i.e., a node in SYS that is an 'intersection' or 'branching point' of links or loops in SYS. (For the case when no SYS is specified, see Junction-Of-Paths.) Formally, a node X in SYS is a junction in SYS iff either there are three (different) links in SYS such that X is on all of them, or there are two (different) loops in SYS such that X is on both of them, or there is a link in SYS and there is a loop in SYS such that X is on both of them. For different kinds of junctions in a path system, see Three-Way-Junction-In-System, Four-Way-Junction-In-System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME junction-of-paths :SUBCLASS-OF (|(GROUP-FN SPATIAL-THING)| static-situation partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class situation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of junctions of paths, each being an arrangement of two or more links of Path-Generics such that the parts are in a particular spatial relation to each other (they are all locally connected to each other and join at the place of the Junction-Of-Paths). It includes the case of two or more paths that 'cross' at a junction, but not the case in which the end of one path simply joins the end of another path. For junctions in Path-Systems, see Junction-In-System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME junction-of-pipes :SUBCLASS-OF (junction-of-paths) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all junctions of pipes or tubes. Each junction permits flow between any two Pipe-Generic-Conduits joined at that junction. At any Junction-Of-Pipes, three or more Pipe-Generic-Conduit segments must be joined, although some joined pipes may loop back to the same junction.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME june :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME juvenile-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal portable-object biological-stage-of-development) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An element of Life-Stage-Type. Juvenile-Animal is the collection of all animals that are not fully grown nor fully mature.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME juvenile-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain organism-classification-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Juvenile-Fn is a Cyc function, and in particular a Collection-Denoting-Function. (Juvenile-Fn ORGCLASSTYPE) represents that subset of Juvenile-Animal whose elements are the juveniles of the group of animals denoted by ORGCLASSTYPE. E.g., (Juvenile-Fn Deer) denotes the collection of all fawns. Certain kinds of organisms have no juveniles (e.g., the members of Amoeba).") (arg1-genl animal) (result-genl juvenile-animal) (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME killing-biological :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-activity destruction-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, one living organism ends the life of another, either intentionally or unintentionally.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME kilogram :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-with-prefix mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-mass) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval mass) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the basic unit of mass in the Metric system (and in Cyc). See also MKS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME kilometer :INSTANCE-OF (function mks-unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-with-prefix unit-of-distance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval distance) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the 1000-meter unit used within the Metric system to measure distance. Modern countries using the metric system measure their roads - and their road races - in kilometers. See also MKS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME kilometers-per-hour :INSTANCE-OF (function mks-unit-of-measure unit-of-speed) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range vector-interval speed scalar-interval) (documentation "(Kilometers-Per-Hour NUMBER) returns a dimensionless rate or speed of NUMBER kilometers per hour.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME kinetic-energy-powered-device :SUBCLASS-OF (powered-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of devices; a subset of Powered-Device. An instance of Kinetic-Energy-Powered-Device does not have an `on-board' energy source incorporated into it, at least not one supplying the bulk of the power requirements of the device. Instead, its operating power is supplied by the kinetic energy from something else in motion -- such as animal muscle power (including human labor), wind energy, or hydraulic power. Examples include elements of the collections Hammer and Piano-Acoustic. (Contrast with Self-Powered-Device --- e.g., an electric organ is a Self-Powered-Device, not a Kinetic-Energy-Powered-Device.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME knowledge-base :SUBCLASS-OF (conventional-classification-system database-abstract-content) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of intangible individuals; a subset of Database-Abstract-Content. Each element of Knowledge-Base is a database that attempts to represent the structure of at least part of the world. Instances include Cyc and SENSUS-Information1997.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME knows :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of beliefs) (range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Knows AGT PROP) means that the Agent AGT believes the proposition PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula), is sure about the truth of PROP (may or may not have a rational argument for PROP), and furthermore PROP is in fact true at least in the current context (Microtheory). Note: Knowledge is stronger than belief; it implies belief. So if (Knows AGT PROP), then (Beliefs AGT PROP) is true. Note: Knowledge is stronger than truth; it implies truth (in the current Microtheory): if (Knows AGT PROP), then PROP is true. Note: Opinion and knowledge are mutually exclusive: if (Knows AGT PROP), then it is NOT true that (Opinions AGT PROP). Note: Knowledge implies awareness. Since Abraham Lincoln died a century before we were born, it is impossible for (Knows Abraham-Lincoln (Likes-As-Friend Lenat Mary-Shepherd)) to hold, except in some fictional context. ")) :SENTENCES ((overlapping-external-concept knows sensus-information1997 "KNOW") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME knows-about :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Knows-About AGT X) means that the Intelligent-Agent AGT knows something about X. This predicate represents more than simple awareness, but exactly what is known -- the content of AGT's knowledge about X -- is not specified. Examples: (Knows-About Lenat Cyc), (Knows-About Michael-Jordan Basket-Ball-Game). Note: many commonsense rules can conclude (Knows-About AGT X) -- e.g., those having to do with AGT's occupation, college degrees, city of residence,... in fact, almost any assertion about AGT can lead to presumptions that he/she probably Knows-About something. Knows-About in turn can serve (weakly) in arguments about whether or not AGT Knows (qv) specific common assertions involving X, and in arguments about whether or not AGT Knows-Value of some particular predicate applied to X, etc.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of knows-about irreflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of knows-about reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of knows-about asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of knows-about anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of knows-about symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of knows-about transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME knows-value :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate modal-relationship) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Knows-Value AGT X PRED) means that, if (PRED X VAL) is true, then the Agent ?AGT knows that; i.e., (Knows AGT (PRED X VAL)). E.g., this is a more compact way of expressing `people know their own date of birth' than if one had to use Knows. One could just write (:=> (:instance-of ?A Agent) (Knows-Value ?A ?A Birth-Date); presumably this would be asserted in a context (Microtheory) in which all actions were performed by human beings, or else there would have to be an extra qualifier to that effect added to the rule.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain knows-value 3 binary-predicate) (nth-domain knows-value 2 thing)(nth-domain knows-value 1 intelligent-agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lake :SUBCLASS-OF (body-of-water) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each instance of Lake is a land-locked body of water, typically but not necessarily of freshwater. Examples: Lake-Maracaibo, Lake-Winnipeg, Lake-Tanganyika, Loch-Ness-Lake, Lake-Erie, Lake-Tahoe. Note that inland saltwater lakes, commonly referred to as `seas', belong to the collection Inland-Sea (rather than to Lake); e.g., Caspian-Sea, Black-Sea, Dead-Sea.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME land-body :SUBCLASS-OF (topographical-feature) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geographical regions. Each element of Land-Body is a cohesive chunk of land whose extent is principally defined by one or more bordering bodies of water (liquid or frozen). Types of Land-Body include the subsets Island and Continent. Examples: Australia, Continent-Of-North-America, Trinidad-Island, Crete-Island-Greece. Areas of land defined by human occupation or political boundaries, e.g., Northern-California or Northern-Ireland, are elements of Geographical-Region, but not of Land-Body.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME land-topographical-feature :SUBCLASS-OF (outdoor-location topographical-feature solid-tangible-thing earth-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geographical regions. Each element of Topographical-Feature is a region of land distinguishable from surrounding regions by salient physical differences in surface texture, three-dimensional shape, or elevation. For example, the Arabian-Peninsula, Zion-Hill, the San-Andreas-Fault, the Great-Smoky-Mountains.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME land-transportation-device :SUBCLASS-OF (transportation-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN LAND-TRANSPORTATION-DEVICE)|) (documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Land-Transportation-Device is a device used for transportation on land. Subsets of Land-Transportation-Device include the collections Automobile, Snowmobile, Train-Car, Horse-Carriage, Baby-Carriage, Bicycle, Skate-Board, and more.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME language :SUBCLASS-OF (|(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LANGUAGE")| |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LANGUAGE-RELATED-OBJECT")| communication-convention) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of systems which use conventionalized signs or symbols. This includes dead languages, computer languages, unspoken languages, codes - anything which relates symbols to meaning.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME language-of-communication :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range language) (domain communicating) (documentation "The predicate Language-Of-Communication is used to indicate a language used by agents in a particular communication event. (Language-Of-Communication COM LANG) means that in the Communicating COM, the information transferred is expressed in the language LANG. LANG may be a natural language, a computer language, a musical system, or other symbolic system such as American-Sign-Language.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME language-spoken :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of knows-about has-comm-convention) (range natural-language) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Language-Spoken INTAGENT NATLANG) means the Intelligent-Agent INTAGENT speaks the natural human language NATLANG at least somewhat fluently. The language must be speakable by humans, as are English, Latin, or Japanese, but not LISP, C or LINCOS. So, for example, (Language-Spoken Lenat English-Language). See Natural-Language.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME last-name :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of name-of-agent) (range human-family-name-string) (domain person) (documentation "(Last-Name X STRNG) means that Person X is known by the Human-Family-Name-String STRNG as his or her last name (surname). E.g., (Last-Name Lenat ``Lenat''). A person rarely has more than one last name at any one time. Last names may change as a result of certain actions, such as marriages, deaths, etc., in various cultures.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME last-sub-events :INSTANCE-OF (slot sub-process-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of temporally-finished-by sub-events) (range event) (domain event) (documentation "(Last-Sub-Events ?X ?Y) implies (Sub-Events ?X ?Y) and (Temporally-Finished-By ?X ?Y). For example, one Cyc axiom says that if ?X is a Waging-War event, and (Last-Sub-Events ?X ?Y) is true, and ?Y is a Surrendering event, then the the identity of those for whom the war was Successful-For-Agents can be inferred from the particular roles that are played by the various parties during the surrender. This is how one might infer, from Lee surrendering to Grant, that the South lost the American Civil War.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME later-sub-abstractions :INSTANCE-OF (slot complex-temporal-relation transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range something-existing) (domain something-existing) (documentation "(Later-Sub-Abstractions SUB1 SUB2) means that SUB1 and SUB2 are both a Sub-Abstrac of the same entity (i.e., (Has-Same-Entity-As SUB1 SUB2)) and the sub-abstraction SUB2 starts sometime after the beginning of SUB1 (i.e., (Starts-After-Starting-Of SUB2 SUB1)). For example, Richard-Feynman while working on the Manhattan Project was a Later-Sub-Abstractions than Richard-Feynman in his first year of graduate school at Princeton.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME later-than :INSTANCE-OF (slot evaluatable-function transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range date) (domain date) (documentation "Later-Than is similar to Greater-Than, but takes Dates as arguments. (Later-Than DATE1 DATE2) is true when DATE1 and DATE2 are Dates, and DATE1 starts after DATE2 is over. Later-Than is evaluatable.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lateral-region-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain animal-body-region) (range animal-body-region) (documentation "The function (LateralRegionFn REGOROBJ), applied to a region or object REGOROBJ, means the sub-region consisting of the flanks or side parts or lateral main sections (away from the mid-line) of REGOROBJ, or the lateral main areas of REGOROBJ as opposed to the medial or middle area; the right and left regions then both include parts of the lateral regions. Lateral-Region-Fn applies when REGOROBJ itself has an intrinsic right/left orientation (unlike, say, a sphere), but if REGOROBJ is a part within a larger region or object that has its own right/left orientation, the function returns REGOROBJ's portions farthest from the mid-line (with respect to left and right) of the larger region or object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME law-enforcement-officer :SUBCLASS-OF (professional public-sector-employee) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Law-Enforcement-Officer is a person whose job is to prevent, detect, stop, and/or punish people committing illegal activities. The collection Law-Enforcement-Officer includes local, state, and special police (e.g., transit police), and federal agents (e.g., border patrol, national security agents). An instance of Law-Enforcement-Officer typically also belongs to one of the following collections: State-Employee, Local-Government-Employee, or National-Government-Employee (see Public-Sector-Employee).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME law-enforcement-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (legal-government-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all law enforcement organizations. An element of Law-Enforcement-Organization is any organization which is legally empowered to enforce laws. This collection includes police forces, national bureaux of investigation, some forest services, park police, hunting and game commission officers, Border-Police-Organizations, governmental executive protection services, military police, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME laws :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal) (range governmentcoc) (domain geopolitical-entity) (documentation "The predicate Laws is used to relate a geopolitical region (country, state, city, etc.) to a law or entire legal code which applies there. (Laws GEOPOL CODE) means that the Geopolitical-Entity GEOPOL officially has the law (or set of laws) CODE. See also GovernmentCOC for the representation of a Law or a Legal-Code as a Microtheory.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME layer :SUBCLASS-OF (sheet-of-some-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all layers of things, each layer being a Sheet-Of-Some-Stuff that is Sheet-Surface-Connected, or situated adjacent, surface-to-surface, to at least one surface or layer or region on one side, and possibly to other layers or surfaces on both sides. A layer may be part of a larger object, or it may be an independent whole object such as a hide confined in a stack of hides. A Layer is not a Free-Sheet. See the One-Sided-Vs-Two-Sided-Object-Note.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME layered :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The physical structural attribute of being layered, laminate, or made of Layers, like stratified rock or an onion. An object that is Layered has two or more parts that are each Layers.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME leader :SUBCLASS-OF (intelligent-agent person) :INSTANCE-OF (class position-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons. Each element of Leader is a person who heads an instance of Organization. Typically, a leader of an organization makes major decisions on behalf of the whole organization, has the authority to direct the organization's personnel to carry out those decisions, and is empowered to engage or negotiate with external agents to achieve the organization's goals. This collection includes leaders of Sub-Organizations, such as department heads within larger organizations. Also, a single person may be a leader in more than one organization. In addition, see Has-Leaders, Manager, and Senior-Executives.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME leap-year :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-year) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Calendar-Years which are leap years; i.e., calendar years in which February has 29 days")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME learning :SUBCLASS-OF (composite-physical-and-mental-event purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all events, brief or extended, in which an agent is consciously acquiring information or know-how.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME leather :SUBCLASS-OF (sheet-of-some-stuff free-sheet solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Leather is a piece of tanned animal hide. Pieces of Leather are commonly used as material inputs to the manufacture of shoes, gloves, upholstery, satchels and purses, saddles, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME left-object :SUBCLASS-OF (partially-tangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of objects that are meant for, or are found on and distinctively structured for, the left side of some larger entity or ensemble of parts. Examples include left hands, left shoes, left automobile turning signals.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME left-region-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain animal-body-region) (range animal-body-region) (documentation "The function (LeftRegionFn REGOROBJ), applied to a region or object REGOROBJ, means the region consisting of the left half or flank or left main portion of REGOROBJ. It applies only when REGOROBJ itself has an intrinsic left/right orientation, or is part of a larger region or object that has a left/right orientation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME leg :SUBCLASS-OF (appendage-animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Animal appendages used for locomotion overland, supporting the animal and moving it along by walking, running, etc. Thus wings, fins, etc., are not Legs. The Foot-Animal-Body-Part is considered part of the Leg")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-agent :SUBCLASS-OF (social-being) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all legal agents; a subset of Agent. A legal agent is one that has some legal status in a particular legal system. At the very least, such an agent is recognized by some legal authority as having some kinds of rights and/or responsibilities as an agent (e.g., Citizens of Germany), or as being subject to certain restrictions and penalties (e.g., a company that has been blacklisted by Iraq). Thus, instances of Legal-Agent include agents that may have property rights, may be taxed, may have a government identification number, may be sued, may have an address, etc. Note: membership in this collection is very much dependent upon context. In some societies, only adult males and various kinds of state-run organizations would be included in Legal-Agents.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-agreement :SUBCLASS-OF (agreement) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories; a subset of Agreement. Each element of Legal-Agreement is an agreement which has a legal status, i.e., is recognized as a valid agreement by a government. Legal-Agreement includes the elements in its subsets Sales-Contract, Public-Health-Regulations, Assumable-Loan, Patent, Insurance-Plan, Visa-Permit, and the different kinds of License -- among many others.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-code :SUBCLASS-OF (governmentcoc) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories. Each element of Legal-Code is a microtheory for collecting all the instances of Law which hold in a given Geopolitical-Entity. For example, Legal-Code-Modern-United-States.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-corporation :SUBCLASS-OF (legal-agent organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of businesses. An element of Legal-Corporation is a private, legal, corporate entity with the legal rights to own property, manage itself, and sue or be sued. It is established by a charter or registration granted by a government. A corporation's owners have Stock in it and normally elect its Board-Of-Directors, but are usually not active in its operation nor liable for its debts, crimes, or torts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-government-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization legal-agent) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Legal-Government-Organization is an organization which is a part of, and funded by, the government of a geopolitical entity. Examples include the Internal-Revenue-Service, United-States-Navy, and City-Council-Of-Austin (TX). Some elements of Legal-Government-Organizations have legal standing in courts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-holiday :SUBCLASS-OF (holiday) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subset of Holidays which are typically declared to be Holidays by the governments of western countries, and which are therefore days on which most people governed by that government do not work and on which students do not attend classes. Such Holidays may coincide with Religious-Holidays, especially where there is a government-sanctioned religion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legal-professional :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Legal-Professional is a person working in the field of law. This collection includes lawyers, judges, paralegals, and law clerks.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME legally-capable-of :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Legally-Capable-Of indicates that an agent is legally able to take a certain role in a certain type of action. (Legally-Capable-Of AGT SIT-TYPE ROLE) means that the individual AGT is legally qualified and/or entitled to act in this ROLE in Situations of the type SIT-TYPE. For example, a person over 21 years of age is Legally-Capable-Of smoking cigarettes in the United States.") (arg2-genl situation)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain legally-capable-of 3 role) (nth-domain legally-capable-of 2 collection)(nth-domain legally-capable-of 1 agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME length-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-amount-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "SIZE-PROPERTY-ASCRIPTION")| |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LINEAR-SIZE")|) (range distance) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "(Length-Of-Object OBJ LEN) means that the tangible object OBJ has a length LEN. Which dimension counts as length depends upon the object's orientation (which may be intrinsic or determined relative to its environment).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-of-a-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (space-inahoc) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The levels, also called floors or storeys, of a Construction-Artifact. Levels are regions in space; they are not two-dimensional planes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-of-discomfort :SUBCLASS-OF (internal-sensory-attribute animal-physiological-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class sensory-reaction-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An Attribute-Type whose elements represent the various levels of discomfort that may be felt by a perceptual agent. Typically, the agent must be a living entity. Typically, the sensation is an internal feeling, and is more of a long-lasting dull ache than a sharp pain (see: Level-Of-Pain).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-of-exhaustion :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-physiological-attribute internal-sensory-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class physical-urge-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An Attribute-Type whose elements represent the qualitative degrees of exhaustion that an animal may feel. Note that this predicate is NOT properly used for any other purpose (e.g., to describe metal fatigue, or the depletion of natural resources, or the gradual inhibition that a single cell devlops to repeated stimuli, etc., even though in English the words `exhaustion' and `fatigue' have those meanings.) This is a good example of how Cyc's internal representation must, and does, disambiguate different concepts even though they might be metaphors for each other, and even though those distinct meanings might be mixed together at a word level in a natural language like English.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-of-hunger :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval animal-physiological-attribute internal-sensory-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class physical-urge-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Animal-Physiological-Attributes that express how hungry an Animal is (e.g., Hungry, Not-Hungry, Starving). These Level-Of-Hunger attributes are the first argument to the predicate Hunger-Level-Of (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-of-pain :SUBCLASS-OF (level-of-discomfort) :INSTANCE-OF (class sensory-reaction-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An Attribute-Type whose elements represent the qualitative levels of pain that may be felt by a perceptual agent. Although the agent is often a living entity, this is not required. The source of the pain could be either external or internal; in either case, the subjective feeling is generally `sharper' and hopefully shorter-lived than just `a feeling of discomfort' (see: Level-Of-Discomfort.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-of-relaxation-feeling :SUBCLASS-OF (internal-sensory-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class sensory-reaction-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An Attribute-Type whose elements represent the qualitative levels of comfort/relaxation/ease that an animal may have. This feeling is generally internal, and relatively long-lasting (compared with, e.g., the duration of a painful twinge.) Any positive degree of this Level-Of-Relaxation-Feeling is incompatible with a high level of Muscle-Tenseness, a high Level-Of-Pain, or a high Level-Of-Discomfort.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME level-with :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate spatial-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Level-With OBJ1 OBJ2) means that OBJ1 and OBJ2 are roughly the same vertical distance from some horizontal surface in the frame of reference.") (genl-inverse level-with)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lexical-item :SUBCLASS-OF (linguistic-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of items which form the lexicon of a language. These include both free morphemes, like 'dog', and bound morphemes, like affixes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lexical-word :SUBCLASS-OF (linguistic-object lexical-item) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all words. A lexical word is a free morpheme; it need not be bound to another lexical item. Note that inflectional forms of a word, if there are such, do not constitute distinct words. Examples of Lexical-Word: Aluminum-The-Word, Confetti-The-Word, To-The-Word, Confetti-The-Word, Hang-Glide-MWW.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept lexical-word sensus-information1997 "WORD") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME life-threatening-condition :SUBCLASS-OF (physiological-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of ailments which are distinguished by the shared characteristic that if left untreated, those ailments may cause an organism to die (but will not certainly do so). Cases of Poisoning and of Pneumonia are often instances of Life-Threatening-Condition. Cf. Terminal-Physiological-Condition. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME light-intensity :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval sensory-attribute physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class primitive-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Scalar-Interval. Each element of Light-Intensity is a characterization of how brightly illuminated a location is. (At the low extreme is total darkness.) The light intensity of a location is indicated with the predicate Illumination-Level.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME light-source :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Light-Source is used to indicate the source of an illumination falling on a particular object. (Light-Source OBJ SOURCE MODE) means that OBJ is illuminated by SOURCE with the type of illumination (Illumination-Mode-Attribute) MODE.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain light-source 3 illumination-mode-attribute) (nth-domain light-source 2 partially-tangible)(nth-domain light-source 1 partially-tangible) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lighting-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device powered-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Lighting-Device has the Primary-Function of providing light. The light provided may be provided in different ways and for different specialized purposes. For example, it may be for general illumination of a fixed area (as by instances of Candle, Lantern, Electric-Lamp, and Streetlight); or it may be for specially directed illumination (as by instances of Automotive-Light and Flashlight); or it may be for use in a signal or sign (as by instances of Traffic-Light and Indicator-Light); or it may be for some other special purposes (as by instances of StrobeLight).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lightning-event :SUBCLASS-OF (immediate-weather-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of lightning flashes, events in which the atmosphere discharges electricity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME likes-as-friend :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of acquainted-with likes-object) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Likes-As-Friend AGT1 AGT2) means that AGT1 enjoys interacting socially with AGT2. See also the Feeling-Attribute-Types Friendliness. Note: this predicate does not imply that AGT1 likes AGT2 only as a friend -- there may be romantic feelings, and other feelings, as well.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of likes-as-friend irreflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-as-friend reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of likes-as-friend asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-as-friend anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of likes-as-friend symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-as-friend transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME likes-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range partially-tangible) (domain animal) (documentation "(Likes-Object AGT OBJ) means that when the sentient agent AGT is interacting in some way with OBJ, that agent feels some measure of Enjoyment --- that is, (Feels-Emotion AGT Enjoyment). The kind of interactions that produce Enjoyment depend largely on what kind of thing OBJ is. Thus, `Joe likes the Mona Lisa' implies that Joe feels Enjoyment when viewing the Mona Lisa. But `Joe likes pizza' implies that Joe feels Enjoyment when eating that kind of food. There are some specialized predicates of Likes-Object that give more information about the kind of interaction between AGT and OBJ that results in Enjoyment@cyc; see, e.g., Likes-Sensorially and Likes-As-Friend.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of likes-object transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-object symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of likes-object anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-object asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of likes-object reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-object irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME likes-role-in-activity :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Likes-Role-In-Activity AGT ROLE EVT) means that if the Agent AGT has the relation ROLE to the Event EVT, then AGT is likely to feel some positive measure of Enjoyment. This predicate is useful to represent sentences such as `Joe likes running' or `Fred liked receiving the money'.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain likes-role-in-activity 3 event) (nth-domain likes-role-in-activity 2 actor-slot)(nth-domain likes-role-in-activity 1 agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME likes-sensorially :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range sensory-attribute) (domain perceptual-agent) (documentation "(Likes-Sensorially AGT SENSUM) means that the Perceptual-Agent AGT derives some physical pleasure from the sensory experience of SENSUM (a taste, odor, or other Sensory-Attribute).")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of likes-sensorially transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-sensorially symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of likes-sensorially anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-sensorially asymmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of likes-sensorially reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of likes-sensorially irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME line :SUBCLASS-OF (geometric-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geometical things. Each instance of Line is a one-dimensional path through two- or three-dimensional space, whether curved or straight. Formally, this is a 1-manifold.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME linguistic-object :SUBCLASS-OF (abstract-information mental-object |(MEANING-IN-SYSTEM-FN SENSUS-INFORMATION1997 "LANGUAGE-RELATED-OBJECT")|) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of intangible objects which are parts of language systems. Subsets of Linguistic-Object include Linguistic-Object, Title, Word-Sense, Sentential-Constituent, Nonlexical-Linguistic-Object, Linguistic-Attribute, etc.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME linguistic-object-type :SUBCLASS-OF (object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Linguistic-Object-Type is the collection of things which are subsets of Linguistic-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME link-between-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (relation quaternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Link-Between-In-System LINK X Y SYS) means that in the Path-System SYS, LINK (a link in SYS) has its two end points X and Y (nodes in SYS). A link in a path system is one of the paths in the system whose end points are nodes in the system and that have no other nodes along them. For each link LINK in SYS, there is a unique pair {X, Y} of different nodes in SYS such that (Link-Between-In-System LINK X Y SYS) and (Link-Between-In-System LINK Y X SYS) hold, and for two points (nodes) in SYS, there could be several different ('parallel') links between them. No point in SYS that is not a node can be an end point of a link. If node X is an end-point of LINK and (Link-Between-In-System LINK X Y SYS) holds, then (Point-On-Path X LINK) holds. A link in SYS may have many points on it other than its end-points, but these points cannot be nodes in SYS (another way to put this is to say that there are exactly two nodes on a link, though there can be any number, greater than 1, of points on the link). Only nodes in SYS can be 'intersection' point in SYS (see Junction-In-System), which implies that there is, in the system SYS, no point on a link LINK between X and Y that is an 'intersection' point of LINK and another link or a loop. When defining a path system, it is convenient (and also quite safe) to start with a name of the system, say SYS1 (with an assertion (:instance-of SYS1 Path-System)), and enter the names of links in SYS, say Link1, Link2 etc. (with assertions (:instance-of Link1 Path-Simple) etc.), and then only enter assertions of the form (Link-Between-In-System LINK X Y SYS1) for each link in SYS1 and its end points X and Y--the rules related to a path systems will generate assertions like (Node-In-System X SYS1), (Point-In-System X SYS1), (Link-In-System LINK SYS1) and (Path-In-System LINK SYS1) etc. If one later needs to add something else to the system, say a point A on a link LINK other than its end nodes X and Y, he/she may further enter (Between-On-Path A X Y LINK) and (Point-In-System A SYS1) without changing anything else. Note that (Link-Between-In-System LINK X Y SYS) is actually an abbreviation of (:and (Link-In-System LINK SYS) (Node-In-System X SYS) (Node-In-System Y SYS) (Path-Between LINK X Y)).") (arg4-isa thing)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain link-between-in-system 4 thing) (nth-domain link-between-in-system 3 thing)(nth-domain link-between-in-system 2 thing) (nth-domain link-between-in-system 1 path-simple)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME link-closed-sub-systems :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-symmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of sub-path-systems) (range thing) (domain thing) (documentation "(Link-Closed-Sub-Systems SYS SUBSYS) means that the path system SUBSYS is a subsystem of the path system SYS (i.e., (Sub-Path-Systems SYS SUBSYS) holds) and SUBSYS 'preserves' all links in SYS between nodes in SUBSYS, i.e., if (Link-Between-In-System LINK X Y SYS) holds and X and Y are in SUBSYS, LINK is a link in SUBSYS.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME link-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot non-predicate-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain thing) (range set-or-collection) (documentation "For each Path-System SYS, (Link-Fn SYS) denotes the set of all links in SYS (see Path-System). Note that the function Link-Fn and the predicate Link-In-System are interdefinable. We normally use Link-Fn, for convenience, when we consider some relations between different path systems even though for a single path system SYS, we can also replace each (Link-In-System X SYS) by (Element-Of X (Link-Fn SYS)).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME link-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (domain path-simple) (documentation "(Link-In-System LINK SYS) means that LINK is an instance of Path-Simple taken as a primitive path (called a link) in the Path-System SYS. For each link LINK in a path system SYS, there is a unique pair {X, Y} of different nodes in SYS (see Node-In-System) such that X and Y are the two end-points of LINK in SYS. Other 'points' can also be on LINK, but they cannot be nodes in SYS. There can be no point on a link that is different from its end points but nevertheless on another link, i.e., no matter how many points there are on a particular link in a path system, none of them can be an 'intersection' (see Junction-In-System) except the end points of the link, which are nodes in the system. See Link-Between-In-System. Each link in SYS is also a path in SYS, i.e., (Link-In-System LINK SYS) implies (Path-In-System LINK SYS). Note that there is no general collection of all links. Any path can be a link if you can somehow ignore the intersection points on it--it all depends on the Path-System.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME liquid-asset :SUBCLASS-OF (something-existing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Each element of Liquid-Asset is either an instance of Currency or some asset that is readily convertible to currency by selling or borrowing againstit. Examples: stocks, bonds, money market accounts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME liquid-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain tangible-stuff-composition-type) (range tangible-stuff-state-type) (documentation "A Collection-Denoting-Function. Liquid-Fn takes as an argument a collection COL, membership in which is based only on physical and/or chemical composition and not on any other property (see Tangible-Stuff-Composition-Type). (Liquid-Fn COL) is the collection of elements of COL that are in the Liquid-State-Of-Matter. E.g., the mud in my driveway belongs to the collection (Liquid-Fn Earth-Stuff).") (result-genl liquid-tangible-thing) (arity 2)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME liquid-state-of-matter :INSTANCE-OF (state-of-matter-solid-liquid-gaseous) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A basic physical state of matter. Liquid objects are characterized at the macroscopic level by special qualities of flow, such as being Pourable and conforming to the bottom of whatever container they occupy. Examples of things that typically have this attribute are: a `piece' of the Pacific Ocean in the tropics; a lump of mercury at room temperature; the blood in the circulatory system of a living mammal; and some molten silver about to be poured into a teapot mold.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME liquid-tangible-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (fluid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-state-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-fn |(TRANSPORT-FN LIQUID-TANGIBLE-THING)|) (documentation "A collection of tangible stuff. Each element of Liquid-Tangible-Thing is a tangible thing which is in a LiquidStateOfMatter@cyc; i.e., its shape would conform to the bottom of a vessel containing it. Cf. Fluid-Tangible-Thing and Gaseous-Tangible-Thing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lisp-defun :INSTANCE-OF (slot relationship-predicate functional-slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-symbol) (domain evaluatable-function) (documentation "The Cyc predicate Lisp-Defun is used to relate an evaluatable Cyc function to the name of the piece of code that is used to evaluate it. (Lisp-Defun E-FUN NAME) means that the Cyc-System-Symbol NAME is the name of a piece of Heuristic Level (SubL) code in the Cyc system which is used to compute the value of expressions containing the Evaluatable-Function E-FUN.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME list-sequence :SUBCLASS-OF (tuple) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all lists or finite sequences of items, as an abstract notion. A List-Sequence is a special kind of Tuple that is a finite structure with a first and last member-position, and for each member-postion but the last, there is a succesor member-position. A List-Sequence, like other Tuples, allows repetition of its members -- the same item can appear at multiple member-positions in the list. A list can be viewed formally as a function from a finite index set of counting numbers, beginning with one or zero, into the domain of Things or perhaps some more restrictive domain. Unlike Series, List-Sequence is purely abstract and the only implied relation between an item and its successor is the successor relation of the list itself. List-Sequence is, technically, more specific than Tuple only in that the index set must be the counting numbers in their usual order rather than some other index set.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME list-the-format :INSTANCE-OF (format) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Format or datatype. Multiple copies of entries, & any number of entries, are OK; and order matters; i.e., if you change the order of two different elements of a list, the resultant list is not equal to the original one")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME list-without-repetition :SUBCLASS-OF (list-sequence totally-ordered-set) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all those List-Sequences, for each of which, no element appears more than once in the list. (In general a List-Sequence and Series may have repeated elements.) See also Series-Without-Repetition.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME listening-deliberately :SUBCLASS-OF (accessing-anibt hearing) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which an Agent deliberately facilitates and does Hearing.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME liter :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-volume) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval volume) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the standard unit of capacity in the Metric system (and also in Cyc). See also Unit-Of-Volume, MKS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME litigants :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range agent) (domain trial) (documentation "(litigants ARG1 ARG2) means that the agent ARG2 is one of the contending parties in the lawsuit ARG1.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME liver :SUBCLASS-OF (organ) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all living Animal livers. Each instance of Liver is a large compound Internal-Organ. A Liver breaks down dead Red-Blood-Cells, removes certain poisons and waste material from the blood stream, creates glycogen from sugars and proteins, stores glycogen, removes certain chemicals from the blood, secretes bile (Bile-The-Secretion) which is used for digestion,and regulates metabolism of carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, and fats.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME living-language :SUBCLASS-OF (natural-language) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Living-Language, a subset of Natural-Language, is the collection of all natural languages which have some native speaker(s).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME local-customer-contact-point :SUBCLASS-OF (local-organization single-site-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. Each element of Local-Customer-Contact-Point is a single-site organization serving customers in a local area, working from a particular store, office, or other physical quarters where customers (or their agents) go in person to speak with company representatives about the services or products offered. Elements of Local-Customer-Contact-Point may be either stand-alone organizations or sub-organization of a larger company. Examples of Local-Customer-Contact-Point include New-York-Hospital, Threadgills restaurant, the Bank of America office on Jollyville Road, Studtman-Photo studios, the Village Cinema on Anderson Lane.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME local-government-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (local-organization legal-government-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of government organizations; a subset of Local-Organization. An element of Local-Government-Organization is any government organization -- whether federal, state, county, or municipal -- that is specific to, i.e., has jurisdiction and/or services generally limited to, one (local) location. For example, a Board of Education of a particular school district is a Local-Government-Organization, because its authority extends to schools in a limited (local) area; in the U.S., such a Board answers to another Local-Government-Organization, typically a city or township government. In another example, an element of Veterans-Administration-Medical-Center is a local organization in terms of its service area, but bureaucratically it belongs to the U.S. Federal government; thus, Veterans-Administration-Medical-Center is a subset of both Local-Government-Organization and US-Federal-Government-Organization.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME local-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Local-Organization is an organization having local `scope' -- that is, members distributed in a local area (a Neighborhood, City, rural region, etc.) or having a local area of activity and concern, as opposed to statewide, national, or international organizations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME locomotion-event :SUBCLASS-OF (translation-complete translation-single-path animal-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events; a subset of Movement-Translation-Event. In an instance of Locomotion-Event, the Object-Moving (at least the object that is playing the role of Done-By in the event) moves along some pathway under its own power (i.e. plays the role of Provider-Of-Motive-Force). In addition to episodes of walking and swimming, Locomotion-Event includes events in which an agent moves itself using a device, with that agent supplying the motive force to the device -- as in instances of Pedaling-A-Bicycle, Ice-Skating, In-Line-Skating, etc. Since the locomotor virtually always supplies the vast majority of the force required to make the motion happen, it is safe to infer that IF something plays the role of Provider-Of-Motive-Force, THEN it is an Object-Moving. In certain abnormal situations this rule will make the wrong conclusions: e.g. if a mountain climber's assent is aided by another stationary person above. Some locomotion events are also transportation events, e.g. when someone is walking while carrying something else. Note: Elements of Locomotion-Event may be `non-homogeneous' (by contrast, each Locomotion-Process is `homogeneous.') That is, if you take Time-Slices of a Locomotion-Event, they may or may not be Locomotion-Events. E.g., even though a mountain-climbing event is a Locomotion-Event, if you take a time-slice of it -- even a quite long time-slice of it! -- that whole time-slice could be where you were tying your climbing rope to a piton you'd just pounded into the mountainside, and that tying event is not a Locomotion-Event. Note that this is not quite the same thing as the granularity of a process, such as Animal-Walking-Process, where if you take a fine enough time-slice you are just lifting your leg up into the air. In the case of a Locomotion-Event such as scaling a sheer rock wall, very little of the time actually involves the motion of your body up the wall. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME locomotion-process :SUBCLASS-OF (locomotion-event movement-translation-process locomotion-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of processes in which an animal moves from one place to another by its own power. A Locomotion-Process is an activity considered as a Temporal-Stuff-Type, in which any time-slice of the activity can also be considered an instance of that activity. Subsets of Locomotion-Process include: Animal-Walking-Process, Brachiating, Climbing, Wheelchair-Locomotion-Event, Boring-Locomotion, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME log-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot function-from-quantities-to-quantities) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "Log-Fn is the unary mathematical function that returns the natural logarithm of the number taken as its argument. Its inverse (i.e., Inverse-Func) is Exp-Fn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME logical-connective :SUBCLASS-OF (relationship) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical objects, including the basic logical connectives. Each element of Logical-Connective is a Cyc predicate which takes one or more truth-valued expressions as arguments and returns a truth-valued argument. The elements of Logical-Connective include And, Or, Not, and Implies.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME loneliness :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The disagreeable feeling of being without company. This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. Some more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Types are Loneliness, Solitude, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME long-and-thin :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute abstract-shape) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Long-And-Thin is the Physical-Structural-Attribute that characterizes a tangible object which has one dimension whose length exceeds that of each of the other two dimensions by at least a factor of three. E.g., pencils, straws, telephone wire, submarines, skyscrapers. Cf. Sheet-Shaped.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME looking-for-something :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Searching for something with the intent to find it. Instances of failure to find the object of the search are still instances of Looking-For-Something.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME loop-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot non-predicate-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain thing) (range set-or-collection) (documentation "For each Path-System SYS, (Loop-Fn SYS) denotes the set of all loops in SYS (see Path-System). Note that the function Loop-Fn and the predicate Loop-In-System are interdefinable. We normally use Loop-Fn, for convenience, when we consider some relations between different path systems even though for a single path system SYS, we can also replace each (Loop-In-System X SYS) by (Element-Of X (Loop-Fn SYS)).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME loop-in-system :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cycle-in-system) (range thing) (domain path-generic) (documentation "(Loop-In-System LOOP SYS) means that LOOP is a 'loop' in SYS, which is like a link in SYS except that it has exactly one node on it as if it is a link whose two end nodes are the same. Each loop in SYS is also a cycle in SYS, see Cycle-In-System. The differences between a loop and a (non-loop) cycle in SYS include that (i) there is exactly one point in SYS on a loop (which must be a node in SYS), but there may in general be any finite number of nodes (and even as many points as there are real numbers) on some (non-loop) cycle in SYS, and that (ii) The unique node in SYS on a loop may or may not be an end point of a link in SYS, but each node on a (non-loop) cycle in SYS must be an end point of at least two links in SYS. These imply that there can be at most one 'intersection point' on a loop in SYS but there can be any finite number of 'intersection points' on a (non-loop) cycle in SYS. See Point-On-Cycle and Junction-In-System. Note that under current treatment of loops in a path system, if one would like to talk about a 'loop' in a path system a 'part' of which is a path in the system, then he/she should make it a cycle rather than a loop in the system because according to what we said above, no 'part' of a loop in the system can be presented as a path in the system.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME losing-user-rights :SUBCLASS-OF (change-in-user-rights transfer-out) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In an instance of Losing-User-Rights, some Agent loses possession of something. Thus, in such an event, that agent loses a previously held right (viz., some User-Rights-Attribute) to use some item. The item in question is identified as the Object-Of-Possession-Transfer, and the agent is the From-Possessor (i.e., the one from whom possession is taken). The Agent may or may not be a Deliberate-Actors in the event; e.g., selling one's car is done on purpose, but having one's car repossessed probably isn't. If either of those two events happen to you, though, it is an element of the collection Losing-User-Rights.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME love :SUBCLASS-OF (affection) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Strong affection for another agent arising out of kinship or personal ties. Love may be felt towards things, too: warm attachment, enthusiasm, or devotion. This does not, however, mean something as specialized/metaphorical as `Fred loves to eat ice cream' or `Ethel loves to get her way.' Love is a collection, as further explained under Happiness. Specialized forms of Love are Love-Romantic, platonic love, maternal love, infatuation, agape, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME loves :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of positive-vested-interest likes-as-friend) (range agent) (domain animal) (documentation "(Loves AGENT1 AGENT2) means AGENT1 loves AGENT2; AGENT2 has a strong emotional affect on AGENT1 whereby AGENT1 is usually loyal and devoted to and wishes well AGENT2, seeks AGENT2's companionship, and will incur substantial personal cost to help AGENT2. Any Agent can love any other Agent, though there are specialized types of love which are restricted to two animals, two adult people, two corporations, a person and a corporation, etc.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of loves irreflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of loves reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of loves asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of loves anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of loves symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of loves transitive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME low-amount-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation generic-value-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain primitive-attribute-type) (range scalar-interval) (arity 2) (documentation "Low-Amount-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular, an Individual-Denoting-Function. It is one of several functions used to denote so-called `generic' amounts of a wide variety of attributes. When ATT is a type of attribute, (Low-Amount-Fn ATT) returns an instance of ATT which is considered `a low amount of' ATT in the current context. A low amount of ATT is more than (Very-Low-Amount-Fn ATT) but less than (Medium-Amount-Fn ATT).") (arg1-genl scalar-interval)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME lung :SUBCLASS-OF (organ) :INSTANCE-OF (class symmetric-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all lungs, the primary respiratory organs of Air-Breathing-Vertebrates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mach-unit-of-speed :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-speed) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range vector-interval speed scalar-interval) (documentation "The speed of sound on earth at sea level. 344.4 m/s") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME made-by :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range commercial-organization) (domain product) (documentation "The predicate Made-By was used to indicate that a particular product was made by a particular company. (Made-By PROD COMORG) means that PROD, an individual instance of Product, was manufactured by the Commercial-Organization COMORG. Cf. Makes-Product-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mailing-location :SUBCLASS-OF (contact-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class contact-location-type conventional-classification-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of places; a subset of Contact-Location. Each element of Mailing-Location is a location at which an agent can be contacted by mail, e.g., a home, office, or post office box.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME main-constituent :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot functional-slot composition-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal constituents) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "The predicate Main-Constituent is used to indicate the most significant portion of an element of Existing-Stuff-Type that makes up a particular Partially-Tangible thing. (Main-Constituent X Y) means that X's Constituents include Y, and (as a default) the physical properties of the thing X are those of its main constituent, Y. For example, for a particular instance of Lemonade, there is an instance of Water which is the Main-Constituent, and most of the physical properties of the Lemonade derive from Water. On the other hand, a person is NOT considered to have some portion of Water as Main-Constituent, even though much of a person's mass is Water, because the physical properties of a person are not the same as those of water.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of main-constituent transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME main-function :INSTANCE-OF (capacity-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An element of Capacity-Attribute. The attribute Main-Function characterizes an entity participating in a situation as doing so in its main function. It is frequently used to indicate a device employed in doing its Primary-Function, or an organization engaged in the work it was created to do.") (documentation "One of the attributes which characterize the capacity in which some agent does a kind of action. Main-Function indicates that an agent does a certain type of action (Script-Type) as its main function (rather than, say, as a hobby). Main-Function can be used to indicate the function that an organization was created to do; e.g., the Main-Function of the US-Border-Patrol is Patrolling the U.S. border. See Acts-In-Capacity.") (genl-attributes intended-function)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME main-product :INSTANCE-OF (slot part-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of physical-parts) (range product) (domain formal-product) (documentation "The predicate Main-Product is used to identify the main item in a particular set of stuff that a customer gets when buying a packaged product. (Main-Product FORM PROD) means that the particular Product PROD is the main item of the Formal-Product FORM--as distinct from the accessories, agreements, packaging, literature, etc., that come along with it.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of main-product reflexive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of main-product irreflexive-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME main-transportees :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of transportees) (range partially-tangible) (domain transportation-event) (documentation "(mainTransportees TRAN MT) means that MT is one of the main transportees, or of the primary things intended to be transported (as opposed to incidentals), in the instance TRAN of TransportationEvent.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME major-undertakings-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of performed-by temporally-intersects) (range agent) (domain action) (documentation "(Major-Undertakings-Of ACTION AGENT) means that AGENT consciously performed ACTION. The success and consequence(s) of ACTION are important to AGENT. As a result, for a sentient AGENT, failure usually results in AGENT feeling negative emotions, and success positive emotions.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME makes-product-type :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range product-type) (domain commercial-organization) (documentation "The predicate Makes-Product-Type is used to indicate that a particular company makes a specific (i.e., type of) product. (Makes-Product-Type ORG PRODTYP) means that the Commercial-Organization ORG manufactures the Product-Type PRODTYP. Cf. Made-By.") (arg2-genl product)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-a-gesture :SUBCLASS-OF (visual-information-conveying-act ibt-generation-original voluntary-body-movement) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of acts of IBO-Creation done by an Animal (including Person) arranging its limbs or other body parts (and whatever objects the limbs might be holding) in some meaningful configuration (static or dynamic). Vocal IBT-Generations are not considered to be gestures (see Making-An-Oral-Sound for this), but they might be done in conjunction with gestures. NB: Making-A-Gesture is NOT a subset of NonVerbalCommunicating@cyc; at most, an instance of Making-A-Gesture is only half of a communication event. And someone can make a gesture while alone, without using it for communication. Thus, only some gestures are Sub-Events of Non-Verbal-Communicating. (But note that Making-A-Gesture IS a subset of IBT-Generation-Original (q.v.), since every gesture encodes information, whether or not it is used for communication in a particular instance.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-an-agreement :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating social-occurrence creation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element in the collection Making-An-Agreement is an event in which two or more parties specify the terms of an Agreement to which they will be Agreeing-Agents, and enter into it. Some types of Making-An-Agreement include its subsets Getting-Engaged, Employee-Hiring, Declaring-Cease-Fire, and Making-A-Reservation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-an-oral-sound :SUBCLASS-OF (single-doer-action emitting-sound body-movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of actions in which the lips and other mouth parts are used to make sound. MakingAnOralSound means the event in which sound is produced more-or-less voluntarily, using the mouth, mouth portal, lips, and tongue.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-facial-expression :SUBCLASS-OF (body-movement-event action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events during which the configuration of an agent's face changes. This is usually associated with the expression of some emotion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain temporal-stuff-type) (range script-type temporal-object-type) (arity 2) (documentation "Making-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular a Collection-Denoting-Function. (Making-Fn TYPE) denotes the set of events in which elements of some TYPE of thing are made (whether manufactured, constructed, produced, etc.) E.g., (Making-Fn Automobile) is the set of events in which cars are manufactured. Having this function saves us from having to create tens of thousands of new terms for peanut-butter-making, business-card-making, etc.") (arg1-genl partially-tangible) (result-genl making-something)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-something :SUBCLASS-OF (creation-event purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of (very generic) events. In each Making-Something event, something (tangible) is made from some raw materials. The end result may or may not be what is called a Product.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-something-available :SUBCLASS-OF (human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all activities in which an Agent makes it possible for another Agent to use (but not necessarily own) a good or service.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME making-travel-arrangements :SUBCLASS-OF (purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all events in which an agent arranges for some kind of travel event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME male-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all male animals.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept male-animal sensus-information1997 "MALE-ANIMAL") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME male-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain organism-classification-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Male-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular, an instance of Collection-Denoting-Function. (Male-Fn ORGTYPE) returns that subset of the animal taxonomic collection ORGTYPE which includes all and only the males of ORGTYPE. For example, (Male-Fn Person) and Male-Person denote the same collection, while (Male-Fn Deer) denotes the collection of all bucks.") (arg1-genl animal) (result-genl male-animal)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME male-parent-actor :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of parent-actors) (range organism-whole) (domain biological-reproduction-event) (documentation "(Male-Parent-Actor ?EVENT ?ORGANISM) means that ?ORGANISM is the male parent in the Sexual-Reproduction-Event ?EVENT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME male-person :SUBCLASS-OF (person male-animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all male persons.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept male-person sensus-information1997 "MALE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME maleficiary :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range agent) (domain event) (documentation "(Maleficiary ACT AGT) means that the Agent AGT is harmed by the occurrence of the action ACT. That is, the interest or welfare of AGT is thwarted, blocked, or harmed in ACT.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME malleability :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval physical-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class material-strength-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((no-amount-fn |(NO-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)|) (very-low-amount-fn |(VERY-LOW-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)|) (low-amount-fn |(LOW-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)|) (high-amount-fn |(HIGH-AMOUNT-FN MALLEABILITY)|) (documentation "A collection of attributes; a subset of Physical-Attribute. Each element of Malleability represents a specific capacity of a physical material to be shaped or formed. Different degrees of malleability may be designated using a Generic-Value-Function. Malleability of objects is indicated with the predicate Malleability-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME malleability-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot tangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range malleability) (domain solid-tangible-thing) (documentation "(Malleability-Of-Object OBJ DEGREE) indicates that the instance of Solid-Tangible-Thing OBJ has the degree of Malleability DEGREE.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME malnutrition :SUBCLASS-OF (ailment-condition) :INSTANCE-OF (class physiological-condition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physiological conditions caused by the lack of essential Nutrients (usually vitamins, minerals or proteins). Specialized forms of Malnutrition are: (1) Dietary-Deficiency-Condition, in which the necessary nutrients are not ingested; and (2) Malnutrition-Secondary, in which the necessary nutrients are not properly metabolized.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mammal :SUBCLASS-OF (vertebrate) :INSTANCE-OF (class biological-class) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of mammals; a subset of Vertebrate. Each element of Mammal is an air-breathing, warm-blooded animal which, if female, nurses its young with milk secreted by mammary glands. The collection Mammal includes the subsets Dog, Horse, Person, Elephant, etc. The skin of mammals is typically covered with hair (or sometimes hair modified into scales or plates (e.g. pangolins)), but some types are almost hairless. All mammals other than the Monotremes of Australia bear live young rather than laying eggs and have teats, which on females are used for nursing the young. Monotremes do not have teats, but both male and female produce milk from Mammary-Glands. Mammal is an instance of Biological-Class.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME manager :SUBCLASS-OF (desk-worker) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people. An instance of Manager is a person whose primary job is to manage other people, directing their work activity in an Organization or for a Project. A Manager tells his or her subordinate workers what to do.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME manufacturing :SUBCLASS-OF (making-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Manufacturing event, raw materials or component parts are combined to produce a product. In a typical Manufacturing process, the motivation of the manufacturer is that the value of the Outputs should exceed the value of the Inputs. Manufacturing does not include related or supportive processes such as transporting the raw materials to the manufacturing site, scheduling done ahead of time, etc. -- the concept Production-Event covers that bigger picture.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME manufacturing-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-organization organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Manufacturing-Organization is any organization whose Main-Function is Manufacturing or production of goods. These may be departments, suborganizations, companies, or conglomerate enterprises.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME map :SUBCLASS-OF (information-bearing-thing structured-information-source) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs). Each element of Map is an IBT which, properly interpreted, models a region of physical space many times its own size by using graphical symbols (or possibly another code), often in conjunction with a natural language, to represent features of one or more of the following kinds: geographical areas (Geographical-Region), topographical features (Topographical-Feature), political regions (Geopolitical-Entity), climate zones (Climate-Cycle-Type), human artifacts (Construction-Artifact), population densities (Population-Density), etc. Maps are generally intended to help an agent to orient itself in space or to understand some aspect(s) of a large spatial area. The collection Map includes terrestrial and celestial maps, either on paper, in computerized geographical information systems, or in other forms.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME march :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME marine-corps :SUBCLASS-OF (military-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of military organizations. An instance of Marine-Corps is a military organization, modern or historical, composed mainly of soldiers (i.e., combat personnel) who serve on ships or in conjunction with naval forces, with the purpose of defending or attacking coastal areas.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME marine-personnel :SUBCLASS-OF (military-person) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A soldier who is in the Marines.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME marital-status :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range marital-status-of-people) (domain person) (documentation "(Marital-Status PRSN MSTAT) means Person PRSN has the Marital-Status-Of-People MSTAT. The latter may be: Married, Widowed, Single, etc. E.g., (Marital-Status Keith-Richards Married). The marital status of a person depends on whether, and when, that person was married to another person, and how the marriage ended.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME marital-status-of-people :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class unordered-attribute-type sibling-disjoint-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute values indicating the Marital-Status of a Person. Members of this collection include Divorced, Widowed, Single, and Married.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME marking-on-a-surface :SUBCLASS-OF (handling-an-object ibo-creation) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In a Marking-On-A-Surface event, visible markings are placed on a surface by an Agent. The marking may be done by adding material to or removing material from the surface; e.g., by painting or by engraving the surface.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME masculine :INSTANCE-OF (gender-of-living-thing linguistic-object) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Masculine is a gender, indicating either that an Animal or Plant is male, or that a word has what is called masculine gender.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mass :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-attribute scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class fundamental-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical attributes. Each element of Mass is an amount of matter present in a given object. Elements of Mass may be either a fixed interval, such as two pounds, or a range, such as a legal load for a certain type of trailer. The more mass an object has, the greater is the force required to accelerate it. See Unit-Of-Mass for the units used by Cyc to measure mass.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mass-noun :SUBCLASS-OF (speech-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all mass nouns. Mass nouns are syntactically singular, and often they denote stufflike things. Example: 'water'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mass-number :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range character-string) (domain english-word) (documentation "(Mass-Number WORD STRING) means that STRING is the mass noun form of WORD. For example, `paper' is the mass noun form of Paper-The-Word.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mass-of-object :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-amount-slot physical-attribute-description-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range mass) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Mass-Of-Object OBJ MASS) means that the tangible object OBJ has Mass MASS.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mate :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate inter-personal-relation-slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of friends positive-vested-interest) (range animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(mate PERSON1 PERSON2) means that PERSON1 and PERSON2 are mates and long-term monogamous companions. In the Anglo-American-Social-Life-Mt each person has at most only one mate at a time. Hence, this predicate has Single-Entry arguments.") (documentation "(Mate PER1 PER2) means that PER1 and PER2 are long-term companions. More general in meaning than spouse, this can also be used to refer to one's `significant other(s)', including boyfriend(s), girlfriend(s), one's partner in a gay relationship, etc. The assumption in the Human-Social-Life-Mt is that mates are bound together by relatively enduring emotional ties.") (documentation "(Mate ANIM1 ANIM2) means ANIM1 and ANIM2 mate (at least once) from time to time.") (genl-inverse mate)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of mate transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME material-strength-type :SUBCLASS-OF (derived-numeric-attribute-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Material-Strength-Type is a specific collection of attributes used in determining the strength of a material. Examples: Hardness, Malleability, Ductility, Elasticity, Shear-Strength.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mathematical-object :SUBCLASS-OF (mathematical-or-computational-thing intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of intangible objects; a subset of Mathematical-Thing. Each element of Mathematical-Object is a purely abstract mathematical thing which is an individual (see Individual). Examples of Mathematical-Object include: Quantifiers, Real-Numbers, Triangles, Truth-Values, etc. But instances of Set-Or-Collection are not Mathematical-Objects in Cyc, because they are not Individuals.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mathematical-or-computational-thing :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of abstract (Intangible) objects. Each element of Mathematical-Or-Computational-Thing is a massless, timeless abstraction, such as an algorithm, logical connective, character string, assertion, integer, etc.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept mathematical-or-computational-thing sensus-information1997 "ABSTRACTION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME max-quant-value :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate relationship-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-point-value) (domain scalar-interval) (documentation "(Max-Quant-Value SCALAR POINT) means that the upper limit of the quantity SCALAR is POINT, an element of Scalar-Point-Value. SCALAR is an element of Scalar-Interval. For example, the Max-Quant-Value for the pay of mail room employees might be (Dollars-Per-Hour 6.5); e.g., (Max-Quant-Value `MailPay' (Dollars-Per-Hour 6.5)). Another example: (Max-Quant-Value (Unity 5 10) 10).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME maximal-connected-sub-systems :INSTANCE-OF (slot transitive-binary-predicate anti-symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of point-closed-sub-systems link-closed-sub-systems) (range connected-path-system) (domain thing) (documentation "(Maximal-Connected-Sub-Systems SYS SUB) means that SUB is a 'maximal' connected subsystem of SYS, i.e., that SUB is an entire connected piece of SYS without other disconnected pieces of SYS. That is to say, (i) SUB is a connected path system, and consequently must have at least one node, say NODE, in it, and (ii) SUB is a subsystem of SYS, and (iii) for every connected subsystem SUB1 of SYS containing NODE, SUB1 is a subsystem of SUB. Thus a maximal connected subsystem SUB of a path system SYS must satisfy the conditions that (a) for each point X in SUB and each point Y in SYS that is not in SUB, X and Y are not connected in SYS, and that (b) for any nodes X and Y in SUB, for any link LINK in SYS between X and Y, LINK must also be in SUB, and that (c) for each point X in SYS, if X is on a link in SYS which is also a link in SUB, then X must also be in SUB. It follows that if SUB is a maximal connected subsystem of SYS, SUB must be a link-closed subsystem as well as a point-closed subsystem of SYS. Another consequence is that if SUB is a maximal connected subsystem of SYS, and if X is a point in SUB and is on a loop in SYS, then the loop must also be in SUB.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME may :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meaning-in-system-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (documentation "The function (MeaningInSystemFn INFOSOURCE STRING), applied to a character string or code STRING in some external information system INFOSOURCE, returns whatever concept is meant by that string or code in that system. For example, the value of (Meaning-In-System-Fn Word-Net-Information ''N221566'') is the concept (or WordNet `synset') represented by the synonyms (rampart|bulwark|wall), meaning 'an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes' in the WordNet system. The STRING can have any format chosen by the person who builds the representation of the external system; usually it will include some index string that is used as an identifier in the external system. In addition, the STRING may arbitrarily contain any further characters or information, depending on how the external information is selected and processed. This function allows you to relate a concept in an external system to an arbitrarily complicated expression composed of Cyc concepts. If the external concept has a direct, exact mapping to a single Cyc constant, then it is better to use the predicate Synonymous-External-Concept rather than this function. If the there is a direct correspondence to one Cyc constant, but it is only an approximate correspondence of meaning, you can use Overlapping-External-Concept.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain meaning-in-system-fn 2 character-string) (nth-domain meaning-in-system-fn 1 indexed-info-source)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME measurable-attribute-type :SUBCLASS-OF (primitive-attribute-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Measurable-Attribute-Type is a collection of attributes, the members of which are quantifiable attributes, i.e., they can be assigned a numeric value. For example, Rate-Of-Rotation and Concentration-Per-Volume. For the units in which specific attributes are measured, see Measured-In, Units-Measuring-This-Quantity, Standard-Unit-Measuring. Note that in Cyc, numbers are classified as measurable attributes; see Real-Number, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME measure :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Measure ?X ?Y) indicates that ?Y is total elapsed time from the start of ?X to its end. For continuous Temporal-Things, the Measure of the object is the same as its Duration (qv). But if the Temporal-Thing is discontinuous, then the Measure will be greater than the Duration. For example, `GeorgeWashingtonSleeping' has a Measure that is about three times as long as its Duration, assuming he slept about 8 hours a night. Note: Unfortunately, in some disciplines, such as Real Analysis, these two terms' definitions are switched! In such contexts, one could assert to Cyc that the preferred denotation of Duration was Measure-The-Word, and that the preferred denotation of Measure was Duration-The-Word, but notice that the two concepts --- Measure and Duration --- are still distinct and useful in that discipline, they just happen to have different names there.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME measuring-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Measuring-Device is a device used for measuring some quantity such as Distance, Volume, Temperature, etc. Examples include the odometer in your car (an Odometer), the graduated glass measuring cup in your kitchen (a Measuring-Cup), and the thermostat on your wall (a Temperature-Measuring-Device, although it is also a Control-Device.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME measuring-something :SUBCLASS-OF (thinking purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Measuring-Something is an event in which an agent uses a physical device to measure some physical attribute of a tangible object. The last part of such an event involves the perception (and perhaps recording) of a Measurement-Result by some instance Of-Perceptual-Agent. See also Measurement-Fn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mechanical-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Mechanical-Device is a physical device which has one part that moves with respect to another of its parts. Thus a spoon is not one of these, but a pair of scissors is, as are more complex devices such as vacuum cleaners and the Space-Shuttle-Challenger.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medial-region-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot individual-denoting-function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain animal-body-region) (range animal-body-region) (documentation "The function (MedialRegionFn REGOROBJ), applied to a region or object REGOROBJ, means the sub-region consisting of the center parts or middle section (near the mid-line) of REGOROBJ, or the medial main portion of REGOROBJ as opposed to the right and left portions. It applies when REGOROBJ itself has an intrinsic right/left orientation (unlike, say, a sphere), but if REGOROBJ is a part within a larger region or object that has its own right/left orientation, the function returns REGOROBJ's portion nearest the mid-line (with respect to left and right) of the larger region or object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mediators :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range agent) (domain social-occurrence) (documentation "The facilitators of a process including the agents, brokers, or mediators that assist in arranging a contract, transaction, or agreement among several parties.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-care-event :SUBCLASS-OF (service-event human-activity action-on-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. When any medical care professional provides a medical service to patients, that is an instance of Medical-Care-Event. An instance of Medical-Care-Event may be a diagnostic procedure, a treatment, a consultation, routine check-up, a medical test, etc. -- anything a medical care provider can bill for. E.g., (Birth-Fn Nicole-Lenat) represents the birth of a particular person; since she were born in a modern Western hospital, doctors, nurses, and a variety of hospital equipment were present and used, so this is a Medical-Care-Event. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-care-institution :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Large organizations that provide medical or psychiatric care and have facilities for patients to stay at least overnight.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-care-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-provider service-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of both Medical-Care-Provider and Service-Organization. An element of Medical-Care-Organization is any organization that provides some kind of medical care; it may be a sub-organization of a larger organization. Examples include all instances of Doctors-Office, Dentists-Office, Optometric-Facility, or RehabilitationFacility@cyc; Independent-Practice-Association or Hospital@cyc; Emergency-Room, Dialysis-Unit, AllergyTestingFacility@cyc; Home-Nursing-Service-Organization or LongTermMedicalCareFacility@cyc; and Veterinary-Hospital.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-care-professional :SUBCLASS-OF (health-professional medical-care-provider) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Medical-Care-Professional is a person whose occupation principally involves medical care of patients, including surgery, psychological care, physical therapy, practical nursing, and dispensing drugs. The collection Medical-Care-Professional includes members of the subsets Psychiatrist, Pharmacist, Emergency-Medical-Technician, Nurse, Doctor-Medical, etc., as well as Veterinarian.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-care-provider :SUBCLASS-OF (social-being) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of agents who provide medical care in a professional capacity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-facility-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Instances are kinds of medical care facilities. Some may be organizations , some may be places and some are equipment.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-patient :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "One who is undergoing medical care - which includes routine examinations as well as treatment for injuries or illnesses.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-specialty-type :SUBCLASS-OF (occupation-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all medical worker types, divided up by specialty.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-testing :SUBCLASS-OF (thinking medical-care-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events in which some aspect of a patient's physiological condition is evaluated using medical procedures. An instance of Medical-Testing is a test done on a patient -- or, often, on a sample taken from the patient's body -- in order to gather information (a) about the patient's general state of health, (b) to help in making a diagnosis, (c) to determine or monitor the severity of a known condition of the patient's. The collection Medical-Testing includes an enormous variety of procedures in modern Western medicine, from simple blood tests to complex MRIs.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medical-treatment-event :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-event simple-repairing) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of medical care events; i.e., a subset of Medical-Care-Event. In any instance of Medical-Treatment-Event, the procedures performed by a medical professional are done to alleviate or ameliorate an Ailment-Condition. The set of treatments for a specific ailment may be denoted using Treatment-Fn (q.v.).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mediterranean-sea :INSTANCE-OF (sea entity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A strategically important small sea between southern Europe, western Asia (the Levant), and northern Africa.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME medium-amount-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation generic-value-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain primitive-attribute-type) (range scalar-interval) (arity 2) (documentation "Medium-Amount-Fn is a Cyc function, in particular, an element of Individual-Denoting-Function. It is one of several functions used to denote so-called `generic' amounts of a variety of attributes. When ATT is a type of attribute, (Medium-Amount-Fn ATT) returns an instance of ATT which is considered `a medium amount of' ATT in the current context. A medium amount of ATT is more than (Very-Low-Amount-Fn ATT) but less than (High-Amount-Fn ATT).") (arg1-genl scalar-interval)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meeting-someone :SUBCLASS-OF (social-occurrence) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of actions. In a Meeting-Someone event, one Agent is moving and meets (comes into close proximity with) another Agent. This may or may not be purposeful. It may be performed by non-human animals, and occasionally by other sorts of Agents. Note: this does not mean `being introduced to someone', but rather `going to meet with someone'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meeting-taking-place :SUBCLASS-OF (social-gathering) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of human meeting events, in which Persons gather intentionally at a location in order to communicate or share some experience; business is often transacted at such a meeting. Examples include: a particular conference, a business lunch, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mega-hertz :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-with-prefix unit-of-frequency) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval rate frequency) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the common unit of frequency. See also Unit-Of-Frequency, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME megabyte :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-with-prefix) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval physical-attribute) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent a common unit of computer memory and disk capacity. The value of (Megabyte 1) equals approximately one million (8-bit) bytes. See also Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME melting :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-state-change-event making-something) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, an object is heated to (and then above) its Freezing-Point and is thereby changed from a Solid-State-Of-Matter to a Liquid-State-Of-Matter.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME member-of-species :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of isa) (range biological-species) (domain organism-whole) (documentation "(Member-Of-Species ORG SPECIES) means that the organism ORG is a member of the Biological-Species SPECIES.") (arg2-genl organism-whole)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME member-of-this-political-party :INSTANCE-OF (slot taxonomic-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of has-members) (range human-adult) (domain political-party) (documentation "(Member-Of-This-Political-Party PARTY PERS) means that Person PERS is a (registered) member of Political-Party PARTY. For example, (Member-Of-This-Political-Party Democratic-Party Bill-Clinton).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME memory :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mental information. Each element of Memory is the propositional content of a mental state in which a person recalls past events. Most commonly those memories concern first-person experiences, but they may include recollections of anything that the person has learned in the past.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mens-clothing :SUBCLASS-OF (something-to-wear sheet-of-some-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Each element of Mens-Clothing is a clothing item worn usually by men, i.e., items normally found in the men's section of department stores. Subsets include Tuxedos and Mens-Jockey-Underwear.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mental-activity :SUBCLASS-OF (mental-event animal-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all actions which involve some mental activity on the part of at least one doer (see Done-By). Consciously carrying out some activity, solving a math problem, engaging in a conversation, are all examples of Mental-Activity.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mental-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of attributes. Each element of Mental-Attribute is an attribute which pertains to an agent's mental state or mental ability. Examples: High-Intelligence, Legally-Drunk, Visual-Awareness, Inattentive-Mental-Activity-Level.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mental-event :SUBCLASS-OF (event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each event belonging to Mental-Event has some actor whose mental functions are involved (see Actors). Mental events include such things as theorizing about something, dreaming, perceiving, sensing, having a realization, designing something, making a decision, and consciously carrying out a task. Some of those examples are actions as well as events (see Done-By). For mental events that are also instances of Action, see the subset Mental-Activity.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept mental-event sensus-information1997 "MENTAL-PROCESS") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mental-information :SUBCLASS-OF (propositional-information-thing mental-object abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information. Each element of Mental-Information is the propositional content of a specific mental state of an individual person. Thus, this is information which is embodied in a person having a memory or sensory perception or other type of thought. Note that elements of Mental-Information are the propositional content of memories, perceptions, judgments, etc. For example, when I remember that my grandmother's eyes are blue, the mental information contained therein is `my [the rememberer's] grandmother's eyes are blue'; it is NOT `I remember that my grandmother's eyes are blue'. As a consequence, mental information (as defined in Cyc) is not incorrigible.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mental-object :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible-individual) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Each element of Mental-Object is an intangible object intimately connected in some fashion with mental activity. This includes objects such as thoughts, emotions, knowledge; events such as thinking and reasoning; and intangible time-like objects such as mental-processing-time and cpu-time.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meta-assertions-for-poly-canonicalizing-assertions :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "If one wishes to state a fact M about an assertion A, i.e. if one wishes to assert the meta-assertion M(A) and if A canonicalizes into multiple assertions, a_1, a_2...a_n,then one must do a non-standard procedure. Due to the way the canonicalizer currently (Nov 96) handles meta-assertions, rather than simply asserting M(A), one must distribute the meta-assertion over the results of canonicalization. That is one must assert M(a_1), M(a_2)...M(a_n). Consider the following example: Suppose one wanted to assert `if a movement occurs then there is a friction Sub-Events, unless the movement is frictionless.' The way one asserts this is by first asserting the fact without the `unless', i.e. (ke-assert '(:=> (:instance-of ?MOV Movement-Event) (exists ?FRIC (:and (:instance-of ?FRIC Friction-Process) (Sub-Events ?MOV ?FRIC)))) BaseKB) Because there is an And with two literals on the right hand side of this rule it canonicalizes into two assertions which then become part of the KB. One must next find these assertions as they appear in the KB: (:=> (:and (:instance-of ?MOV Movement-Event) (Term-Of-Unit ?FRIC-EVENT146 (SKF-29707602 ?MOV))) (:instance-of ?FRIC-EVENT146 Friction-Process)) (:=> (:and (:instance-of ?MOV Movement-Event) (Term-Of-Unit ?FRIC-EVENT146 (SKF-29707602 ?MOV))) (Sub-Events ?MOV ?FRIC-EVENT146)). Now using these one may state the `unless' part of the rule: (ke-assert '(Except-When (:instance-of ?MOV Frictionless-Motion) (:=> (:and (:instance-of ?MOV Movement-Event) (Term-Of-Unit ?FRIC-EVENT146 (SKF-29707602 ?MOV))) (:instance-of ?FRIC-EVENT146 Friction-Process))) BaseKB) (ke-assert '(Except-When (:instance-of ?MOV Frictionless-Motion) (:=> (:and (:instance-of ?MOV Movement-Event) (Term-Of-Unit ?FRIC-EVENT146 (SKF-29707602 ?MOV))) (Sub-Events ?MOV ?FRIC-EVENT146))) BaseKB). This Shared-Note is true about any Relationship which has Assertion as an argument type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meta-knowledge-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate modal-relationship) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Meta-Knowledge-Predicate is a predicate used in assertions about the Cyc ontology itself. Examples: My-Creator, Cyclist-Notes, Shared-Notes, Salient-Assertions, Axiom-Conclusion-Action-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meta-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (meta-relation) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Meta-Predicate can be used to define other predicates.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meta-relation :SUBCLASS-OF (relationship) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of relations. Each element of Meta-Relation can be used to define other relations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME metal :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((solid-fn |(SOLID-FN METAL)|) (documentation "A collection of tangible stuffs. Every instance of Metal is a piece of stuff defined as a metal only by its chemical composition, not by its physical properties. Thus, Metal includes all instances of Mercury and Potassium as well as all pieces of Brass, Lead, Iron. Cyc infers only by default that metals are solid. Metal-Alloy is a subset of Metal.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME metal-alloy :SUBCLASS-OF (metal artificial-material mixture) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuffs; a subset of Metal. Each instance of Metal-Alloy is a metallic stuff which is a homogeneous blend of at least one part of Unalloyed-Metal with at least one other substance. Metal-Alloy is not a subset of Mixture, because each instance of Metal-Alloy is defined not only by the amounts and kinds of its Constituents, but also (unlike a mixture) by the internal structures formed during its creation. Furthermore, the creation process is typically more complex than Mixing. Common metal alloys include the instances of Bronze, Brass, and Steel. Note that Galvanized-Metal is NOT a subset of Metal-Alloy, because every instance of Galvanized-Metal has a coating of some Zinc on its surface, and thus (unlike an alloy) the components of galvanized metals are not homogenously distributed throughout.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meter :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-distance) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval distance) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the basic unit of measure in the metric system. The meter is also the basic unit of measure for length in CYC. See also MKS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meters-per-second :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure unit-of-speed) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range vector-interval speed scalar-interval) (documentation "(Meters-Per-Second NUMBER) returns a dimensionless rate or speed of NUMBER meters per second. Notice that this result is not presently thought of as incorporating a vector, although it might be modified to do so at some point in the future if this should prove appropriate.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME meters-per-second-per-second :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-acceleration mks-unit-of-measure standard-unit-of-measure) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval acceleration) (documentation "The basic measure of acceleration") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME microscopic-scale-object :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Every instance of Microscopic-Scale-Object is a material object which is so small that human beings cannot perceive it, except (perhaps) with the use of special devices such as electron microscopes. Some types of Microscopic-Scale-Object include its subsets Molecule, Atom, Sub-Atomic-Particle, Chloroplast, and Mitochondrion.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME microtheory :SUBCLASS-OF (intangible-individual abstract-information) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all microtheories, or `mts' for short. Microtheories implement contexts in Cyc. Each mt serves to group a set of assertions together that share some common assumptions. Thus each mt can be thought of as having two parts: a corpus of assertions that represent the `content' of the mt, and a separate corpus of assertions that represent the `assumptions' which are being made. E.g., in a normal modern everyday life microtheory, there might be hundreds of content assertions such as `drivers are at least 16 years old', and there might be dozens of assumption assertions about that microtheory's content, such as `all actors are assumed to be law-abiding'. You can think of the assumptions as a set of extra conjuncts on the left hand side (the antecedent or `if'-part) of every content assertion in the mt. Each assertion in the knowledge base must be explicitly stated to be true in at least one mt. It will then (by inference) also be true in all the more specialized contexts. If something is true in the `life in North America' mt, then it should by default be true in the `life in Canada' mt. I.e., the microtheories are organized into a generalization/specialization lattice by the predicate Genl-Mt (q.v.), just as collections are organized into such a lattice by :subclass-of, and just as predicates are organized into such a lattice by Genl-Preds. Just as a collection may have several incommensurable supersets, so too a microtheory may have several incommensurable Genl-Mts. Just as each and every collection must have some explicitly recorded superset (except for Thing), each and every mt must have some (expicitly recorded) more general mt (except for the BaseKB, which is the most general context, containing universal, timeless truths). Just as a Cyc concept may have multiple incommensurable sets of which it is an element (via Isa), so too a Cyc assertion may be declared to be true in a set of incommensurable mts. Every query is made in some mt, so the answer you get might very well depend on the mt in which you ask the question. Let's call the current context C1, for the remainder of this paragraph. The only assertions which can be used in C1 to answer the query are those assertions which were explicitly stated to be true in C1 or in some more general mt than C1. But what if you want and need something like assertion P, to answer the question, but P doesn't fit that criterion, though P is true in some other mts that are unrelated to C1? You can `import' or `lift' P into C1, by conjoining to its left hand side (if-part) the various assumptions of a context C999 in which P is known to be true. I.e., what you actually conclude to be true in C1 is an assertion of the form `if a1 and a2 and... then P', where a1, a2,... are the assumptions of a context in which P holds (but which are NOT implied by assumptions of C1). When there are several contexts to choose from, from which to import P, you will usually prefer the context whose assumptions are most similar to C1's assumptions, so there will be few extra conjuncts that need to be inserted in the `lifting' process. There is an implicit third component to each Microtheory, namely the Cyc terms which are `known about' in that mt. E.g., Lenat is not `known about' in a microtheory set in prehistoric times; Photochemical-Energy-Transduction is not `known about' in a microtheory representing things that a toddler believes to be true; etc. Unlike the content and the assumptions, however, there is no need to explicitly collect into one list all the terms which are `known about'. Rather, one could compute such a list by looking at all the terms which are mentioned anywhere in the content assertions of the mt. Note that Microtheory is itself a `first-class object', as is each and every element of that collection --- e.g., Commercial-Buying-Mt, World-Geography-Mt, US-Healthcare-Mt, Human-Social-Life-Mt, etc. The assertions about a Microtheory are just like any other Cyc assertions. Note that one important predicate we haven't mentioned here yet is the one that says `assertion P is true in microtheory M'. That predicate is Ist. Thus: (Ist M P). Note that another important predicate we haven't mentioned here yet is the one that says `microtheory M has the proposition P as a domain assumption'. Thus: (Domain-Assumptions M P).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME microtheory-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Each element of Microtheory-Predicate is a predicate used to describe the properties and relationships of instances of Microtheory. Examples: Domain-Assumptions, Mt-Time, Genl-Mt, Adheres-To-Code-Of-Conduct, Ist-Agreement, Ist-Obligation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME microtheory-type :SUBCLASS-OF (collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each instance of Microtheory-Type is a type of Microtheory, for example, Problem-Solving-Cntxt and General-Microtheory.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME microwaved :INSTANCE-OF (preparation-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The attribute Microwaved is a specialized form of Cooked. Food that is Microwaved has been prepared in an event of Microwaving, using a Microwave-Oven.") (genl-attributes cooked)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME microwaving :SUBCLASS-OF (cooking-food) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type default-disjoint-script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events in which a Microwave-Oven is used to heat food (or drink). After a Microwaving event, the food involved has been Microwaved.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME midday :SUBCLASS-OF (qualitative-time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Midday is the daily event where the Sun is near its `highest' position in the daily cycle. A Midday overlaps the start of an Afternoon, and a Morning overlaps the start of a Midday.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME middle-name :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of name-of-agent) (range human-given-name-string) (domain person) (documentation "(Middle-Name X STRNG) means that Person X is known by the Human-Given-Name-String STRNG as his or her middle name. E.g., (Middle-Name Lenat ``Bruce''). A person rarely has more than one middle name. In some cultures, when a wedding occurs, one party changes their middle name to whatever their Last-Name used to be, thus leading to cases where the person's new middle name is actually a Human-Family-Name-String rather than a Human-Given-Name-String --- the same is true in some cultures when an infant is born and given, as a middle name, the last name of a grandparent (other than the infant's last name).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME migratory-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Animal@cyc; the collection of animals that change their dwelling place on a periodic, typically seasonal basis. Such behavior is usually characteristic of particular types of Biological-Species.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME miles-per-hour :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-speed) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range vector-interval speed scalar-interval) (documentation "A unit of speed") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME military-aircraft :SUBCLASS-OF (air-transportation-device solid-tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all aircraft used for military purposes, or equipped to be used for such purposes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME military-officer :SUBCLASS-OF (military-person leader) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people, a subset of Military-Person. Each element of this collection is somebody who is an officer in some Military-Organization, e.g., an element of Admiral or Lieutenant.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME military-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Military-Organization is an organization whose function (and expertise) is the use of armed force, or the threat of such use, against enemies, especially other organized, armed enemies. A military organization includes its fighting forces and their command structure, together with dedicated support services controlled by that military command. Typically, there are special conditions in the relationships between a Military-Organization and its workers, going beyond what is expected of work agreements in civilian settings, including strict sanctions to enforce obedience. This collection includes Government-Military-Organizations such as the armies, navies, air forces, etc., of the world's governments, and in addition private armies, rebel armies, and organized mercenary units.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME military-person :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Military-Person is a person who works for some Military-Organization, usually holding some Military-Title or rank. Subsets include Military-Officer and Enlisted-Person.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME min-quant-value :INSTANCE-OF (slot reflexive-binary-predicate relationship-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-point-value) (domain scalar-interval) (documentation "(Min-Quant-Value SCALAR POINT) means that the lower limit of SCALAR is POINT, an element of Scalar-Point-Value. SCALAR is an element of Scalar-Interval. For example, the Min-Quant-Value for the pay of mail room employees might be (Dollars-Per-Hour 4.5); e.g., (Min-Quant-Value `MailPay' (Dollars-Per-Hour 4.5)). Another example: (Min-Quant-Value (Unity 5 10) 5).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mineral :SUBCLASS-OF (inorganic-stuff natural-tangible-stuff solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Mineral is a piece of homogeneous inorganic physical substance that has a crystalline structure. For example, instances of Diamond, Turquoise-Gem, Jade-Gem, Corundum.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mineral-ore :SUBCLASS-OF (earth-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things; a subset of Earth-Stuff. Each element of Mineral-Ore is a piece of substance from which some useful Mineral can be extracted. For example, elements of Iron-Ore, Bauxite-Ore, and Copper-Ore.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME minus-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot function-from-quantities-to-quantities) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain scalar-interval) (range scalar-interval) (documentation "Minus-Fn is the unary mathematical function that changes the sign of the number taken as its argument; e.g., (Minus-Fn 2) returns -2, and (Minus-Fn -2) returns 2.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME minute-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function non-predicate-function individual-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range calendar-minute) (documentation "(Minute-Fn ?M ?H) denotes a Calendar-Minute -- in particular, minute number ?M of hour ?H. For example, (Minute-Fn 12 (Hour-Fn 18 (Day-Fn 14 (Month-Fn February (Year-Fn 1966))))) denotes 6:12pm Feb. 14th, 1966")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain minute-fn 2 calendar-hour) (nth-domain minute-fn 1 non-negative-integer)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME minute-unit-of-angular-measure :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-angular-distance unit-of-measure-no-prefix) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval physical-attribute) (documentation "A unit to measure the size of angles, in the Imperial system of measurement. 60 minutes = 1 degree (Degree-Unit-Of-Angular-Measure)") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME minutes-duration :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-time) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity scalar-interval) (documentation "Minutes-Duration is a function that takes one or two numbers and returns, as its value, some amount of Time. An expression of the form (Minutes-Duration ?min ?max) denotes a quantity of Time that is at least ?min minutes and at most ?max minutes. An expression of the form (Minutes-Duration ?num) denotes a quantity of Time that is exactly ?num minutes.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME misty-physical-state :INSTANCE-OF (physical-structural-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A physical attribute. Misty-Physical-State is the Physical-Structural-Attribute that characterizes mist; i.e., being a mixture of a gaseous substance with suspended particles of liquid.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mixing :SUBCLASS-OF (handling-an-object creation-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each Mixing, two or more substances are combined to form a Mixture.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mixture :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuffs. Every instance of Mixture is a tangible stuff composed of two or more different Constituents which have been mixed. The stuffs which were inputs to the mixing do not form chemical bonds between them, and at a later time the mixture may be resolved by some Separation-Event. Examples include all elements of the collections Blood, Mud, Air, and Carbonated-Beverage. A mixture has a composition but not a structure; thus, the following are NOT mixtures, since all have some structure: a wet sponge, a person, or a portion of plywood. Note: By default, mixtures are assumed to be stable, i.e., they won't separate on their own. Use Separating-Constituent to override this default for a constituent that does separate out spontaneously (e.g. a Carbonated-Beverage going flat).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mks-unit-of-measure :SUBCLASS-OF (unit-of-measure) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Unit-Of-Measure. MKS-Unit-Of-Measure is the collection of all the measurement functions whose results use the MKS (i.e., meter-kilogram-second) system of measure to describe physical quantities. Examples: Meters-Per-Second-Per-Second, Liter, Metric-Ton.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mob :SUBCLASS-OF (group) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Group. Each element of Mob is a group that contains a large number of objects or events of the same type. Mobs typically have too many members to enumerate or reify; one rarely refers to particular mob members, or at most refers to relatively few of them. Examples: the Andes-Mountains is a mob of mountains; each element of Galaxy is a mob of stars; a cup of sand is a mob of grains of sand; and making popcorn involves a mob of corn kernel bursting events.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mob-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain object-type) (range collection) (arity 2) (documentation "Mob-Fn is a Cyc Collection-Denoting-Function. Mob-Fn is used for referring to specializations of Mob@cyc; esp. note that applications of Mob-Fn produce COLLECTIONS (of mobs), not individual mobs. Mob-Fn takes any element of Object-Type as its argument and returns a subset of Mob, namely the collection containing those mobs whose Group-Members are elements of that Object-Type. (Mob-Fn OBJ-TYPE) denotes the collection of all mobs whose members belong to (:instance-of) OBJ-TYPE. For example, a clump of hair on my head is an element of (Mob-Fn Hair-Strand). The collection Galaxy is a subset of (Mob-Fn Star). And the collection Applauding (i.e., all applause events) could be referred to as (Mob-Fn `HandClappingEvent').") (result-genl mob)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME modal :SUBCLASS-OF (verb) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all modal auxiliary verbs. Modals have only tensed forms, do not inflect for person and number, and can take contracted negation. Example: `should'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME modal-relationship :SUBCLASS-OF (relationship) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates and functions. Each element of Modal-Relationship is a predicate or function wherein substituting equals for equals may not preserve truth. For example, `believes': even though Jack's age is equal to 29, we can't substitute `29' for `Jack's age' in the sentence `Fred believes that Jack's age is 31', because Fred surely does NOT believe that 29 is 31. Thus, `believes' is a modal relationship. So are meta-predicates such as My-Creator: e.g., suppose that Doug Lenat added the term FirstUSPresident to the Cyc ontology, and Cyc later is told that that person was George Washington, who in turn is represented by the term George-Washington, which term was NOT entered by Doug but by Karen Pittman; it would be incorrect to substitute equals for equals [that is, to substitute George-Washington for FirstUSPresident] in the assertion (My-Creator FirstUSPresident Lenat) and conclude (My-Creator George-Washington Lenat), since Doug did not enter the latter term into Cyc's ontology. Thus, meta-predicates such as My-Creator are also modal relationships. The same applies to functions; e.g., if we had a function such as MyCreatorFn, then (MyCreatorFn FirstUSPresident) would not have the same value as (MyCreatorFn George-Washington).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME moderately-alert :INSTANCE-OF (alertness) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Moderately-Alert is an Alertness attribute which is a specialization of Awake. It is the normal state of an Animal which is awake but paying particular attention to its environment. It is a higher Alertness-Level than Sleepy, but lower than Very-Alert.") (genl-attributes awake)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME modern-human-residence :SUBCLASS-OF (modern-shelter-construction human-residence) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of both Human-Residence and Modern-Shelter-Construction. Each element of Modern-Human-Residence is a humanly constructed shelter of a modern type, in which people live. Such residences are the typical dwellings in the developed world of the late 20th century and may be found in the more affluent regions of the developing world. Examples include houses in suburban `developments', modern apartment buildings, `modular' homes, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME modern-naval-ship :SUBCLASS-OF (ship weapon) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Ships that have been used since the Nineteenth Century primarily for naval purposes, including military attack and defense, reconnaisance, support, rescue, coastal monitoring, etc. Such a ship is naval in this sense even if it is not operated by a Navy. Most ModernNavalShips are specifically constructed for naval purposes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME modern-shelter-construction :SUBCLASS-OF (building) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of construction artifacts; a subset of Building (q.v.). An instance of Modern-Shelter-Construction is a building that provides comfortable shelter for humans during some of their daily activities. Elements of Modern-Shelter-Construction have the kinds of features found in modern-day buildings in Europe, the USA, and other technologically developed parts of the world, namely, amenities like doors, plumbing, electricity, and probably some kind of climate control system for maintaining humanly comfortable conditions Indoors. Examples include the New-York-Hilton-At-Broadway, the Sydney-Opera-House, and instances of the collection Modern-Human-Residence (e.g., a newly built home in a suburban development or a renovated brownstone in NYC).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME molecular-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuff. Every instance of Molecular-Stuff is a portion of stuff composed of covalently-bonded molecules. Thus, Water and DNA are subsets of MolecularStuff@cyc; each of their instances consists of covalently bonded molecules. But instances of Salt-Na-Cl are not examples of Molecular-Stuff. Also, Oxygen is not a subset of Molecular-Stuff, since Oxygen denotes anything composed of that element, not just O2 (molecular oxygen) and O3 (ozone). ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME molecule :SUBCLASS-OF (chemical-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microscopic-scale objects; a subset of Chemical-Object. Every instance of Molecule is a microscopic object whose component atoms are all chemically bonded to each other; typically, this means that the atoms are covalently bonded. Examples: some instances of Molecule, including molecules of oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), water (H2O), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), etc., contain covalently bonded atoms belonging to the collection Oxygen. Some highly complex examples of Molecule are those belonging to the collection DNA. See also Molecule-Fn. Note: Diamond and other macroscopic covalent solids are excluded from belonging to Molecule by the constraint that instances of Molecule are microscopic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME molecule-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain chemical-compound-type) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Molecule-Fn is a Cyc function, specifically a Collection-Denoting-Function. It takes an instance of Chemical-Compound-Type as its sole argument and returns the set of all molecules of that compound. (Molecule-Fn X) denotes the collection of all Molecules of Molecular-Stuff X. For example, (Molecule-Fn Water) is the collection of all water molecules.") (arg1-genl molecular-stuff) (result-genl molecule)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME monera-kingdom :INSTANCE-OF (biological-kingdom) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A biological kingdom including bacteria, blue green algae, and prochlorophytes (recently discovered). All members are prokaryotes - their cells lack a nuclear membrane and other internal organelles.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME monetary-exchange-of-user-rights :SUBCLASS-OF (money-transaction exchange-of-user-rights) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which two Agents (Exchangers) perform two Transferring-Possessions with each other, one of which is a Money-Transfer. The Buyer gains possession (i.e., some User-Rights-Attribute) of the Object-Paid-For from the Seller, who gains possession of the Object-Tendered. Note that Renting, as well as Buying, is a Monetary-Exchange-Of-User-Rights")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME monetary-flow-rate :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval attribute-value money-rate rate) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of rates; a subset of Scalar-Interval. Each element of Monetary-Flow-Rate is a rate at which money is earned, spent, transferred, lost, invested, etc. It is a measurable quantity, expressed as a rate of units of money per unit of time, such as Dollars-Per-Hour (see Unit-Of-Monetary-Flow-Rate). Monetary-Flow-Rate includes generic intervals, such as those which describe (in a particular context) High-Income-Level, Low-Income-Level, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME monetary-value :INSTANCE-OF (slot interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range money) (domain something-existing) (documentation "The value of an element of Something-Existing. For the time being, expressed in a monetary curency.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class fundamental-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of amounts of currency or debt, of which payments, wealth, capital, assets, etc., consist. An instance of Money may be considered as either (1) an amount of actual, valuable tangible goods (such as gold) or (2) an abstract quantity. That is, from one perspective, elements of Money represent the amount of a debt (or credit), while from another perspective, they represent what is actually transferred to create or discharge a debt. Typically, money is created by national governments; either (a) money is a backed claim for a certain amount of precious physical wealth payable by the government on demand (e.g., the gold standard), or (b) money is a legally enforced means of debt payment without any backing. Elements of Money in Cyc may be either a fixed amount, such as a U.S. five-dollar bill, or a range, such as `the price of a 1997 Mazda Protege'. See Unit-Of-Money for the units used by Cyc to measure instances of Money. Note: The tangible coins, bills, checks, etc., that represent certain amounts of Money (but which as physical objects may have little value) are elements of Tender-Object, not of Money. Elements of Tender-Object which also belong to Currency are typically associated with some instance of Unit-Of-Money (e.g., Dollar-United-States) and have a fixed value.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money-rate :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class derived-numeric-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of rates; a subset of Scalar-Interval. Each element of Money-Rate is a measurement applied to something that is measured by money-per-amount; e.g., $1.14 per gallon, $10,000 per acre, $250 per week, $0.89 per pound. Important subsets of Money-Rate include: Money-Per-Volume-Rate, Money-Per-Area-Rate, Money-Per-Mass-Rate, Monetary-Flow-Rate. The units for Money-Rate measures are terms such as Dollars-Per-Square-Foot, Dollars-Per-Hour, Yen per kilo, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money-tender-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Money-Tender-Type is a collection of objects of a type commonly offered in payment for goods, services, fees, wage-work, etc. Examples include Currency, Credit-Card, Travellers-Check, Money-Order, Postage-Stamp, Check-Tender-Object, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money-transaction :SUBCLASS-OF (transaction transferring-possession commercial-activity money-transfer) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. Each element of Money-Transaction is an event in which a transfer of money occurs. Thus, buying something, investing, making a donation, executing a bequest and exchanging currency, are all examples of Money-Transaction events.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money-transfer :SUBCLASS-OF (transferring-possession generalized-transfer purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The most generic collection of events in which Money changes hands. Thus, in an instance of Money-Transfer, there is some way in which money transfers possession -- though `ownership' of the funds may or may not be transferred from and/or to the agents involved. E.g., an ATM withdrawal from the user's own account, a utility payment made at one's local grocery store, buying a newspaper, getting change for a dollar from a cashier, are all examples of Money-Transfer events. Compare this collection with its subset MoneyTransaction@cyc; in money Transactions, which are also elements of Commercial-Activity, not only is there a transfer of money, but it is done as part of an agreement (explicit or implicit) between the two participating agents that one will do something for the other -- something more than bookkeeping -- contingent upon the transfer of funds.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money-transfer-mode :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range money-tender-type) (domain money-transfer) (documentation "(Money-Transfer-Mode TRANSACTION TYPE) means that in some particular money transfer TRANSACTION, the Money-Tender-Type used in that transaction was TYPE, e.g., Credit-Card, Check-Tender-Object, etc.") (arg2-genl tender-object)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME money-transferred :INSTANCE-OF (slot cost-breakdown-slot interval-based-quantity-slot role) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range money) (domain money-transfer buying) (documentation "This predicate indicates the amount of money involved in a particular transfer of funds. (Money-Transferred TRANS MONEY) means that MONEY is the quantity of Money transferred in the money transfer event TRANS. Note: MONEY is distinct from the physical Tender-Objects (q.v.) used to accomplish that transfer (cf. Object-Tendered). For example, the Money-Transferred to pay a car payment might be the amount US$400, while the Object-Tendered in the paying is an instance of Check-Tender-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME month-fn :INSTANCE-OF (function non-predicate-function individual-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range calendar-month) (documentation "(Month-Fn ?M ?YR) denotes a Calendar-Month -- in particular, the month of type ?M during ?YR. For example, (Month-Fn February (Year-Fn 1966)) denotes Feb. of 1966. Note that Month-Fn -- unlike Day-Fn, Hour-Fn, etc. -- does NOT take a number as its first argument.") (arg1-genl calendar-month)) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain month-fn 2 calendar-year) (nth-domain month-fn 1 conventional-classification-type)(nth-domain month-fn 1 annual-event-type) (nth-domain month-fn 1 temporally-disjoint-interval-type)(nth-domain month-fn 1 month-of-year-type) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME month-of-year-type :SUBCLASS-OF (collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME months-duration :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-time) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range time-quantity scalar-interval) (documentation "This is a function that takes one or two numbers and returns, as its value, some amount of Time. An expression of the form (Months-Duration ?min ?max) denotes a quantity of Time that is at least ?min months and at most ?max months. (Months-Duration ?num) denotes a quantity of Time that is exactly ?num months.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME morning :SUBCLASS-OF (qualitative-time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A Morning is an Event where the Sun apparently `rises' and `moves' to its `highest' position in the daily cycle, i.e. from a Sunrise to the ensuing noon (the latter of which is the Starting-Point of a Time-Of-Day-Noon-Hour) Each ?M which Isa Morning is Contiguous-After an Overnight, and an Afternoon is Contiguous-After ?M; and ?M overlaps the start of a Midday.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mother :INSTANCE-OF (slot family-relation-slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal biological-mother) (range female-animal) (domain animal) (documentation "(Mother OFFSPRING FEMALE) means that the Female-Animal FEMALE is the female biological parent of the Animal OFFSPRING .") (documentation "(Mother CHILD MOM) means MOM is one of the persons who fulfill the role of mother for CHILD. This may or may not include CHILD's biological mother, and might include CHILD's step mother(s) or foster mother(s).")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of mother transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME motorboat :SUBCLASS-OF (boat-water-transportation-device transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all boats usually powered by motors (including in-board and out-board motors). If a boat is primarily a Sailboat, but has a back-up motor to use when becalmed or piloting, that is not enough to make it a Motorboat. To be more precise, this collection is the intersection of Boat-Water-Transportation-Device, Internal-Combustion-Powered-Device and Transportation-Device-Vehicle.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME motorcycle :SUBCLASS-OF (land-transportation-device transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((transport-via-fn |(TRANSPORT-VIA-FN MOTORCYCLE)|) (documentation "The collection of all motorcycles, two-wheeled motorized personal transport devices. A motorcycle lacks a cab or compartment to protect the driver from wind and weather. Since motorcycles are used both on and off road, this is not a spec of Road-Vehicle.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mountain :SUBCLASS-OF (|(SOLID-FN EARTH-STUFF)| land-topographical-feature) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((mob-fn |(MOB-FN MOUNTAIN)|) (documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each element of Mountain is a geographical region of significantly higher elevation than its surrounding area. Mountains may occur individually or as part of a chain (see Mountain-Range). Examples: Mount-Whitney, Diamond-Head-Mountain, Mount-Kosciusko, Ayers-Rock, Mount-Olympus.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mountain-range :SUBCLASS-OF (land-topographical-feature |(MOB-FN MOUNTAIN)|) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each element of Mountain-Range is a natural group of mountains. Examples: the Rocky-Mountains, Andes-Mountains, Alps-Mountains.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mouth :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class unique-anatomical-part-type animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animal mouths. A mouth is a container Animal-Body-Part of an Animal. It has an opening (a Portal) to the region outside the organism. Through that opening, the animal ingests tangible substances from the environment, such as food, water, air, etc. Additional activities, such as Chewing, may occur in the Mouth, and it may participate in other activities such as talking, kissing, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-event :SUBCLASS-OF (generalized-transfer physical-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Movement-Event is the most general collection of events which are physical movements. Each element of Movement-Event is an action primarily about some element(s) of Partially-Tangible rotating or translating, periodically or nonperiodically, with respect to some frame of reference which is not a part of the Object-Moving. Thus, Neil Armstrong stepping from the lunar landing module onto the Moon's surface is an instance of Movement-Event. Another element of this collection: the turning of the Earth on its axis 31 times during the month of August 1996. Li Xiaoshuang's compulsory floor exercise in the 1996 Olympics Men's Gymnastics Team Competition is also a (complex!) movement event. Note on what is NOT included in this concept: Consider a person raising her hand and waving, or a tree whose branches are bending in a strong wind: the person and the tree are remaining in the same place, so that person and that tree are not moving in the sense of Movement-Event (though the hand and the branches are). In other words, `performers' which do not, as a whole, rotate or translate are not Actors in any element of Movement-Event. However, the waving person and tree events would have Sub-Events which DO belong to Movement-Event, in which a hand, a branch, etc., `moves' in this sense. Note also that elements of Transformation-Event, such as a caterpillar turning into a butterfly, or of Shaping-Something, such as molding a piece of clay into the bust of Napoleon, are also not necessarily elements of this collection, because they do not involve motion of the whole object with respect to some frame of reference that is different from the object's. (See also Frame-Of-Reference.) Note: When classifying something into Movement-Event, one should consider (1) is it translational or rotational motion? (2) is it periodic or nonperiodic? (3) does it involve a continuous flow or a discrete (an object or objects moving completely from one place to another) motion? (4) does it involve a location change or no location change? (5) does it involve a single pathway or more than one? Based on the answers to those questions, one or more of these subsets of Movement-Event may more precisely represent the moving: Movement-Translation-Event, Movement-Rotation, Movement-Periodic, Movement-Non-Periodic, Translation-Flow, Translation-Complete, Translation-Single-Path, Translation-Multi-Path.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept movement-event sensus-information1997 "MOTION-PROCESS") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-non-periodic :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Movement-Non-Periodic is a subset of Movement-Event. Each element of this collection is an Event in which the Object-Moving does not return to a previous location or orientation (either not at all or only in a chaotic fashion). E.g., the motion of a basketball being dribbled by Magic Johnson as he runs downcourt. For contrast, see Movement-Periodic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-periodic :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events, and a subset of Movement-Event. An element of this collection is an Event in which the Object-Moving returns repeatedly to a certain location or orientation at more or less regular time intervals. E.g., the motion of a seesaw one afternoon; the dribbling of a basketball in place by Magic Johnson; the motion of a slinky going down a staircase as it periodically changes its orientation through a fixed, repetive series of orientations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-process :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Movement-Process is a subset of Movement-Event. Its elements are those Movement-Events which can be considered as continuous motions. That is, (1) motion happens without interruption throughout a Movement-Process, and thus (2) every time-slice of a Movement-Process is also a Movement-Process.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-rotation :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-event) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Movement-Rotation is a subset of Movement-Event. Elements of Movement-Rotation are those moving events in which the Object-Moving rotates about an internal or external axis. For example, the daily rotation of the Earth on its axis, or the rotation of a clock hand about its fastened end.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-translation-event :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-event translocation) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "This collection is a subset of Movement-Event. An element of this set is an Event in which the center of mass of the Object-Moving changes location, with respect to the relevant frame of reference. Moreover, the moving object travels along some Pathway-Complete from its origin (From-Location) to its stopping place (To-Location) and must, at some point during the movement, be in a different location than it was at the start of motion (even if it ultimately returns to the origin). So: One special subset of translational movements includes those in which the movement ends in the same place it started from (e.g., one lap of a race car around the Indianapolis race trace; a trip to the grocery store and back); this subset is Translation-No-Location-Change (including its subset Translation-Round-Trip). The other case is where the From-Location and To-Location of a Movement-Translation-Event are different; in that case, the movement event is also an element of Translation-Location-Change (e.g., the movement of the baseball during a home run hit by Roger Maris.) Note that a Stationary object cannot be an Object-Moving in a Movement-Translation-Event, because it has a zero translational velocity.")) :SENTENCES ((the-covering movement-translation-event movement-rotation |(THE-COVERING MOVEMENT-TRANSLATION-EVENT MOVEMENT-ROTATION)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME movement-translation-process :SUBCLASS-OF (movement-translation-event movement-process) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Movement-Translation-Process is the subset of Movement-Translation-Event whose elements can be pragmatically considered to be continuous processes. In any instance of Movement-Translation-Process, all time-slices of that process are also themselves elements of Movement-Translation-Process. Note that walking is a type of Movement-Translation-Process, even though it involves some nonzero accelerations and jerks. A non-example would be a plot of the various residences you've lived in (``moved to'') over the course of your lifetime; another non-example would be Captain Kirk beaming up to the Enterprise; another would be the ``tunneling'' of an electron in a tunnel diode. Note: If you believe in quantum mechanics, then ultimately all physical motion is series of discrete, discontinous ``hops''. This is where ``PRAGMATICALLY'' continuous vs. discontinuous comes in; i.e., in a quantum physics context some particular motion might be considered discontinuous, whereas in some naive everyday context that same motion is considered continuous.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mt-inference-function :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-symbol) (domain microtheory) (documentation "The function which is used to perform inference within this microtheory.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME multi-directional-communication :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of complex information transfer events. Each element of Multi-Directional-Communication is an event in which more than one agent is involved as a Sender-Of-Info. For example, a conversation or a debate, as opposed to a speech or lecture. The predicate Info-Contributed is used to correlate each sending agent with the information s/he transmits in such an event. For communication acts having only one sender, see Communication-Act-Single.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME multi-graph :SUBCLASS-OF (set-with-structure) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An instance of Path-System-Type and a subcollection of Path-System. Each instance of Multi-Graph is an instance of Path-System in which the only points are nodes in the system and all paths are made of links (i.e., no intermediate points along links). Sometime such a system is called a graph or multi-graph in graph theory. A Multi-Graph consists of nodes interconnected by links, with loops on single nodes allowed, and with multiple links between the same two nodes also allowed. (For a graph with no parallel links and no loops, see Simple-Graph-Graph-Theoretic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME multiplication-units :INSTANCE-OF (relation bookkeeping-predicate ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The Cyc predicate Multiplication-Units is used to state what measurement units should be used for the product of two physical quantities, given the units measuring each of the quantities multiplied. (Multiplication-Units UM-1 UM-2 PROD-UM) means that the value of (Times-Fn (UM-1 x) (UM-2 y)) should be given in the units PROD-UM. For example, (Multiplication-Units Mile Mile Square-Mile). See also Unit-Of-Measure, Times-Fn.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain multiplication-units 3 unit-of-measure) (nth-domain multiplication-units 2 unit-of-measure)(nth-domain multiplication-units 1 unit-of-measure) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME muscle-powered-device :SUBCLASS-OF (kinetic-energy-powered-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Muscle-Powered-Device is a device which is powered by animal muscle power (including human labor); e.g., hammers, horse-drawn carriages, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME muscle-tissue :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all instances of muscle tissue, considered as an OrganicStuff@cyc; that is, the collection of all tissue composing the biological organs that convert chemical energy into mechanical energy. E.g., the elements of Biceps, Triceps, Heart, Stomach, all consist of some type of Muscle-Tissue.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME muscular-system :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animals' muscle systems. A Muscular-System of an animal is composed of all its muscles, considered as a functional whole. As a system, they work together to enable foot motions in locomotion, pumping in circulation, breathing in respiration, biting and chewing and swallowing in eating, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME music :SUBCLASS-OF (sound-information-bearing-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of sounds; a subset of Sound-Information-Bearing-Thing. Each element of Music is a sound produced by actions such as singing, whistling, playing an instrument, playing recorded music, etc. Music has certain features that distinguish it from random noise (though recognizing them may depend upon a specific cultural background); such features usually include variations of pitch over time (i.e., melody), multiple (somehow) related pitches sounding at one time (i.e., some kind of harmony), and/or some regular temporal pattern to the component sounds (i.e., rhythm). Examples of Music include: the debut performance of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony; Leonard Bernstein's rendition of the Ninth Symphony with the BPO in Berlin in 1989; a particular playing of a particular CD of Bernstein's 1989 Ninth in Berlin; the Messiah sing-in in Austin, TX, in 1995.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME mutually-disjoint-interval-collection :SUBCLASS-OF (collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Any element, X, which is an element of Mutually-Disjoint-Interval-Collection is a collection of interval types X1, X2, X3,..., whose instances are temporallyDisjoint@cyc; that is, each instance of X1 has no temporal intersection with any instance of X2 or X3 or...; each instance of X2 has no temporal intersection with any instance of X1 or X3 or...; etc. For example, consider Day-Of-Week-Type, whose instances are Monday, Tuesday,... It is true that (:instance-of Day-Of-Week-Type Mutually-Disjoint-Interval-Collection), because no Monday can temporally intersect any Tuesday or Wednesday or....; no Tuesday can temporally intersect any Monday or Wednesday or...; etc. Other elements of Mutually-Disjoint-Interval-Collection include Day-Of-Week-Type, Calendar-Season-Type, Hour-Of-Day-Type, and so on. See also Temporally-Disjoint-Interval-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME my-creation-time :INSTANCE-OF (slot bookkeeping-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range positive-integer) (domain reifiable-term) (documentation "(My-Creation-Time X TIME) means that the constant X was created at time TIME. TIME is not, however, an instance of Date. This assertion is not intended for inference, only for documentation, so the format is a simple one, designed for human readability and for use by internal Cyc functions. The format of TIME is YYYYMMDD, so for example, 19870911 is September 11, 1987.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME my-creator :INSTANCE-OF (slot bookkeeping-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyclist) (domain reifiable-term) (documentation "(My-Creator X Y) means that Y is the constant representing the person who introduced the constant X into the Cyc vocabulary. In general, the editing interfaces to the Cyc KB only allow the KB to be modified when an instance of Cyclist is designated as the author of the changes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME my-entity :INSTANCE-OF (slot inter-existing-object-slot functional-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range entity) (domain something-existing) (documentation "(My-Entity ?X ?Y) indicates that ?Y is an Entity (qv) and that ?X is some subabstraction of ?Y. That is, (Sub-Abstrac ?Y ?X). Note that each Something-Existing ?X will generally have one unique Entity ?Y of which it is a Sub-Abstrac. E.g., (My-Entity AlbertEinsteinWhileAtPrinceton AlbertEinstein).") (genl-inverse sub-abstrac)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME n-tuple-interval :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value tuple) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical objects; a subset of Tuple. Each element of N-Tuple-Interval is a tuple (an ordered list of items) whose items are intervals. For example, vectors and complex numbers, as well as scalar intervals (which are one-tuples). Note that intervals in Cyc may be numerical, or they may be intervals along any scale with distinguishable gradations (e.g., riskiness, alertness, roughness of texture).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME name-of-agent :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate intangible-object-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of name-string) (range proper-name-string) (domain agent) (documentation "(Name-Of-Agent AGT STRING) means STRING is the name(s) of AGT. AGT can be a Person, Animal, Organization, etc. In most contexts, this means that AGT may normally be called STRING, in that context, and should therefore include their Salutation if the context is a formal one, should omit their Last-Name if it is unambiguous and the context is an intimate one, etc..")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME name-string :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range proper-name-string) (domain reifiable-term) (documentation "(Name-String THING STRING) means that the name of the thing THING is the string STRING. Use it to connect constants or NATS with their names. For agents, use the more specific predicate Name-Of-Agent.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept name-string sensus-information1997 "NAME-OF") (synonymous-external-concept name-string sensus-information1997 "NAME-RELATION")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME named-roadway :SUBCLASS-OF (street-generic) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of named parts (stretches or segments) of roadways. (Not roadway the stuff.) Instances are named pieces of roadways (or highways or streets) which have names and lengths, and (usually) intersect with other roads. ")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME narrative :SUBCLASS-OF (propositional-information-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of pieces of information; a subset of Propositional-Information-Thing. Each element of Narrative is a recounting of events, told in sequence (or so that their temporal order is decipherable) and involving some agent or members of a set of agents. Narratives may be factual or fictional; thus, the agents involved may be real people or fictional characters. Examples: the Peloponnesian-War-History-By-Thucydides, the Frankenstein-Novel of Mary Shelley, Mark Twain's Adventures-Of-Huckleberry-Finn.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME national-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of National-Organization is an organization which has nationwide `scope' -- that is, nationwide distribution (throughout some Country) of members and/or activities, as opposed to to local, state-wide or international organizations. Examples: the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the Daughters of the American Revolution in the United States; the Red Guards and the Young Pioneers in China (PROC).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME national-postal-service :SUBCLASS-OF (legal-government-organization service-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of national postal services run by the governments of their particular countries. The United States Postal Service would be an example, but United Parcel Service, since it is a private business, wouldn't be.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME national-tax-agency :SUBCLASS-OF (legal-government-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of government organizations. An element of National-Tax-Agency is a revenue agency that is part of the government of a Country and which is concerned primarily with collecting tax money (from national taxes) from the residents of that Country. This collection does NOT include customs agencies and agencies that collect minor fees only.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nationality :SUBCLASS-OF (human-culture-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each Nationality is the set of people resident in (or visiting for a long term) some country -- e.g., American-Person, Trinidad-And-Tobago-Person, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME native-language :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of language-spoken) (range language) (domain person) (documentation "The first language spoken by a person. EntryFormat is Set-The-Format, to cover cases of bi-lingual childhoods.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME natural-language :SUBCLASS-OF (language) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of languages which are used for human communication and evolved naturally. This includes dead languages such as Ancient Greek and Latin but excludes concocted languages such as Esperanto.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME natural-tangible-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of naturally occurring tangible things. Each element of Natural-Tangible-Stuff is a naturally occurring tangible thing, including, for example, elements of its subsets Earth-Stuff, Wood, and Air. Man-made materials are NOT included in Natural-Tangible-Stuff.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME naval-ship-base :SUBCLASS-OF (grounds-of-organization humanly-occupied-spatial-object contact-location) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all naval bases with facilities for Modern-Naval-Ships, or operated by a Navy.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME navigating :SUBCLASS-OF (thinking purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all events in which the performer determines the location of an object in some frame of reference, and determines the direction the object should travel to reach some destination. Navigating usually involves using some devices (compass, clock, etc.) as aids")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME navigation-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices. An instance of Navigation-Device is a device used for Navigating, i.e., for taking the bearings and plotting the course of someone or something travelling through some medium, usually in some transportation device. Instances include the simplest elements of Compass, but also sophisticated GPS (geopositioning systems utilizing satellites.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME navy :SUBCLASS-OF (military-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of military organizations. An element of Navy is a military organization, modern or historical, composed mainly of seaborne forces and/or forces responsible for military operations on water and adjacent coastal areas. Includes battleships and aircraft carriers (with their battle groups), submarines, shore patrol vessels, and special forces, as well as the support personnel of naval bases.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME navy-personnel :SUBCLASS-OF (military-person) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of people, a subset of Military-Person. Each element of this collection is somebody who works for a Navy.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME near :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate spatial-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range spatial-thing) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "(Near THIS THAT) means that the distance between THIS and THAT doesn't exceed the maximum dimension of the smaller object. Thus, two pebbles one mile apart would not be Near each other, but a pebble one centimeter above the earth would be Near the earth.") (genl-inverse near)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of near transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negation-attribute :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range attribute-value) (domain attribute-value) (documentation "(Negation-Attribute ATT1 ATT2) means that a thing cannot have both ATT1 and ATT2 as attributes at the same or overlapping times.") (genl-inverse negation-attribute)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of negation-attribute transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negation-inverse :INSTANCE-OF (slot rule-macro-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range binary-predicate) (domain binary-predicate) (documentation "The predicate Negation-Inverse is used to describe a relationship between some elements of Binary-Predicate. (Negation-Inverse PRED INV) means that if PRED holds between a pair of items , then INV does NOT hold between the inverted pair . In other words, Negation-Inverse is syntactic shorthand for (:=> (PRED X Y) (:not (INV Y X))). Note that PRED and INV may take the same value; e.g., (Negation-Inverse Father Father) is true and means that if X's Father is Y, then X is NOT Y's Father. Thus, Negation-Inverse is true for all elements of Asymmetric-Binary-Predicate.") (genl-inverse negation-inverse)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of negation-inverse transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negation-preds :INSTANCE-OF (slot rule-macro-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range predicate) (domain predicate) (documentation "The predicate Negation-Preds is used to represent a relation between some elements of Predicate. (Negation-Preds PRED1 PRED2) means that PRED1 is a negation of PRED2 in the sense that any tuple in the extension of PRED1 is NOT also a tuple in the extension of PRED1. In other words, (Negation-Preds PRED1 PRED2) is shorthand for (:=> (PRED1 {arg-list}) (:not (PRED2 {arg-list}))). For example, (Negation-Preds Transportees Transporter).") (genl-inverse negation-preds)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of negation-preds transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negative-integer :SUBCLASS-OF (negative-number integer) :INSTANCE-OF (class measurable-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Negative-Integer is a subset of Integer. Each element of Negative-Integer is a whole number less than zero; thus, -4, but not 0 or 4 or -4.3.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negative-number :SUBCLASS-OF (real-number) :INSTANCE-OF (class measurable-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Negative-Number is a subset of Real-Number. Each element of Negative-Number is a real number that is less than zero; thus, it includes -0.17, but not 0 or 5 or 0.17.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negative-vested-interest :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range temporal-thing) (domain agent) (documentation "(Negative-Vested-Interest AGT OBJ) means Agent AGT has a negative interest in the object OBJ or in the good fortune of OBJ, and a positive interest in its misfortune. Generally, AGT will be helped or pleased by the destruction, diminution, weakening, or retarding of OBJ, and will be hurt or displeased if OBJ is preserved or enhanced. See Positive-Vested-Interest.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of negative-vested-interest transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of negative-vested-interest reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of negative-vested-interest irreflexive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME negotiating :SUBCLASS-OF (thinking communicating) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of Communicating events. In a Negotiating, an Agent communicates facts and changes in the Agent'S attitude or conditions to another Agent, with the (ostensible) purpose of their reaching an Agreement.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nervous-system :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all animals' nervous systems. A Nervous-System is composed of all its nerves, brain, etc., and enables the animal to sense things and react to them both by instinct (spinal reflex) and deliberation (brain).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nervousness :SUBCLASS-OF (feeling-attribute) :INSTANCE-OF (class feeling-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Feeling of nervousness and excitability. One can be nervous ABOUT something in particular, or one can have undirected feelings of anxiety. For the former, state an assertion of the form (Feels-Towards-Object ?AGT ?OBJ Nervousness ?DEGREE) or (Feels-Towards-Event ?AGT ?EVNT Nervousness ?DEGREE); but for the latter (undirected feelings of anxiety) use (Feels-Emotion ?AGT Nervousness). Note: This is a collection; for an explanation of a typical Feeling-Attribute-Type, see Happiness. A more specialized Feeling-Attribute-Type than Nervousness is Panic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME neutron :SUBCLASS-OF (nucleon) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Nucleon. Each instance of Neutron is a nucleon which has an Electrical-Charge of 0.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME news :SUBCLASS-OF (propositional-information-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of abstract (intangible) informational items. Each element of News consists of some factual information about recent events in the world (or Geographical-Sub-Regions thereof). News is commonly embodied in newspapers and communicated through radio and television news broadcasts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME night :SUBCLASS-OF (qualitative-time-of-day) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Night is the temporal complement of Daytime-Hours: each Night is Contiguous-After one Daytime-Hours, and vice versa. Each Night intersects two different Calendar-Days. Each Night is Temporally-Started-By a Dusk, Temporally-Finished-By a Dawn, Contiguous-After a Sunset, and has a Sunrise which is Contiguous-After it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME no-amount-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot relation generic-value-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain primitive-attribute-type) (range scalar-interval) (arity 2) (documentation "NoAmountFn is a Cyc function, in particular, an element of Individual-Denoting-Function. It is one of several functions used to denote so-called `generic' values for a wide variety of attributes. When ATT is a type of attribute, (No-Amount-Fn ATT) returns a zero amount of ATT. For example, (No-Amount-Fn Elasticity) represents zero elasticity and is the property of things that don't re-expand at all following compression; e.g.,instances of Ceramic, Silicon, or Sugar-Generic.") (arg1-genl scalar-interval)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME noble-gas :SUBCLASS-OF (element-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "All pieces of all substances that are comprised of one type of noble gas")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME node-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot non-predicate-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain thing) (range set-or-collection) (documentation "For each Path-System SYS, (Node-Fn SYS) denotes the set of all nodes in SYS (see Path-System). Note that the function Node-Fn and the predicate Node-In-System are interdefinable. We normally use Node-Fn, for convenience, when we consider some relations between different path systems even though for a single path system SYS, we can replace each (Node-In-System X SYS) by (Element-Of X (Node-Fn SYS)).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-deliberate-actors :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain event) (documentation "(Non-Deliberate-Actors ACT ACTR) means that ACTR has a Role in the Event ACT but is not acting deliberately. Examples: (1) President John-Kennedy was a Non-Deliberate-Actors in his assassination; (2) a person is a Non-Deliberate-Actors in his/her own autonomic bodily functioning (e.g., heart beating, digesting); (3) Mount Vesuvius-Volcano was a Non-Deliberate-Actors in the event of its eruption that destroyed Pompeii. Non-Deliberate-Actors is a negative specification of the role an actor has in an event; the role of particular Non-Deliberate-Actors might be further specified positively, e.g., with Bodily-Acted-On or Bodily-Doer.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-exclusive-user-rights :INSTANCE-OF (user-rights-attribute) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "An attribute of an object with respect to an Agent, meaning that the Agent has non-exclusive use of the object. All Agents can claim this use-right to an object if any Agent can. This attribute is not the same as Group-User-Rights-Attribute, as there is no specific group to which Agents must belong in order to claim this right. This is typically used for things so fundamental we hardly consider them `rights.' E.g., the right to breathe air, use public parking lots, walk the streets as a free person, drive on public roads, etc. If you think about it, though, you'll realize that there is an implicit `group' that can exercise each of those rights. So think of it this way: one can define the group explicitly as a group, and then assert that each member has Group-User-Rights-Attribute (e.g., the group of licensed drivers has the right to drive on public roads), or one could define a context, a Microtheory, in which performers of actions defaulted to members of that group, and in that context the right (e.g., the right to drive on a public road) would be a Non-Exclusive-User-Rights.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-leap-year :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-year) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of Calendar-Years which are not leap years; i.e., calendar years in which February has 28 days")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition non-leap-year leap-year |(THE-PARTITION NON-LEAP-YEAR LEAP-YEAR)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-negative-integer :SUBCLASS-OF (non-negative-number non-negative-scalar-interval integer) :INSTANCE-OF (class measurable-attribute-type collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Non-Negative-Integer is the subset of Integer that excludes the negative integers. Each element of Non-Negative-Integer is a whole number greater than or equal to zero, e.g., 0, 1, 2, 3, ....")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-negative-number :SUBCLASS-OF (real-number) :INSTANCE-OF (class measurable-attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Non-Negative-Number is the subset of Real-Number that excludes the negative reals. Each element of Non-Negative-Number is a number greater than or equal to zero, e.g., 0, 0.173, Pi, 4, 101, ....")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-negative-scalar-interval :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "For a measurable non-negative quantity, the ordered sequence of possible values may be thought of as a line. Non-Negative-Scalar-Intervals are the line segments (or points) on such a line, representing a range of consecutive values, all equal to or greater than 0. The most common case is where the line is just the non-negative part of the Real Number Line, and in fact where the Non-Negative-Scalar-Interval is either a contiguous set of points there (i.e., a range of numbers) or just a single point there (i.e., a number). Another common case is where the line has some unit of measure marked off, such as meters.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-person-animal :SUBCLASS-OF (animal) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all Animals that are not Persons.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition non-person-animal person |(THE-PARTITION NON-PERSON-ANIMAL PERSON)|) (synonymous-external-concept non-person-animal sensus-information1997 "NONHUMAN-ANIMAL")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-physical-part-predicate :SUBCLASS-OF (part-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class predicate-category) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of predicates. Instances of Non-Physical-Part-Predicate are used to describe the relationship between a Partially-Intangible and its non-physical parts.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-powered-device :SUBCLASS-OF (physical-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible objects; a subset of Physical-Device. An instance of Non-Powered-Device is a device which is `inert' as opposed to being powered in any way. Non-powered devices do not need to have any kind of energy supplied to them in order to function -- not even kinetic energy supplied by a user (except perhaps to move them into place). E.g., a coat hanger. Once you hang a coat up on it, it does its function without any motion, without any energy being converted or used, etc. So this collection is a much smaller collection that than consisting merely of devices which don't require fuel or electricity (e.g., a hammer). It should be noted that an inert device need not be Stationary during use (though many are); for example, tires are inert devices in the sense that once they are placed on a vehicle they don't require any energy input to do their job, which is, in essence `hanging onto a wheel no matter what!'. A steering wheel, on the other hand, is not a Non-Powered-Device. Further examples of Non-Powered-Devices include a table, a floor mat, a bookshelf, an auto ramp, a bookmark, a support column, and a shirt.")) :SENTENCES ((the-partition non-powered-device powered-device |(THE-PARTITION NON-POWERED-DEVICE POWERED-DEVICE)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-predicate-function :SUBCLASS-OF (function-the-mathematical-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of functions in the Cyc language whose uses are to be treated as NATs (non-atomic terms). In other words, these functions, when applied to arguments, form new terms that may then freely appear as arguments in other CycL expressions. For example, consider Government-Fn. It takes one argument, such as France, and the resulting NAT --- in this case (Government-Fn France) --- can be used anywhere in CycL expressions that an instance of Regional-Government could occur. We could, instead, have created a specific new term `GovernmentOfFrance', asserted that it Isa Regional-Government, etc., but by having NATs we can drastically reduce the total size of the Cyc vocabulary of constant terms. This collection does not include: 1) abstract functions, like the one-to-one function that must exist between the positive integers and the rational numbers; 2) Lambda functions (functions which bind variables in arbitrary CycL expressions; The-Set-Of is an example); 3) Predicates. Predicates can be thought of as functions from a set of arguments to a truth value. Wffs that start with a predicate can even serve as terms, i.e., as arguments to other predicates, but when they do so they can't just be replaced with their truth value! So Predicate is a subset of Function-The-Mathematical-Type but not a subset of Non-Predicate-Function.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-profit-corporation :SUBCLASS-OF (non-profit-organization legal-corporation) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of corporations; a subset of both Legal-Corporation and Non-Profit-Organization. An element of Non-Profit-Corporation is a Legal-Corporation which is engaged in non-profit or not-for-profit activities. Typically, (unlike commercial corporations,) non-profit corporations have no shareholders or owners, although they are commonly governed by a board (cf. Board-Of-Directors). Many non-profit organizations are incorporated, including charities, political action groups, clubs, and political parties. Most have official non-profit standing with a government. Because they are non-profit organizations, non-profit corporations do not pay corporate income taxes. For the broader class of non-profit entities, see Non-Profit-Organization.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-profit-employee :SUBCLASS-OF (professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class occupation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of persons; a subset of Professional. Each element of Non-Profit-Employee is a worker who is employed by a non-profit organization such as a college, museum, or charity foundation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-profit-organization :SUBCLASS-OF (organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations. An element of Non-Profit-Organization is an organization whose activities are not conducted for the profit of any owner. Thus, non-profit organizations are typically exempt from business taxes. Most non-profit organizations are charities, clubs, schools, political action groups, political parties, or churches. See also the specialization Non-Profit-Corporation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-published-text :SUBCLASS-OF (textual-material) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing things (IBTs). Non-Published-Text is that subset of Textual-Material whose elements are text that has not yet been published (such as a rejected book manuscript) and may not even be intended for publication (such as a memo or personal letter).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-verbal-communicating :SUBCLASS-OF (communicating) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information transfer events; a subset of Communicating. Each element of Non-Verbal-Communicating is a transmission of information by means of some bodily movement other than speaking. Subsets include Shaking-Hands and Cuddling, since such actions by definition are communications involving two actors. (Note that Making-A-Gesture (q.v.) is NOT a subset of NonVerbalCommunicating@cyc; instances of Making-A-Gesture are merely information-encodings. They may or may not be Sub-Events of Non-Verbal-Communicating events.)")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept non-verbal-communicating sensus-information1997 "NON-VERBAL-COMMUNICATIVE-ACT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME non-volitional-result-rst :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate rst-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range linguistic-object) (domain linguistic-object) (documentation "The discourse relation that holds between two segments of text when ARG1 specifies something which could be a nonvolitional cause of ARG2.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept non-volitional-result-rst sensus-information1997 "RST-NONVOLITIONAL-RESULT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nonintrusive-junction :SUBCLASS-OF (junction-of-paths) :INSTANCE-OF (class region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of junctions or crossings of Path-Generics in each of which: one path crosses, or its end joins the side of, another path of the same, or possibly a completely different, type, without so intruding upon or affecting the path as to cause it to be different in nature or name on either side of that junction. (Examples: A small side street joins a major boulevard and the boulevard does not change name or size at the junction. A hallway ends at another hall, but only allows looking through a window into it. A railroad crossing. A small vein is one of the Side-Branches of a large vein and the name of the large vein doesn't change at that point.)")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nonlexical-linguistic-object :SUBCLASS-OF (linguistic-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class linguistic-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of linguistic objects which are not morphemes, but which nonetheless make up part of a language system; e.g., the parts of speech.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-directly :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction unit-vector-precise) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Due North, an element of Terrestrial-Direction.") (genl-attributes north-generally)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-east-directly :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction unit-vector-precise) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The precise Northeast direction from any geographic point other than a pole.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-east-generally :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The general direction of NorthEast. The Vector-Interval comprising the cone-shaped set of vectors pointing (from some reference point) within approximately forty-five degrees of pointing in the same direction as North-East-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-generally :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The general direction of North. The element of Vector-Interval that comprises the cone-shaped set of vectors pointing (from some reference point) within approximately forty-five degrees of North-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range geographical-region) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(North-Of REGION-1 REGION-2) means that the Geographical-Region REGION-1 is to the north of the Geographical-Region REGION-2, when viewed in the terrestrial frame of reference. Note that REGION-2 is therefore south of REGION-1; thus, no distinct predicate is needed to represent `south of'. Example: (North-Of City-Of-PhiladelphiaPA City-Of-WashingtonDC).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-west-directly :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction unit-vector-precise) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The precise Northwest direction from any geographic point other than a pole.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME north-west-generally :INSTANCE-OF (geographical-direction) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The general direction of NorthWest. The Vector-Interval comprising the cone-shaped set of vectors pointing (from some reference point) within approximately forty-five degrees of pointing in the same direction as North-West-Directly.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME northeast-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range geographical-region) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Northeast-Of REGION-1 REGION-2) means that the Geographical-Region REGION-1 is to the north-east of the Geographical-Region REGION-2, when viewed in the terrestrial frame of reference. Note that REGION-2 is therefore southwest of REGION-1; thus, no distinct predicate is needed to represent `southwest of'. Example: (Northeast-Of Philippines Taiwan-Republic-Of-China).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME northwest-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range geographical-region) (domain geographical-region) (documentation "(Northwest-Of REGION-1 REGION-2) means that the Geographical-Region REGION-1 is to the northwest of the Geographical-Region REGION-2, when viewed in the terrestrial frame of reference. Note that REGION-2 is therefore southeast of REGION-1; thus, no distinct predicate is needed to represent `southeast of'. Example: (Northwest-Of United-Kingdom-Of-Great-Britain-And-Northern-Ireland France).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nose :SUBCLASS-OF (organ sensor) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type unique-anatomical-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Facial organ used in smelling and breathing")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME note-about-giving-generic-value-functions-numeric-values :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "In some contexts, users may wish to ground elements of Generic-Value-Function by linking them to numeric `real world' measurements. E.g. In a driving-on-the-highway-context, one might wish to define (Medium-Amount-Fn Speed) as `between 50 and 60 miles per hour'. The way to assert this is as follows: (:and (Min-Quant-Value (Medium-Amount-Fn Speed) (Miles-Per-Hour 50))(Max-Quant-Value (Medium-Amount-Fn Speed)(Miles-Per-Hour 60))).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME note-about-predicate-categories :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Predicates in Cyc are organized into collections. While some, like Binary-Predicate, are logically well-founded and are referenced in axioms and in the code which implements Cyc, others, though based on some intuitively plausible criteria, are involved in few (if any) axioms and are therefore not integral to Cyc's ontology. Collections which fall into the latter class are generally under review at this time and are flagged with this Shared-Notes.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME note-about-scalar-interval-max-and-min :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "If there are two arguments to a Unit-Of-Measure function, as in (Meter 5 6), the first number is interpreted as the (inclusive) minimum, and the second number as the (inclusive) maximum. Thus, (Meter 5 6) means `between 5 and 6 meters long, inclusive'. If only one argument follows an element of Unit-Of-Measure, as in (Meter 3), it is interpreted as a shorthand for (Meter 3 3). In other words, (Meter 3 3) means `exactly 3 meters'. When a function belonging to Unit-Of-Measure is applied to a single argument, the value it returns must be an element of Scalar-Point-Value.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME note-about-stating-exceptions-in-cycl :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The formula (Except-When P(?x0 ... ?xn) Q(?x0 ... ?xn))) states that, in situations where assertion Q would apply to a set of bindings for variables ?x0 ... ?xn, the conclusion is allowed `except when' P(?x0 ... ?xn) is true for these variable bindings. The formula (Except-For [term] Q(?x0)) states that, in situations where assertion Q would apply to a variable ?x0, the conclusion is allowed `except for' the situations where [term] is the binding for ?x0. To be well-formed, Q must be a rule with exactly one free variable. By definition, Except-For is merely syntactic sugar: (Except-For [term] Q(?x0)) <=> (Except-When (equals ?x0 [term]) Q(?x0)) Since an Except-When statement is a meta-statement about some rule Q(?x0 ... ?xn), the statement is not well-formed if Q(?x0 ... ?xn) is not already an assertion in the KB. Also, strictly speaking, P and Q in the Except-When merely must share some variables rather than all variables as it's been written above. These constructs replace `abnormal' at the EL (epistemological level). Old assertions of the form: (:=> P(?x0 ... ?xn) (abnormal R(?x0 ... ?xn) Q(?x0 ... ?xn))) become: (Except-When P(?x0 ... ?xn) Q(?x0 ... ?xn)) The predicate `abnormal' has not actually gone away, but was modified for use as the HL (Heuristic Level) implementation of Except-When. Like Term-Of-Unit, `abnormal' should be viewed as an inference-maintained predicate, and human beings should not be manually asserting things using `abnormal.' ;;; ;; EXAMPLES ;;; Rule1: `birds fly' (:=> (:instance-of ?BIRD Bird) (Behavior-Capable ?BIRD Flying-Flapping-Wings Performed-By)) Exception1: `for penguins, the ``birds fly'' rule does not apply' (Except-When (:instance-of ?BIRD Penguin) [Rule1]) Exception2: `the ``birds fly'' rule does not apply to Tweety' (Except-For Tweety [Rule1]) Exception3: `for an animal with an injured wing, the ``birds fly'' rule does not apply' (Except-When (:and (Anatomical-Parts ?BIRD ?WING) (:instance-of ?WING Wing-Animal-Body-Part) (Has-Physiological-Attributes ?WING Injured)) [Rule1]) Rule2: ``dogs who like the same cat like each other'' (:=> (?and (:instance-of ?DOG1 Dog) (:instance-of ?DOG2 Dog) (:instance-of ?CAT Cat) (Likes-As-Friend ?DOG1 ?CAT) (Likes-As-Friend ?DOG2 ?CAT)) (Likes-As-Friend ?DOG1 ?DOG2)) Exception3: `Rex does not like other dogs according to ``Rule2''' (Except-When (Equals ?DOG1 Rex) [Rule2]) Exception4: `Fifi is not liked by other dogs according to `Rule2''' (Except-When (Equals ?DOG2 Fifi) [Rule2]) Exception5: `Morris is not such a cat according to ``Rule2''' (Except-When (Equals ?CAT Morris) [Rule2])")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME note-for-unit-of-measure-with-prefix-and-no-prefix :INSTANCE-OF (shared-note) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Elements of Unit-Of-Measure-No-Prefix denote units of measure that don't have a multiplicative prefix (e.g. `kilo', `micro', `billion'). Inch and Meters-Per-Second are such elements. On the other hand, elements of Unit-Of-Measure-With-Prefix do have multiplicative prefixes; examples include Centimeters-Per-Second, (Micro Gram), Kilo-Watt, and Grams-Per-Milliliter. We need these constants in order to prevent references to terms such as ((Micro (Micro Gram)) 5) or ((Kilo (Centimeters-Per-Second)) 3.2). If we didn't have these restrictions, equal quantities would allow for an undesirable level of possible names for a quantity, e.g. ((Micro (Kilo Gram)) 1) would refer to the same quantity as ((Kilo (Micro Gram)) 1) would refer to the same quantity as (Gram .001), etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME notices :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of beliefs) (range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Notices AGT PROP) means that AGT believes the proposition PROP because AGT has seen, heard, smelled, etc. PROP via some element of Perceiving. Although (Notices AGT PROP) implies (Beliefs AGT PROP) {via the assertion (Genl-Preds Notices Beliefs)}, exceptions occur if AGT believes they have been hallucinating or drugged, for example. The predicate Beliefs, unlike Notices, can include propositions gathered through inferring, dreaming, intuiting. The temporal extent of (Notices AGT PROP) is at least a 'short time' following the perceiving of PROP. The extent of this time is a function of the type of fact perceived noticed, when forgetting or other overriding information comes into play.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME november :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME now :INSTANCE-OF (time-point indexical-concept) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Now is a special Time-Point which denotes the `current' moment. The exact interpretation will vary from one context to another. In a problem solving context it often means `the time at which the inference is occuring'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nth :INSTANCE-OF (function reifiable-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range thing) (documentation "(Nth SER N) denotes the Nth member of the series SER, provided that N is an integer greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to the Series-Length of SER.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain nth 2 positive-integer) (nth-domain nth 1 series)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nuclear-powered-device :SUBCLASS-OF (powered-device) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of physical devices; a subset of Powered-Device. An instance of Nuclear-Powered-Device is a device which uses nuclear fission or nuclear fusion reactions as a source of power. Examples include elements of Nuclear-Submarine and Nuclear-Weapon.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nucleon :SUBCLASS-OF (sub-atomic-particle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Sub-Atomic-Particle. Each instance of Nucleon is a subatomic particle normally found in some atomic nucleus. Nucleon has two subsets, Proton and Neutron. Every instance of Atomic-Nucleus is composed of some number of Nucleons.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nucleus-fn :INSTANCE-OF (slot collection-denoting-function) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((domain element-stuff-type-by-number-of-protons) (range existing-object-type) (documentation "Nucleus-Fn is a Cyc function, specifically a Collection-Denoting-Function. Nucleus-Fn takes an instance of Element-Stuff-Type-By-Number-Of-Protons (q.v.) as its single argument and returns a collection of all the atomic nucleii belonging to element-stuff of that type. Thus, (Nucleus-Fn E) denotes a subset of Atomic-Nucleus whose elements all have the same number of protons. For example, (Nucleus-Fn Carbon) is the collection of Carbon nuclei, each of which has six protons.") (arg1-genl element-stuff) (result-genl atomic-nucleus)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME num-inhabitants :INSTANCE-OF (slot intangible-object-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range integer) (domain agent geographical-region) (documentation "The predicate Num-Inhabitants is used to indicate the number of people living in a region. (Num-Inhabitants REGION NUMBER) means that the Geographical-Agent REGION has this Integer NUMBER of inhabitants. Note that, for any particular country, NUMBER is not necessarily the same as the number of its citizens, since citizens may be living abroad, and aliens may be residing in the country. Examples: (Num-Inhabitants City-Of-Rome-Italy 2800000); (Num-Inhabitants City-Of-Tokyo-Japan 8300000).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME number-general :SUBCLASS-OF (mathematical-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of mathematical objects. This is the most general class of numbers, including Real-Numbers, Complex-Numbers, various values of infinity such as Aleph Null, and whatever else might count as a number in mathematics.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept number-general sensus-information1997 "NUMBER") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME numeric-comparison :SUBCLASS-OF (binary-predicate) :INSTANCE-OF (class relation-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection comprising the predicates used to compare elements of Scalar-Interval. Examples: Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To, Greater-Than, Numerically-Equal. Note that `less than' and `less than or equal to' are simply inverses of Greater-Than and Greater-Than-Or-Equal-To. E.g., in Cyc `A is less than B' is written as (Greater-Than B A).")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept numeric-comparison sensus-information1997 "NUMBER-FOCUSING") (overlapping-external-concept numeric-comparison sensus-information1997 "SCALED-COMPARISON")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME numerically-equal :INSTANCE-OF (slot numeric-comparison evaluatable-function symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (domain scalar-interval) (documentation "The predicate Numerically-Equal is Cyc's representation of the equals ( = ) of arithmetic, adapted to use with Cyc's scalars, which include quantitative intervals as well as point values. For any two instances of Scalar-Interval, (Numerically-Equal SI-1 SI-2) means that the minimum of SI-1 is equal to the mininum of SI-2 and that the maximum of SI-1 is equal to the maximum of SI-2. See also Scalar-Interval.") (genl-inverse numerically-equal)) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept numerically-equal sensus-information1997 "EXACTLY") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nurse :SUBCLASS-OF (medical-care-professional) :INSTANCE-OF (class medical-specialty-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The class of health professionals who provide various aspects of hands-on health care to patients. Nurses do not usually diagnose or decide on treatments, but they administer medicines and treatments, perform medical tests, give regular care to hospitalized patients, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME nutrient :SUBCLASS-OF (edible-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible stuff. Each element of Nutrient is a substances considered necessary or beneficial in the diet of a person or animal. Nutrients in food or pills are often listed on the package label. Some types of Nutrient include its subsets Edible-Sodium, Protein, Edible-Calcium, Edible-Iron, Vitamin.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-acted-on :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range something-existing) (domain event) (documentation "The predicate Object-Acted-On is used to relate an event to an entity (or entities) significantly affected in that event. That entity must exist before the event, but may be either destroyed in the event (see Inputs-Destroyed), or merely affected by it (e.g., see Damages, Object-Of-State-Change). (Object-Acted-On EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT is altered or affected in EVENT, and the change that OBJECT undergoes is central or focal to understanding EVENT. Thus, scissors are NOT an Object-Acted-On in a Hair-Cutting-Event. The focal change in a haircut is hair getting shorter; thus, hair is a legitimate Object-Acted-On in a Hair-Cutting-Event. The almost microscopic dulling that scissors undergo in a single haircut is a comparatively insignificant change with respect to a single haircut, considered as a Hair-Cutting-Event. Note: long-term effects of usage on devices should be axiomatized in connection with Using-A-Fn constants.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept object-acted-on sensus-information1997 "ACTEE") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-controlled :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-acted-on) (range partially-tangible) (domain controlling-something) (documentation "This predicate is used to indicate that a particular object is being controlled in a particular event. (Object-Controlled EVENT OBJ) means that the object OBJ is being controlled in the Event EVENT. Note: Object-Controlled does not assume or require physical contact between controller and object controlled.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-emitted :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-moving) (range partially-tangible) (domain emitting-an-object) (documentation "This predicate is used in connection with particular instances of Emitting-An-Object, to identify the object which `comes out' during the event. (Object-Emitted EMIT OBJ) means that OBJ is emitted from the Emitter during the emission event EMIT. The Object-Emitted is also an Object-Moving in EMIT. For example, in a particular human Birth-Event, some particular Human-Infant is an Object-Emitted.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-found-in-location :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot transitive-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal in-region) (range spatial-thing) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Object-Found-In-Location OBJ LOC) means that OBJ has the location LOC. OBJ is not a part of LOC. Examples: the Arc-De-Triomphe is located in the CityOfParisFrance@cyc; the Alaskan-Pipeline is found in Alaska-State@cyc; the Town-Of-GettysburgPA is located in the Eastern region of Pennsylvania (note that the town's territory is part of Pennsylvania, but the town as a social organization is distinct). See also the Comment on In-Region. Cf., for cases where OBJ is a spatial part of LOC, Physical-Decompositions, Geographical-Sub-Regions.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of object-found-in-location asymmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of object-found-in-location anti-symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of object-found-in-location symmetric-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-moving :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of temporally-intersects transferred-thing) (range partially-tangible) (domain movement-event) (documentation "The predicate Object-Moving is used to refer to an object which is moving in a particular Movement-Event. (Object-Moving MOVE OBJECT) means that OBJECT is in motion at some point during the Movement-Event MOVE and this movement is focal in MOVE. In some cases, such as an instance of Locomotion-Event, OBJECT causes MOVE directly. OBJECT's motion in MOVE may be translational, rotational, or some combination of these. OBJECT may be a solid -- such as an animal, an automobile, or a tennis ball -- or a fluid, such as lava flowing or a warm air mass rising.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-of-possession-transfer :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of transferred-thing) (range something-existing) (domain change-in-user-rights) (documentation "The predicate Object-Of-Possession-Transfer identifies the object which `changes hands' in a particular event wherein some user's rights to it are changed. (Object-Of-Possession-Transfer EVENT OBJECT) means that in EVENT, all or some rights to use OBJECT are transferred from one agent (the From-Possessor) to another (the To-Possessor). EVENT is an element of Change-In-User-Rights (q.v.), for example, a buying, renting, lending, repossessing, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-of-state-change :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of post-actors object-acted-on) (range partially-tangible) (domain intrinsic-state-change-event) (documentation "The predicate Object-Of-State-Change is used to identify the object of an instance of Intrinsic-State-Change-Event. (Object-Of-State-Change EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT is an Entity that undergoes some kind of intrinsic change of state in EVENT. OBJECT exists before EVENT, is directly involved in EVENT, and persists after EVENT. (Accordingly, this predicate inherits the Genl-Preds Pre-Actors and Post-Actors through Object-Acted-On.) The change which OBJECT undergoes is internal or intrinsic; this predicate is not used for extrinsic changes, e.g., in location, orientation, ownership, status, etc. Note: If OBJECT were destroyed by EVENT and went out of existence in the course of EVENT, then the right predicate to use would be Inputs-Destroyed, rather than Object-Of-State-Change.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-paid-for :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-of-possession-transfer) (range something-existing) (domain monetary-exchange-of-user-rights) (documentation "(Object-Paid-For EVENT OBJECT) means that in the Monetary-Exchange-Of-User-Rights EVENT, the right to possess OBJECT is transferred from one Agent to another. OBJ is not the Object-Tendered but the goods that are bought or rented.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-removed :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of post-actors object-acted-on object-moving) (range partially-tangible) (domain removing-something) (documentation "(Object-Removed REMOVING OBJ) means OBJ is removed from its previous location in the removing event REMOVING. The force that does the REMOVING comes from some other object than OBJ.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-selected :INSTANCE-OF (slot functional-slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of actors) (range individual) (domain human-activity purposeful-action) (documentation "(Object-Selected SEL OBJ) means that OBJ is the object that is chosen in the event SEL, an instance of Selecting-Something. If what is selected in SEL is a collection, rather than an individual object, then use the predicate Activity-Object-Type to represent the object of SEL.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-taken-care-of :INSTANCE-OF (slot irreflexive-binary-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of post-actors object-acted-on) (range something-existing) (domain human-activity action-on-object purposeful-action) (documentation "(Object-Taken-Care-Of EV OBJ) means that OBJ is acted on in EV by some Agent in order to maintain, preserve, or promote the health or good condition of OBJ.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-tendered :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-of-possession-transfer) (range tender-object) (domain money-transfer) (documentation "This predicate indicates the financial instrument which is used in a particular transfer of money. (Object-Tendered TRANS OBJECT) means that the Tender-Object OBJECT is used to transfer funds in the Money-Transfer event TRANS. See also Tender-Object. Note: OBJECT is distinct from the quantity of Money transferred (see Money-Transferred) although of course OBJECT has some value --- is `worth' a certain amount, generally calculated from the numbers printed or stamped or engraved on the Tender-Object OBJECT --- which in turn is an element of Money.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-tested :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of object-acted-on) (range partially-tangible) (domain thinking purposeful-action) (documentation "(Object-Tested EVAL OBJ) mean that OBJ is the specific object or portion being tested in EVAL. For example, if someone has a blood test, then the object tested is the portion of blood used to run the test fulfulls the role of Object-Tested, rather than the person or the collection of that person's blood.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME object-type :SUBCLASS-OF (collection) :INSTANCE-OF (class collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Elements of Object-Type more or less correspond to count nouns in the following way: If COL is an element of Object-Type, and ITEM is any element of COL, then if you divide ITEM into two pieces, you do NOT generally end up with two elements of COL. Another way of thinking of this is: If you take several elements of COL, and put them together, the result is generally not another element of COL. Sample instances of Object-Type are Automobile (the set of all cars); Leap-Year (the set of all leap years). See the comment for Stuff-Type to find out more about the distinctions between, and the need for, these four collections: Stuff-Type, Object-Type, Existing-Stuff-Type, and Existing-Object-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME objects-in-contact :INSTANCE-OF (relation role ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Objects-In-Contact indicates that two objects physically touch in a particular Physical-Contact-Situation. (Objects-In-Contact SIT OBJ-1 OBJ-2) means that OBJ-1 and OBJ-2 are in contact in the Physical-Contact-Situation SIT. For example, a Clothing-Item and its Wearer are Objects-In-Contact during the wearing. A father and son in a Carrying-Piggyback event are Objects-In-Contact. (Objects-In-Contact SIT OBJ-1 OBJ-2) entails (Holds-In SIT (Touches OBJ-1 OBJ-2)); Touches covers both direct touching and touching indirectly (i.e., through a thin layer, e.g., through clothing).")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain objects-in-contact 3 partially-tangible) (nth-domain objects-in-contact 2 partially-tangible)(nth-domain objects-in-contact 1 physical-contact-situation) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME obscures-from :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(obscuresFrom OBJ1 OBJ2 OBJ3) means that OBJ1 visually blocks OBJ2 from OBJ3's view.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain obscures-from 3 agent) (nth-domain obscures-from 2 partially-tangible)(nth-domain obscures-from 1 partially-tangible) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME obtaining-permission :SUBCLASS-OF (transaction) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of events in which one Agent gets permission from another Agent to do something.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME occupation-type :SUBCLASS-OF (position-type person-by-activity-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Occupation-Type is a collection of workers, based on their kinds of work; each of those workers is an element of (:instance-of) Professional. Elements of Occupation-Type represent all kinds of jobs, not just the kinds of occupations colloquially considered `professional'. Elements of Occupation-Type include the collections Computer-Programmer-Professional, Food-Service-Employee, Medical-Care-Professional, Baseball-Umpire, Sales-Representative, Brewer, Gymnast, and many others. Also see Professional, Position-Type.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME occurrences-per-period :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Occurrences-Per-Period ?X ?Y ?N) indicates that ?N instances of ?X occur during each instance of ?Y. For example, to indicate that there are seven calendar days in each calendar week, we would write the axiom (Occurrences-Per-Period Calendar-Day Calendar-Week 7).")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain occurrences-per-period 3 integer) (nth-domain occurrences-per-period 2 temporal-object-type)(nth-domain occurrences-per-period 1 temporal-object-type) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ocean :SUBCLASS-OF (sea) :INSTANCE-OF (class spatially-disjoint-region-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of topographical features. Each instance of Ocean is one of the oceans of the world. This includes The-Ocean-Sea, the interconnected expanse of salt water covering 71% of the Earth's surface, and of which the other oceans are subregions. Examples: Atlantic-Ocean, Arctic-Ocean, Indian-Ocean, Pacific-Ocean.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ocean-liner :SUBCLASS-OF (ship transportation-device-vehicle) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The subcollection of Ship that contains all ocean liners, i.e., ships that by design can transport a large number of people across oceans.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME october :SUBCLASS-OF (calendar-month) :INSTANCE-OF (class month-of-year-type) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME offer :SUBCLASS-OF (illocutionary-force) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of illocutionary forces. Each instance of Offer consists of a piece of information contained (perhaps implicitly) in a communication, and which expresses the speaker's intention of volunteering to perform the action described in that utterance and/or to bring about the situation described therein, on the condition that the listener accept the offer. An offer may be made with additional conditions as well. When an offer is accepted (and all conditions are true), the speaker of the offer incurs an obligation. `Speaker' and `listener' are broadly interpreted to mean, respectively, any Sender-Of-Info and Recipient-Of-Info. See also Illocutionary-Force, Offering-Communication-Act.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME offering-communication-act :SUBCLASS-OF (communication-act-single) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of actions, many of which are speech acts. In each element of this collection, somebody offers to do something, furnish something, make something the case, etc. See also the Illocutionary-Force associated with these actions, Offer.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept offering-communication-act sensus-information1997 "COMMISSIVE-ACT") (synonymous-external-concept offering-communication-act sensus-information1997 "OFFER")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME official-document :SUBCLASS-OF (hardcopy-information-bearing-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs). Each element of Official-Document is a document that can be used as the basis, proof, or support of some fact (such as a person's nationality, marital status, credit, or qualifications; or the ownership or transfer of property; etc.). Official documents are typically generated, issued, and certified by the relevant institutions (as with passports or stock certificates), but they also include unique personal documents (such as holographic wills) which meet certain standards to be accepted in support of facts. Examples of Official-Document: birth certificates, tax returns, passports, insurance policies, postage stamps, receipts, packing slips, student ID cards, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME officiator :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of social-participants) (range agent) (domain social-occurrence) (documentation "The predicate Officiator points to the agent who performs official functions at an event. For example, it is used to indicate the person who plays the role of a priest or justice of the peace at a wedding; also, a master of ceremonies, a judge, a referee. An Officiator is one of the performers at the social event where s/he officiates, usually not the only one.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME offspring-actors :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of outputs-created) (range biological-living-object) (domain biological-reproduction-event) (documentation "(Offspring-Actors EVENT ORGANISM) means that ORGANISM is an offspring created in the Biological-Reproduction-Event EVENT .")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ohm :INSTANCE-OF (function standard-unit-of-measure mks-unit-of-measure) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval) (documentation "The standard unit of electrical resistance. The resistance of a circuit in which a 1-Volt Electrical-Potential-Difference produces a 1-Coulomb Electrical-Current.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME oil :SUBCLASS-OF (organic-stuff) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Oil is a piece of some type of typically viscous, primarily hydrophobic liquid hydrocarbon. For example, portions of Heating-Oil, Motor-Oil, Peanut-Oil, Olive-Oil, etc.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME oil-solubility :INSTANCE-OF (slot physical-attribute-description-slot tangible-object-predicate interval-based-quantity-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range solubility) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Oil-Solubility OBJ DEGREE) means that the particular tangible OBJ has this DEGREE of Solubility in Oil.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME old-constant-name :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range cyc-system-string) (domain thing) (documentation "If this constant has been renamed after Oct 95, and if the system variable cyc::*note-old-constant-name* is set to t on the machine on which the name change occurred, then this slot automatically records the most recent name that this constant had.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME omnivore :SUBCLASS-OF (organism-whole) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of organisms that feed on both plants and animals, and possibly other things. Subsets of Omnivore include, for example, Person, Pig, and Bear.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME on-line :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of spatially-intersects) (range line) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "(On-Line OBJ LINE) means that OBJ is an object or region with one or more dimensions much smaller than the length of the Line LINE, and OBJ Spatially-Intersects or touches LINE but does not include all of LINE. One object can be on several different Lines. See also On-Path and On-Path-Generic.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME on-path :INSTANCE-OF (slot cotemporal-objects-slot irreflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of on-path-generic cotemporal object-found-in-location) (range path-simple) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(On-Path ARG1 PATH) means that ARG1 is located along (on or adjacent to) the Path-Generic PATH. ARG1 could be a moving object or it could be a stationary point (see the more specific predicate Point-On-Path) For example, Saint Louis, Missouri was On-Path U.S. Route 66, as was Missouri, any car driving along it, and any lamp-post on it.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME on-path-generic :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range path-generic) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(onPath-Generic LOC PATH) means that LOC, a location, is on the path PATH. Here at least a part of LOC should be a part of PATH (e.g., as a part of the meaning of the sentence that Austin is on I35, a part of Austin is a part of I35). Note that On-Path-Generic is used for Path-Generic. If one wants to be clear that the path PATH is an instance of Path-Simple, then On-Path rather than On-Path-Generic should be used.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME on-physical :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of supported-by above-touching) (range partially-tangible) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(On-Physical OVER UNDER) means that the object OVER is above, supported by, and touching the object UNDER. OVER and UNDER may be at rest or in motion, or one may be in motion and the other at rest (relative to it). Examples: a person on a bicycle; groceries on a checkout conveyor belt; a statue on a pedestal. Note that only Touches (and not Touches-Directly) is implied.")) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of on-physical anti-symmetric-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of on-physical symmetric-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of on-physical transitive-binary-predicate)) (kif:not (instance-of on-physical asymmetric-binary-predicate))) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME one-story-building :SUBCLASS-OF (building) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Collection of all one story buildings.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME opaque :INSTANCE-OF (transparency) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Opaque is a Physical-Attribute representing a specific degree of Transparency. Opaque objects do not transmit light. See also Transparency-Of-Object.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME opinions :INSTANCE-OF (slot propositional-attitude-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of beliefs) (range cyc-formula) (domain intelligent-agent) (documentation "(Opinions AGT PROP) means that the Agent AGT believes that PROP (represented by a Cyc-Formula) may be true, but they aren't sure about it, their mind might be changed, they are usually aware that PROP is just an opinion, etc. They may or may not have an argument to justify PROP. Note: Opinion implies belief. So if (Opinions AGT PROP), then (Beliefs AGT PROP) is true. Note: Opinion and knowledge are mutually exclusive: if (Knows AGT PROP), then it is NOT true that (Opinions AGT PROP).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME opposite-attribute-value :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of negation-attribute) (range attribute-value) (domain attribute-value) (documentation "(Opposite-Attribute-Value ATT1 ATT2) means that ATT2 is the opposite of ATT1. E.g., Device-On and Device-Off.") (genl-inverse opposite-attribute-value)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME opposite-direction-interval :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate anti-transitive-binary-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of opposite-attribute-value) (range unit-vector-interval) (domain unit-vector-interval) (documentation "(Opposite-Direction-Interval COMING GOING) means that the vector which points in the opposite direction to the vector COMING is the vector GOING. More technically, COMING and GOING are both elements of Unit-Vector-Interval in Cyc's spatial representation, and the midpoint of the direction interval COMING is 180 degrees from the midpoint of the direction interval GOING. Examples: (Opposite-Direction-Interval North-Generally South-Generally), (Opposite-Direction-Interval Dorsal-Direction Ventral-Direction). If a precise opposite direction is needed, use Opposite-Direction-Precise.") (genl-inverse opposite-direction-interval)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of opposite-direction-interval transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME opposite-direction-precise :INSTANCE-OF (slot anti-transitive-binary-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of opposite-direction-interval) (range vector-precise) (domain vector-precise) (genl-inverse opposite-direction-precise)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of opposite-direction-precise transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME order-of-magnitude-interval :SUBCLASS-OF (scalar-interval) :INSTANCE-OF (class object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "Order-Of-Magnitude-Interval, a subset of Scalar-Interval, is the collection of intervals which represent significant differences in quantity, for the various types of measurable properties. The most familiar case is for numbers, in which orders of magnitudes typically correspond with powers of 10; thus, in any given numerical quantity, the 100's dominate the 10's or the units, which are negligible with respect to the hundreds. In Cyc, we can identify the significant intervals for any measurable property. For example, for Time, some intervals which represent orders of magnitude are: A-Few-Seconds-Duration, A-Few-Minutes-Duration, A-Few-Hours-Duration, A-Few-Days-Duration, A-Few-Weeks-Duration, etc. Similar scales could be identified for any measurable property. Moreover, orders of magnitude for the same measurable property may differ between microtheories; e.g., the orders of magnitude for Time in a `GeologicalTimeMt' would be much larger than those listed above, which are relevant for human perceptions and activities. Any two attributes which represent amounts of the same kind of property (e.g., time, distance) and which are also elements of Order-Of-Magnitude-Interval will be assumed to differ so substantially in size that the smaller one (and values associated with it) will be insignificant compared to the larger interval (and values associated with it). That is, in general and as a default, if ORD1 and ORD2 are two different elements of Order-Of-Magnitude-Interval which are also elements of the same type of Attribute-Value (e.g., Speed, Mass, Density), then one is negligible with respect to the other. To know which dominates the other, we need additional knowledge about their relative size, e.g., that ORD2 is a Following-Value of (i.e., 'bigger' than) ORD1. See also NegligibleWRT, Following-Value. The predicate Order-Of-Magnitude (q.v.) is used to relate particular quantities to the appropriate element of Order-Of-Magnitude-Interval. For example, two days -- in Cyc, (Days-Duration 2) -- has the Order-Of-Magnitude A-Few-Days-Duration.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ordering-communication-act :SUBCLASS-OF (requesting-communication-act human-activity) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of actions, many of which are speech acts. In each element of this collection, somebody orders somebody to do something. See also the Illocutionary-Force associated with this action, Command.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept ordering-communication-act sensus-information1997 "DIRECTIVE-ACT") (synonymous-external-concept ordering-communication-act sensus-information1997 "COMMAND")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organ :SUBCLASS-OF (animal-body-part solid-tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class animal-body-part-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the Organs of Animals@cyc; i.e., the Animal-Body-Parts that have specialized physiological functions and which are more or less localized in the animal. For example: a heart, a kidney, etc. A borderline case of this is a person's (whole) skin; in some contexts, it is treated as a sense organ, and in some contexts it is excluded because it is distributed over their entire body.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organic-stuff :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Organic-Stuff is a tangible thing composed of one or more types of organic Molecule. Instances of Organic-Stuff usually have their origin in the bodies (or other products) of living things. Since some organic substances can be synthesized, Organic-Stuff is not a subset of Natural-Tangible-Stuff. Chemically, instances of Organic-Stuff have fairly (or very) complex carbon-based structures. Examples include the elements of the collections Oil, DNA, Alcohol-Compound, Ivory, Animal-Body-Part.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organism-classification-type :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type conventional-classification-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections; Organism-Classification-Type is the collection of all biological types used to classify animals, plants, or other elements of Organism-Whole. The scientific types in Organism-Classification-Type may or may not correspond to naive categories of organisms, and, in addition, although they are scientific, they might not be officially accepted biological taxons at the standard taxonomic levels. (Invertebrate is an example.) Compare Biological-Taxon-Type. Note that Organism-Classification-Type is an element of SiblingDisjointCollection@cyc; hence, any two instances of Organism-Classification-Type can be assumed to be disjoint, unless we know that one is a subset of the other (also see Sibling-Disjoint-Collection).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organism-part :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all the anatomical parts of all living organisms. It includes gross anatomical parts and microscopic anatomical parts of every individual of every species.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organism-type-by-habitat :SUBCLASS-OF (existing-object-type) :INSTANCE-OF (class sibling-disjoint-collection) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of collections. Each element of Organism-Type-By-Habitat is a collection of organisms characterized by the sort of habitat in which they live. For example, Aquatic-Organism or Terrestrial-Organism.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organism-whole :SUBCLASS-OF (biological-living-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all elements of Biological-Living-Object which are wholes, not parts of other biological living objects (BLOs). Most members of Organism-Whole are capable of existing and reproducing while physically separate from other organisms (with allowances for sexual reproduction). Abnormal BLOs which are nonetheless considered to belong to Organism-Whole include elements of Virus, as well as sterile hybrids and colony organisms like those in slime molds or the elements of Portuguese-Man-Of-War. All of those organisms operate by DNA- and RNA-controlled mechanisms.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept organism-whole sensus-information1997 "ANIMATE-OBJECT") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organization :SUBCLASS-OF (social-being |(GROUP-FN INTELLIGENT-AGENT)|) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of all organizations. Each element of the collection Organization is a group whose Group-Members are instances of Intelligent-Agent, and which is established such that certain known relationships and obligations exist between the members, and/or between the organization and its members, and/or between the organization and `outsiders' (individuals or groups). Organization includes both informal and legally constituted organizations. Organizations can act as agents --- specifically, group agents, not individuals (cf. Individual-Agent) --- to undertake projects, enter into agreements, own property, etc. Most organizations have names. Almost all have at least two members. Examples: Cycorp, NASA, Free-Software-Foundation, United-States-Army, K-Mart-Company. Note the specialization Organization-Of-People, whose instances have only human members, e.g., an instance of Family-Human such as Joseph Kennedy's family. Other kinds of Organization have organizations as their Group-Members, e.g., the Organization-Of-American-States.")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept organization sensus-information1997 "ORGANIZATION") ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organization-policy :SUBCLASS-OF (agreement) :INSTANCE-OF (class microtheory-type existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of microtheories; a subset of Agreement. Each element of Organization-Policy is a microtheory which contains the terms of some policy of a particular organization. For example, U.S. Federal government hiring policies; a policy governing a corporation's charitable or political donations; or a school dress code.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organization-with-business-customers :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of Commercial-Organization. An element of Organization-With-Business-Customers is a commercial organization most of whose Customers are other Organizations rather than individual Persons.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organization-with-individual-customers :SUBCLASS-OF (commercial-organization) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of organizations; a subset of Commercial-Organization. An element of Organization-With-Individual-Customers is a commercial organization most of whose Customers are individual Persons rather than other Organizations.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organizational-chart :SUBCLASS-OF (structured-information-source information-bearing-object) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of information bearing objects (IBOs); a subset of Structured-Information-Source. Each element of Organizational-Chart is an IBO that graphically or in outline fashion depicts information about the control structure or resource use structure of an organization. E.g., a diagram of Exxon Corporation's top managers showing their reporting structure.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organizational-transfer :SUBCLASS-OF (generalized-transfer social-occurrence purposeful-action) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. An Organizational-Transfer occurs when some Intelligent-Agent changes affiliation with some Organization. This can involve becoming a member of the organization, ceasing to be a member of it, or switching from one organization to another. An Organizational-Transfer may be voluntarily undertaken by the transferee but may also be Performed-By some other agent. Examples include: joining a club, being transferred from one division of a company to another, and being excommunicated. Negative examples include: transfer of objects or information between organizations (since these aren't Intelligent-Agents), and changes of Nationality (since neither Nationality nor Country is currently a kind of Organization).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organizational-transfer-in :SUBCLASS-OF (organizational-transfer transfer-in) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subcollection of Organizational-Transfer such that elements necessarily have some thing which becomes the member of the 'to organization'. Exemplars include hiring someone to a company, pledging a fraternal organization, admitting a nation to NATO. The event of leaving one organization to join another is also an element of Organizational-Transfer-In as well as Organizational-Transfer-Out. Negative exemplars include layoffs, expulsions, and excommunications which do not involve 'from organizations'.")) :SENTENCES ((the-covering organizational-transfer-in organizational-transfer-out |(THE-COVERING ORGANIZATIONAL-TRANSFER-IN ORGANIZATIONAL-TRANSFER-OUT)|) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME organizational-transfer-out :SUBCLASS-OF (organizational-transfer transfer-out) :INSTANCE-OF (class temporal-object-type script-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subcollection of Organizational-Transfer such that elements necessarily have some thing which stops being the member of the 'from organization'. Exemplars include laying someone off, expulsions, and excommunications. The event of leaving one organization to join another is also an element of Organizational-Transfer-In as well as Organizational-Transfer-Out. Negative exemplars include 'admitting a nation to NATO', 'hiring someone', and 'pledging a fraternal organization'.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME orientation :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate spatial-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range orientation-attribute) (domain partially-tangible) (documentation "(Orientation OBJECT ORTN) means that the tangible OBJECT is oriented in the way described by the Orientation-Attribute ORTN. Examples: (Orientation OBJ Right-Side-Up), (Orientation OBJ Vertical-Orientation). Orientation is asserted with respect to the current context's Frame-Of-Reference.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME orientation-attribute :SUBCLASS-OF (attribute-value) :INSTANCE-OF (class attribute-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The collection of attributes which characterize an object's orientation relative to whatever instance of Frame-Of-Reference is being used in the current context. In most contexts, orientation is taken with respect to the Terrestrial-Frame-Of-Reference.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME origin-round-trip :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of from-location to-location non-deliberate-actors) (range partially-tangible) (domain translation-round-trip) (documentation "(Origin-Round-Trip TRIP PLACE) means that the Translation-Round-Trip event TRIP leaves from and returns to the location PLACE. PLACE is both the From-Location and To-Location of the entire TRIP, considered as a whole. For example, some commuters to Manhattan leave and return each day to Connecticut-State, which is their Origin-Round-Trip. See also Destination-Round-Trip.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME orthography :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range communication-convention) (domain language) (documentation "(Orthography ?LANG ?WRIT) means that the Writing-System ?WRIT is the usual mode of writing used to encode the Language ?LANG; that it is used by most of the people who customarily engage in writing ?LANG.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ounce :INSTANCE-OF (function unit-of-measure-no-prefix unit-of-mass fps-unit-of-measure) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range scalar-interval mass) (documentation "The measurement function used in Cyc to represent the ounce used for measuring weight within the British (FPS) system. See also FPS-Unit-Of-Measure, Unit-Of-Measure.") (args-isa cyc-system-real-number)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME outdoor-location :SUBCLASS-OF (ecological-region) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of geographical regions. Each element of Outdoor-Location is a region of outdoor space, i.e., a region which is directly subject to atmospheric weather. Objects found in an outdoor location are In-Immersed-Fully in the atmosphere of Earth. Thus, as defined here, Outdoor-Location does NOT include elements of Underwater-Location or places that are Underground. OutdoorLocations include large geographical regions. Among the elements of Outdoor-Location are instances of the subsets Lawn, Meadow, Ski-Slope, Beach, Swamp (and many others). Note: Outdoor-Location is a collection of places, rather than an attribute; to represent the concept of being outside, see Outdoors-Exposed-To-Weather. Of course, elements of Outdoor-Location have the Location-State attribute of being Outdoors-Exposed-To-Weather.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME outer-garment :SUBCLASS-OF (clothing-item) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects; a subset of Clothing-Item. Each element of Outer-Garment is a piece of clothing that is worn outside of other garments. A common purpose of outer garments is protection (e.g., the subsets Rain-Coat, Apron). An outer garment may also be a robe of office or position, such as an academic gown or a bishop's mantle.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME outputs :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of actors post-actors) (range something-existing) (domain creation-or-destruction-event) (documentation "The predicate Outputs is used to relate a particular event to any of the outputs from that event. (Outputs EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT is an output from the Creation-Or-Destruction-Event EVENT; i.e., OBJECT is either created as a result of EVENT, or it is something left after another thing was destroyed in EVENT. For example, silicon chips are Outputs-Created in a chip manufacturing process, while scrap metal is Outputs-Remaining after cars are put through a crusher. Note that those two types of cases should be distinguished by using (respectively) the specialized predicates Outputs-Created or Outputs-Remaining whenever they are appropriate, rather than only the more general predicate Outputs.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME outputs-created :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of starts-during non-deliberate-actors outputs) (range something-existing) (domain creation-event) (documentation "The predicate Outputs-Created is used to identify items created by a particular event. (Outputs-Created EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT doesn't exist before EVENT but comes into existence sometime during EVENT, as a result of EVENT. Outputs-Created is a specialization of Non-Deliberate-Actors, since it would in general be impossible for OBJECT to act deliberately in its own creation.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME outputs-remaining :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors outputs) (range something-existing) (domain destruction-event) (documentation "The predicate Outputs-Remaining is used to identify leftovers which survive from the Inputs to a particular event. (Outputs-Remaining EVENT OBJECT) means that OBJECT persists after EVENT, and that it existed before EVENT as an identifiable part of one of the things destroyed during EVENT (see Inputs-Destroyed). Examples: (1) when a sheet of plywood is sawn through in a cutting event, the original board is destroyed and the Outputs-Remaining are the two smaller plywood pieces; (2) after a Filtration-Process, the Suspended-Part and the Suspending-Fluid are the Outputs-Remaining from the original mixture which has been destroyed.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME overlapping-external-concept :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "(Overlapping-External-Concept ?TERM ?SOURCE ?STRING) means that the Cyc concept ?TERM overlaps semantically with the concept named by ?STRING in the external data source ?SOURCE.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain overlapping-external-concept 3 character-string) (nth-domain overlapping-external-concept 2 indexed-info-source)(nth-domain overlapping-external-concept 1 thing) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME overlaps-start :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate complex-temporal-relation) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of ends-during) (range temporal-thing) (domain temporal-thing) (documentation "(Overlaps-Start FIRST SECOND) means that FIRST starts before SECOND and ends during SECOND. That is, the Starting-Point of FIRST is before the Starting-Point of SECOND, and the Ending-Point of FIRST is before the Ending-Point of SECOND. So this is actually a STRONGER relation than might be suggested just by its name alone, since the name alone does not suggest that FIRST must end during SECOND. If all you mean to say, in some situation, is that FIRST starts before SECOND, then do NOT use overlapsStart@cyc; just use the Starts-After-Starting-Of relation; i.e., say (Starts-After-Starting-Of SECOND FIRST). Also note that Overlaps-Start is, in a way, a WEAKER relation than might be suggested by its name alone. Namely, the Starting-Point of SECOND might not even be a point of FIRST (if FIRST is discontinuous). Note: This Cyc temporal relation is equivalent to what James Allen independently dubbed the OVERLAPS relation.") (genl-inverse starts-during)) :SENTENCES ((kif:not (instance-of overlaps-start transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME overrides :INSTANCE-OF (slot meta-knowledge-predicate asymmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range assertion) (domain assertion) (documentation "The predicate Overrides is used to tell Cyc which rule to prefer when it encounters two conflicting rules while reasoning with default assertions. (Overrides FIRST SECOND) means that if the assertions FIRST and SECOND both appear in conflicting arguments for and against some proposition, favor the argument that contains FIRST.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME ovum :SUBCLASS-OF (eukaryotic-cell) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A subset of Cell. Ovum is the collection of specialized gamete cells produced by meiosis in the reproductive tract of female animals. Each ovum usually has half the number of chromosomes that regular body cells do, and when fertilized by a spermatozoon, it becomes a zygote and continues to develop into a mature individual. Also called 'egg'. See also Female-Animal, Sexual-Reproduction-Event.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME owns :INSTANCE-OF (slot asymmetric-binary-predicate cotemporal-objects-slot) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of cotemporal has-ownership-in) (range something-existing) (domain agent) (documentation "(Owns AGENT OBJECT) means that AGENT owns OBJECT -- that is, AGENT enjoys Full-Use-Rights (q.v.) over OBJECT. Note: There are commonsense rules relating Owns to Controls. E.g., ownership typically implies control. But they are just default rules, as there are many exceptions (e.g., when the owner of a building leases it to a company for ten years, the owner gives up almost all `control' over it during that decade).")) :SENTENCES ((synonymous-external-concept owns sensus-information1997 "OWNERSHIP") (kif:not (instance-of owns reflexive-binary-predicate))(kif:not (instance-of owns transitive-binary-predicate)) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME owns-share :INSTANCE-OF (relation ternary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The predicate Owns-Share is used to state how much of some thing is owned by a particular Agent. (Owns-Share AGENT SOMETHING SHARE) means that the Agent AGENT has SHARE Percent (q.v.) ownership of the object or company SOMETHING. Note that SHARE is a percentage and does not refer directly to a number of shares of Stock.")) :SENTENCES ((nth-domain owns-share 3 non-negative-number) (nth-domain owns-share 2 something-existing)(nth-domain owns-share 1 agent) ) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME oxidation-process :SUBCLASS-OF (transformation-process chemical-reaction emission) :INSTANCE-OF (class default-disjoint-script-type temporal-stuff-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of events. In each instance of this collection, some amount of Oxygen reacts with (`reduces') another substance and releases energy in the process.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME oxide :SUBCLASS-OF (tangible-thing inanimate-thing) :INSTANCE-OF (class tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Oxide is a portion of stuff in which each molecule consists of a combination of oxygen atoms with one or more atoms of another element. For example, instances of Water (H2O), pieces of rust (Iron-Oxide), portions of Carbon-Dioxide.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME pacific-ocean :INSTANCE-OF (ocean entity) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "The main body of salt water in the Eastern-Hemisphere-Region, bordering on five continents (Western coast of North and South Americas, Australia, Antarctica, and Eastern coast of Asia).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME pants :SUBCLASS-OF (clothing-item) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type product-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of objects. Every element of Pants is a clothing item worn on the lower torso and legs. The collection Pants includes the subsets Short-Pants and Long-Pants. There are also very specialized subsets, e.g., Football-Pants.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME paper :SUBCLASS-OF (solid-tangible-thing tangible-product) :INSTANCE-OF (class product-type tangible-stuff-composition-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collection of tangible things. Each element of Paper is a portion of paper, considered as a 'stuff' out of which things can be made, like metal or plastic. Thus, this collection includes the collection Sheet-Of-Paper, but is wider. Important sources from which paper may be Derived-From include wood pulp, cotton, papyrus, rice. Examples: business stationery, Maxi-Pads, paper currency, toilet paper, newsprint, paper coffee filters, notebook paper.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME parallel-objects :INSTANCE-OF (slot spatial-predicate symmetric-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range spatial-thing) (domain spatial-thing) (documentation "(Parallel-Objects OBJ1 OBJ2) means that both OBJ1 and OBJ2 have a lengthwise axis, and those axes are parallel to each other.") (genl-inverse parallel-objects)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME parallel-vectors :INSTANCE-OF (slot symmetric-binary-predicate reflexive-binary-predicate transitive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range vector-interval) (domain vector-interval) (documentation "(Parallel-Vectors VECTOR1 VECTOR2) means that VECTOR1 is parallel to VECTOR2.") (genl-inverse parallel-vectors)) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME parent-actors :INSTANCE-OF (slot actor-slot asymmetric-binary-predicate irreflexive-binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((subrelation-of pre-actors) (range biological-living-object) (domain biological-production-event) (documentation "(Parent-Actors EV P) means that organism P is one of the parents in the Biological-Reproduction-Event EV.")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME parent-company :INSTANCE-OF (slot binary-predicate) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((range business) (domain organization) (documentation "The predicate Parent-Company relates an organization to the business which is its parent company. (Parent-Company ORG1 ORG2) means that ORG1 is a (partly or wholly owned) subsidiary of ORG2. ORG2 is the parent company that owns and substantially controls ORG1. E.g., (Parent-Company TheLAWeekly TheVillageVoice).")) ) (DEFINE-OKBC-FRAME part-of-building :SUBCLASS-OF (construction-artifact) :INSTANCE-OF (class existing-object-type) :OWN-SLOT-SPECS ((documentation "A collecti